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Al-Albab
ISSN : 02166143     EISSN : 25028340     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
Al-Albab ISSN 0216-6143 (print) and ISSN: 2502-8340 (online) is an interdisciplinary journal published twice a year in print and online (e-journal) by the Pontianak State Institute of Islamic Studies, Pontianak. The journal was offline and started to be online in 2012. The e-ISSN was issued in 2016. Review processing started to be online in 2016 by using available tolls provided by the OJS. Reviewers may choose to use Review Form provided by the OJS or doing review process on the manuscript using Tracking Changes menu provided by Microsoft Word.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 6, No 2 (2017)" : 9 Documents clear
Socio-Sufism of Orang Maiyah: Toward Human Sovereignity in Togetherness Ahmadi, Rizqa
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.061 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.671

Abstract

Among various religious groups in Indonesia is Orang Maiyah (Gathering Community) that has become a unique phenomenon. Cak Nun (Emha Ainun Najib) is the central figure in the community as well as the source of knowledge and inspiration for its members (although in so many occasion Cak Nun refuses to be called so). This paper explores the style of social Sufism teachings attached to the community approached by descriptive qualitative analysis. This work shows that Orang Maiyah, which is spread in various regions of Indonesia, has become a religiously motivated movement that brings people together to achieve a "sovereigned human" state of life. Cak Nun is not a sole magnet that lures the community members. The members of the community have a freedom to choose the paths of truth according to their own conscience through dialogue, discussion. They also exchange information from various sources provided by the Maiyah activities.
Religious and Gender Issues In the Tradition of Basurung and the Polygamy of Banjar Tuan Guru in South Kalimantan Nadhiroh, Wardatun
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.026 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.674

Abstract

Banjar is among the largest ethnic groups in Kalimantan Island, concentrated in South Kalimantan and a small part of other Kalimantan. As an adherent of Islam, Banjar ethnic group is very religious. Tuan guru, a designation for respected ulama, play as a role model in everyday life. The have a gathering for studies (pengajian) that are always attended by a large number of followers (jama'ah). People want to be close to this elites, making them as apart of their family. For the sake of this effort, the female jama’ah often 'basurung' of offering to be married by the tuan guru. As a parent they also offer their daughter to marry him. Banjar women will feel honored when they marry a tuan guru, although it turns out to become “an informal wife.” Her family will also be very proud to be able to be bond to a respected tuan guru. As a result, it is no wonder that there are many tuan guru in South Kalimantan who have more than one wife. This paper discusses the culture of basurung initiated by the women of Banjar ethnic group using standpoint of feminism analysis. The work attempts to see the women's points of view, especially in relation to the tuan guru's polygamy culture that occurs within Banjar ethnic group.
Religious and Cultural Existences Within the Communities of Upper Kapuas Riverside of West Kalimantan Prasojo, Zaenuddin Hudi
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (114.041 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.931

Abstract

The sudies on the issues related to communities in the interior of West Kalimantan begin to take place when Dutch and other European scholars in the colonial period came to the region. But they have been limitedly documented. The amount of research by local and foreign scholars in the region is still not significant when compared to that of research in Sarawak, Sabah and Brunei which are also situated on the island of Borneo. In fact, the natural wealth, cultural heritage and the rural communities of West Kalimantan need serious attention and studies for the purpose of the development of the region. In addition, local elements such as human and cutural resources may become potential supports of development to improve the welfare of the communities. This study highlights the significant contribution of religious and cultural aspects within the communities living around the upper Kapuas riverside. Acculturation of local and Islamic cultures have occurred since the advent of Islam into the interior areas of Kalimantan through the Kapuas River. The acculturation of local religions and cultures also promotes a very important local religious institution in the process of social change of the communities of the Kapuas riverside in the interior of West Kalimantan. The local religious institutions serve as an infrastructure that has been proven to ensure the survival of the living Muslim community system that existed among indigenous people who were still in the local beliefs of their time. This study also finds that the Muslim communities of the Kapuas Riverside in the interior of West Kalimantan already have extensive networks, not just the kinship network, Islamic trade and da'wah but also the network of scholarship. Of course, the growth of these growing networks is influenced by the media that also develops in its name. Thus this work also describes a comprehensive analysis of cultural and religious aspects in the development of communities of the Kapuas riverside in the interior of West Kalimantan which is currently included in the administrative areas of Sintang and Kapuas Hulu Districts.
The Symbolic Power of Sleeping without Mattress Practice in Kasuran Village of Yogyakarta Qudsy, Saifuddin Zuhri; Abdullah, Irwan; Qodir, Zuly
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (139.967 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.726

Abstract

The work aims at exploring the practice of symbolic power of sleeping without kapok (matress) in a hamlet of Kasuran. It explores the process of reproduction of symbolic power and how it becomes a ritual practice preserved by the people of Kasuran. For many Kasuran people, Sunan Kalijaga saying is final. They understand and believe in his textual meaning by practising sleeping without matress ritual. The study finds that the reproduction of meaning of sleeping without mattress happens in the hands of agents that actively promote the myth about the saying of Sunan Kalijogo. They include Wartilah as the head of the hamlet (believing and promoting Sunan Kalijaga statement), Suharso as a pious man from Hindu tradition, secretary of the forum of harmony among religious blievers (believing that this myth is supposed to happen far before Sunan Kalijaga Era),  Juremi and Suwardi, the takmir (board management of mosque) that represent religious mass organization of Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). Although the agents have different points of view in understanding the phenomenon, they actually maintain and preserve this kind of symbolic power to gain symbolic capital. This work also finds that the dynamic process of engineering and modification of living without mattress becoming living with spon mattress/springbed has been the results of the new interpretation by the people in the village. The latest is associated with spiritual, social and political engineering aspects of the practice.
Religious Harmony Within Ahmadiyah Community: (Study of Living Qur'an and the Peace Construction in the Village of Gondrong Kenanga Aini, Adrika Fithrotul
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.269 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.725

