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INDONESIA
Civil Engineering Dimension
ISSN : 14109530     EISSN : 1979570X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
The Civil Engineering Dimension (Dimensi Teknik Sipil) is a refereed journal, published twice a year, in March and September.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010" : 8 Documents clear
Creep Behaviour of Fly Ash-Based Geopolymer Concrete Wallah S.E.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.575 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.12.2.73-78

Abstract

Fly ash-based geopolymer concrete is manufactured using fly ash as its source material and does not use Portland cement at all. Beside fly ash, alkaline solution is also utilized to make geopolymer paste which binds the aggregates to form geopolymer concrete. This paper presents the study of creep behaviour of fly ash-based geopolymer concrete. Four series of specimens with various compressive strengths were prepared to study its creep behaviour for the duration of test up to one year. The test method followed the procedures applied for Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) concrete. Test results show that fly ash-based geopolymer concrete undergoes low creep which is generally less than that of OPC concrete. After one year of loading, the results for specific creep of fly ash-based geopolymer concrete in this study ranges from 15 to 29 microstrain for concrete compressive strength 67–40 MPa respectively. From the test results, it is also found out that the creep coefficient of fly ash-based geopolymer concrete is about half of that predicted using Gilbert’s Method for OPC concrete.
Remediation of Diesel Fuel Contaminated Sandy Soil using Ultrasonic Waves Wulandari P.S.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2397.202 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.12.2.118-122

Abstract

Ultrasonic cleaning has been used in industry for some time, but the application of ultrasonic cleaning in contaminated soil is just recently received considerable attention, it is a very new technique, especially in Indonesia. An ultrasonic cleaner works mostly by energy released from the collapse of millions of microscopic cavitations near the dirty surface. This paper investigates the use of ultrasonic wave to enhance remediation of diesel fuel contaminated sandy soil considering the ultrasonic power, soil particle size, soil density, water flow rate, and duration of ultrasonic waves application.
Flow Fields in front of a Cylindrical Obstacle Yulistiyanto B.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3695.408 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.12.2.79-91

Abstract

An experimental investigation, conducted in two different flows Reynolds number, was carried out to study the structure of the flow field upstream of a cylindrical obstacle. An Acoustic Doppler Velocity Profiler (ADVP) was used to obtain instantaneously the three directions of the mean velocity. Results of the experiments show the longitudinal velocities, , decrease approaching the cylinder, their distribution becomes more uniform and close to the bed a reverse flow is noticeable with increasing importance. The downward velocity component is clearly shown, continuing with the return flow near the bed, forming a vortex. At positions where the vortex appears upstream from the cylinder, a large increase of the three components of the turbulence intensities is remarked. Approaching the cylinder, one observes the shear stress decreases, having the opposite direction at positions close to the cylinder. A zero value of shear stress should be at the separation point.
Estimation of Congestion Cost of Private Passenger Car Users in Malioboro, Yogyakarta Sugiyanto G.; Malkhamah S.; Munawar A.; Sutomo H.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (228.185 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.12.2.92-97

Abstract

Congestion is the condition when the hourly traffic demand exceeds the maximum sustainable hourly throughout of the link. The aim of this research is to estimate the congestion cost of private passenger car users in central business district along the corridor of Malioboro, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The amount of the congestion cost is the difference between perceived and actual generalized cost in traffic jam condition. In this paper, only the congestion costs of private passenger car users are estimated, as they are expected to shift to buses. The generalized costs from origin zone i to destination zone j consist of vehicle operating cost, travel time cost, and pollution cost. This study shows that while the perceived generalized cost for private cars at Central Business District (CBD) Malioboro is IDR 3101.00 per trip, the actual generalized cost in traffic jam condition is IDR 5802.00 per trip, giving the estimation of congestion cost in CBD Malioboro for private passenger car users as IDR 2701.00 per trip.
Volume Stability of Bitumen Bound Building Blocks Thanaya I.N.A.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (337.304 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.12.2.98-105

