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Medical Laboratory Technology Journal
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Core Subject : Health, Science,
The aim of this journal publication is to disseminate the conceptual thoughts or ideas and research results that have been achieved in the area of medical laboratory sciences. This Journal particularly focuses on the main problems in the development of the sciences of medical laboratory areas. It covers the parasitology, bacteriology, virology, hematology, clinical chemistry, toxicology, food and drink chemistry, and any sciences that cover sciences of medical laboratory area. Please read these guidelines carefully. Authors who want to submit their manuscript to the editorial office of Medical Laboratory Technology Journal should obey the writing guidelines. If the manuscript submitted is not appropriate with the guidelines or written in a different format, it will BE REJECTED by the editors before further reviewed. The editors will only accept the manuscripts which meet the assigned format.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June" : 11 Documents clear
Effect of Propolis on the Adhesion Index, Morphology and Viability of Candida albicans Cells on Biofilm Formation Dinda Oktia Maghfiroh; A.A. Santi Dewi; Anggie Diniayuningrum; Bambang Rahardjo; Nurdiana Nurdiana; Agustina Tri Endharti; Sumarno Sumarno
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.322

Abstract

Approximately 70-75% of reproductive women have experienced vulvovaginal candidiasis at least once, and 40-45% will have recurrences. Candida albicans is the most etiology of vulvovaginal candidiasis and is able to form a biofilm that can lead to antifungal resistances and recurrences. One of the natural products that have an anti biofilm effect is propolis. This study expected that propolis from Lawang can be one of the anti-biofilm agent candidates for antifungal resistant cases. This study aimed to know the anti-biofilm effect of propolis ethanol extract on cell adhesion index, morphology, and viability of Candida albicans cell on biofilm formation. The adhesion index was counted on 100 epithelial cells under light microscopy (1000x). Morphology was seen using light microscopy (400x). Cell viability was examined by CFU assay. At 12.5% concentration of propolis ethanol extract, adhesion index decreased (p=0,000), and hyphal growth was inhibited. Colony growth decreased at 2.5% concentration and was not seen at 10% concentration of propolis ethanol extract (p=0,000). These results indicated that propolis ethanol extract could decrease adhesion index, failed the Candida albicans morphology transition from yeast to hyphal, and decreased Candida albicans cell viability on biofilm formation. Propolis ethanol extract is likely to be one of the alternatives to recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis treatment, especially caused by Candida albicans biofilm formation.
The Use of High Resolution Melting (HRM) Method to Detect rs1800629 of Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) Gene among Tuberculosis Patients Kinasih Prayuni; Intan Razari; Silviatun Nihayah; Rika Yuliwulandari
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.362

Abstract

The rs1800629 polymorphism plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of infectious and autoimmune diseases. Meanwhile, tuberculosis (TB) remains a health primary infectious disease in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the HRM method in detecting the rs1800629 genotype, in the TNF-α gene’s promoter region, within TB patients. The benefit of this study is to accelerate the detection of rs1800629 with a simple, rapid, and cost-effective method for genotyping and mutation screening that does not include the use of a fluorescent probe. In this experimental study, the rs1800629 genotyped in a total of 25 tuberculosis patients using KAPA HRM kit in MyGo Mini PCR, and all amplified PCR products subsequently dispatched for direct DNA sequencing to Macrogen Inc, South Korea. Based on the results, a 100% concordance find in the genotyping of rs1800629 between HRM and sequencing. The authors provided evidence to use HRM in detecting rs1800629 within the TNF-α promotor region. This application as a genotyping assay in tuberculosis patients is a low-cost, rapid, and accurate detection. However, further studies using the HRM method in case-control samples of tuberculosis are required to evaluate the method’s effectiveness and to obtain more information regarding the genotype’s susceptibility to tuberculosis and its adverse effect treatment, including anti-tuberculosis drug, induced liver injury (AT-DILI), and multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), within the Indonesian population.
MiR-21 and mRNA PTEN Expression Levels and Biomarker Potential in Breast Cancer Dinna Rakhmina; Sofia Mubarika Haryana; Teguh Aryandono
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.364

