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Qanun Medika - Medical Journal Faculty of Medicine Muhammadiyah Surabaya
ISSN : 25412272     EISSN : 25489526     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 139 Documents
Effectiveness of core stability exercise for knee joint osteoarthritis: A review Muhammad Deyu Wisnubrata; Rahmat Sayyid Zharfan
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (772.54 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/jqm.v4i1.3532

Abstract

Abstract  Background: The knee joint is a weight-bearing support joint that often affected by osteoarthritis. Knee joint osteoarthritis is characterized by pain in a movement that disappears when resting, joint stiffness especially after prolonged resting or waking up, crepitations, and can be accompanied by synovitis with or without joint fluid effusion. If the patient was passive, did not do exercises, muscle atrophy can occur, which will worsen the stability and function of the joint. Other consequences that can disrupt daily activities to the most severe feature, such as an inability to walk.  Objective: To discuss the role of core stability exercise for pain reduction in osteoarthritis. Method: This type of study is a literature review. Result: The goals of core stability exercise include: increasing muscle strength, improving posture, reducing pain, increasing ability, and functional mobility in patients. The provision of core stability exercise has a relationship between core stability with hip, knee, and ankle. This is because all parts of the body are connected to each other, both directly and indirectly. If the core muscle is strong, the muscles of the hip, knee, and ankle will also be strong. Conclusion: Core stability exercise is potential in the management of knee osteoarthritisKeywords:            core stability exercise, joint, knee, osteoarthritis
Ankle Arthrodesis with Cannulated Screw: Case Series Andre Triadi Desnantyo; Muhammad Zaim Chilmi; Hizbillah Yazid
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1632.124 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/jqm.v4i1.2661

Abstract

ABSTRACT Ankle osteoarthritis patients are young and lack of available long last treatment. Ankle arthrodesis remains the gold standard and is the procedure of choice for younger patients who are heavy laborers. These case series evaluate and report five patients undergone ankle arthrodesis at RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya on 2012-2016. The data were collected from patient files, radiographs, and a recent physical examination. The outcome has been assessed with SF-36 score and clinical scoring system Ankle-Hind foot American Foot and Ankle Society. Three male patients and two female patients underwent ankle arthrodesis with cannulated screw, caused by neglected severe ankle dislocation. One patient had open dislocation. Based on SF-36 scoring, the five patients had average score 76,7 with highest and lowest score were 95,9 and 56,7. Based on clinical score ankle-hind foot American Ankle and Foot Society, the average score was 68(51 – 88). The scoring result includes general health, physic, emotional, and social. And clinical scoring ankle-hind foot American Foot and Ankle Society evaluation includes pain, function, and alignment. It shows that there was patient that gains an almost perfect result. Patient with the lowest score also had knee osteoarthritis contralateral from the operated ankle. Early weight bearing on ankle arthrodesis with cannulated screw was the major factor caused unsatisfactory result of this patient. Ankle arthrodesis with cannulated screw has satisfactory result eventhough remain complain on one patient. Nevertheless, ankle arthrodesis with cannulated screw still has an important role in the treatment of choice on ankle reconstruction.Keywords                   : Ankle arthrodesis, cannulated screw, ankle joint fusion 
Sensitivity and Specificity Comparison Between APFEL, KOIVURANTA, and SINCLAIR Score As PONV Predictor In Post General Anesthesia Patient M Yusuf Gunawan; Arie Utariani; Maulydia Maulydia; Anna Surgean Veterini
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30651/jqm.v4i1.2826

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Post Operative Nausea Vomiting (PONV) are the two most common and unpleasant side effects after anesthesia and surgery. Without proper prophylactic administration, the PONV incidence is currently around 20% -30% in normal patients and 70% in high-risk patients (Butterworth et al., 2013). Recently, many PONV predictor scores have been used to determine the PONV severity and prophylactic administration. Objective: To compare the scores of Apfel, Koivuranta, and Sinclair as predictors of PONV in adult patients after general anesthesia at RSUD Dr. Soetomo. Methods: A cross-sectional study design conducted in 100 patients who underwent elective surgery under general anesthesia at RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Patients who meet the criteria will be recorded in the clinical research form and being followed to evaluate the assessment using Apfel, Koivuranta, and Sinclair scores when the patient is in the recovery room and the ward. A diagnostic test is performed to assess the accuracy between these scores. Results: In this study, the prevalence of PONV after general anesthesia in elective surgery at GBPT RSUD Dr Soetomo Surabaya is 26%. The Apfel score obtained has a sensitivity value of 79.5%, a specificity of 45.9% with an AUC value of 0.701. The Koivuranta score has a sensitivity value of 96.2%, a specificity of 27% with an AUC value of 0.628. The Sinclair score has a sensitivity value of 73.1%, a specificity of 48.6% with an AUC value of 0.619. Conclusion: Apfel's score is more accurate PONV prediction score and has a simpler score determination variable. Keywords                   : PONV, predictor score, apfel score, koivuranta score, sinclair score, general anesthesia. 
Role Of Inhaled Nitric Oxides In Pregnancy With Eisenmenger Syndrome Muhammad Anas; Nenny Triastuti; Muhammad Perdana Airlangga
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.512 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/jqm.v4i1.3478

