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Contact Name
Rina Setiana
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jurnal.keperawatan@ui.ac.id
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Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 1, No 3 (1997): December" : 5 Documents clear
Komunikasi Efektif dalam Bimbingan Klinik Keperawatan Budi Anna Keliat
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 (1997): December
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v1i3.81

Abstract

Keperawatan sebagai profesi memerlukan program pendidikan yang menekankan proses pembelajaran klinik dengan memberikan kesempatan kepada peserta didik untuk menerapkan ilmu pengetahuan yang diperoleh dalam praktek.Pembelajaran klinik memerlukan komunikasi efektif terutama antara pembimbing dengan peserta dengan peserta didik dan pembimbing dengan tim kesehatan yang memungkinkan suasana kondusif untuk suatu proses belajar. Berbagai strategi pembinaan hubungan yang efektif disertai contoh peran merupakan hal yang penting untuk dipelajari dan dimengerti. Nursing as profession requires educational program emphasizing on clinical teaching-learning process by providing opportunities to nursing students to apply their knowledge into practice. Clinical teaching-learning process requires the ability of the clinical instructor to communicate effectively with the nursing students as well as with other health team in order to create the conducive atmosphere for the students. Several strategies in establishing effective relationships and being a role model particularly for the students are very crucial to be learned and understood.
Pengembangan Nilai Florence Nightingale Dalam Pendidikan Keperawatan Di Indonesia Achir Yani S Hamid
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 (1997): December
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v1i3.80

Abstract

Florence Nightingale dikenal sebagai perawat dan theorist pertama yang memiliki body of knowledge keperawatan. Nightingale menekankan fokus intervensi keperawatan adalah membuat lingkungan yang kondusif bagi manusia unntuk hidup sehat. Sebagian besar dari pemikiran Nightingale masih relevan dengan pendidikan keperawatan di Indonesia pada masa sekarang maupun yang akan datang. Florence Nightingale has been recognized as the first nurse theorist in development of nursing as a profession which its nursing body of knowledge. Nightingale emphasizes that the focus of nursing intervention is to make the environment to be conducive for healthy living of individuals. Most of Nightingale’s thoughts are still relevance to present and even for future nursing education in Indonesia.
Pengalaman Keluarga dan Nilai Anak Tunagrahita: Metode Penelitian Kualitatif dalam Perseptif Keperawatan Achir Yani S Hamid
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 (1997): December
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v1i3.79

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menjawab pertanyaan tentang bagaimana pengalaman dan nilai anak tunagrahita yang dipersepsikan oleh ibu. Desain penelitian deskriptif eksploratif dengan metode penelitian kualitatif digunakan untuk menjawab pertanyaan penelitian. Seratus tiga puluh enam orang ibu yang mempunyai anak tunagrahita telah dipilih secara purposive dan acak untuk memberikan data kualitatif tentang nilai anak tunagrahita yang dipersepsikan ibu, serta sebelah orang ibu dipilih juga secara acak dari 136 sampel tersebut untuk memperoleh informasi tentang pengalaman ibu.Melalui analisis isi teridentifikasi beberapa tema yang merupakan jastifikasi terjadinya tunagrahita, yaitu keinginan Tuhan, hukuman Tuhan dan keturunan. Respons psikologik yang dipersepsikan ibu meliputi syok, denial, marah, depresi dan penerimaan. Kekhawatiran ibu tentang masa depan anak, stigma yang meleket pada anak dan keluarga selalu mengikuti perjalanan hidup keluarga, sementara ibu tetap berupaya mencari alasan mengapa mereka mempunyai anak tunagrahita. Data tentang pengalaman orang tua mempunyai anak tungrahita diklasifikasikan dan diuraikan dalam empat kategori, yaitu pengalaman awal mengasuh anak tunagrahita, pengalaman tanpa akhir, dampak tunagrahita terhadap keluarga dan kekhawatiran utama terhadap anak tunagrahita.Implikasi untuk keperawatan adalah: 1) kebutuhan untuk memberikan informasi sedini mungkin kepada keluarga tentang antisipasi kelainan yang dialami anak; 2) pengembangan program intervensi krisis kepada keluarga; 3) pengembangan program intervensi dini bagi anak tunagrahita; dan 4) pelatihan untuk orang tua. The purpose of this study was to answer the research question how is the experience and value of mentally retarded child as perceived mothers. This descriptive exploratory research design with the qualitative research method were used to answer research question. One hundred thirty-six mothers were purposively and randomly selected to give qualitative data about parent’s value of mental retardation, and eleven of 136 mothers were randomly selected to share their experiences on having a mentally retarded child.The content analysis revealed several themes on mothers justification of having a mentally retarded child, God’s will, God’s punishment, heritage from family. Psychological responses as expressed by mothers identifies as shock, denial, anger, depression, and acceptance. The mothers concern were also emerged : concern about the child future, stigma and searching for reason. Qualitative data on mothers experiences was describe into four categories: 1) the need for providing early information to the family concerning the anticipated disability of the children; 2) development of crisis intervention program for the families; 3) development of early intervention program for the special children; and 4) parenrs training.
Tinjauan Kasus : Klien Menarik Diri Novy Helena CD; Mustikasari Mustikasari; Ria Utami P
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 (1997): December
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v1i3.83

