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EUGENIA
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Core Subject : Agriculture,
The aims of this journal is to provide a venue for academicians, researchers and practitioners for publishing the original research articles or review articles. The scope of the articles published in this journal deal with a broad range of topics, including: Agronomi, Protection, Soil, Forestry, Agroecotecnology.
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Articles 179 Documents
PRODUKTIVITAS LAHAN, KOMPETISI, DAN TOLERANSI DARITIGA KLON UBIJALAR PADA SISTEM TUMPANG SARI DENGAN JAGUNG Paulus, Jeanne Martje
EUGENIA Vol 11, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.11.1.2005.11881

Abstract

ABSTRACT Paulus, J.M. 2005. Land Productivity, Competition, and Tolerance of Three Sweet Potato Clones Planted as Intercroping with Maize. Eugenia 11 (1): 1-7. A field experiment was conducted in Cikeumeuh Experimental Garden of Food Crop Biotechnology Research Station (BAUTBIO) Bogor to study Land Equivalent Ratio (LER), Competition Ratio (CR), and Stress Tolerance (TOL) of sweet potato and maize. The highest tuber yiled of sweet potato was 16,83 ton ha-[1] gained by CIP-2 at 100 cm planting distance of maize and the highest maize yiled was 4,50 ton ha-1 Cangkuang in intercropping with Cangkung clone. The LER, CR, and TOL, CIP-2 and SQ were suitable for intercrops at all planting distance but Cangkuang was not suitable for intercrops with maize. Keywords: Ipomoea batatas, clon, intercroping [1] Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian UNSRAT Manado, 95115
PROSPEK PEMANFAATAN BIOPESTISIDA BAKTERI ENTOMOPATOGENIK ISOLAT LOKAL SEBAGAI AGEN PENGENDALI HAYATI HAMA TANAMAN SAYURAN Salaki, Ch. L.; Tarore, D.; Manengkey, G.
EUGENIA Vol 19, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.19.1.2013.8375

Abstract

ABSTRACT The utilization efforts of entomopathogenic bacteria as an insecticide is still being developed. One of the potential pathogen, which is developed as a source of insecticide is Bacillus spp. The study aims to determine the level of pathogenicity, and get the pathogenity spectrum isolates in the high virulences against the pests of vegetable crops to be used as a biopesticide candidates. Testing the power to kill larvae isolates of Bacillus thuringiensis against Crocidolomia binotalis, Plutella xylostella and Spodoptera litura was performed by the Method of Ohba and Aizawa. The results showed that, of 21 local isolates B. thuringiensis, there were 15 isolates could cause the mortality of > 50% of the larvae of C. binotalis, 20 isolates toward larvae of P. xylostella and 12 isolates toward larvae of S. litura. The isolates, which could potentially be selected based on the pathogenicity, the candidates will then be developed into a biopesticide for pests control of Crocidolomia binotalis, Plutella xylostella and Spodoptera litura on vegetable crops. Keywords: biopesticide, entomopathogenic bacteria, vegetable plants     ABSTRAK Upaya pemanfaatan bakteri entomopatogenik sebagai insektisida masih terus dikembangkan. Salah satu patogen yang berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai sumber insektisida adalah bakteri Bacillus spp. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat patogenisitas, spektrum patogensisitas dan mendapatkan isolat yang memiliki virulensi yang tinggi terhadap hama tanaman sayuran untuk dijadikan sebagai kandidat biopestisida. Pengujian daya bunuh isolat Bacillus thuringiensis terhadap larva uji Crocidolomia binotalis, Plutella xylostella dan Spodoptera litura dilakukan dengan Metode Ohba dan Aizawa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 21 isolat B. thuringiensis lokal terdapat 15 isolat yang dapat menyebabkan mortalitas > 50 % terhadap larva C. binotalis, 20 isolat terhadap larva P. xylostella dan 12 isolat terhadap larva S. litura. Isolat yang berpotensi selanjutnya akan diseleksi berdasarkan patogenisitasnya kemudian akan dikembangkan menjadi kandidat biopestisida untuk mengendalikan hama Crocidolomia binotalis, Plutella xylostella dan Spodoptera litura pada tanaman sayuran. Kata kunci : biopestisida, bakteri entomopatogenik, tanaman sayuran
PREDIKSI GENOTIPE TETUA JAGUNG BERBULIR UNGU BERDASARKAN KESESUAIAN NISBAH HARAPAN PADA BULIR S1 DAN S2 Pamandungan, Yefta; Purwantoro, Aziz; Basunanda, Panjisakti
EUGENIA Vol 18, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.18.3.2012.4097

