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Civil Engineering Dimension
ISSN : 14109530     EISSN : 1979570X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
The Civil Engineering Dimension (Dimensi Teknik Sipil) is a refereed journal, published twice a year, in March and September.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016" : 8 Documents clear
Comparing Performance of Government and Private Clients in Construction Projects: Contractors’ Perspective Jati Utomo Dwi Hatmoko; Riqi Radian Khasania
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (961.718 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.18.2.85-92

Abstract

By nature, government and private projects have different characteristics, which influence client performance. This research aims to compare performance of government and private clients in construction projects as perceived by contractors. Six client performance indicators were used, i.e. understanding of project requirements, financial, decision making, management skills, supports for contractor, and client’s attitude. Data were collected through questionnaire surveys filled in by 117 respondents. The results show that there is a significant difference between both types of client performance. Three variables related to financial indicators, i.e. timely payment, owner value estimate, and payment approval, rank in the bottom three of the government client performance, but in contrast rank in the top three of the private ones. These results suggest that the government clients’ performance is perceived inferior to the private ones. Establishing a clients’ forum for sharing knowledge and best practices would be a strategic solution to enhance clients’ capacities.
Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Specimen Size in Determining Fracture Parameters of Concrete Atur P. N. Siregar; M. I. Rafiq; M. Mulheron
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (606.161 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.18.2.65-71

Abstract

This paper presents the experimental results in investigating the effect of specimen size (ratio of beam width to aggregate size) on the value of stress intensity factor (KIC) and fracture energy (GF) using three-point bend (TPB). A test method recommended by RILEM was chosen to measure the KIC and the GF as fracture parameters. Three different specimen sizes of concrete beam with water/binder ratio of 0.2 and 0.30 were engaged in the experiments. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses based on the normalized stress against deflection curve, and the KIC and the GF were employed. Statistical analysis was carried out based on coefficient of variation of the measured value of fracture parameters in order to investigate the variability of corresponding results. It was found that specimen size have a relatively insensitive influence on the value of KIC, however, have a significant effect on the value of GF.
Study on Shear Behavior of Concrete-polymer Cement Mortar at Elevated Temperature Khuram Rashid; Tamon Ueda; Dawei Zhang
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (941.211 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.18.2.93-102

Abstract

In this experimental and analytical work, interfacial shear strengths were evaluated at material and member level. Bi-surface shear strength was performed at material level and three-point bending test was conducted at member level. Beams were strengthened by adding steel reinforcement at soffit level and covered by spraying polymer cement mortar (PCM). After curing, strengthened RC beams were exposed to 60 ℃ for 24 hours and tested in three point loading test. Flexural capacity, load deflection relationship and failure modes were observed and compared with the strengthened beams tested at 20 ℃. Reduction in flexural capacity was observed with temperature, failure mode was also shifted from flexural mode to debonding mode of failure at elevated temperature. Ultimate shear load and failure modes were predicted by truss analogy approach. Debonding model was proposed by incorporating bi-surface interfacial shear strength, close agreement were observed between experimental and predicted values.
Effect of Temperature on Precipitation Rate of Calcium Carbonate Produced through Microbial Metabolic Process of Bio Materials Prima Yane Putri; Keiyu Kawaai; Isao Ujike; Saya Yamamoto
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (580.758 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.18.2.103-108

Abstract

Concrete is the most widely used construction material in civil engineering. But plain concrete is a brittle material and has little resistance to cracking. The cracking in concrete promotes deterioration such as the corrosion of reinforcing rebar, therefore, repair in filling the crack is often carried out. Recently, repair methods using bio-based materials associated with microbial metabolic processes leading to precipitation of calcium carbonate have been intensively studied. In this study, influencing factors on the precipitation rate depending on the constituents of bio-based material comprising yeast, glucose and calcium acetate mixed in tris buffer solution was examined for improving the rate of initial reactions. In addition, effect of temperature change on the amount of calcium carbonate precipitation was also investigated. The precipitates were identified by X-ray diffraction. It was shown that the increase of temperature lead to a change on calcium carbonate precipitation and caused the pH decrease under 7.0.
Proposed Design Graphs of Geotextile Reinforcement on Soft Clay under Various Field Conditions Putu Tantri K. Sari; Yudhi Lastiasih; Sugiarto Sugiarto
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (902.731 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.18.2.109-116