Abstract

Menarik diri adalah suatu pola tingkah laku menghindari kontak dengan orang, situasi atau lingkungan yang penuh dengan stress yang dapat menyebabkan kecemasan fisik dan psikologis. Individu yang menarik diri cenderung untuk menghindari hubungan interpersonal dan dalam menghadapi realitas. Dampak dari perilaku menarik diri adalah gangguan perawatan diri, gangguan penampilan dii dan potensial terjadinya halusinasi bahkan keinginan untuk bunuh diri. Mengingat dampak tersebut maka diperlukan asuhan keperawatan yang komprehensif dan intensif khususnya untuk menarik diri. Withdrawal is a pattern of behavior to avoid contact with others, stressful situation and environment which can cause the physical and psychological distress. The individual who withdrawal tends to avoid interpersonal relationship, and face the reality. The withdrawal behavior can lead to problems related to self care and personal appearance and potential hallucination even attempted suicide. Considering the impact of withdrawal behaviors on individual, comprehensive and intensive nursing care specifically planned for client with withdrawal are acquired.
Penelusuran Hasil Penelitian tentang Intervensi Keperawatan dalam Pencegahan Terjadinya Luka Dekubitus pada Orang Dewasa Enie Novieastari Mukti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 1, No 3 (1997): December
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v1i3.82

