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Al-Albab
ISSN : 02166143     EISSN : 25028340     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Al-Albab ISSN 0216-6143 (print) and ISSN: 2502-8340 (online) is an interdisciplinary journal published twice a year in print and online (e-journal) by the Pontianak State Institute of Islamic Studies, Pontianak. The journal was offline and started to be online in 2012. The e-ISSN was issued in 2016. Review processing started to be online in 2016 by using available tolls provided by the OJS. Reviewers may choose to use Review Form provided by the OJS or doing review process on the manuscript using Tracking Changes menu provided by Microsoft Word.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 10, No 2 (2021)" : 8 Documents clear
Self-Islah, Gender Relation and Socio-Economic Challenges on Tablighi Jamaat Proselytization Practices in Indonesia Hamdi, Saipul; Mulyadi, Fadli; Tondo, Fanny Henry; Muzayyin, Ahmad
Al-Albab Vol 10, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v10i2.2087

Abstract

This article explores one of the Tablighi Jamaat (TJ) teachings self-islah that develops in its dawah practices. Self-Islah emphasizes improving oneself through a proselytization program called khuruj from one community to another, from one mosque to another. The phenomenon of TJ dawah shows a different approach and pattern where da’i play dual roles not only as subject (preachers) but also as an object (listeners) during that khuruj program. Self-islah in this context includes strengthening faith, morals, and gender awareness. The gender aspect is strong external critics of TJ religious tradition where it does not involve women in their religious activities and even avoids interacting with them. Thus, TJ members must handle all the needs while staying in the mosque for religious camps, such as washing clothes, cooking, washing dishes, and serving guests from the local and international community. The article investigates changes in gender relations within the TJ family in the post-khuruj program. This article also focuses on the economic challenges Tablighi members face when they go out of preaching (khuruj), especially those from the lower-middle class. The research findings show that most TJ members achieved self-Islah and hugely impacted the evolution of spirituality after khuruj. They also acknowledged the transformation of gender relations in the family, but on another side, facing economic crises due to prioritizing dawah activity. I used an ethnographic approach and applied a qualitative method in collecting and analyzing data for two years (2017-2018) in three research locations, Lombok, Balikpapan, and Jakarta.
Religion and Psychological Values in Culinary Tradition Within Local Communities of West Kalimantan Hariansyah, Hariansyah; Rosilawati, Ana
Al-Albab Vol 10, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v10i2.2099

Abstract

The article aims to explore culinary tradition that penetrates the public space which does not give room for tolerance because it has to deal with the rules of Islamic law. Food is perceived as being in a binary opposition: having an integration effect or being a social conflict resolution. Food is presented to the public space as a duplication of scriptural sources, a marker of tradition, an ecological balancing argument, and an indication of social shift. This paper confirms that dining tradition is proven to have an Islamic ideology. It is indicated by the ijab qabul phenomenon that accompanies the culinary tradition procession as an entity enriching the concept of fiqh among people living in coastal areas regarding the concept of food. In addition, eating and its traditions have an effect on environmental conflict resolution in the coastal areas of West Kalimantan. The traditions of food, land, houses, gatherings and reciting prayers for safety are all important ethnic characteristics in West Kalimantan. These five entities, which are perceived by the people of Kalimantan as provisions for life, have proven to be of no subjective values; they are reserved only for anyone with productive land. However, farm products in the form of food are also distributed to anyone in need. When someone has fulfilled the ber-saro'an (the invitation to eat; berontang or saprahan) in a village, they are no longer treated as “strangers”. This tradition is not only about eating but also has to do with the emergence of variants of Islamic fiqh in the coastal areas indicating psychological values.
The Dayak Selako Shamans Oral Tradition: Intermediary Between People, Culture And Religion Kristianus, Kristianus
Al-Albab Vol 10, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v10i2.2093

Abstract

The Dayak Shamans of Western Kalimantan of Borneo mediate between people and the Makhluk halus or invisible beings. The Makhluk halus who have their own well-defined roles, live in the sky, earth, water and other places, with similar needs as the humans, and the relations between humans and spirits in the context of traditional beliefs are inseparable. Interestingly, these beliefs are common to both Dayak Selako Shamanism and Kalimantan Islam. The Malay oral tradition has a major influence on the Dayak Selako culture in Western Kalimantan. In fact, both ethnic groups had originated historically from the same roots, but later separated by Islam and Christianity. Thus, irrespective of their affiliations to the major religions of Christianity and Islam, the Dayak Selako Shamanism and the Islamic spiritual healing practiced in Western Kalimantan follow the same oral tradition when conducting spiritual communication and shamanic healing.  For the Malays, communication with the spiritual world begins with the recital of the Islamic verses, forming an essential part of the the Malay identity. Interestingly, the Dayak Selako Christians too use the same verses. We argue that the Dayak Selako Shaman is not only an intermediary between the Dayaks and their spirits,  but also between the Dayak, Islam and Christianit religions. The mutual values of oral tradition in shamanism’s of the Dayak Selako and Malays have created a societal structure based on the natural cycle and life pattern.
Ethnic Stereotyping and Intra-Religious Conflict: The Experience of Muslims in Sambas of the Indonesian West Borneo Kurniawan, Syamsul; Sirait, Sangkot; Muslim, Azis
Al-Albab Vol 10, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v10i2.2090

