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Al-Albab
ISSN : 02166143     EISSN : 25028340     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Al-Albab ISSN 0216-6143 (print) and ISSN: 2502-8340 (online) is an interdisciplinary journal published twice a year in print and online (e-journal) by the Pontianak State Institute of Islamic Studies, Pontianak. The journal was offline and started to be online in 2012. The e-ISSN was issued in 2016. Review processing started to be online in 2016 by using available tolls provided by the OJS. Reviewers may choose to use Review Form provided by the OJS or doing review process on the manuscript using Tracking Changes menu provided by Microsoft Word.
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Articles 13 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 2, No 2 (2013)" : 13 Documents clear
THE DISCOURSE OF EID 1429AH/2011AD GREETINGS ON THE BANNERS AND BILLBOARDS IN PADANG CITY Nasrullah, Nasrullah; Mardhiah, Desy
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.522 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.40

Abstract

Eid al-Fitr is special compared to other holy days of Muslims. In addition to the celebration of victory for Muslims after a month-long fasting, there is a national phenomenon that occurs ahead of the Eid al-Fitr: the flow of urban people returning to their home towns and villlages. Millions of Muslims in Indonesia return home ahead of the holy day. Padang city or Ranah Minang as the capital of West Sumatra Province is one of the destinations for those homeward-bound travelers since the city and other areas in West Sumatra are the hometowns of the Minang people. Simultaneously, in every public space in the city, banners are installed by the head of the local government, political parties, or community leaders to deliver Eid greetings. This article examines the discourse of the message on the banners in the city of Padang in relation to the reality around the place where the banners were installed, the social context, as well as the relationship between the discourses on the banners. Keywords: Discourse, Eid Greetings
INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY Prasojo, Zaenuddin Hudi; Aspari Ismail, Reviewed by:
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (54.746 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.45

Abstract

Anthropology is the study of mankind (anthropos). Etymologically, anthropology comes from the word anthropos meaning man and logos meaning knowledge. Anthropology looks at humans as something complex in terms of physical, emotional, social, and cultural complexity. Anthropology also refers to the science of humans and their culture.
PARCUKU: A RELIGIOUS RITUAL OF THE FAK-FAK COMMUNITY Yamin, Ade
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (126.56 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.36

Abstract

Local Islam which is synonymous with the implementation of rituals is always interesting to discuss, either through free discussion or in the academic sphere, which will map out the speakers at both confronting and accommodating areas. Similarly, the Parcuku religious ritual of the Fak-Fak community gave rise to a wide range of supporting and opposing arguments for various reasons respectively. This paper provides a description of cultural activities of the Fak-fak people, which is closely related to the religion of Islam, in the face of the reality of the society which tends to be misunderstood by outsiders, or by Fak-fak people who have gained a new awareness in terms of religious (Islamic) teachings. The results of this research indicate that the Parcuku ritual, practiced by the community of Fak-fak, is a semi-religious ceremony with the main purpose of attempting to find a way of salvation for the people. Nevertheless, through the Parcuku ritual, a variety of positive things could be fostered in society such as cooperation, mutual help, and various other constructive social values that can be used in the realization of a harmonious society. Also, through a variety of ritual activities, we can be witness the characteristics of a community in its religious expression, and therefore it should not be a justification for blasphemies because it turns out that God is so great that He has a lot of names in the human mind. The next most important thing is that it appears there is only one God in the many religions on Earth. Keywords: Parcuku, religion, ritual, community, Fak-fak
NO SHEEP SACRIFICED IN KAMPUNG NAGA STUDY ON CELEBRATIONS THE EID AL-ADHA AND THE HAJAT SASIH IN KAMPUNG NAGA, TASIKMALAYA Misno, Bambang
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (137.749 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.41