Abstract

In the midst of intolerant attitudes toward Ahmadiyah, the community of Ahmadiyah in Gondrong Kenanga present as a villagers that value diversity. Not only Ahmadiyah followers but also many other groups live in the village, such as Muslims affiliated to NU, Muhammadiyah, and other groups of religious believers. Interstingly, in everyday life they are able to protect themselve from getting involved in conflict and creating a peaceful and harmonious life. Harmony in the village Gondrong appears in at least two forms including in the pattern of inter-community relations in the environment and in daily life interction of people reflected in the social environment. Gondrong Ahmadiyah community is actively involved in various social activities that promote tolerance, cooperation, and solidarity. The work aims at getting the concept of peace in the Ahmadiyah community in Gondrong Kenanga. This study also examines the living Qur’an regarding the understanding of the concept of pluralism and harmony within Ahmadiyah members. This work is based on a field research project on the phenomenon of living Qur’an studies that examines the understanding of the Islamic teaching on diversity by the Jamaah Ahmadiyah Indonesia of Gondrong-kenanga (JAIG), and also the construction of peace which is practiced in their daily life.
Ancestral Religious Recognition an Effort to Build Indonesia without Discrimination Tijani, Achmad
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (106.681 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.864

Abstract

Samsul Ma’arif, Dynamics of Ancestral Religious Recognition in Religious Politics in Indonesia. Yogyakarta: CRCS UGM, 2017 Juridically Indonesia has identified itself as a religious country. An important element which states that it is manifested in Pancasila as the foundation of the state in the first principle, namely the belief in the oneness of God. The formalization of the element of belief in all of the nation's history is not a flawless one. One of the criticisms that is not taken seriously by most components of the nation is a derivative form of the first polarized first principle in the birth of official religions recognized by the state. Polarization is arguably very exclusive, which eventually, will deny the existence of other beliefs that grow in the community. As a consequence, there arises a pejorative narrative in all its forms to those outside the official state religions. Even the most unnecessary things happen, as violent acts which very likely result from the exclusive polarization.
Women Political Participation in Peacebuilding in Southern Thailand Marddent, Amporn
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.294 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.861

Abstract

This article explores the historical, practical and consequences of women in political participation in the peace process during the ongoing conflict negotiations from 2004 until the present time. The author examines the cases of the Malay Muslims, who are the dominated populations in this violent conflict region and a significant minority group in Thailand, and the non-Malays who are also active in paving the way for peace making in various forms of activity in southern border provinces of country. Gender analysis of the intertwined ethno-religious and political identities of the Malays and non-Malays demands a need to reorientation of the concept of peace and security which contributed to illuminate deeply understanding of the society during conflict resolution.
Radicalism, Jihad and Terror Rahmatullah, Yuminah
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (341.834 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.731

Abstract

As an issue of complexity, radicalism does not stand alone. It has a political and ideological basis. Like an ideology that continues to bind, radicalism takes the path of religion to be able to justify all actions of anarchy. The case of today’s Islam as being synonymous with radicalism is apart of the complexcity of the issue. Religious radicalism is a prevalent phenomenon in the history religions. Radicalism is closely related to fundamentalism, which is marked by the return of society to the fundamentals of religion. Fundamentalism is a kind of ideology that makes religion the principle of life by society and individuals. Fundamentalism usually comes along with radicalism and violence when the freedom to return to religion is hindered by social and political circumstances surrounding the society. Islam recognizes jihad that is in some cases misunderstood. Jihad is different from radicalism and its derivatives of terrorism. Radicalism and terrorism tend to be destructive, uncompromising and closely related to violent behavior in the name of religion. Meanwhile jihad is a form of the totality of a Muslim's devotion to God, which is concerned not only with self-defense efforts, but a battle that has a theological legitimacy in which the martyrs are promised by God with various virtues and advantages. The association of jihad with terrorism today cannot be justified due to the fact that jihad in the sense of war (Qitâl) involves elements of violence that can be categorized as terrorism. It is the case that the use of violence in the name of religion in contemporary times is, in fact, due to political factors, which then seeks its legitimacy in religious teachings.
Conflicting Religious Identities: Blaspheming Islam and the Future of Democracy in Indonesia Hamdi, Saipul
Al-Albab Vol 6, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Graduate Program of Pontianak Institute of Islamic Studies

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.99 KB) | DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i2.778

Abstract

The paper explores the phenomena of conflicting religious identities among Indonesian politicians in Jakarta’s regional election (pilkada) in 2017. The 2017 most dramatized Jakarta regional election has been seen as a very important political phenomenon in recent time as it revealed the conflicting social-political identity construction across religious and ethnic groups in the region. This work attempts to provide explanation from the perspective of religious studies on the roles of religious identities in the political realm as well as religious and political symbols as tools to achieve political supports. The case of Ahok mentioning one of the Quranic verses of al-Maidah 51 in Kepulauan Seribu exposes the fundamental question of wheter it is apart of blaspheming Islam and insulting ulama. It also shows how the Islamist groups respond to it by using the case of the politicizing al-Maidah 51 to reduce Ahok electability and disqualify him from political contestation by accusing him to blaspheme Islam. The complexity of applying Quranic texts to the modern political platform brings this article to outline how Muslim scholars interpret all-Maidah 51 and how they situate the text into the context of modern politics in Indonesia as well as how it influences the future of Indonesian democracy.

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