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PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics
ISSN : 25032658     EISSN : 25032658     DOI : -
The Prasasti: Journal of Linguistics (PJL) is devoted to the problems of general linguistics. Its aim is to present work of current interest in all areas of linguistics. Contributions are required to contain such general theoretical implications as to be of interest to any linguist, whatever their own specialisation. PJL, previously known as UNS Journal of Language Studies, is a journal of linguistics to accommodate scientific articles from Descriptive Linguistics, Pragmatics, and Translation Studies.
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Articles 166 Documents
A SOCIOLINGUISTICS STUDY: STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION UPON ELT IN THE COASTAL AREA OF BINTAN ISLAND Nana Raihana Askurny; Indah Pujiastuti Pujiastuti
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v5i1.35417

Abstract

Students who live in the coastal area in Bintan Island, Kepulauan Riau province, are expected to have greater access to the knowledge and information, regarding they stay in the open boundaries, Malacca straits. This social-region circumstance should enabled them to be familiar with English. However, students in this area do not conform to the expectation.  This research utilizes qualitative design, where the determination of research question, subject, and design is based on the researcher. Researcher has taken more than a hundred of students, as the research subject who live and study in the coastal area, in Bintan Island. For data collection, questionnaire is arranged by adapting AMTB, Attitude Motivation Test Battery, by Gardner (2004). According to the data analysis, it describes that students have a sizeable motivation in learning English, whereas their capability is not equitable. This shape caused by two main factors, such as English teacher’s role, real-contextual teaching method, and lack of opportunity
BENTUK KOSAKATA BAHASA INGGRIS PADA MEDIA SOSIAL LEMBAGA PEMERINTAH INDONESIA Ascalonicawati, Adinda Prasty; Cholsy, Hayatul
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v5i1.39399

Abstract

Many exposure of foreign languages, in this case is English, in daily communication could give significant impact towards oral and written language to the Indonesian speech community. That phenomenon was the result of language contact which is widespread in this digital era. This research aimed to identify English vocabulary which found in the caption on social media Instagram account of Ministry and Non-Ministerial Government Agencies in Indonesia. Data in this research were the English loanwords vocabulary and interference which are obtained by applying observation method with screenshot and note taking technique. Data source used is the social media Instagram account of Ministry and Non-Ministerial Government Agencies in Indonesia, such as @bekrafid, @kemdikbud.ri, @ristekdikti, @kemlu.ri, @kemenpar, @infobmkg, and @kemenhub151. The results found of this study were loanwords, loanblends, and loanshifts, also phonological, morphological, and lexical interference.
TRANSFER PRAGMATIK DALAM KELUHAN PADA MAHASISWA ASING PEMBELAJAR BAHASA INDONESIA DI UGM Huda, Riza Nuzulul; Baskoro, B. R. Suryo
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v5i1.39380

Abstract

In the language competence that is inseparable from the speech act strategies, the socio-pragmatic transfer ability of second language learners can be explored in the use of speech acts which were currently examined through the use of complaints. This study aimed to describe what are the differences of speech act strategies in complaints used in English and Indonesian by International students and how pragmatic transfers in complaints are used by foreign students in producing languages. The data collection used Discourse Completion Test (DCT) with 4 International students in Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Gadjah Mada who stayed less than 6 months in Indonesia. The threat strategies were generally used to the hearer who have lower social status even with intimacy. However, when social status is aligned, the choice of complaint strategies switched to explicit strategies, on the other side, when the status of interlocutors is higher than the speaker, the use of the speech act strategy was replaced by implicit strategies.
CODE CHOICE USED IN YOUTUBE CONTENT “NEBENG BOY” Angelia, Caecilia Ivana
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v5i1.39342

Abstract

Nebeng Boy is one of the most popular YouTube content created by Indonesian YouTuber and an ex-Video Jockey from MTV, Boy William. The participants in this YouTube content are divided into two; the Host and the Guests. This research aims to find out the code choices chosen by the participants of YouTube content “Nebeng Boy” and the reasons why the participants choose the different codes.This research was a case study of sociolinguistics which employed a descriptive qualitative method. In collecting the data, the researcher has done a few techniques namely taking notes from observing the conversation, transcribing the dialogues between participants, and classifying the data. The researcher used total sampling technique and took the whole part of dialogue from six videos of “Nebeng Boy”.The results of this research show that the code choices employed by the participants of Nebeng Boy are informal variety from Bahasa Indonesia and English which resembles of high social class or high social status. Each participant has different way in using the codes and also has different reason behind it. The Host of the program uses informal code choices to show solidarity, express emotions, show intimacy, changing topics, and including another person to the conversation. Meanwhile, the factors that the guests use the code choices are the background of the person, the profession, function of the conversation, topics, the situation of conversation, and to include another person.
KAUSALITAS DALAM NOVEL LELAKI HARIMAU KARYA EKA KURNIAWAN Ibnu Yustiya Ramadhan
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v5i1.39375

