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Kota mataram,
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Belantara
Published by Universitas Mataram
ISSN : 26143453     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education, Social,
Jurnal Belantara (JBL) is a National Scientific Journal for academics, practitioners, and Bureaucracy in encouraging equitable management of natural resources and sustainable. Jurnal Belantara is a periodic journal published twice a year by the Forestry Studies Program of Mataram University with a focus on forestry and the environment.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 70 Documents
PERSEPSI PENGUNJUNG TERHADAP PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA DI KEBUN RAYA LIWA lalika, haqfini bina; herwanti, susni; febryano, indra gumay; winarno, gunardi djoko
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (470.763 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.191

Abstract

Visitors' perception can be used as a source to develop ecotourism object. The purpose of this research was to explain visitors' perception towards the development of ecotourism object in Liwa Botanical Garden. The data taken through closed-interview, observation and literature study. The data collected was analyzed by one score one indicator. The result of the research showed that the attraction object in Liwa Botanical Garden was quite satisfying: infrastructures, facilities, and services were categorized as satisfying: however the acomodation was less satisfying. The additional and restoration of plant collection, food stalls, parking lot, guard post, gate, the color of footpath, children play zone, and camping ground need to be fixed.
KEMITRAAN KEHUTANAN SEBAGAI RESOLUSI KONFLIK TENURIAL DI LAHAN KONSESI PT RESTORASI EKOSISTEM Weni, Gusti Ayulia Mustika; Febryano, Indra Gumay; Kaskoyo, Hari; Banuwa, Irwan Sukri
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (323.799 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.425

Abstract

Forestry partnership is a social forestry scheme as an attempt resolution of conflict society and permit holders. The objective of the research to explain the forestry partnership program conducted by PT REKI and the people of Dusun Kunangan Jaya I. This research used a qualitative research approach. The methods of data collection include in-depth interviews, participant observation, and document studies. The results of the research showed a forestry partnership carried out by PT REKI and KTH Berkah Jaya, KTH Bungin Mandiri and indigenous people of Batin Sembilan. The agroforestry pattern is applied to partnership lands. The percentage of forestry partnership outcomes, 85% for the community and 15% for PT REKI. The rights and obligations that have not been achieved have an impact on hampering agroforestry management. The limited funding of  PT REKI, which depends on donors as a source of income causing the forestry partnership program has not been maximized. PT REKI in supporting forestry partnership provides various facilities including the provision of forestry plant seeds, cattle, education, and health services community empowerment. The rejection of forestry partnership cooperation carried out by most of the community because of mismatch between the expectation of community and PT REKI. The performance of the government in forest monitoring needs to be improved to support forestry partnerships to cut down land conflicts while improving community welfare.Forestry partnership is a social forestry scheme as an attempt resolution of conflict society and permit holders. The objective of the research to explain the forestry partnership program conducted by PT REKI and the people of Dusun Kunangan Jaya I. This research used a qualitative research approach. The methods of data collection include in-depth interviews, participant observation and document studies. The results of the research showed a forestry partnership carried out by PT REKI and KTH Berkah Jaya, KTH Bungin Mandiri and indigenous people of Batin Sembilan. The agroforestry pattern is applied to partnership lands. The percentage of forestry partnership outcomes, 85% for the community and 15% for PT REKI. The rights and obligations that have not been achieved have an impact on hampering agroforestry management. The limited funding of  PT REKI, which depend on donors as a source of income causing the forestry partnership program has not been maximized. PT REKI in supporting forestry partnership provides various facilities including the provision of forestry plant seeds, cattle, education and health services community empowerment. The rejection of forestry partnership cooperation carried out by most of the community because of mismatch between the expectation of community and PT REKI. The performance of the government in forest monitoring needs to be improved to support forestry partnership to cut down land conflicts while improving community welfare.
SALURAN DAN MARGIN PEMASARAN DURIAN HASIL AGROFORESTRI DI DESA SIDODADI Prasetya, Ari Yudha; Qurniati, Rommy; Herwanti, Susni
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (498.747 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.315

Abstract

Durian is a plant that has high production potential planted by farmers in Sidodadi Village with agroforestry patterns. This production potential can provide benefits for farmers if they are able to be marketed efficiently. The purpose of this study was to analyze the channels and margins of durian marketing in Sidodadi Village, Teluk Pandan District, Pesawaran District, Lampung Province. The study was conducted in January 2019 with the object of research by farmers and durian marketing institutions in Sidodadi Village. Analysis was carried out qualitatively to assess marketing channels and quantitatively to calculate marketing margins. The results showed that marketing of durian in Sidodadi Village consisted of 3 marketing channels and led to the oligopsonistic market structure. The uneven value of marketing margins, profits, and farmer shares has caused the marketing system to be inefficient.
KAJIAN POTENSI DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN WISATA ALAM DI KAWASAN HUTAN DENGAN TUJUAN KHUSUS (KHDTK) GUNUNG BROMO Apriyanto, Dwi; Kusnandar, Kusnandar
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.128 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.432

