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Squalen Bulletin of Marine and Fisheries Postharvest and Biotechnology
ISSN : 20895690     EISSN : 24069272     DOI : -
Squalen publishes original and innovative research to provide readers with the latest research, knowledge, emerging technologies, postharvest, processing and preservation, food safety and environment, biotechnology and bio-discovery of marine and fisheries. The key focus of the research should be on marine and fishery and the manuscript should include a fundamental discussion of the research findings and their significance. Manuscripts that simply report data without providing a detailed interpretation of the results are unlikely to be accepted for publication in the journal.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020" : 8 Documents clear
Preface Squalen Bulletin Vol. 15 No. 3 Tahun 2020 Squalen Bulletin
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v15i3.522

Abstract

Front Cover Squalen Bulletin Vol. 15 No. 3 Tahun 2020 Squalen, bulletin
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v15i3.520

Abstract

Back Cover Squalen Bulletin Vol. 15 No. 3 Tahun 2020 bulletin Squalen
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v15i3.521

Abstract

Golden Sea Cucumber: Identification and the Antioxidant Activity of Its Collagen Hydrolysates Yusro Nuri Fawzya; Nugrah Analiadi Putra; Arif Budi Witarto; Gintung Patantis
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v15i3.511

Abstract

Golden sea cucumber or locally known as “teripang emas” is one of Indonesia’s most popular sea cucumber and widely processed as functional food or supplement due to its bioactivities. The sea cucumber is often misidentified due to its morphological similarities with other Stichopus spp. This study aimed to identify the golden sea cucumber obtained from West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, by a molecular method and study the antioxidant activities of its collagen hydrolysates. The hydrolysates were produced by hydrolyzing acid collagen extract using neutrase for 30, 60, 120, 180, and 240 mins. The products were then analyzed for their degree of hydrolysis, peptide content, molecular weight distribution and radical scavenging activity by the 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. Results showed that hydrolysis for 180 mins was optimal in producing the highest peptide content, 12.79 ± 0.44 mg/mL, with a degree of hydrolysis (DH) of 55.2 ± 1.50%. However, the highest antioxidant activity (IC50 of 5.25 ± 0.15 mg/mL) was demonstrated after 60 mins hydrolysis with molecular weight (MW) ranged from less than 14.4 kDa to approximately 25 kDa. The hydrolysate might be categorized as a weak to moderate antioxidant. Based on the molecular identification, the golden sea cucumber had 99% similarities with Stichopus horrens and S. monotuberculatus. 
Concentration and Characteristic of Floating Plastic Debris in Jakarta Bay: a Preliminary Study Dwiyitno Dwiyitno; Fairdiana Andayani; Umi Anissah; Hedi Indra Januar; Singgih Wibowo
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v15i3.462

Abstract

Marine debris, especially plastic debris, is becoming global awareness, including in Indonesia, due to the possible harmful effects on the environment and humans. The present study is the first assessment of the floating plastic debris in Jakarta Bay based on an at-sea survey. The study aimed to overview the accumulation of plastic debris in different zones (west, middle, and east) of the bay as the impact of wet and dry seasons. The results showed that plastic debris was found in most sampling stations with a maximum concentration of 10,300 and 7,400 items/km2 in the wet and dry seasons, respectively. Based on the plastic types, polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), and polystyrene (PS) were the main accumulated plastic debris in Jakarta Bay with a predominant macro size between 2.5 and 20 cm. According to the plastic applications, packaging and consumer products were the majority of plastic debris at concentrations of 257-1,280 items/km2 and 936-983 items/km2 in the dry and wet season respectively. The spatial distribution of plastic litter in the observed surface water was correlated to temporal monsoon seasons rather than to the distribution of pollution source from rivers around the Jakarta Metropolitan Area. Moreover, the higher plastic concentration was found in the rainy west monsoon compared to that of the dry east monsoon.
Quality of Refrigerated Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Slices under Vacuum and Modified Atmosphere Packaging Karim, Md. Abdul; Rahman, Masudur; Alice, Esmout Jahan; Amanullah, Md.; Hossain, Md. Akhtar; Islam, Md. Tariqul
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v15i3.483