Abstract

ABSTRACT   The research was aimed to determine the parent genotypes of purple corn by the similarity of expected ratio on kernels S1 and S2 using four locus models, Pr/pr, C/c, R/r and Y/y genes. The study was conducted in two phases, namely, 1) Making the individuals of selfing to-1 (S1), and 2) Making the individuals of selfing to-2 (S2). Observed data in the form of kernel per ear of corn was separated by the characters of purple, yellow and white color then analyzed by using the Chi-square Test. The results showed that the offspring genotype from selfing on the base population can be predicted by looking at the suitability between the offspring and parental genotypes based on the ratio of expectation. Parent genotypes prediction on the base population of selfing were PrPrCcRrYy, PrPrCcRryy, PrPrCcRrYY, PrPrCcRRYY and PrPrCCRrYY. Keywords: parent genotypes, purple kernel, corn ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui genotipe tetua jagung berbulir ungu berdasarkan kesesuaian dengan nisbah harapan pada bulir S1 dan S2 menggunakan model empat lokus yaitu gen Pr/pr, C/c, R/r dan Y/y. Penelitian dilakukan dalam dua tahap yaitu, 1) pembuatan individu hasil selfing ke-1 (S1), dan 2) pembuatan individu hasil selfing ke-2 (S2). Data hasil pengamatan berupa bulir jagung per tongkol yang dipisahkan berdasarkan karakter warna ungu, kuning dan putih selanjutnya dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji khi kuadrat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa genotipe keturunan hasil selfing pada populasi dasar dapat diprediksi dengan melihat kesesuaian antara genotipe keturunan dan tetua berdasarkan nisbah harapan. Prediksi genotipe tetua pada populasi dasar selfing adalah PrPrCcRrYy, PrPrCcRryy, PrPrCcRrYY, PrPrCcRRYY dan PrPrCCRrYY. Kata kunci: genotipe tetua, berbulir ungu, jagung
BIOLOGI DAN DEMOGRAFI TUNGAU MERAH Tetranychus spp. (Acari: Tetranychidae) PADA TANAMAN KEDELAI Mamahit, Juliet M.E.
EUGENIA Vol 17, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.17.2.2011.3534

Abstract

ABSTRACT   Red spider mite Tetranychus spp. are pest on several ornament and food plant. The objectives of this research were to study biology and demography Tetranychus spp. on soybean in condition laboratory. A piece of soybean leaf measures 3 cm2 at place above cotton in petridis. Above the leaf were put a pair red spider mite to watch the biology of mite.  The research of demography of red spider mite was done observation in one hundred egg that used to come from age class same (cohort). The observation was done every day until the egg become to adult. The result showed that the mean of fecundity of red spider mite were 54.16 egg. The total life time of female 13.28 day and sex ratio 1:1.5. The intrinsic rate of increase the population were 0.253 individual per day, the discrete daily growth rate were, 1.28 individual/day, the net reproduction rate were 25.515 individual/female/generation. The generation time were 13.567 days. The stable population of Tetranychus spp. in laboratory were 67.2% egg, 24.6 nymph and 8.2% adult. The intrinsic birth and death rate were 0.3 and 0.05 individual/female/day. Key words: Tetranychus spp., Demography, Soybean
PENGARUH RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU TERHADAP IKLIM MIKRO DAN KENYAMANAN TERMAL PADA 3 LOKASI DI KOTA MANADO Mala, Yordan P.; Kalangi, J. I.; Saroinsong, F. B.
EUGENIA Vol 24, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.24.2.2018.22658

Abstract

Microclimate is an important requirement for urban communities in creating outdoor thermal comfort. Micro climate as a benchmark in determining thermal comfort consists of 4 (four) elements which are, air temperature, air humidity, wind speed and solar radiation. Green open space area is one way to create comfortable micro climate for the community. The purpose of this study is to analyze microclimate and thermal comfort in 3 (three) green open spaces. The researcher used a purposive sampling method and chose the area with the same characteristics, namely UNSRAT Field, Tikala Field, and KONI Field. The results obtained were that the UNSRAT Field had the highest thermal comfort level with a percentage reaching 90% at 10:00 a.m. and 80% at 1:00 p.m. In addition, the micro climates in the three locations have differences, differences occur due to canopy area, tree species, plants, pavement type and building area around green open space.Keywords : microclimate, climate, open space, green open space
INTERAKSI VARIETAS PEPAYA DAN PENYIRAMAN TERHADAP KUTU PUTIH Paracoccus marginatus Williams & Granara de Willink, (HEMIPTERA:PSEUDOCOCCIDAE) Tairas, Robert W.; Pelealu, J.; Tulung, M.
EUGENIA Vol 22, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.22.2.2016.12961

