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Kesmas Indonesia: Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Masyarakat
ISSN : 20859929     EISSN : 25795414     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 429 Documents
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN KANKER SERVIK DI RSUD PROF. DR. MARGONO SOEKARJO PURWOKERTO Nurwathon Aulia; Sri Nurlaela; Dyah Retnani Basuki
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 2 No 2 (2009): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Cerviks cancer is a cancer that attack cerviks of the uterus, an area in woman reproduction organ that is an entrance through the uterus, place between uterus and vagina. Data from RSUD Prof. Dr.Margono Soekarjo, Purwokerto showed that there was an increasing number in cerviks cancer case. The purpose of this research was to know the risk factors that influence cerviks cancer case in RSUD Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo, Purwokerto. This research used of observational with case control study approach. Case group was all patients diagnosed cerviks cancer from June until November 2008 in RSUD Prof, Dr. Margono Soekarjo, Purwokerto and the control group was the patient who did pap smear check up from June until November 2008 in RSUD Prof. Dr. Margono Soekarjo, Purwokerto but the result wasn’t cerviks cancer. The number of populations were 64 people with 32 cases and 32 control. Variable researched consisted of education, marriage age, parity and oral contraception. Data analysis used was univarial, bivariat with chi square and multivariat with double logistic regression. The result of this research showed factors related with cerviks cancer case were education (p=0,00; OR=7,89; CI 95%=2,40-25,85), marriage age (p=0,00; OR=6,33; CI 95%=2,03-19,68) and parity (p=0,00; OR=11,66; CI 95%=2,37-57,36). The most influence factor in cerviks cancer case was parity. According to that result, it is suggested to the people to control the number of kids (less than 4 children) by using family planning programme that’s proper to each individual and delay the marriage age.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, FATALISME KANKER DAN KESADARAN WANITA USIA SUBUR (WUS) DALAM PENAPISAN TES IVA Artathi Eka Suryandari
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 6 No 3 (2014): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Death of cervical cancer can be prevented by doing an early detection and the only cost-effective way is screening test of Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (IVA). The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation of knowledge, cancer fatalism, level of awareness and the participation of Reproductive Aged Women (RAW) in IVA. The research sample consist of 224 RAW as cases and controls in Purwokerto Timur using proportional random sampling techniques. The measurement of cancer fatalism using Powe Fatalism Inventory and the level of awareness measured by the Self Regulation Questionnair. The analysis result was conducted by chi-square and logistic regression. The analysis showed that the correlate factors of RAW’s participation in IVA was cancer fatalism (p=0.024) with OR 2.305 and level of awareness (p=0.009) with OR 2.806, while the level of awareness was the most dominant factor. It is concluded that in order to increase RAW’s participation in IVA is needed to increase the RAW’s awareness toward the benefits of screening test of IVA and fatal consequences of cervical cancer and to decrease cancer fatalism by providing the right knowledge about cervical cancer through religious sermons that are often followed by RAW. Key words: knowledge, fatalism, awareness,IVA Kesmasindo, Volume 6(3) Januari 2014, Hal. 208-222
PENGARUH ELEVASI POSISI KEPALA PADA KLIEN STROKE HEMORAGIK TERHADAD TEKANAN RATA-RATA ARTERIAL, TEKANAN DARAH DAN TEKANAN INTRA KRANIAL DI RUMAH SAKIT MARGONO SOEKARJO PURWOKERTO TAHUN 2011 Supadi Supadi
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 5 No 2 (2012): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Abstract Stroke result in mortality cases in the developing countries such as Indonesia. Indonesia Healthcare Ministry reported that stroke was the first rank of death fatality among hospitalized patients. The disease also has been founded in many countries. Annual published statistics at The Margono Soekarjo Hospital Purwokerto indicated that stroke revealed top ten cases in neurologic department. The incidence of stroke showed steadily increased since 2007. