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Squalen Bulletin of Marine and Fisheries Postharvest and Biotechnology
ISSN : 20895690     EISSN : 24069272     DOI : -
Squalen publishes original and innovative research to provide readers with the latest research, knowledge, emerging technologies, postharvest, processing and preservation, food safety and environment, biotechnology and bio-discovery of marine and fisheries. The key focus of the research should be on marine and fishery and the manuscript should include a fundamental discussion of the research findings and their significance. Manuscripts that simply report data without providing a detailed interpretation of the results are unlikely to be accepted for publication in the journal.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021" : 8 Documents clear
Preface Squalen Bulletin Vol. 16 No. 2 Tahun 2021 squalen bulletin
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v16i2.594

Abstract

Initial Properties Identification of Refined- and Semi Refined-Carrageenans as Raw Materials for Biodegradable Plastic Production Bakti Berlyanto Sedayu; Putri Wullandari; Arif Rahman Hakim; Dina Fransiska
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.533

Abstract

Powdered refined- and semi-refined carrageenans (RC and SRC) have been characterized as alternative raw materials for industrial bioplastic production. Several basic parameters, i.e., the melting temperature, crystallinity, chemical structure (FTIR), and tensile properties, were observed. The melting temperature of RC was slightly higher than that of SRC, i.e., 176 °C and 172 °C, respectively. These temperatures were corresponded to their crystallinity degree (performed by X-ray diffraction). Nonetheless, the SRC demonstrated an overall higher thermal stability during heating. RC produced a clear transparent film. Meanwhile, SRC was yellowish and less transparent. The overall mechanical properties showed that RC produced more flexible film than SRC. However, both materials showed relatively equal tensile strength. In general, RC and SRC could be potentially used for biodegradable film production with different applications. RC was suitable for a flexible and clear plastic film, whereas SRC was suitable for rigid plastic film applications.
Back Cover Squalen Bulletin Vol. 16 No. 2 Tahun 2021 squalen bulletin
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v16i2.595

Abstract

Neuritogenic Activities of Various Kappaphycus alvarezii Extracts in Hippocampal Neurons Gabriel Tirtawijaya; Maria Dyah Nur Meinita; Md. Nazmul Haque; Il So Moon
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.515

Abstract

The carrageenophyte Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed is known to have neuritogenic activities. Post-harvest treatment of seaweed affects its biological activities. Five drying treatments of K. alvarezii, including oven-drying, sun-drying, freeze-drying, shade-drying, and salting followed by shade-drying, were evaluated for their effects on neuritogenic activities. We also evaluated the neuritogenic activity of different parts of K. alvarezii thalli and its carrageenan waste. Neuron cells of the 19th day pregnant rat fetuses were collected from the hippocampus by brain dissection. Neuron cells were isolated by dissociation of the hippocampal tissue. Cells were plated onto poly-DL-lysine-coated glass coverslips in 24-well plates and treated with extracts.  All tested extracts were obtained from maceration using 95% ethanol. Freeze and shade-drying extracts exhibited significantly higher neuritogenic activities (p 0.05) compared to that of the vehicle control. Carrageenan waste also significantly promoted the neuritogenic activities (p 0.05) with an optimal dose at 1 µg mL-1. Old and young thalli showed insignificant differences in neuritogenic activities. The carrageenan waste extract retained neuritogenic activities. Thus, the utilization of carrageenan waste for neuritogenic material provides added value to the waste in the carrageenan industry. Freeze and shade dried  K. alvarezii can be used as a neuritogenic agent to provide optimum biological activity.
Antipathogenic Activity of Acroporid Bacterial Symbionts Against Brown Band Disease-Associated Bacteria Rosa Amalia; Diah Ayuningrum; Agus Sabdono; Ocky Karna Radjasa
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.536