Abstract

MiR-21 has been linked to tumorigenesis, development, and metastasis in tumor pathogenesis. All human cancers, including breast cancer, have increased expression of MiR-21, which is the only miRNA that has increased expression. PTEN expression was found to be reduced in the majority of solid tumors, including breast cancer. Since lymph node metastatic factors, estrogen receptor status, tumor grade, and tumor node metastasis (TNM) all decreased PTEN expression, the PTEN expression profile may be a very useful prognostic marker in breast cancer. PTEN inhibits PIP3 (phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-triphosphate) activity by having protein phosphatase and lipid phosphatase activity that is the polar opposite of PI3K (Phosphatidyl Inositol 3-Kinase). The aim of this research was to see how often miR-21 and mRNA PTEN were expressed at different stages of breast cancer and whether they could be used as prognostic markers. This type of research is an observational study with a cross-sectional design. The sample size of 43 people came from breast cancer patients. Analysis of miR-21 expression and mRNA PTEN using Real-Time qPCR. The results showed that miR-21 expression increased 1.32 times at an advanced stage compared to an early stage, while mRNA PTEN expression decreased 1.33 fold at an advanced stage compared to an early stage. According to the findings, miR-21 expression in the blood plasma of breast cancer patients was upregulated at an advanced stage compared to an early stage and downregulated mRNA PTEN expression. MiR-21 which is increased at an advanced stage has the potential to be a poor prognostic marker at the stage of breast cancer. The change in miR-21 expression can be a good candidate as a molecular prognostic marker and for future research the role of miR-21 in breast cancer progression will further enrich the scientific repertoire, especially in the health and clinical fields.
Comparison of Clinical Assessment and Adhesive-Tape Laboratory Microscopic of Sarcoptes scabiei for Scabies Diagnostic Rifqoh Rifqoh; Wahdah Norsiah; Neni Oktiyani
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.379

Abstract

Scabies infestation caused by Sarcoptes scabiei mite that infected the skin by making the tunnel burrow. Diagnosis of scabies infestation commonly relies on clinical assessment (CA). However, some scabies symptoms are similar to other diseases. Diagnosis of confirmed scabies can be made by identifying egg or Sarcoptes scabiei mite or scybala through skin scraping laboratory microscopic examination, which was the adhesive tape microscopic (AT) a noninvasive alternative. We aimed to compare the scabies diagnostic accuracy of CA and AT in Islamic Boarding School. This study was an analytical observational cross-sectional study. The population was 94 students of Islamic Boarding School, determining the sample base on purposive sampling technique. There were 34 samples with presumptive scabies analyzed with CA by two clinicians and AT by two trained laboratory technicians. The result showed that the number of patients who positive scabies by CA was 14 (41.18 percent) and 31 (91.18 percent) by AT. Sensitivity was 41.93 percent for CA and 92.85 percent for AT, and the difference was significantly based on Cohen's kappa (ⱪ=0.024). The number of positive cases with both techniques was 13 (38.24 percent). The number of patients positive with only CA was 1 (2.93 percent), and only AT was 18 (22.9 percent). The accuracy of CA was only 44,11 percent. The study concluded that CA is low accuracy than AT. The adhesive tape test is easy, needs no expensive equipment. It is recommended that adhesive tape test for screening purposes. The appropriate comprehensive of both methods for scabies diagnostic is highly recommended.
Utilization of Activated Corn Cob (Zea Mays) as an Improved Adsorbent for Reducing Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) Value from Waste of the Sasirangan Industry Erfan Roebiakto; Noor Hikmah Damayanti; Neni Oktiyani; Nurlailah Nurlailah
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.351