Abstract

KHDTK Gunung Bromo Karanganyar is a state forest area whose management was handed over to Sebelas Maret University starting in 2018. The study of the potential and strategy for developing nature-based tourism is very much needed by managers to support sustainable forest management. This study aims to determine visitor ratings, analyze ADO-ODTWA, and formulate strategies for developing nature-based tourism in the KHDTK Gunung Bromo. Data was collected through structured interviews with 40 visitors, field observations, and in-depth interviews with managers, stakeholders and the community. Potential data were analyzed with ADO-ODTWA Dirjen PHKA 2003 and SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats) analysis to determine the right strategy in nature-based tourism management. The results showed the visitor's assessment of access to the location was considered good (40%) and very good (17%); cleanliness is considered sufficient (70%) and good (20%); infrastructure is considered not good (60%); the natural scenery is considered good (63%) and very good (20%). The result of the ADO-ODTWA potential value is 6.040 medium value classifications. The strategies for developing nature-based tourism in the KHDTK Gunung Bromo are: maintain high forest resource potential as a tourist attraction; developing tourism products that have competitiveness; management collaboration with investors in line with ecotourism; and conducting intensive promotional activities.
KERAGAMAN JENIS TANAMAN PADA SISTEM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN Novasari, Destia; Qurniati, Rommy; Duryat, Duryat
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (305.443 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.375

Abstract

Community Forestry is a government policy that aims to reduce the rate of deforestation by involving local communities through optimal, fair, and sustainable use of forest resources while maintaining the preservation of forest and environmental functions. The diversity of plant species is one indicator of the preservation of forest and environmental functions. This study aims to determine the types of plants and cropping patterns carried out related to the characteristics of group members after obtaining Community Forest Utilization Permits. The study was conducted in December 2018. Data collection was carried out by structured interviews with members of the Sinar Harapan farmer group and direct observation in the field. Data is tabulated and analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the planting pattern used in Sinar Harapan group was a simple agroforestry pattern consisting of 8 types of intolerant plants namely avocado (Persea americana), petai (Parkia speciosa), areca nut (catechu area), durian (Durio zibethinus), jengkol (Archidendrom pauciflorum), bananas (Musaceae), candlenuts (Aleurites moluccanus), mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni) and 7 types of tolerant plants consisting of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus), cloves (Syzygium aromaticum), jaling (Archidendron bubalinum), chili (Capsicum frutescens) ), pepper (Piper Nigrum), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans), and coffee (Coffea). The diversity of plant species is influenced by farmer characteristics such as age, type of work, activity in the organization, land area, and the number of working days of farmers.
INTERAKSI DAN KETERGANTUNGAN MASYARAKAT SEKITAR TERHADAP KAWASAN HUTAN DENGAN TUJUAN KHUSUS (KHDTK) GUNUNG BROMO Wicaksono, Rezky Lasekti; Rahmadwiati, Rissa; Apriyanto, Dwi
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (575.52 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.421

Abstract

Mount Bromo Special Purpose Forest Areas (KHDTK) is expected to be able to fully manage Sebelas Maret University by involving stakeholders, including those related to the communities around the forest. This research is intended to understand the form of interaction and the level of comparison of people to forests. Mixed methods, namely qualitative and quantitative descriptive analysis used in this study to answer more complete research objectives. Mount Bromo KHdTK is by utilizing forests directly in the form of arable land (agroforestry patterns), energy (firewood), animal feed, air, and pine resin. Furthermore, the level of community participation in the forest is divided into three groups, namely low, medium, and high, with 49%, 38%, and 13%, respectively. Mount Bromo KHdTK continues to approve the community around the forest because they are the main party and first receive negative impacts from unsupported forest area management.
FAKTOR INTERNAL DAN EKSTERNAL DALAM PENGEMBANGAN NILAI EKONOMI KOPI CODOT DI HUTAN KEMASYARAKATAN BERINGIN JAYA, KABUPATEN TANGGAMUS Audia, Bella; Kaskoyo, Hari; Wulandari, Christine; Safe`i, Rahmat
Jurnal Belantara Vol 2, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.999 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v2i2.184