Abstract

abstract This study aims to understand the interaction of varieties and watering the papaya mealybug in Bangkok and local plants. Research using Completaly Randomized design (CRD) with treatments that Papaya of varieties Bangkok, Lokal, and Watering. Parameters measured were population nymph, imago, and the attack rate of the mealybug P. marginatus on the part of the plant consists of a trunk, the upper leaves, leaves the middle, and bottom leaves. The results showed that the population of nymphs on papaya local watering every day at the upper leaves of the plant has the highest population as much as 71.85 individuals per leaf and the lowest found in papaya Bangkok on watering every three days on the underside of leaves of plants of 1.85 individuals per leaf. Imago population at the local papaya with a watering every day at the middle leaf has the highest population of 27.85 individuals per leaf and the lowest found in papaya Bangkok with a watering every three days at the bottom of the leaf has a population of 1.71 individuals per leaf. The percentage of mealybug attacks were highest in local varieties of papaya with every day watering time (90.89%), followed by papaya local time watering every two days (70.35%), papaya Bangkok time watering every day (67.92%), local papaya time watering every three days (57.32%), papaya Bangkok time watering every two days (42.72%), and papaya Bangkok time watering every 3 days (40.04%). Keywords: Paracoccus marginatus, mealybug, papaya, population, watering
PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI BAWANG MERAH (Allium ascalonicum L.) BERBASIS APLIKASI BIOURINE SAPI Tandi, Olvie G.; Paulus, J.; Pinaria, A.
EUGENIA Vol 21, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.21.3.2015.9704

Abstract

ABSTRACT   The research  aims to assess the response to the growth and production of onion against of liquid organic fertilizer from cow biourie in some concentrations and to get the best concentration for the growth and production of red onion. The research was conducted atfield experimental in Pandu, North Minahasa regency from May to July 2014. The experiment was designed using a randomized block design. The treatment was concentration of cow biourine namely 0% (B1) 10%, (B2) 20%, (B3) 30%, (B4) 40% and (B5) 50%. Each treatment was replicated three times. Characters observed were plant height, number of leaves, tuber diameter, number of tuber, fresh weight of tuber with leaves and dry weight of tuber. Data was analyzed using analysis of variance. The result showed that the biourine concentration had significant effect on plant height, number of leaves, tuber diameter, number of tuber, fresh weight of tuber with leaves and dry weight of tuber. Treatment of B1, B2, B3 and B4 concentration were not significant difference at plant height. However, those four treatments were significantly different compared to B0 and B5. The fives treatment differed with the control on characters of number of leaves, number of tuber andfresh weight of tuber with leaves. On character of tuber dry weight, B2 treatment was significant difference compared to control whereas the other treatments were not significantly differed. On character of tuber diameter, three treatments were significant difference compared to the control namely B2, B4 and B5. Keywords : Allium ascalonicum L,  biourine cow, fertilizer, growth and production
PEMANFAATAN Baringtonia asiatica DAN Annona muricata TERHADAP SERANGGA VEKTOR PENYAKIT PADA TANAMAN CABAI Salaki, Christina L.; Pelealu, Jantje
EUGENIA Vol 18, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.18.1.2012.4144

