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Civil Engineering Dimension
ISSN : 14109530     EISSN : 1979570X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
The Civil Engineering Dimension (Dimensi Teknik Sipil) is a refereed journal, published twice a year, in March and September.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021" : 8 Documents clear
Land Subsidence Potential Detection in Yogyakarta International Airport using Sentinel-1 Insar Data Bondan Galih Dewanto; Yanuar Haryanto; Sanidhya Nika Purnomo
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/ced.23.2.91-99

Abstract

On January 27, 2017, the Indonesian Government started building a new international airport in Yogyakarta Province, named Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) to replace Adisucipto International Airport. YIA is located near the beach, which means that an awareness of natural disasters, such as coastal flooding, is essential. One of the causes of sea water flooding is land subsidence phenomenon. This land subsidence phenomenon can be monitored by using Sentinel-1 Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data. To monitor the crustal deformation, the data used in this research are from years 2016-2019. The data were processed through LiCSBAS software which is published by the COMET in the UK. In the processing scheme, interferograms with many unwrapping errors are detected and removed via loop closure. Reliable time series and velocities are extracted using several noise indices, with the help of masking. The results show the subsidence phenomenon in the YIA area (up to 25 mm).
Empirical Analysis for Measuring Travel Time Reliability on Road Network Muhammad Karami; Dwi Herianto; Siti A. Ofrial; Ning Yulianti
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/ced.23.2.100-107

Abstract

This research analyses the characteristics of travel time reliability for the road network in Kota Bandar Lampung. Therefore, travel time consists of access, wait and interchange time, while its reliability deals with variations of in-passenger/private cars time. Survey of travel time on each road was carried out for 12 hours (from 06.00 to 18.00) for five working days. Furthermore, the buffer time method was used to measure the characteristics of time travel reliability consisting of five measuring tools, namely planning time, planning time index, buffer time, buffer time index and travel time index. This research found that the temporal effects are the main factor that tends to affect travel time, whereas network effects are the second factor that tends to affect travel time. Furthermore, the regression equation was developed to express the effect of planning time (TPlan) and free-flow travel time on average travel time .
A Study on Finite Element Modelling and Analysis with respect to Experimental Results of Strengthened Unreinforced Masonry Walls With and Without Kevlar-FRP Sugeng Wijanto; Takim Andriono; Jovita Tanudjaja
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/ced.23.2.67-77

Abstract

Unreinforced masonry (URM) walls, found in most historical buildings in Indonesia, are relatively brittle with wide variety of material properties. The behaviour of URM walls is very complex, especially when subjected to seismic excitation. In this research, a finite element modelling was set up in order to analyse the seismic performance of URM wall experimental test units, with and without strengthening material. The analysis was conducted using SAP2000 computer program. Three dimensional solids and springs as link connectors were assigned to represent the masonry behaviour. This research aims to compare results obtained from the computer analysis and the previously conducted laboratory experiments. The effectiveness of Kevlar fibre material, which was installed on both wall surfaces and modelled as truss element was also investigated. It was found that the failure mechanisms shown by the SAP2000 model was similar to the laboratory test results. The use of Kevlar Fibre as strengthening material was found able to significantly increase the stiffness and shear capacity of the URM wall.
Effect of the Rise in Online Motorcycle Taxi Services on the Number of Motorcycles using the Interrupted Time Series Method Yovita Fabriska Laras Anindityas; M. Rizki; T.B. Joewono
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/ced.23.2.123-130

Abstract

The substantial growth of motorcycle users in Indonesia is hypothesized to be influenced by a government policy on motorcycle purchase waivers and the massive growth of online motorcycle taxis. This study aims to analyse the relationship between the emergence of online motorcycle taxis and government policy changes towards the number of motorcycles and compare the estimation model seen from the consumer and sales sides. The data were collected from the Indonesian Bureau of Statistics, Motorcycle Industry Association, and World Bank. Several estimation models were built using the interrupted time series method. The results showed that changes in government policy and income per capita significantly increased the number of motorcycles. However, the emergence of online motorcycle taxis negatively affected the increasing number of motorcycles. The results also showed that models with data representing motorcycle usage behavior provided better results than the model with motorcycle sales.
Comprehensive Investigation on the Potential of Fly Ash from New Source as Construction Material Antoni Antoni; Florentcia Hartono; Steven Tanuwijaya; Kevin Wijaya; Agie Vianthi; Djwantoro Hardjito
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/ced.23.2.78-90

