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Squalen Bulletin of Marine and Fisheries Postharvest and Biotechnology
ISSN : 20895690     EISSN : 24069272     DOI : -
Squalen publishes original and innovative research to provide readers with the latest research, knowledge, emerging technologies, postharvest, processing and preservation, food safety and environment, biotechnology and bio-discovery of marine and fisheries. The key focus of the research should be on marine and fishery and the manuscript should include a fundamental discussion of the research findings and their significance. Manuscripts that simply report data without providing a detailed interpretation of the results are unlikely to be accepted for publication in the journal.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 16, No 3 (2021): December 2021" : 7 Documents clear
Preface Squalen Bulletin Vol. 16 No. 3 Tahun 2021 squalen, bulletin
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

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Back Cover Squalen Bulletin Vol. 16 No. 3 Tahun 2021 bulletin squalen
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

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Molecular Characterization of Caulerpa racemosa (Caulerpales, Chlorophyta) from Indonesia Based on the Plastid tufA Gene Muhamad Darmawan; Neviaty Putri Zamani; Hari Eko Irianto; Hawis H Madduppa
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.588

Abstract

The green seaweed Caulerpa racemosa is  a seaweed  of  high prospect that is being given emphasis by the Indonesian government. However, C. racemosa in Indonesia may include multiple species level-entity exhibiting morphological overlap and require molecular analysis for species identification. Molecular documentation of species richness of indigenous populations of C. racemosa is essential to underpin cultivar development and conservation of the species to avoid overharvesting. The present study aimed to determine the genetic diversity of C. racemosa and document the haplotype network of the specimens from four different locations (Bintan Island, Jepara, Takalar and Osi Island) using the chloroplast tufA gene. Twenty individuals from four areas were collected and amplified with the chloroplast-encoded gene tufA for species identification against publicly available data. The identification of C. racemosa based on the tufA gene showed that the species found in four locations were C. cylindracea (previously C. racemosa var. cylindracea), C. macra (previously C. racemosa var. macra), C. racemosa, and C. oligophylla (previously C. racemosa var. lamourouxii). This study records the existence of C. cylindracea in Takalar and Jepara, Indonesia for the first time. The most diverse C. racemosa species was in Osi Island, where the exploitation of this seaweed is very low. In contrast, the lowest number of C. racemosa varieties were found in Takalar, where exploitation is very high. There were only minor light variations of Caulerpa species in the tufA gene in four different sites with only four haplotypes found, and each haplotype corresponded to another species. 
Isolation and Identification of Hydrocarbon-Degrading Bacteria from Polychaete Marphysa moribidii Fazilah Ariffin; Rozilawati Mohamed Razali; Vigneswari Sevakumaran
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.567

Abstract

Marine contamination caused by anthropogenic activities has side effects and causes severe contamination to the environment. Polychaetes are benthic organisms that live in the sediment and can be a good indicator of sediment contamination by organic compounds. In this study, bacterial strains were isolated and identified from the gut of polychaete worm Marphysa moribidii and the potential of the bacteria was evaluated to degrade hydrocarbon compounds. The isolated bacteria were primary and secondary screened on Minimal Salt Media (MSM) agar supplemented with 1% v/v of diesel oil. Diesel degradation analysis was performed by inoculating potential bacterium into MSM broth with 1% v/v diesel oil and incubated at 37 oC for 20 days. Diesel degradation percentage was analyzed using the gravimetric method, while the bacteria cell densities were measured using the standard plate count method. Then, the selected isolates were identified based on their morphological characteristics and 16S rDNA sequences. As a result, two bacteria isolates coded as Isolate 6 and Isolate 8 were able to degrade diesel oil up to 52.29% and 39.24% after 20 days of incubation. The 16S rDNA sequence analysis revealed that it was identified as Bacillus sp. strain UMTFA1 (RB) and Staphylococcus kloosii strain UMTFA2 (RS). Our result showed that these strains have the potential in oil-degrading processes, which will provide new insight into bioremediation process and decrease environmental pollution in soil and water contaminated with hydrocarbons.
Front Cover Squalen Bulletin Vol. 16 No. 3 Tahun 2021 bulletin squalen
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

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Characteristics of Irradiated Hydrogel Formulated from Composite i/k-carrageenan Combined with Polyvinyl Alcohol Bagus Sediadi Bandol Utomo; Dina Fransiska; La Ode Sumarlin; Ihya Sulthonuddin
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.439

Abstract

Eucheuma seaweed from tropical waters habitat mainly contains carrageenan, a type of hydrocolloid potential for hydrogel production. This study aims to determine the characteristics of hydrogel formulated from composite i- and k-carrageenan combined with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) which, could be used further for wound dressing application. The concentrations of composite i/k-carrageenan used were 1.0%, 1.5%, 2.0%, 2.5% and 3.0% w/w, and the PVA concentration was 12.5% w/w. Composite i/k-carrageenan in a proportion of 6:4 by weight. The hydrogel was irradiated using 60Co g-rays with the irradiation dose of 25 and 2 kGy.h-1. The concentration of composite i- and k-carrageenan influenced the gel fraction, water holding capacity, tensile strength, elongation, and surface morphology of the hydrogel. The optimum formula of irradiated composite hydrogel was obtained from 3.0% w/w of composite i/k-carrageenan. The formula had a gel fraction of 61.67%, water holding capacity of  1067.12%, tensile strength of  32.37 x 10-3 MPa, and elongation of  251.67%. Interestingly, the product with the optimum formula had a porous surface morphology and transparency, which are applicable for wound dressing purposes.
Quality Changes in the Adductor Muscle of Ezo Giant Scallop Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Jay, 1857) during Refrigerated Storage Hiroko Seki
Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 16, No 3 (2021): December 2021
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/squalen.585

Abstract

Recently, the popularity of scallops consumption and the preference to eat them raw have been increasing worldwide. Therefore, maintaining its freshness and quality is important. It is necessary to investigate the changes in quality, particularly umami-related component parameters and perform a comprehensive evaluation to assess scallop quality over time. In this study, the distinction in the abundance of microorganisms, K value, pH, color value, glycogen content, and ATP-related compound levels (i.e., ATP, ADP, AMP, IMP, HxR, Hx, and glutamic acid levels) were investigated to determine the quality of Ezo giant scallops. The parameters were evaluated every day for six days at 4°C post mortem of the scallops. The total viable aerobic count of marine bacteria increased from 1 to 3 log CFU/g over six days, and the K value increased sharply from 18% on day 2 to 66% on day 4. The pH decreased from 7.0 on day 0 to 6.0 on day 3, but the color value did not change during the six days of observation. The AMP content increased over three days and then decreased during the last three days of storage. IMP was not detected; meanwhile, the glycogen and glutamic acid levels were stable during the observation. Based on these results, the best recommendation is to serve the refrigerated scallops as sashimi for not more than two days and cook by the third day to preserve the quality.

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