Abstract

Luka dekubitus adalah suatu masalah endemic bagi populasi pasien yang dirawat di rumah atau rumah perawatan lainnya. Pasien-pasien tersebut memiliki resiko untuk mengalami terjadinya luka dekubitus selama perawatan. Insiden dan prevalensi terjadinya luka dekubitus pada populasi ini di Amerika Serikat cukup tinggi untuk mendapatkan perhatian dari kalangan tenaga kesehatan. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi luka dekubitus bervariasi, tetapi secara umum dilaporkan bahwa 5% sampai 11% terjadi di tatanan perawatan akut (“acute care”), 15% sampai 25% di tatanan perawatan jangka-panjang (”longterm care”), dan 7% sampai 12% di tatanan perawatan rumah (“home health care”).Berdasarkan panduan praktek klinik yang dikeluarkan oleh AHCPR, intervensi keperawatan yang digunkan untuk mencegah terjadinya luka dekubits terdiri dari tiga kategori yaitu: perawatan kulit dan penanganan dini, penggunaan berbagai matras atau alas, dan edukasi pasien.Tinjauan pustaka terpadu ini bertujuan untuk menggali hasil penelitian yang dilakukan berkaitan dengan intervensi keperawatan untuk mencegah terjadinya luka dekubitus pada populasi orang dewasa, dan hasilnya akan dibandingkan dengan panduan praktek klinik yang dikeluarkan oleh AHCPR.Dalam penelusuran kepustakaan dengan menggunakan fasilitas CINAHL pada tahun 1990-1995, didapatkan 12 artikel penelitian yang berkaitan dengan intervensi keperawatan untuk mencegah terjadinya luka dekubitus, yang terdiri dari 8 penelitian tentang penggunaan matras, 2 penelitian tentang pengaturan posisi baring, dan 2 penelitian tentang edukasi pasien.Penelitian dalam kurun waktu lima tahun terakhir terlihat lebih berfokus pada efek dari berbagai matras untuk mengurangi penekanan jaringan dan perkembangan luka dekubitus. Sedangkan penelitain tentang perawatan kulit dan posisi tubuh, dan edukasi pasien terbatas.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang telah dilakukan dalam kurun waktu lima tahun terakhir didapatkan bahwa 1) penggunaan matras yang mereduksi penekanan jaringan dapat menjadi tindakan yang efektif untuk mencegah terjadinya luka dekubitus, 2) intervensi dengan melakukan pengangkatan bagian tubuh tertentu sebagai tambahan jadual dari perubahan posisi yang rutin membantu dalam mencegah terjadinya luka dekubitus, 3) interval perubahan posisi setiap dua jam mungkin dapat merugikan integritas kulit pada populasilanjut usia, 4) perawata yang terlibat didalam edukasi pasien agar lebih menyadari bahwa tindakannya dalam upaya meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan pasien untuk mencegah terjadinya luka dekubitus akan sangat mempengaruhi sikap dan perilaku pasien dalam melakukan tindakan-tindakan untuk mencegah terjadinya luka dekubitus.Untuk peneliti selanjutnya direkomendasikan agar lebih memperhatikan area penelitin yang berhubungan dengan perawatan kulit, pengaturan posisi dan edukasi pasien karena kategori intervensi keperawatan ini masih sangat terbatas diteliti. Dan suatu penelitian replikasi perlu dilakukan untuk melihat efektifitas dari interval perubahan posisi baring yang secra tradisional dilakukan setiap dua jam.  Pressure ulcers are an endemic problem in hospitalization, institutionalized, and debilitated patient populations. Patients are at risk for the development of pressure ulcers. The incidence and prevalence of pressure ulcers among these populations in the United States are high enough to warrant concern of health care providers. Studies indicate that the prevalence of pressure ulcers varies, but it has been generally reported to be 5% to 11% in acute care settings, 15% to 25% in long term settings, and 7%-12% in home healthy settings.Based on the AHCPR’s clinical practice guideline, preventive nursing interventions for the development of pressure ulcers were categorized into skin care and early treatment, use of mechanical loading and support surface, and patient education.The purpose of this paper  is to explore research study has been conducted in area of nursing interventions to prevent the development of pressure ulcers among adult populations within the last five years, and to compare the result with the clinical practice guideline of predicting and prevention of pressure ulcers by AHCPR.In reviewing the literatures by using the CINAHL in 1990 through 1995, there were twelve research projects related to the subject has been found consisting of eight studies related to the use of various support surfaces, two studies related to body positions, and other two studies related to patient education.Literature within the last five years has appeared to focus on the effects of various support surface on pressure reduction and pressure sore development. Whereas, studies on skin care and body position and patient education have been limited.Based on the findings from the studies being conducted the last five years, the following can be concluded: 1) the utilization of pressure-reducing support surfaces could be an effective measure to prevent the development of pressure ulcers, 2) the small shift intervention in conjunction with routine turning schedules aids in the prevention of pressure ulcers, 3) the traditional two-hour turning intervention may be detrimental to the skin integrity of older adults, 4) nurses engaged most frequently in educational encounters with the client in the prevention of pressure ulcers; therefore, nurses need to remember that their actions can influence the attitudes of clients towards the acquisition of pressure ulcers prevention knowledge and skill.For the researcher it is recommended that the area of skin care interventions and patient education should be more considered, due to the limitations of studies have been conducted in these areas. A replication study to explore the effectiveness of specified turning intervals should be conducted. It is also recommended that a one and half hour turning policy be established with using a larger sample than a study conducted by Knox et al (1994).

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