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Rina Setiana
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 10 Documents
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Analisis Konsep Kualitas Hidup Yati Afiyanti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.236

Abstract

AbstrakKonsep kualitas hidup mulai digunakan dalam literatur kesehatan setelah perang dunia kedua. Saat ini konsep ini menjadi penting untuk dibahas dalam mengevaluasi hasil akhir kualitas pelayanan kesehatan yang diberikan oleh para professional kesehatan sejalan dengan tumbuhnya kesadaran bahwa kesejahteraan pasien menjadi pertimbangan yang penting dalam memilih terapi pengobatan dan untuk mempertahankan kehidupan. Kualitas hidup menjadi pertimbangan bermakna untuk masyarakat pada umumnya, dan pelayanan kesehatan pada khususnya. Namun, saat ini belum ada konsensus tentang definisi tepat dan spesifik serta alat ukur kualitas hidup. Ketiadaan konsensus ini menjadikan konsep kualitas hidup tetap meragukan. Analisis simultan terhadap konsep tersebut diharapkan dapat menghasilkan suatu konsensus definisi atribut dan alat ukur yang spesifik dan tepat dalam merumuskan konsep kualitas hidup secara operasional melalui pengembangan lebih lanjut berbagai indicator yang telah banyak digunakan dalam mengukur suatu kualitas hidup seorang individu. AbstractThe quality of life concept was first used in the health literatures after the World War II. Today this concept has become important to address in evaluating the outcome of the quality of health services provided by health professionals in line with the growing awareness that the welfare of patients becomes an important consideration when they choose medical therapy and to maintain life. Quality of life becomes meaningful to the community considerations, particularly to the health services. However, the quality of life concept currently has no consensus about the appropriate specific definition and measuring tool of quality of life. The absence of consensus leads the quality of life concepts remains ambiguous. Simultaneous analysis of the concept is expected to produce a consensus definition and measurement attribute specific and precise in formulating an operational concept of quality of life through the further development of the various indicators that have been widely used in measuring the quality of life of an individual.
Tinjauan Teori Keperawatan Kesehatan Kerja Henny Permatasari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.240

Abstract

AbstrakPopulasi pekerja adalah salah satu kelompok dalam masyarakat yang sangat rentan mengalami penurunan derajat kesehatan akibat sakit atau mengalami kecelakaan kerja. Tempat kerja memiliki faktor heatlth hazards yang berdampak terhadap tingginya angka kesakitan dan kematian bagi pekerja. Upaya meningkatkan derajat kesehatan dan perlindungan terhadap pekerja dilakukan oleh perawat kesehatan kerja melalui upaya pencegahan primer, sekunder dan tersier yang dilakukan dengan menggunakan strategi intervensi keperawatan komunitas dengan berbagai pendekatan. Tulisan ini bertujuan memberikan pemahaman terhadap konsep Keperawatan Komunitas pada Agregate Pekerja, meliputi antara lain; Pengertian dan Tujuan Keperawatan Kesehatan Kerja, Pekerja Sebagai Aggregates, Peran dan Fungsi Perawat Kesehatan Kerja, Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kesehatan Pekerja, Strategi Intervensi Keperawatan Kesehatan Kerja, Level dan Bentuk Intervensi Keperawatan Kesehatan Kerja, serta, Teori dan Model yang dapat diaplikasikan dalam Pelayanan Keperawatan Kesehatan Kerja. AbstractWorkers was a population aggregate who were being exposed to work related health hazards. Maintaining the health of the workers was an important role of occupational health nursing. The nurse work cooperatively with the worker, the worker’s family, the workplaces and the community as well. The practice of occupational health nursing is focused on the promotion of health in the workplaces by used variety strategies of primary, secondary and tertiary level of preventions. The purpose of this scientific paper work were to give a deep understanding in conceptual, theoretical on Occcupational Health Nursing and the worker aggregates as well. This paper also contain the whole topics such as: worker as population aggregate, nursing role in occupational health, types of occupational hazards and associated health effects, level of prevention, use the Occupational Health Nursing Model to explain work- health interactions.
Persepsi Pasien Terhadap Pelayanan Keperawatan: Studi Fenomenologi Muhidin Muhidin; Junaiti Sahar; Wiwin Wiarsih
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.235