Abstract

Liquid waste from sasirangan industrial activities has a high enough Chemical Oxygen Demand pollutant power. If it is directly discharged into water bodies, it can damage the environment and harm health. One of the first processes needs to be done by using activated corn cobs (Zea mays). This study aimed to analyze the ability of corn cobs charcoal to reduce levels of Chemical Oxygen Demand and increase the pH of sasirangan waste so that the results of this study can be an alternative to natural-based sasirangan waste treatment. This type of research is a pure experiment with a research design in One Group Pretest Posttest Design. The research material used was sasirangan industrial waste in Manarap Village, Kertak Hanyar District, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan, Indonesia. Chemical Oxygen Demand levels were determined by the closed reflux titrimetric method. The results showed that the addition of the highest dose of activated corncob charcoal (50 g) reduced the largest turbidity by 35 percent, increased the pH by 72 percent, and reduced the color intensity by 33 percent. The conclusion is that the addition of corncob-activated charcoal at a dose of 30gr, 40gr, 50gr can reduce levels of Chemical Oxygen Demand, respectively, namely 24 percent, 35 percent, and 33 percent. An increase in pH was found at the same dose of 46 percent, 62 percent, and 72 percent, respectively. There is an effect of increasing the mass of activated charcoal from corn cobs on the Chemical Oxygen Demand levels in the sasirangan industrial waste with a significance value of 0.007. It is suggested to use corn cobs-activated charcoal for the pretreatment stage of sasirangan industrial waste treatment.
Invivo Effect Analysis of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa Leaf Ethanol Extract Against Escherichia coli Doris Noviani; Adisty Dwi Treasa; Ade Zakiya Tasman Munaf; Sri Winarsih; Dwi Yuni Nur Hidayati; Mukhamad Nooryanto; Sutrisno Sutrisno
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.392

Abstract

Puerperium infection contributed 11 percent of 48.17 percent of maternal mortality during the puerperium period; one of the causes of increased risk of puerperium infection was bacteria Gram-negative Escherichia coli. Puerperium infection occurred because bacteria enter through the vagina, wounds on the insertion of the placenta, and other parts spread to blood throughout the body and damage the spleen, liver, and uterus. This research aimed to determine the effect of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa leaves ethanol extract (Rtl-EE) as an antibacterial on the spleen, liver, and uterus of Escherichia coli -induced puerperal infection model mice. Mice in the postnatal treatment group were induced by Escherichia coli bacteria intravaginally and given different doses of ethanol extract of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa leaves. Examination of bacterial colonies growth used pour plate method with EMBA media. The research results showed that the administration of Rtl-EE decreased the growth of bacterial colonies respectively in the liver 1280, 924, 330 CFU/mL; the uterus 1806, 1180, 874 CFU/mL; and the spleen 712, 112, 774 CFU/mL. Colony growth started to decrease at dose 1 of Rtl-EE (100mg/kg BW) of mice model of Escherichia coli -induced puerperal infection. Rhodomyrtus tomentosa leaves contain active compounds - phenols, flavonoids, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, and triterpenoids as antibacterial. Rtl-EE had an antibacterial effect by reducing the number of bacteria on the spleen, liver, and uterus of Escherichia coli -induced puerperal infection model mice. Further research needs to conduct to examine the toxic dose of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa leaves against Escherichia coli bacteria.
Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma Patients Over 60 Years Old Bahar Uncu Ulu; Tuğçe Nur Yiğenoğlu; Semih Başcı; Mehmet Bakırtaş; Derya Şahin; Tahir Darçın; Jale Yıldız; Alparslan Merdin; Nuran Ahu Baysal; Dicle İskender; Mehmet Sinan Dal; Merih Kızıl Çakar; Fevzi Altuntaş
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.280

Abstract

The incidence of Multiple myeloma (MM) increases with age; two-thirds of the patients are older than 65 years. Induction treatment, including new agents such as thalidomide, bortezomib, and lenalidomide followed by a conditioning regimen and upfront autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), has been accepted the standard treatment approach for newly diagnosed fit MM patients. We aimed to search the real-life data, the efficacy and safety of upfront ASCT following induction in patients with MM over 60 years old retrospectively. The data of MM patients who were ≥60 years old during autologous stem cell transplantation and treated at our center between 2010 and 2018 retrospectively analyzed. The study results were 63 patients included at the age of ≥ 60 years who underwent upfront ASCT. Median PFS was 15.5±2.6 months, and the median overall survival (OS) was 28.15±5 months. According to age groups, median PFS was 12±2.3 months in the 60-64 age group, 18.4±6 months in the 65-69 age group, and 26±15 months in the ≥70 age group. Median OS was 26.5±6.1 months in the 60-64 age group, 39.66±8.9 months in the 65-69 age group, and 18 months in the ≥70 age group. A significant relationship between the quantity of infused CD34+ stem cells and PFS and OS (p:0.05 and p
Uric Acid and P-Wave Dispersion in Subjects with Heart Failure Recep Kurt; Anıl Şahin
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.259