Abstract

The coral reefs’ condition in most regions in Indonesia has been declining due to coral diseases, such as Brown Band Disease (BrBD). A treatment for BrBD involves the use of biological control agents that have antagonistic properties against disease-causing agents. This study aimed to isolate bacteria from healthy hard coral, those associated with BrBD, and those that had bioactivities against BrBD. Sampling and identification of corals and BrBD were carried out in March 2015 at the Marine National Park of Karimunjawa. Bacteria from healthy and infected corals were isolated and purified. The isolates were subjected to antipathogenic assay using overlay and agar diffusion methods. Finally, molecular identification of active bacteria was carried out using the 16S rRNA gene amplification. As many as 57 bacterial isolates were obtained from healthy coral, as well as four bacterial isolates from coral with BrBD symptoms. A total of 15 bacterial isolates (26%) showed antipathogenic activity against BrBD-associated bacteria. Three isolates with the strongest antipathogenic activities, i.e., GAMSH 3, KASH 6, and TAPSH 1 were identified by 16S rRNA gene sequences. The results showed that they were aligned to Virgibacillus marismortui (97%), Oceanobacillus iheyensis (97%), and Bacillus cereus (96%), respectively.
Front Cover Squalen Bulletin Vol. 16 No. 2 Tahun 2021 merissa nur asih
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.v16i2.593

Abstract

Molecular Identification, Nutritional Profile and Heavy Metals Content of Edible Caulerpa from Binuangeun Coast, Banten Sihono Sihono; Bagus Sediadi Bandol Utomo; Nurhayati Nurhayati
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.525

Abstract

Two species of Caulerpa, locally known as “Pedesan” and “Latuh” have been traditionally consumed by coastal communities at Binuangeun, Banten. This study aimed to identify “Pedesan” and “Latuh” using the DNA barcoding method and to evaluate their nutrient and heavy metal contents. Fatty acids were determined by Gas Chromatography Flame Ionization Detector (GC FID), amino acids using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC), and minerals using Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP OES). Based on the tufA gene sequences, the “Pedesan” was identified as Caulerpa racemosa var. macrophysa and “Latuh” as Caulerpa chemnitzia. Thirteen fatty acids were detected in C. racemosa var. macrophysa and twelve fatty acids in C. chemnitzia. Of the total fatty acid content, C. racemosa var. macrophysa contained 41.0% unsaturated fatty acids, dominated by linolenic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid. Meanwhile, C. chemnitzia contained 47.5%, dominated by oleic acid. Both seaweeds contained fatty acids with the w6/w3 ratio lower than 10, which could prevent heart disease risk based on World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation. The primary amino acids content in C. racemosa var. macrophysa were glutamic acid, alanine, serine and aspartic acid, while those in C. chemnitzia were glutamic acid, serine, aspartic acid, and glycine. The high content of glutamic acid in both samples indicated their potential use as food flavor enhancer. The Na/K ratio of C. racemosa var. macrophysa (40.31) and C. chemnitzia (27.48) were higher than those recommended by WHO. Heavy metals were not detected in either “Pedesan” nor “Latuh”, indicating that they are safe for consumption.
Seasonal and Spatial Water Pollution Status at The Rivers Estuaries in Cirebon Region Izhamil Hidayah; Hedi Indra Januar; Dwiyitno Dwiyitno; Nining Betawati Prihantini
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 2 (2021): August 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.505

Abstract

Cirebon has 18 rivers that flow into the Java Sea. The Cirebon rivers play an important role in several sectors such as industrial, agriculture, household, and also aquaculture. The increasing anthropogenic activities, may have affected the health and quality of the Cirebon rivers and the surrounding area. This study aimed to determine the water pollution level of Cirebon rivers based on the Storage and Retrieval (STORET) and Pollution Index approaches. The study was conducted at seven different rivers located in the districts (kabupaten) and municipals (kotamadya) of Cirebon. The observation was performed during the end of the west monsoon (March 2019) as well as the beginning (July 2019) and the end of the east monsoon (November 2019). The STORET score of the Cirebon district rivers were between -10 and -20, which is categorized as lightly to moderately polluted. Similarly, most of the Cirebon municipal rivers were moderately contaminated throughout the year (-18 to -30). In contrast, the Pollution Index (PI) values of all observed rivers were between 1.0 to 5.0 which are categorized as lightly polluted.

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