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of head elevation on mean arterial pressure, blood pressure, and intracranial pressure among hemorrhagic stroke at the Margono Soekarjo Hospital Purwokerto on 2011.The study was employed quasi experimental design pre and post test with control group. This research used analytical descriptive. And, the data was analyzed by t test dependent and chi square analysis approach. There was significant effect of head elevation positioning on mean arterial pressure, blood pressure, and intracranial pressure among hemorrhagic stroke patients after the treatment (p value 0, 00) of intervention group in the Margono Soekarjo Hospital Purwokerto. Meanwhile, there was no significant change of control group on mean arterial pressure, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and intracranial pressure (p values were 0,206, 0,761 and 0,092, and 0,058 respectively). The study showed that there was significant effect of head elevation positioning on mean arterial pressure, blood pressure, and intracranial pressure among hemorrhagic stroke patients after the treatment (p value 0, 00). Keywords: head elevation, intracranial pressure, blood pressure, MAP, hemorrhagic stroke Kesmasindo. Volume 5, Nomor 2, Juli 2012, hlm. 154- 168
Agnes EFEKTIVITAS PELATIHAN TENTANG PENGOLAHAN SAMPAH PADAT ORGANIK DALAM MENINGKATKAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN KETERAMPILAN IBU DALAM MENGOLAH SAMPAH agnes fitria widiyanto; Elviera Gamelia; Arif Kurniawan
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 9 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Hasil kegiatan observasi peneliti terhadap masalah PHBS pada tatanan rumah tangga di wilayah Puskesmas I dan II Baturraden diperoleh bahwa masalah pengelolaan sampah adalah masalah yang paling dominan dan paling dirasakan oleh masyarakat dibandingkan dengan indikator PHBS pada tatanan rumah tangga yang lainnya. Berdasarkan hal tersebut perlu dilakukan program pelatihan pengolahansampah padat menggunakan metode composting yaitu pengolahan sampah padat organik menjadi kompos. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian eksperimen semu atau quasi eksperimen. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah “Pre Test Post Test Design”. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 41 kader kesehatan dan ibu PKK yang terdiri dari 18 orang dari Desa Karangmangu dan 23 orang dari Desa Karang Tengah. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara simple random sampling. Pengetahuan responden mengenai pengolahan sampah padat organik dengan media komposter setelah dilakukan pelatihan mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan sebesar 3,45% dari sebelum pelatihan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sikap responden mengenai pengolahan sampah padat organik dengan media komposter setelah dilakukan pelatihan mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan sebesar 4,48% dari sebelum pelatihan. Keterampilan responden mengenai pengolahan sampah padat organik dengan media komposter setelah dilakukan pelatihan mengalami peningkatan yang signifikan sebesar 4,78% dari sebelum pelatihan.Terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan (p=0,03), sikap (p=0,01) dan keterampilan (p=0,014) responden mengenai pengolahan sampah padat organik dengan media komposter sebelum dan sesudah pelatihan.
PEMODELAN KUANTITATIF DETERMINAN-DETERMINAN YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEMATIAN PERINATAL Dwi Sarwani Sri rejeki; Budi Aji
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 1 No 1 (2008): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Martenal Mortality Rate (MMR) and Perinatal Death Rate (PFR) were indicators to measure performance of antenatal carte for all countries. Every year about eight million perinatal death rates or die in the first month of delifery. Perinatal Death Rate (PFR) in Banyumas Regency was 2,96/100 or 62 cases in 2005. High Perinatal Death Rate in Banyumas Regebcy caused researched interested to identify causal factors related PDR. Quantitative modeling to analyze causal factors of perinatal Death Rate. The study observational research with case control design approach, there were 58cases and 58 sampling. As case group was all PDR in BAnyumas Regency and control groupwas all survive baby borne in the same block (1RT) and the same brith day with case group. There are some significantly effect toward perinatal death rate, asphyxia (OR=93,13 95% CI=12,06 – 917,31); Low income (OR = 76,70 95% CI=4,56 – 1289,08 ; Infection ((OR=46,06 95% C1=3,64 – 582,68) ; and lowbirth weight (OR 7,55 95% C1 =1,71 – 33, 25). Quantitative model as following Y = 1 1+ e –(constans + B asphyxia + B infection+B low birth weight Continuum antenatal care and seeking for health treatment if there are any co morbiduity with the baby such as asphyxia , infectuoinn an low birth weight.
FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMANFAATAN PELAYANAN PENGOBATAN INFEKSI MENULAR SEKSUAL (IMS) DI PUSKESMAS PURWOKERTO SELATAN KABUPATEN BANYUMAS. Arif Kurniawan; Arih Diyaning Intiasari
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 5 No 1 (2012): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

ABSTRACT South Purwokerto is a region that also has high risk of Sexual Transmitted Infection (IMS) because there are wild prostitution areas which located in ex terminal and Rajawali Cinema. Based on data, curative service exploiting in Puskesmas Baturaden II have been good enough that equals to 83,93%, while in Puskesmas Purwokerto Selatan shows number of patients exploiting therapy service of IMS still be low that equals to 37,5%. This research aims to know service exploiting of Sexual Transmitted Infection ( IMS) therapy at IMS patient and factors influencing service exploiting of IMS therapy. The type of this research is survey with form of explanatory research. Population of this research is society in the job region of Puskesmas Purwokerto Selatan who have high risk of IMS. The sample number of this research is 40, obtained from formula of minimum sample size. Result of research shows that there is correlation between knowledge about therapy service of IMS, promotion of therapy service of IMS, and quality of therapy service of IMS with service exploiting of therapy IMS. While there is no correlation between service reachability of IMS therapy and service need of IMS therapy with service exploiting of IMS therapy. There is simultanous influence between promotion of IMS therapy service and quality of IMS therapy service with service exploiting of IMS therapy. Suggestion in this research is puskesmas must increase promotion of therapy service of IMS to the society in puskesmas region and increase quality of therapy service of IMS to the patient of IMS therapy. Kata Kunci : Pemanfaatan,Pengobatan, Infeksi Menular Seksual Kesmasindo Volume 5( 1)Januari 2012, hlm. 33-43
HUBUNGAN BEBAN KERJA DENGAN KINERJA BIDAN KONSELOR ASI DI PROVINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA Mina Yumei Santi; Nur Djanah; Margono Margono
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 8 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

Coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Yogyakarta province has reached 67.9% in 2013 but is still did not reach the scope of the national target (80%). One of the factors that influence the success of exclusive breastfeeding is the support of health professionals and breastfeeding counselor which is already available in many areas of health care. It is estimated that high workload caused the performance of midwife counselor of breastfeeding performance becomes low. The aim of this research was to determine the relationship of workload with the performance of midwife breastfeeding counselor in Yogyakarta. This method is quantitative analytical research with cross sectional approach from August-November 2014. This research was made using NASA-TLX (Task Load Index) questionnaire. Sample was determined total population of 45 midwive counselor of breastfeeding. The independent variables is workload and the dependent variable is midwife counselor’s performance. Data analysis using univariate, bivariate analysis with significance level of 5%. The average age of midwife counselor of breastfeeding is 38.71 years, 84.4% educated Diploma-III of Midwifery. The average length of time working as breastfeeding counselor’s is is 43.20 months. Pearson correlation test results showed there was no relationship between workload with the performance of midwife counselor of breastfeeding (p=0.144>0.05)
STUDI DESKRIPTIF PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PENGGUNAAN BUKU KIA PADA IBU BALITA DI DESA KALIBAGOR Siti Nurhayati; Colti Sistiarani; Endo Dardjito
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 7 No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