Abstract

People will do their best to apply their religious beliefs in the form of different religious rituals as a means of reconciling themselves to God. Among the rituals is Idhul Adha festivity held by the indigenous people of Kampung Naga. This festival is very interesting as it continues with the ritual of Hajat Sasih as a form of grateful expression to the ancestors of the community of Kampung Naga. The results of this research showed that the practice of Eid al-Adha Celebration was held with great solemnity according to the Islamic teachings, although there are no sheep sacrificed. The attitude of respect for the custom over Idhul Adha celebration has made them prefer the customary ritual in the form of Hajat Sasih to Idhul Adha which is a sunnah. The Hajat Sasih Ritual is carried out after the completion of the Idhul Adha prayer. The ritual is performed in accordance with the procedures carried out by their ancestors by delivering the Pahajat (parcel containing food and produce) to the Punduh and the Lebe a day before the celebration. Meanwhile, the Punduh and the Lebe also gave their pahajat to the Kuwu (village chief) and the Naib (caretaker)of Neglasari Village. The Hajat Sasih is an expression of gratitude to God represented in the form of a visit to the tomb of the ancestor, i.e. Sembah Dalem Eyang Singaparana . In addition, the Hajat Sasih also serves as a special occasion for the people of Kampung Naga to visit each other and expect the blessing from the visit to the grave and from the rice cone that has been prayed upon by the elders of the village. Keywords: Local Islam, Eid al-Adha, Hajat Sasih, Kampung Naga and visiting the grave.
“ISLAM” IN THE GLOBAL VILLAGE: POST-TSUNAMI DIALOG AND NEGOTIATION OF ACEH IDENTITY Mujib, Ibnu Mujib; Abdullah, Irwan; Nugroho, Heru
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (112.904 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.37

Abstract

This paper highlights the perspective of dialog in the negotiation of Aceh identity. If observed, the context of the tsunami followed by the development of Aceh is not without impact at all on the Acehnese entity, but in fact it has triggered a strong clash especially between local identities and influences of global construction. Among the important things offered in this paper is an attempt to reproduce and create “public space” as a productive social capital, that is, a space that is expected to build an atmosphere of openness, egalitarianism, inclusivism of many diverse groups. Therefore, in responding to the wider variety of cultural plurality which penetrates through ethnic clusters, religions, political parties, and all forms of interests, it can be managed through the deliberations of dialog. Therefore, the “public space” that can serve to discuss, hold dialog, and even negotiate the clash of the Acehnese identity forms the modus operandi of the discussion of this article, especially in the context of the development of Aceh that is currently taking place. Keywords: Islam, locality, globality, public space, dialog, negotiation of identity, diversity of Islamic groups, the other.
CULTURE, RELIGION, AND ENGLISH TEACHERS’ CONTRIBUTION IN INDONESIA Linarsih, Andini
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (84.138 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.42

Abstract

As culture and religion are indispensable part of the Indonesian society, understanding students’ cultural and religious background constitutes one of the important factors in the success of foreign language teaching, particularly English. Non-native English speaking teachers can improve students’ English competence because they are capable of bridging the cultural and religious differences between the source language and the target language as well as providing an easy-to-understand explanation regarding the vocabulary and grammatical aspects of the source language. In addition, they can better understand the students’ needs and design a more realistic syllabus to overcome students’ language barriers. However, the role of native English speaking teachers (NESTs) can also fill the weaknesses Non-native English speaking teachers (NNESTs) face in increasing the communicative competence. Therefore, better instruction is not merely related to the native or non native concepts. It lies on the personal qualities of the teachers to apply proper language teaching methods to boost students’ communicative skills. Keywords: Native English Speaking Teachers (NESTs), Non-Native English Speaking Teachers (NNESTs), Student, Culture, Religion.
SOUTHEAST ASIA: HISTORY, MODERNITY, AND RELIGIOUS CHANGE Al Qurtuby, Sumanto
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.458 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.33