Abstract

In order to develop a proper packaging system for sliced tilapia fish (Oreochromis niloticus), the biochemical and microbiological qualities under control (unsealed package), vacuum package and modified atmosphere packaging with 50% CO2/50% N2 (MAP-1)  and 50% CO2/50% O2 (MAP-2)  were evaluated every three days during 18 days of chilled storage (4±1°C). The pH value was not significantly different (p 0.05) by treatments until day 9, but significantly lower values (p 0.05) were observed on day 12 of the storage in all treated samples compared to the control. The total volatile base nitrogen (TVB-N) value progressively increased, but not significantly different (p 0.05) in all treatments during the entire storage period. The thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) amounts were significantly lower (p 0.05) on day 12 in the vacuum and MAP-1 samples compared to the control sample, and were significantly higher (p 0.05) on day 6, 9, and 12 of the storage period in MAP-2 samples compared to the control, vacuum and MAP-1 samples. The amounts of pH, TVB-N, and TBARS in all samples did not exceed the acceptable limit in almost the entire storage. The total viable count (TVC) progressively increased with storage time. Nevertheless, TVC values were lower (p 0.05) on day 6, 9, and 12 of the storage periods in all treatments compared to the control. The TVCs exceeded the acceptable limit (7 log CFU/g) on days 6-9 for control, 9-12 for vacuum, day 12 for MAP-2, and 15 for MAP-1 sample during the storage period. Therefore, the MAP has shown promising results for shelf life extension that can be practiced to display the fishery products with prolonged shelf life. 
Design and Performance of Scaled-Up Microwave Dryer for Seaweed Drying Arif Rahman Hakim; Wahyu Tri Handoyo; Adrianto Widi Prasetya
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v15i3.454

Abstract

Direct sunlight is commonly used to dry fresh seaweed by artisanal farmers in Indonesia due to its low cost and ease of handling. Nevertheless, this method poses some drawbacks such as lengthy duration, weather dependency and quality degradation. The application of microwave technology in food processing has progressed dramatically, including in the drying process. The microwave drying method is more efficient and can shorten the processing time. This study aimed to describe a large-scale microwave dryer (MD) design and performance to assist the fresh seaweed drying process. The design concept applies microwave energy with a volumetric heating feature to accelerate the seaweed drying process without damaging its functional groups. The MD dimensions were 2410 (l) x 270 (w) x 210 (h) mm with a dryer capacity of up to six kilograms, an enlarged cavity and multiple magnetrons. The main components of the MD were cavity, air circulation system, drying system and control system. According to the performance testing, the MD’s optimum performance was at a power level setting of P7 and six kilograms load. At this setting, we obtained a dried seaweed with a moisture ratio of 0.68±0.05, drying rate of 30.29±1.32 g/min, specific energy consumption of 3.96±0.08 MJ/kg H2O and energy efficiency of 58.45±2.65%. The total power of the P7 setting operation required 2.00 kW. Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra showed that the functional groups of the dried seaweed were unaltered.
Detection of Histamine-Producing Bacteria on Tuna Species using Histidine Decarboxylase (hdc) and 16S rRNA Mala Nurilmala; Novia Nanda Saputri; Asadatun Abdullah; Nurjanah Nurjanah; Roza Yusfiandayani; Muhamad Fedi Alfiadi Sondita
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 15, No 3 (2020): December 2020
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v15i3.445

Abstract

Histamine-producing bacteria to predict histamine level production can be identified by a molecular approach. The purpose of this study was to identify the types of histamine-producing bacteria on tuna, little tuna, and skipjack (TTC) meat, to analyze its bioinformatics through phylogenetic tree construction also to determine the levels of its histamine. The identification of histamine-producing bacteria was conducted using a molecular technique based on the hdc and 16S rRNA genes. Histamine levels were measured by a spectrofluorometer. The results showed types of histamine-producing bacteria had been successfully identified, both using specific hdc and 16S rRNA universal primers, including Morganella morganii, Enterobacter hormaechei, Klebsiella aerogenes, and Enterobacter bugandensis. The phylogenetic tree showed that the bacteria M. morganii and E. hormaechei were closely related to one cluster. Meanwhile, the other close relative cluster were Klebsiella aerogenes, Enterobacter bugandensis, and Escherichia fergusonii. In addition, histamine levels of frozen tuna, little tuna, and skipjack were 2.96±0.22 ppm, 2.14±0.23 ppm, and 1.02±0.97 ppm, respectively.

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