Abstract

Codot coffee is robusta coffee which is eaten by codot (bat) and can be developed to increase farmers' income. The purpose of the research is to identify internal and external factors towards raising of the economic value of codot coffee. Data retrieval is done by interviewing HKm Beringin Jaya farmers and Himawari Farmers Group, observation, and documentation study. Data was analyzed by descriptively qualitative. The results showed internal factors that influence of the economic value of codot coffee, namely: 1) the suitability of geographical location, 2) very affordable accessibility, 3) good quality of codot coffee, 4) production technology already supports, 5) knowledge of the benefits of less codot coffee, and 6) shade of coffee plants is still lacking. Influence external factors, namely: 1) the rapid development of codot coffee demand, 2) the rapid development of information and communication technology, 3) the business partners outside district of Tanggamus, 4) the stable price of codot coffee, 5) the uncertainty of weather effects, and 6) various competitors from other types of coffee. Extension education is needed to increase knowledge about the benefits and advantages of codot coffee; in addition partnerships with other private sectors need to be developed to improve marketing.
KAJIAN KEBIJAKAN DALAM MEREKOGNISI MASYARAKAT ADAT Yumantoko, Yumantoko
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.51 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.423

Abstract

Indonesia has hundreds of ethnic groups spread evenly to remote corners of the country. They live by their own customary law which is different from one another. Many people call them a minority because the tradition is different from some other communities and faces a tension of interest claims with other parties. Minority communities need affirmations so that they are equal as citizens in general. The form of affirmation is reflected in the rules relating to indigenous peoples. However, from many rules there are still many conflicts. This paper is anxious to see the policies that have been taken by the State in recognizing indigenous peoples and whether they are effective in fulfilling indigenous peoples' rights. The result is recognition of indigenous peoples as seen from the many laws and regulations, especially after the Reformation. On the formality side of the rules, indigenous peoples are already represented in the constitution. The state recognizes and there is an effort to provide protection and empowerment, but in terms of effectiveness, the existing legislation has not been able to reduce conflicts between indigenous peoples and other parties, especially related to customary land claims with certain parties. This means that the rules relating to indigenous peoples are more about quantity than quality. This paper recommends simplifying the rules to accommodate the problems faced by indigenous peoples.
PEMATAHAN DORMANSI BENIH AREN (ARENGA PINNATA (WURMB.) MERR.) PADA TINGKAT KEMASAKAN YANG BERBEDA MENGGUNAKAN METODE PERENDAMAN Aji, Irwan Mahakam Lesmono; Sutriono, Raden; Diansyah, Arna
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.111

Abstract

This study aims to find out the effect of submersion by using 1% acetic acid, 100% palm juice, and 100% coconut water to break the dormancy of palm seeds at different maturity levels. The research was conducted in the Green House of Forestry Study Program, University of Mataram, using the experimental method with Complet Random Design (CRD) three factors. The first factor is the maturity level consists of 3 levels, the second factor is the submersion liquid substance consist of 3 levels, and the third factor is the period of submersion consist of 4 levels.The results of this study indicate that maturity rate gives significant influence on the following parameter i.e: percentage potency of seed germination, rotten seed, seed weight, seed moisture content, and embryo lenght, while seed dormancy parameter is not significant. The submersion factor significantly influenced on the following parameter i.e: seed weight, and seed water content, while the other parameters are not significant. The submersion period factor is significant only on seed moisture content and the embryo lenght, while the other parameters have no significant effect. While in all interactions between factors show no significant result on all parameters.
KARATERISTIK SIFAT FISIKA BAMBU TALI (GIGANTOLOCHLOA APUS KURZ ), SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU BAMBU KERAJINAN Wulandari, Febriana Tri
Jurnal Belantara Vol 3, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Forestry Study Program Mataram University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbl.v3i1.424

Abstract

The centre of bamboo crafts in Gunung Sari District is the largest bamboo centre in West Lombok Regency. One of the bamboo species which is usually used as raw materials is tali bamboo. Studies of physical properties of this bamboo have not been carried out resulting poor quality of bamboo crafts. The physical property was essensial information which would be used for enhancing the products because it correlated with dimensional stability of the bamboo. The objectives of this study were to identify the physical properties of the bamboo with reference to the axial direction. The experiment design was complete random design employing the axial directions (bottom, middle, and top portions) as treatments. The statistical analyses were Anova with range tests at ? = 5%. The results showed that the physical properties were: fresh moisture content 51-119.82%; air-dried moisture content 13.03-15.04%; fresh volume density 0.51 ? 0.72; air-dried volume density 0.62 ? 0.75; oven volume density 0.63 ? 0.78. Axial directions of the physical properties were not significantly different except for the fresh moisture content. Therefore all portions of tali bamboo (bottom, middle, and top portions) could be utilized as raw materials for bamboo crafts.