Abstract

Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia, with more than six hundred million populations, is home to millions of Buddhists, Muslims, Confucians, Protestants, Catholics, and now Pentecostals, as well as many followers of local religions and spiritual beliefs. Notwithstanding its great historical, political, cultural legacies, however, the region has long been neglected as a site for religious studies in the Western academia. Aiming at filling the gap in Asian and religious studies as well as exploring the richness of Southeast Asian cultures, this article discusses the dynamics, diversity, and complexity of Southeast Asian societies in their response to the region’s richly political, cultural, and religious traditions spanning from pre-modern era to modern one. The article also examines the “integrative revolutions” that shaped and reshaped warfare, state organization and economics of Southeast Asia, particularly in the pre-European colonial era. In addition, the work discusses the wave of Islamization, particularly since the nineteenth century, as well as the upsurge of religious resurgence that shift the nature of religiosity and the formation of religious groupings in the area. The advent of Islam, with some interventions of political regimes, had been an important cause for the decline of Hindu-Buddhist traditions in some areas of Southeast Asia, especially Indonesia, the coming of Pentecostalism has challenged the well-established mainstream Protestantism and Catholicism, especially in Indonesia and the Philippines. Keywords: history, modernity, religious change, Southeast Asia
ILMU KANURAGAN AT ROHMATUL UMMAH ASSALAFY PESANTREN OF JEKULO KUDUS Rikza, Mukhamad
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (108.092 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.38

Abstract

Pesantren are one source of knowledge, especially in Indonesia. Almost in every district in Java region in particular there is a boarding school, from which inhabited tens to thousands of students. The style of education offered also varied, from the shape of the Salaf to modern. There is also a yellow book offers study programs in an effort to preserve the concept of shariah brought by salaf scholars who in fact are the inheritors of the prophets. In addition to studying the book of yellow, there is also a boarding school who study science kanuragan (supernatural power) or martial arts. All have their respective advantages which aims to preserve Islamic values berasas on the Qur’an and hadith. Yellow Book and science kanuragan into a Pesantren tradition that can not be released. Science kanuragan very beneficial, especially before the independence of Indonesia. Therefore, the students participate in running the missions and fight against criminals and invaders. Science kanuragan , when it plays a lunch the students to fight for independence and the provision of da’wah. Teaching science kanuragan felt to be more urgent for the “protection” in the face of the enemy. At that science to be excellent kanuragan interesting to study. Keywords: ilmu kanuragan, pesantren, Jekula kudus
DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN THOUGHTS IN ISLAM Ar, Eka Hendry; Suhardiman, Reviewed by:
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.564 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.43

Abstract

For more than 14 centuries, history has proved that Islamic teachings come with a variety of thoughts, social cultural backgrounds, periods through which the development and the dynamics evolved. The primary mission of mankind as the khalifah fil ardh (the caliph of the earth, is to practice the Islamic teachings (Shariah) in accordance with the provisions of the primary source of Islam itself, i.e. the Qur’an and Hadith. At least, a long history of Islam as a religion of revelation suggests that the existence of Islamic teachings can grow and develop in every corner of the world, with a variety of spreading patterns that give the nuances and the mosaics in the development of the religion the present day.
RELIGION, MARGINALITY AND POWER RELATIONS: RELIGIOUS CONVERSION AND RELIGIOSITY OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLE IN PENYENGAT Ansor, Muhammad; Masyhur, Laila Sari
Al-Albab Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.827 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v2i2.34

Abstract

Using a theory of power relation of Michel Foucault, the following research analyzes the behavior of religious conversion in the community of the Indigenous People of Anak Rawa in Penyengat Village, Siak District, hereinafter referred to as the Native People. The research will show that in the middle of the domination of the State and theologians, the community of Indigenous People actualizes power to maintain its identity in the midst of the invasion of new values and culture. To support the argument, the researchers traced the religiosity of the Indigenous People focusing on several events of everyday life such as traditions of marriage, death, and celebration of religious holidays. In addition to adapting to the country’s religious traditions they have adopted, this community also modifies the ritual traditions of each religion so that these traditions become a means of preserving their communal identity as a native tribe. The research ultimately shows the interplay between the State and theologians as the dominant group, on the one hand, and the indigenous community as a subjugated group, on the other, in the use of power. Keywords: Indigenous People, Religion, Power Relation

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