Abstract

ABSTRACTEisenmenger Syndrome (ES) is congenital heart disease with pulmonary hypertension and shunting turning from right to left. The resistance of pulmonary vascular more than 7.5 mmHg/L/min. The right ventricle and pulmonary artery always enlarge. During pregnancy, there will be hemodynamic changes that will affect the ES. It can be understood the possible dangers that can occur, like right heart failure; an increase in pulmonary arteries or the aggravation of pulmonary hypertension because there is no decrease in pulmonary resistance; A sudden decrease in venous return in supine hypotension syndrome can cause a relative increase in pulmonary arterial pressure so as to aggravate pulmonary hypertension and reverse shunting.Physiological effects of inhaled nitric oxide (INO) therapy cause selective pulmonary vasodilation: Hypoxia alveoli causes reversible vasoconstriction, thereby increasing pulmonary wedge pressure. INO can lower it. Moderate cardiac output and systematic arterial pressure are not affected; Selective in pulmonary because it is activated by hemoglobin; Selective vasodilation in the ventilated area, local hypoxia alveoli constricts the surrounding vascular tissue and redistributes blood flow to the ventilated lungs better and higher intraalveolar oxygen pressure. INO enhances this mechanism by increasing blood flow through a well-ventilated lung; Bronchodilators; Pulmonary surfactant, The combination of high concentrations of inspired oxygen and high concentrations of INO reduces the minimum surfactant surface tension.Keywords: Inhalation Nitric Oxides, Pregnancy, Eisenmenger Syndrome
Perbandingan Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Zingiber officinale dengan Insulin terhadap Berat Plasenta pada Rattus norvegicus Model Diabetes Mellitus Pragestasional Sepfrita Katerine Aftabuddin
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 2, No 01 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.382 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/qm.v2i01.642

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that occurs in the community, with 1.9% prevalence of in the world is and the seventh leading cause of death in the world. It is estimated to increase up to 21.3 million by 2030 if the pattern of Diabetes management is not well developed. In 2007, the prevalence of Pregestational Diabetes Mellitus in Indonesia was 12% and had an impact on placental development that was important during pregnancy for fetal survival with placental weight as the indicator. Diabetes Mellitus pregestational therapy is insulin, however, it often causes complications. Oral hyperglycemic drugs with ginger dose extract of 500mg/kgBW significantly decreased serum glucose levels in diabetic-induced rats. Ginger extract is expected to decrease blood glucose levels so as to increase the weight of placenta. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of insulin and ginger extract on the weight of placenta Rattus norvegicus model of diabetes mellitus. This research is an experimental research using post test only control group design. The population used in this study was pregnant Rattus norvegicus with simple random sampling. The independent variables are insulin and ginger extract and the dependent variable is the weight of placenta. Data analysis for placental weight using Kruskal Wallis was continued by Post Hoc Bonferroni test. Test results for placental weight p>α (0.63 > 0.05) mean that there is no difference in placental weight between negative control, positive control, and treatment group. The conclusion of this study is there is no significant difference between groups, however, based on mean data the weight of placenta Rattus norvegicus model of diabetes mellitus with insulin and ginger extract therapy are higher than the control group
Characteristics of complaints and functional outcomes of conservatively treated clavicle fractures in Dr. Soetomo general hospital: A case series Brilliant Citra Wirashada; Maghrizal Roychan; Teddy Heri Wardhana
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 5, No 1 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30651/jqm.v5i1.3142

Abstract

ABSTRACT  Shoulder pain is a major complaint of patients with clavicle fractures as a result of trauma. At present most clavicle fracture treatments are performed surgery, although conservative therapy can produce the same results. This report aimed to show whether there were complaints of shoulder pain or disability in patients who have suffered clavicle fractures treated conservatively. There were fifteen patients with clavicle fractures at Dr. Soetomo Surabaya from January to July 2015, consisting of 14 male and one female patient. Data was taken from medical records, patient clinical records, home visits, physical examinations, SPADI questionnaires, and Quick DASH for patients. The results of SPADI questionnaire were varied; there were eight patients (53%) with an output of 0%, one patient (7%) each with a score of 0.63%, 1.25%, 5.90%, 7.13%, 8.50%, 9.90%, and a score of 10.50%. The results of calculating the Quick DASH questionnaire score also varied. There were ten patients (67%) with a score of 0, three patients (20%) with a score of 2.27, one patient (7%) with a score of 13.6, and one patient (6%) with a score of 6.81. In conclusion: (1) From the evaluation of 15 patients, there were no complaints of pain and disability in the shoulder joint. (2) From the evaluation of the results of the calculation of the SPADI questionnaire and Quick DASH, there were no significant complaints of shoulder joint pain and disability. (3) The conservative treatment of closed fractures on the clavicle can still be a reliable choice of treatment. Keywords                 : Clavicle fractures, shoulder pain, conservative clavicle.Correspondence to: brijurnalqanun@gmail.com  
Fiber consumption effect on non-communicable disease: how big is the impact? Yuli Indarti
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (837.567 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/jqm.v4i1.2656