Abstract

In Eka Kurniawan’s novel, Lelaki Harimau, incoherent story telling is one of its most visible characteristeristic. Incohorent story telling is used by Eka kurniawan not only to pique the reader interest but also to emphasise cause and effect in every action that characters do in the novel. With a theory offered by Genette, this study tries to explain the order of event in Lelaki Harimau to show the causality that Eka Kruniawan use as the core theme in his novel. This study also tries to show how structural theories can be used as a foundation to interpret novel. From the explanation of causality in Lelaki Harimau novel, it is found that violence only begets violence.
THE EXPRESSIVE SPEECH ACT USED BY ANIES RASYID BASWEDAN AND RECEP TAYYIP ERDOGAN AS THE REACTION OF THE ATTACKS IN CHRISTCHURCH NEW ZEALAND Badrut Tamam; Slamet Setiawan; Syafiul Anam
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v5i1.39424

Abstract

This study attempts to compare between Anies Rasyid Baswedan and Recep Tayyip Erdogan in terms of speech act as their reaction of the attacks in Christchurch New Zealand particularly: a) the kinds of expressive speech act used; b) the intended meaning of expressive speech act; and c) the personality differences between them seen the use of speech act. The qualitative method was used to fulfil the three objectives of the study. The data was collected from document that was taken from the utterances used by the two public figures. It was transcribed and then analysed descriptively. The results show that the speakers used three kinds of expressive speech acts, namely: condoling, deploring, and lamenting. Condoling is an expressive speech acts were mostly used to communicate by the speakers. The intended meaning of expressive speech act used by the speakers are determined by interpreting and determining what speakers means in the context. In addition, the personality characters of Anies Rasyid Baswedan are kind, clever, and soft, whereas, the personality characters of Recep Tayyip Erdogan are courageous, influential person, and clever.
KOMPARASI HASIL TERJEMAHAN GOOGLE TRANSLATE DAN BING TRANSLATOR DALAM MENERJEMAHKAN HEDGING WORDS Laila Nur Aflah
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 5, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v5i1.38168

Abstract

This study aims to explain the comparison of the translation results of two translation machines, Google Translate and Bing Translator. The object of this research is the hedging words contained in one of the opinions in The Jakarta Post's online newspaper entitled Why Indonesians should write about Indonesia in English more often. The types of hedges that appear in the article and become the object of research are in four types, namely: lexical verb, modal auxiliary verb, compound hedges, and adverb of frequency. From the analysis conducted, the writer found that the translation of hedging words with two translation machines assisted different results of the translation are identical. The method used by the two translation machines is literal translation so that the form and meaning of the source text is equivalent to the form and meaning of the target text. The author believes that the artificial intelligence developed in those two translation machines has different abilities and can be proven by research with wider and more varied sentence objects.
CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS ON PAN POLITICAL BANNER CAMPAIGN USING FAIRCLOUGH THREE DIMENSIONAL MODEL Aji Muhammad Akbar; Roby Salmon Agasi; Tito Yowata
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 4, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (795.067 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v4i2.31580

Abstract

This study was conducted in order to explain of Partai Amanat Nasional (PAN) political banner campaign uniqueness within 2018-2019 campaign periods. This study focused on the linguistic feature which employed and discursive technique in the banner. The data was collected from internet and limited only to banner in West Java province. Fairclough 3D-model is used as framework in this study to see the relation of language and it implication in society. The findings disclosed that the whole banner discourse, including images, design, and language supports the construction of message in the banner. It was also PAN political banner campaign in West Java act as entertainment to the readers.
PHONOLOGICAL VARIATION OF PASAR KLIWON ARABIC DIALECT SURAKARTA Arief Nur Rahman Al Aziiz; Muhammad Ridwan
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (399.793 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v4i1.4146

Abstract

This article studies about sound variation sand sound change in Arabic dialect Pasar Kliwon. The data searching use observe (simak) and conversation (cakap) method. The technique of data searching is record (rekam) and register (catat). The data searching refers to question list from 120 swadesh vocabularies. Data analysis used padan method and depends on informan’s speech organ. The analysis research use sound change theory according to Crowley (1992) and Muslich (2012). The vowel sound in Arabic dialect Pasar Kliwon divided by two kinds: short vowel sound and long vowel sound. There are twenty sevenconsonant sounds and divided by seven kinds: plosive, fricative, affricative, liquid, voiced, voiceless, and velariation sound. The sound variation of semi-vowel is wawu and ya>’. The vowel sound change divided by four kinds: lenition, anaptycsis, apocope, metathesis. The consonant sound change divided by four kinds:  lenition, anaptycsis, apocope, and sincope.The diftong sound change is monoftongitation.
ASPEKTUALITAS DALAM NOVEL THE GREAT GATSBY OLEH F. SCOTT FITZGERALD Eka Susylowati
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v4i1.28848

Abstract

This research aims to reveal the form and marker of aspectuality in The Great Gatsby novel written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The data in this study are written data in the form of words, clauses, and sentences in the novel The Great Gatsby. It was written by F. Scott Fitzgerald  consists of three forms of aspectuality namely perfective / completed, progressive, and repetitive / habitual. The aspect that is often used is perfective / completed aspiration. Aspectuality markers used including perfective aspect characterized by past verb or had + past participle verb, while progressive aspect are marked to be + verb ing, and repetitive / habitual are marked with past verb or infinitive forms.

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