ABSTRACTMaternal and Child Health ( MCH ) as a means of recording maternal and child health services since pregnant women, childbirth and during the postpartum infants born to 5 years old, including service family planning, immunization, nutrition and child development. Some issues related to the use of the MCH book are: completeness of data entry in the MCH book, the quality of the data recorded in the book of MCH, and the level of compliance of the mother carrying the MCH book . The purpose of this activity is to improve maternal compliance in carrying the book when visiting post integrated community.This study is to monitor compliance with the mother in bringing continuous MCH book every month for about 2 months . This indicator is observed / checked to the mother during a visit to a neighborhood health center before the intervention and after implementation of the intervention on each posyandu organizing activities that serve as research sites / partners . From the observation of no increased adherence posyandu Puspitasari toddler 's mother after giving intervention IEC, from 56.6 % to 60 % ( increase of 3.4 % ). Increased compliance posyandu watugede toddler 's mother after giving IEC intervention is of 33.3 % to 50 % ( an increase of 16.7 % ) . Suggested to always deliver IEC moms toddlers in posyandu so bring a book MCH compliance is maintained. IEC can be given by health professionals or by a health worker.Keyword: Mathernal and Child Health (MCH) book, Information, Education and Communication (IEC). Kesmasindo, Volume 7( 1) Juli 2014, Hal 54-62
DETERMINAN YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KELUHAN MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS (MSDs) PADA PEKERJA INDUSTRI GENTENG DI KECAMATAN PETANAHAN KABUPATEN KEBUMEN Azhar Anas; Nur Ulfah; Siti Harwanti
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 6 No 2 (2013): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are the complaints on the parts of skeletal muscle is felt by anyone ranging from very mild to very sick complaints. MSDs case data is still high, as many as 141,000 in United Kingdom in the year 2011/2012. The purpose of this study is to determine the determinant related to the complaint Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the tile industry workers in the District Petanahan Kebumen in 2013. Type and method of this study is observational with cross sectional approach. The total sample of 50 respondents the data obtained through interviews using questionnaires and direct observation. Data analysis is performed using univariate and bivariate (chi square). Results of this study showed that the variables significantly associated with MSDs complaints is workplace risk (p = 0.000), age (p = 0.000), gender (p = 0.000), years (p = 0.000). While the variables are not significantly associated smoking habits (p = 0.392). Suggested workers should do rest for 5 minutes when start to fatigue or stiffness in the muscles of the body. Keywords: Complaints MSDs Kesmasindo, Volume 6, Nomor 2, Juli 2013, Hal 110-115
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEMAMPUAN PASIEN DIABETES MELLITUS DALAM MENDETEKSI EPISODE HIPOGLIKEMI DI RSUD MARGONO SOEKARJO PURWOKERTO Supadi Supadi
Kesmas Indonesia Vol 4 No 2 (2011): Jurnal Kesmas Indonesia
Publisher : Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Fakultas Ilmu-Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

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ABSTRACT Diabetes mellitus is a silent killer disease associated with hyperglycemia and insulin secretion falls below a critical amount or due to deficient action of insulin on metabolism. Hyperglycemia on diabetic patients is an acute complication of diabetes mellitus which may occur many times and deteriorate the disease and risk of death. This research was conducted to explore the effect of some factors that influenced the abilities of diabetic clients to detect hypoglycaemia episodic. This research used analytical descriptive with cross sectional study approach. The data was analyzed by Chi square. The result of study showed that there were no relationship between gender and the abilities of diabetic clients to detect hypoglycaemia (p:1,00), age (p:1.00), level of education (p:0.59), duration of diabetic (p:1.00), knowledge retention (p:0.32), and the availability of glucometer (p:1.00). In conclusion, there were no significant relationship between gender, level of education, duration of diabetic, knowledge retention, and the availability of glucometer and the abilities of diabetic clients to detect hypoglycaemia episodic. Keywords : hypoglicaemia, diabetic Kesmasindo. Volume 4, Nomor 2, Juli 2011, hlm. 119-136

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