Abstract

This paper covers results of laboratory investigations on the volume stability of masonry units incorporating waste materials bound with bitumen (Bitublocks), due to moisture adsorption, thermal exposure and vacuum saturation. The materials used were steel slag, crushed glass, coal fly ash, and 50 pen bitumen. The samples were produced in hot mix method, compacted, then exposed to moist and temperature. It was found that moisture adsorption from the environment caused the Bitublock to expand. The samples with less intense curing regime experienced lower expansion and became stable faster, and vice versa. Under thermal condition (at 70°C), the samples with less intense curing regime underwent higher expansion, and vice versa. They were also highly reversible. Their volume stability was found unique under water exposure. The expansion on first vacuum saturation cycle was irreversible, then largely reversible on the following cycles.
Estimating the Influence of Accident Related Factors on Motorcycle Fatal Accidents using Logistic Regression (Case Study: Denpasar-Bali) Wedagama D.M.P.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (210.974 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.12.2.106-112

Abstract

In Denpasar the capital of Bali Province, motorcycle accident contributes to about 80% of total road accidents. Out of those motorcycle accidents, 32% are fatal accidents. This study investigates the influence of accident related factors on motorcycle fatal accidents in the city of Denpasar during period 2006-2008 using a logistic regression model. The study found that the fatality of collision with pedestrians and right angle accidents were respectively about 0.44 and 0.40 times lower than collision with other vehicles and accidents due to other factors. In contrast, the odds that a motorcycle accident will be fatal due to collision with heavy and light vehicles were 1.67 times more likely than with other motorcycles. Collision with pedestrians, right angle accidents, and heavy and light vehicles were respectively accounted for 31%, 29%, and 63% of motorcycle fatal accidents.
Estimating Young’s Modulus and Modulus of Rupture of Coconut Logs using Reconstruction Method Bahtiar E.T.; Nugroho N.; Surjokusumo S.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (319.818 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.12.2.65-72

Abstract

This research develops a theory of the so called reconstruction method to estimate the Young’s modulus (E) and modulus of rupture (SR) of coconut logs. The reconstruction method includes among others; flexure test on small-clear specimens, which were taken from locations distributed along the horizontal as well as vertical direction inside the logs. Further, the estimated E and SR were acquired by arranging systematically each of the small clear specimens as if back in the original location in the logs. The estimation was assisted by mechanical theory, statistics (best fit multiple regression equations), mathematics (calculus), and geometry approach. This reconstruction method successfully estimates E and SR of the coconut logs. The average estimated E and SR value as acquired from tree sample number 1 and 2 were 8,118– 8,596 MPa, and 118–124 MPa, respectively. Those two values were still comparable to common US wood species used for construction i.e. 6,660–15,000 MPa (for E); and 58–132 MPa (for SR). Moreover those estimations of E and SR correlated significantly with each other. This again strengthens the reliability and representativeness of the E and SR values for coconut logs as acquired using the proposed reconstruction methods.
Ultra Strengthening of Wooden Girders Darwish A.M.
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 12 No. 2 (2010): SEPTEMBER 2010
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (175.093 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.12.2.113-117

Abstract

Owing to the natural defects of wood, structural timber is currently used with conservative safety factors. This study investigates the use of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) for improving the strength of structural timber. Four flexural test stages were carried out, the modes of failure of the three specimens in each stage were studied to determine and strengthen the suspected weak zone which caused the failure. It was found that the tensioned fibers of ordinary timber girders normally fail first especially at the sections containing knots. Using a strip of CFRP to strengthen tensioned fibers is a well known technology, but it will not prevent a premature failure due to horizontal shear. A strength increase of 56% was reached by the adaption of shear connectors in the form of screws. After treating tensile and shearing strengths, still testing specimens showed failure at the compressed fibers. By enhancing the compressed fibers with a steel strip, the prototype girders showed a remarkable increase in flexural strength of about 175% compared with the ordinary wooden girders having the same dimensions.

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