Abstract

This paper describes the behavior of reinforced embankments constructed on soft clay subgrade with varying compressible depths, embankment slopes and embankment heights. The stability of the embankment is evaluated using the Bishop method. The resistance moment and the numbers of geotextiles required are examined. It is shown that varying the subgrade and embankment can significantly affect the embankment stability and also the number of reinforcements. It requires a lot of time to design embankment reinforcements, especially when the length of the embankment is tens of kilometers. The main aim of this study is to develop graphs to assist in designing the number of geotextile reinforcements. This paper proposes design graphs to support engineers and designers to determine the required geotextile reinforcements for embankments.
Reinforced Concrete Finite Element Modeling based on the Discrete Crack Approach Sri Tudjono; Han Ay Lie; Sholihin As’ad
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (726.453 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.18.2.72-77

Abstract

The behavior of reinforced concrete elements is complex due to the nature of the concrete that is weak in tension. Among these complex issues are the initial cracking and crack propagation of concrete, and the bond-slip phenomenon between the concrete and reinforcing steel. Laboratory tested specimens are not only costly, but are limited in number. Therefore a finite element analysis is favored in combination to experimental data. The finite element technique involving the cracks inserting is one of the approaches to study the behavior of reinforced concrete structures through numerical simulation. In finite element modeling, the cracks can be represented by either smeared or discrete crack. The discrete crack method has its potential to include strain discontinuity within the structure. A finite element model (FEM) including the concrete cracking and the bond-slip was developed to simulate the nonlinear response of reinforced concrete structures.
Implementation of Decision Support System for Integrated Coastal Zone Management of Sustainable Mariculture Development Industry in Indonesia Surya Hermawan
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (824.03 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.18.2.117-126

Abstract

Indonesia has abundant and potential coastal resources for future development of mariculture industry activities. However, complex problem is found in the land and coastal zoneutilization, among others: coastal environment degradation, resources depletion, conflict and overlapping utilization of marine area. New perspective of Decision Support System (DSS) forintegrated coastal zone management (ICZM) can be used to solve this complexity with respect to the results of high resolution of hydrodynamic and wave numerical model, water quality, andICZM. The aim of this paper is to determine the suitable site for the implementation of sustainable future development of mariculture in Galang Island, Riau Province, Indonesia. Asuitability map of geographic information system based on ICZM is indicated by sixteen thematic maps. Implementations of the comprehensive ICZM of DSS criteria prove that GalangIsland has a bright potential of Grouper mariculture development industry by sustainable suitable area of about 12,940 hectares
Creep Properties of Walikukun (Schouthenia ovata) Timber Beams Ali Awaludin; Ngudiyono Ngudiyono; Achmad Basuki
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 18 No. 2 (2016): SEPTEMBER 2016
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1123.894 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/ced.18.2.78-84

Abstract

This study presents an evaluation of creep constants of Walikukun (Schoutheniaovata) timber beams when rheological model of four solid elements, which is obtained byassembling Kelvin and Maxwell bodies in parallel configuration, was adopted. Creep behaviorobtained by this method was further discussed and compared with creep behavior developedusing phenomenological model of the previous study. Creep data of previous study was deformationmeasurement of Walikukun beams having cross-section of 15 mm by 20 mm with a clearspan of 550 mm loaded for three weeks period under two different room conditions: with andwithout Air Conditioner. Creep behavior given by both four solid elements model and phenomenological(in this case are power functions) had good agreement during the period of creepmeasurement, but they give different prediction of creep factor beyond this period. The powerfunction of phenomenological model could give a reasonable creep prediction, while for the foursolid elements model a necessary modification is required to adjust its long-term creep behavior.

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