Abstract

Uric acid used as a marker of cardiovascular risk, which is associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. P-wave dispersion (PWD) is an electrocardiographic measure, which shows heterogeneity of atrial depolarization. It has demonstrated that there is an association of increased PWD with atrial fibrillation. This article aimed to investigate the relationship between PWD and uric acid in subjects with heart failure (HF). This descriptive method, cross-sectional study included a total of 315 stable HF outpatients. The subjects were classified into two groups by their PWD: the normal PWD group consisted of subjects with a PWD lower than 40 ms (n = 201), and the increased PWD group consisted of subjects with a PWD higher than or equal to 40 ms (n = 114). Significantly, the results showed higher uric acid levels determined in the increased PWD group, in comparison with the normal PWD group (7.4 ± 1.6 mg/dL, vs. 6.5 ± 1.6 mg/dL p < 0.001). Univariate analyses revealed an association between uric acid, blood urea nitrogen, systolic pulmonary artery pressure, left atrial diameter, and increased PWD. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, there was an association of uric acid level (OR: 1.293; 95% CI: 1.106-1.511, p: 0.001), systolic pulmonary artery pressure (OR: 1.027; 95% CI: 1.011-1.044, p: 0.001), and left atrial diameter (OR: 1.754; 95% CI: 1.028-2.992, p: 0.039) with PWD. The receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis demonstrated that the optimal cut-off level of uric acid for predicting increased PWD was ≥ 7.1 mg/dL with a specificity of 77 percent and a sensitivity of 81 percent. Conclusion of our study results suggested that serum uric acid levels independently correlated with PWD in subjects with HF.
Should Ultrasonographic Giant-Cell Arteritis Signs be Detected in Patients with Polymyalgia Rheumatica? Fazıl Kulaklı; İlker Fatih Sari; Erdem Çaylı; Nurçe Çilesizoğlu Yavuz
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.344

Abstract

Based on the presence of ultrasonographic findings of Giant-Cell Arteritis in Polymyalgia Rheumatica patients using Ultrasonography on the temporal artery, the study contributes to the literature evaluating the unclear relationship between Polymyalgia Rheumatica and Giant-Cell Arteritis. It raises awareness that Ultrasonography can be used instead of biopsy in patients with suspected Giant-Cell Arteritis. Twenty patients were newly diagnosed with Polymyalgia Rheumatica and included 20 participants as a control group in the study. The Polymyalgia Rheumatica group was evaluated at baseline and sixth month, while the control group was only assessed at baseline. Laboratory, clinical, and ultrasonographic findings of all participants were assessed. Gray-scale Ultrasonography and colored Doppler Ultrasonography were used to present halo and compression, occlusion, and stenosis in addition to intima-media complex thickness in bilateral temporal arteries and frontal-parietal branches by an experienced radiologist blinded to the subject. No significant difference was found between Polymyalgia Rheumatica and control groups based on demographic features, clinical and ultrasonographic results at baseline and sixth month. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate of Polymyalgia Rheumatica at baseline was statistically higher than the control group. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate values have declined significantly in Polymyalgia Rheumatica patients, but no significant changes were found for clinical or ultrasonographic features during the sixth month. Ultrasonographic findings of Giant-Cell Arteritis are not present in newly diagnosed and six months followed up Polymyalgia Rheumatica patients. Further studies are needed.
Creatinine Clearance in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Seda Beyhan Sagmen; Nesrin Kiral; Ali Fidan; Elif Torun Parmaksiz; Coskun Dogan; Sevda Comert
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 7, No 1 (2021): June
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v7i1.378

Abstract

During an apnea, hemodynamic complications such as hypoxemia, a rise in systemic and pulmonary arterial pressure, and changes in heart rate occur in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Potential mechanisms of OSA-associated renal dysfunction include renal hypoxia, hypertension, endothelial dysfunction. Hypertension is common in patients with OSA. This study aims to assess OSA patients' renal functions and investigate the creatinine clearance (CC) values across OSA patients with and without hypertension. The study included 530 individuals with OSA and 60 individuals with an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 0.05). A statistically significant difference was detected in urea and creatinine levels between the OSA and control groups (p=0.005; p=0.012). Creatinine clearance decreases in patients with OSA in the presence of HT. Patients with OSA often experience cardiovascular disorders, and glomerular endothelial dysfunction occurs in OSA patients.

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