Abstract

ABSTRACT   Insect vectors disease is a major problem for chilli crop production in North Sulawesi. The effect is significant in decreasing crop production. The use of plant-derived insecticide is potential and environmentally friendly way in controlling the insect, as a form of integrated pest management. Seeds of Bitung (Barringtonia asiatica) and seeds of soursop (Annona muricata) plants can be used as an organic insectiside to control the several types of insect vectors  in pepper crop. The purpose of this study was to determine effects of the application of extracts of B. asiatica and A. muricata on the growth of insect vector (Aphis gossypii) in pepper and and determine the extracts’s lethal level.  This research was conducted in the Green House of Plant Pests and Diseases Department of the Faculty of Agriculture Unsrat Manado, for 6 months time. The research used a complete randomized design consisting of 6 treatments;  each treatment was consisted of three replications. The results showed that the percentage of dead insects assay (Aphis gossypii) increased as the concentration of the extract used increased. This study found that the concentration of soursop seed extract at 50 g / l and a concentration of 1.75% Bitung seed extract was the best to be used as a botanical insecticide in controlling the insect population vector (Aphis gossypii) in laboratory conditions. It has an effective lethal concentration for 93, 67% and 90.0% of all test insect population. Overall bioactivity increased the effectiveness of soursop Bitung seed extract as botanical insecticides. Keywords: Barringtonia asiatica, Annona muricata, Aphis gossypii, chilli plants ABSTRAK   Serangga vektor penyakit merupakan masalah utama bagi produksi tanaman cabai di Sulawesi Utara karena dapat menurunkan produksi. Salah satu sarana pengendalian yang memiliki peluang baik untuk dikembangkan dalam menunjang penerapan PHT adalah pemanfaatan bahan insektisida yang berasal tumbuhan. Buah bitung (Barringtonia asiatica) dan biji sirsak (Annona muricata) adalah jenis tumbuhan yang berpotensi untuk dikembangkan dan efektif terhadap beberapa jenis serangga vektor pada tanaman cabai. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak B. asiatica dan A. muricata terhadap perkembangan dan daya bunuh terhadap serangga vektor (Aphis gossypii) pada tanaman cabai. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Green House Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Fakultas Pertanian Unsrat Manado, selama kurang lebih 6 bulan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap yang terdiri dari 6 perlakuan dan tiap perlakuan terdiri dari 3 ulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persentase kematian serangga uji (Aphis gossypii) meningkat seiring dengan meningkatnya konsentrasi ekstrak yang digunakan. Dalam penelitian ini didapati bahwa konsentrasi ekstrak biji sirsak sebesar 50 g/l dan konsentrasi ekstrak biji bitung 1,75 % sangat baik digunakan sebagai insektisida botani dalam mengendalikan populasi serangga vektor (Aphis gossypii) pada kondisi laboratorium, karena konsentrasi ini efektif mematikan sebesar 93,67 % dan 90,0 % seluruh populasi serangga uji. Keseluruhan bioaktivitas tersebut menambah keefektifan ekstrak biji sirsak dan buah bitung sebagai insektisida botani.  Eugenia Volume 18 No. 1  April 2012 Kata Kunci : Barringtonia asiatica, Annona muricata, Aphis gossypii, tanaman cabai
RESPON PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI PADI (Oryza sativa L.) VARIETAS SULUTTAN UNSRAT 1 DENGAN METODE SRI TERHADAP PEMBERIAN PUPUK ANORGANIK DAN PUPUK HAYATI Ratela, Leonardie W.; Polii-Mandang, J. Sh.; Paulus, J. M.
EUGENIA Vol 22, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.22.3.2016.23258

Abstract

ABSTRACT This research aims tostudythe response of growth and yield of paddy rice to the combination of inorganic fertilizer and biological fertilizers. The design of experiments used in this study is a single factor in a completely randomized design (CRD), which consists of 5 treatments and repeated 5 times with the treatment as follows: P0 = 100% NPK (control) P1 = 100% NPK + 100% Biofertilizer Petrobio, P2 = 75% + 25% NPK Fertilizer Biological Petrobio, P3 = 50% + 50% NPK Fertilizer Biological Petrobio, P4 = 25% + 75% NPK Fertilizer Biological Petrobio. Giving Phonska inorganic fertilizer mixed with the biological fertilizer petrobio influence on the growth and yield of rice varieties Suluttan Unsrat I. Treatment NPK fertilizer Phonska 75% and 25% of biological fertilizers petrobio produce an average plant height is 98.40 cm high, 24.40 cm panicle length , Total grain permalai 167 grains, grain pithy permalai Total 155.20 grains and weight of 1000 grains contain.Key words: rice paddy fields, of SRI (System of Rice Intensification), inorganic fertilizers, biofertilizers
PERILAKU KAWIN, UJI RESPON DAN IDENTIFIKASI SPESIES LALAT BUAH PADA BELIMBING, KETAPANG, DAN PARIA Dumalang, Sherlij; Lengkong, Maxi
EUGENIA Vol 17, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/eug.17.3.2011.3543

Abstract

ABSTRACT Fruit flies is one of the important pests which attack fruits in Indonesia and very detrimental economicaly. The objective of this research was to determine mating behaviour of fruit flies Bactrocera sp., testing their response to attractants methyl eugenol and cue lure as well as identification  some species of fruit flies that attack belimbing, ketapang and paria fruits. The fruits samples which were affected by fruit flies were collected  from plantation at Lopana and Kapitu, South Minahasa. Imago was assessed  at laboratory of entomology,  Faculty of Agriculture. Result showed that mating time of these species was occured between 17.10 – 18.45. Sexual maturity of belimbing fruit flies was  10 -12 days. Whereas ketapang fruit flies and paria fruit flies were 10 – 14 days and 11 – 13 days respectively.  B. dorsalis complex was  attracted to methyl eugenol. While B. albistrigata and B. cucurbitaceae Coq.were attracted to cue lure. Keywords : fruit flies  Bactrocera sp. Belimbing, ketapang, paria fruits, methyl eugenol and cue lure

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