Abstract

Abstract  Non-communicable diseases have effects on the quality of human resources because, in addition to causes of death and morbidity, they also reduce productivity. Fiber intake was allegedly affecting the incidence of non-communicable diseases. The purpose of this literature review is to look at the link between fiber intake and the incidence of non-communicable diseases and the effect of fiber supplements to treat non-communicable diseases. Several literature indicate that fiber intake is associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer, and obesity. Research also shows fiber supplementation can improve metabolic profiles, blood sugar, insulin resistance in cardiovascular and diabetes mellitus patients. Fiber supplementation also reduces the risk of breast cancer. Fiber intake is related to the incidence of non-communicable diseases and can overcome some non-communicable diseases Keywords             : fiber, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer, supplement 
Zero Maternal Death with KECUBUNG Featured in SATE Krembung Application (Integrated Queue System) in Krembung Community Health Center in 2017 until 2018 Arif Rahman Nurdianto
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1095.835 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/jqm.v4i1.2746

Abstract

ABSTRACTThere are some special programs in Maternal and Child Health that have not yet been reached and have a bad trend like the number of Low Birth Weight (LBW), cases of stillbirth, and babies died. There was a congenital defect in babies, increased obstetric complications, and there is one case of maternal death. There were neo-complications in infants and babies. The problem that often results in the death of pregnant women is the lack of early detection at first-level facilities in the Krembung Health center. Early detection and treatment or planning in cases of high-risk pregnant women is lacking, and then we created a SATE Krembung application in 2017. Making SATE Krembung application, socializing to the community, socializing the features of KECUBUNG to report mothers at high risk, and bringing services closer to the community and to evaluate reports from residents. Activities are collected, analyzed, and processed into mature data. The number of people activities collected during the collection of data during this research from 500 users of application from 2017 until 2018. There was a decrease in maternal mortality rates to zero patients in 2017 and 2018. The use of SATE Krembung is quite effective in reducing maternal mortality to zero patients in the Krembung health center work area, but this must be improved with the development of applications. The application of SATE Krembung with KECUBUNG feature can reduce maternal mortality by empowering health cadres and the community to be aware of the environmental conditions surrounding them.Keywords                   : SATE Krembung, KECUBUNG, Maternal Death
The Relationship Between Glucosamine Supplementation and Increased Intraocular Pressure in Patients With Open Angle Glaucoma (at Dr. Wahidin Soediro Husodo Hospital) Rini Kusumawardhany
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 1, No 02 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (88.164 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/qm.v1i02.405

Abstract

Introduction and Objective Researchers postulate that excessive deposits of GAG in the trabecular meshwork restrict outflow. Another theory suggests that increased release of GAG into the aqueous causes an osmotic effect, drawing more water into the anterior chamber, thus causing swelling, a decrease in pore size, and eventually increased resistance to outflow.Either of these proposed mechanisms could lead to an increased thickness of the pore lining and/or decreased outflow, resulting in increased intraocular pressure (IOP). Methods A total of 13 patients (26 eyes) 6 men, 7 women, with average age 62 years were included in this experimental study. IOP was measured before, on 7th day after they began glucosamine supplementation and after discontinuation. Patients had been selected who established the diagnosis of open-angle glaucoma, willingness to using glucosamine, IOP measurements at least 3 times within 2 years, and no associated changes in glaucoma medications or eye surgery.Result  Based on the parametric repeat measure general linear model test, the IOP decreased significantly from during glucosamine supplementation to discontinuation of glucosamine.(P= 0,013, or P< 0,05).  The IOP was increased during glucosamine supplementation compared with before glucosamine supplementation, but the difference statistically not significant. (P= 0,527).The IOP decreased after discontinuation compared with before supplementation, but the difference also statistically not significant. (P=1). There was no significant difference between the left and right eyes in each patient.      
Laporan Kasus Operasi Transeksual pada Kelainan Sex Ambigua dan Hukumnya dalam Agama Islam Nova Primadina
Qanun Medika - Jurnal Kedokteran FK UMSurabaya Vol 1, No 01 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.125 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/qm.v1i01.381

Abstract

Sex Ambigua adalah suatu kelainan yang ditandai dengan adanya kelainan bentuk genitalia eksterna / fenotip yang tidak jelas laki atau perempuan yang disebabkan oleh segala hal yang dapat mengganggu proses perkembangan/ differensiasi sel-sel organ seksual intrauterin. Penatalaksanaannya melibatkan multidisiplin ilmu dan pada tahan akhir dilakukan operasi transeksual. Melaporkan suatu kasus Sex Ambigua pada satu keluarga, dimana terdapat kelainan sex ambigua pada setiap generasi keluarga tersebut ,dan diambil satu kasus penanganan Sex Ambigua ini pada salah satu anggota keluarga mereka, Laki-laki, 29 tahun diikuti hingga selesai melaksanakan operasi transeksual (operasi ganti kelamin) menjadi seorang wanita, serta akan dibahas bagaimana pandangan hukum Islam terhadap operasi ganti kelamin (transeksual) ini. (QM 2017;01:36-43)

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