Abstract

This paper aims to explore the impact of ethnic differences and ethnic stereotyping on the atmosphere of peace, written based on the conflict event between Muslims of different ethnicities (ethnic Malay of Sambas and ethnic Madurese) in Sambas in 1999. This paper, based on my research from 2018, is qualitative research with data obtained from observation, interviews, and documentation. Regarding the method, this research used a qualitative method that leads to a case study model as an investigative method. Meanwhile, for data analysis, the interactive data analysis method using the theory of self-categorization was employed. Based on the findings of the study, ethnic differences and stereotypes had a significant impact on the escalation of conflict between Muslims in Sambas in 1999. These ethnic differences and stereotypes essentially emerged as a consequence of the way a person or group of people of a particular ethnicity categorizes a person or group of people of another ethnicity.
Expression of Love for Ahl Al-Bayt in Acehnese Society Hakim, Lukman; Rijal, Syamsul
Al-Albab Vol 10, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v10i2.2072

Abstract

Theologically, the Acehnese ordain themselves as loyal followers of Sunni Islam, but there are Shi’a elements in their culture. To date, there are some traditions of expressing love for the Ahl al-Bayt (Prophet Muhammad’s family) which is one of the main characteristics of the Shi'a. This research is based on the hypothesis that several cultural practices in Aceh contain Shi’a elements. This study seeks to reveal the cultural practices of the Sunni followers in Aceh in expressing their love for the Ahl al-Bayt. This study uses a qualitative approach with a descriptive analysis method from a combination of library and field data. This study found that, historically, the acculturation process of Shi'a culture into the Sunni followers in Aceh has coincided with the process of the arrival of Islam in the Indonesian Archipelago. This is possible given the position of Aceh in the history of Islamization in the Indonesian Archipelago. This acculturation has left traces of culture inspired by Shi’a such as the tradition of Ashura porridge, Boh Husayn cake. All these traditions have been preserved because these Shi'a values contain expressions of love for the Ahl al-Bayt who also have a place in the hearts of the Sunni adherents in Aceh.
Islam, Papuanness and Indonesianess within Papuan Muslims in Fakfak Ernas, Saidin -; DP, Ismail; Kilderak, Ismail
Al-Albab Vol 10, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v10i2.1990

Abstract

This study shows that the long historical process associated with Islam in West Papua has an impact on defining a unique identity, and significantly interrelating Islam, Papuanness and Indonesianness. The data in this study were collected for three months in Fakfak of West Papua eploying methods of observation, interview and documentation. There were some key informants being the data sources consisting of religious leaders, community leaders and government employees. Two impotrant findings are found in this work. First, the presence of Islam in Papua has significantly contributed to the formation of the identity of the Fakfak community in Papua through an intense and strong acculturation process between Islam and local Papuan culture. This process has formed new inclusive and tolerant values that are reflected in the local wisdom of satu tungku tiga batu (one stove with three stones). Second, Islam and Papuanness in Fakfak appear to have certain implications on the formation of Indonesian (national) identity. Theoretically, this research shows that identity is not something fixed and natural, but a process that is constantly changing, with regard to the socio-political dynamics that affect it. That is why Papuan Muslims strive to continue to define themselves amid the construction of Papuan identity which is often defined as Christian and Melanesian.
Tension of Muslim-Christian Relations in Indonesia: The Case of Conversion and Celebrating Christmas Qodir, Zuly; Singh, Bilveer
Al-Albab Vol 10, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v10i2.2095

Abstract

There are in the tense of Christian-Muslim relations in Indonesia since the time of the New Order until today. The issues in Christian-Muslim relations include conversion (of faith) with marriage and celebrating Christmas. These two issues are constantly associated with religious politics in Indonesia. The issues have kept tensions to reoccur, although according to Indonesian history, Christianity and Islam had jointly driven colonialists away and participated in founding the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia. In addition to theological affairs, the two issues relating to the tension of Christian-Muslim relationship have also impacted political and economic affairs. This article provides description of tension between Muslims and Christians in Indonesia in the case of conversion from Islam to Christian with marriage and celebrating Christmas in Muslim communities. The work concludes that in order to reduce tension between Christian and Muslim, all efforts to conduct theologia religionum dialogs should be sought, and social justice between Christians and Muslims should be created in the country. All of this is none other than a model of religious practices that have surpassed symbols. This is called passing over religious practices with new religious experiences.
The Practice of Tabut in Bengkulu: A Shared Tradition of Sunni And Shia Valentine, Femalia; Warsah, Idi; Morganna, Ruly; Daheri, Mirzon
Al-Albab Vol 10, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v10i2.2026

Abstract

This study explains how the existence of Tabut is interpreted so that it becomes a tradition in the Sunni’s community. It is important to understand how this ritual is maintained in the midst of the Sunni-Shia’s conflicts which continue to occur. The present study was qualitatively conducted using a field research method. The members including the leaders of Keluarga Kerukunan Tabut (KKT) and those of Tabut Pembangunan as the community handled by the government were engaged as the participants of this study. The data collection techniques deployed interviews, observations, documentation, and literature reviews. The present study revealed that the existence of Tabut’s tradition which is claimed to be a tradition originated from Shia’s teachings is able to maintain its presence in Bengkulu. This existence survives in the middle of Bengkulu’s society that is predominantly Sunni. This tradition is capable of being a peaceful path between Sunni and Shia in Bengkulu because each of them succeeds in creating social interactions through the Tabut’s tradition as human relations and the symbol they interpret. As an implication, this study highlighted that a religious or cultural activity can be a medium of social bondage in the midst of cultural diversity. This study contributes to being a reference for those who have interests in anthropological, social, and religious fields.

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