Abstract

Fly ash has been highly advocated to be re-utilized as a construction material. The most common utilization is to partially replace cement in a low-percentage scheme. However, there are several other schemes available to potentially use fly ash as binder in concrete that have not been widely exercised, especially those utilizing it in high to very high volume. In those schemes, high-volume fly ash (HVFA) concrete might use more than 50% fly ash to replace cement. To exploit its self-cementing properties, with or without the addition of other compounds, such as calcium hydroxide, fly ash might be used in very high percentage of cement replacement. In geopolymeric system, fly ash acts as the precursor of a stable binder, with the presence of highly alkaline solution. This paper demonstrates a model to investigate the potential of fly ash in several binder systems. The results show that fly ash from a good source can be utilized as an alternative binder in several different schemes.
Performance of a Cold Formed Steel Pedestrian Bridge under Static and Dynamic Loads Ali Awaludin; Maria Yasinta Menge Making; muhammad Nur Ikhsan; Yohan Adiyuano
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/ced.23.2.108-114

Abstract

This paper summarizes new application of CFS in bridge constructions where a seven meters long pedestrian bridge was constructed. The bridge has 1.2m width, 0.8m depth, and is composed of CFS Warren truss and bondek floor systems. Natural frequency of the bridge considering only dead load application was found as 8.54 Hz and decreased to 7.08 Hz when the live load was included. Under static load test, the application of dead load only and both dead and live loads yielded a maximum deflection of 3.53 and 8.1 mm, respectively. Normal walking and running pedestrian loads were carried out created a maximum acceleration equaled to 0.11g. Lastly, sinusoidal waves application facilitated through a three-phase induction motor having self-weight of 24.86 kgf at frequency equal to 8.5 Hz was performed for one hour resulting no decrease of the natural frequency, thus the bridge can be assumed to experience no noticeable stiffness degradation.
Experimental Investigation on the Failure Behavior of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) Strengthened Reinforced Concrete T-beams Junaedi Utomo; Muhammad Nur Khusyeni; Windu Partono; Ay Lie Han; Buntara S. Gan
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/ced.23.2.115-122

Abstract

Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) are widely used as external concrete reinforcement. The behavior of T-beams strengthened in shear and flexure using CFRP sheets and plates was studied to analyze the load carrying capacity and failure mode as compared to conventional concrete members. The bonding response of the plate-to-concrete was investigated by comparing a specimen with a plate anchored at the far ends, one without anchoring. The sheets were in situ wet lay-up, the plate was pre-impregnated and pultruded during manufacturing. The test result suggested that this integrated strengthening method notably improved the load-carrying capacity, it was also demonstrated that anchoring had a positive but insignificant effect on the moment capacity and deformation. The influence of anchoring was noteworthy from the point of view that it shifted the failure mode from debonding to CFRP plate rupture. The most important factors influencing the behavior of CFRP strengthened beams are outlined.
Performance of Six- and Ten-story Reinforced Concrete Buildings Designed by using Modified Partial Capacity Design (M-PCD) Method with 70% Shear Force Ratio Pamuda Pudjisuryadi; F. Wijaya; R. Tanuwijaya; B.C. Prasetyo; Benjamin Lumantarna
Civil Engineering Dimension Vol. 23 No. 2 (2021): SEPTEMBER 2021
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.9744/ced.23.2.131-137

Abstract

One design alternative of earthquake resistant building is Partial Capacity Design (PCD) method. Unlike the commonly used capacity design method, PCD allows a safe failure mechanism which is called partial sidesway mechanism. In this mechanism, all beams and some columns are allowed to experience plastic damages while some selected columns are designed to remain elastic (called elastic columns). A new approach to predict the required strengths needed to design each structural member, called modified-PCD (M-PCD) is proposed. In this research six- and ten-story reinforced concrete buildings were designed using M-PCD, and their seismic performances are investigated. The base shear force resisted by the elastic columns was set to approximately 70% of the total base shear. Both nonlinear static procedure (NSP) and nonlinear dynamic procedure (NDP) are used to analyze the structures. The results show that the expected partial side sway mechanism is observed, and the drifts of the buildings are acceptable.

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