Abstract

AbstrakMutu pelayanan keperawatan merupakan hasil dari harapan ideal yang dipersepsikan pasien dengan kenyataan yang diterima. Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan persepsi pasien terhadap pelayanan keperawatan di RS X Madiun. Desain penelitian adalah fenomenologi deskriptif menurut Spiegelberg dengan teknik pengambilan sampel convenience sampling sejumlah 7 informan. Pengumpulan data menggunakan teknik in depth-interview dengan bentuk pertanyaan terbuka semi terstruktur. Hasil wawancara direkam dengan alat perekam kemudian ditranskrip verbatim dan dianalisis menggunakan metode Colaizzi. Penelitian menghasilkan 18 tema tentang persepsi pasien terhadap pelayanan keperawatan: alasan utama memilih rawat inap; alas an penunjang memilih rawat inap; puas pada pelayanan keperawatan; kecewa pada pelayanan keperawatan; toleran pada pelayanan keperawatan; sikap dalam merawat; atribut perawat; kemampuan kognitif; kemampuan teknikal; pengelolaan tugas; pemenuhan gizi; pemeliharaan lingkungan; pelaksanaan program terapi; aktivitas perawatan; perilaku perawat; penataan SDM keperawatan; pengembangan layanan keperawatan dan pengembangan strategis. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa pelayanan keperawatan yang dilaksanakan di RS X Madiun belum memenuhi harapan pasien, penerapan prinsip caring oleh perawat belum optimal, disebabkan oleh terbatasnya perawat baik secara kuantitas maupun kualitas. Pemerintah kota Madiun sebagai pengambil kebijakan disarankan untuk membenahi SDM keperawatan dengan cara menambah jumlah perawat, seleksi tenaga perawat yang kompeten, evaluasi kinerja, pendidikan dan latihan, dan supervisi keperawatan. AbstractNursing service quality is results of an ideal hope which could create the patient perception based on received reality. The objecitives of this study was to explore the patient perception related to nursing services at RSUD Sogaten in Madiun District. This study used a descriptive phenomenology according to Spiegelberg by convenience sampling technique from 7 informants. Collecting data used in-depth interview technique in form of open-ended question by structural. Interview result recorded by tape recorder, and then it was transcripted by verbatim and it was analyzed by Colaizzi method. Study yield 18 themes concerning patient perception to nursing service: main reason to choose inpatient; reason of supporter choose taking care of to lodge; satisfied at service of treatment; satisfaction of nursing service; lenient of nursing service; attitude of nursing; nurse attribute; cognitive ability; technical ability; job management; nutrition accomplishment; environment maintenance; execution of therapy program; nursing activity; nurse behavior; settlement of nursing human resources; nursing service and strategic development. This conclusions of this study is nursing services at RS X Madiun did not fulfill patient hope yet, applying of caring principle by nurse is not optimal yet, because of limited of nurses both amounts and qualities. Government in Madiun District as policy maker was suggested to correct nursing human resources by the way of adding amount of nurse, select a competence nurse, performance evaluation, education, practice and nursing supervise.
Keselamatan Pemberian Medikasi Agustin Indracahyani
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.239

Abstract

AbstrakKesalahan medikasi merupakan masalah yang sangat serius di pelayanan kesehatan di seluruh dunia. Masalah tersebut mengakibatkan cedera dan kematian bagi pasien, serta meningkatkan biaya yang harus dikeluarkan oleh rumah sakit. Kesalahan medikasi dapat terjadi di setiap tahapan proses manajemen dan penggunaan medikasi dan berakibat pada keselamatan pasien. Kesalahan medikasi dapat terjadi akibat kondisi laten, kondisi yang menyebabkan kesalahan, dan kegagalan aktif. Perawat sebagai pihak yang paling banyak terlibat dalam proses pemberian medikasi memiliki peran penting dalam mencegah, mengenali, dan mengatasi terjadinya kesalahan untuk meningkatkan keselamatan pemberian medikasi. Upaya meningkatkan keselamatan pemberian medikasi dilakukan melalui pendekatan proses keperawatan sejak pengkajian hingga evaluasi dan dokumentasi. AbstractMedication errors are a very serious problem in health care services around the world. These problems lead to morbidity and mortality for patients, as well as increase the costs to be incurred by the hospital. Medication errors may occur at any stages of medication management and use process and result in patient safety. These may occur due to latent conditions, error producing conditions, and active failures. Nurses who are primarily involved in the process of medication administration have important role in preventing, recognizing, and addressing errors in order to enhance safety medication administration. Efforts to enhance safety medication administration may be done through nursing process approach from assessment to evaluation and documentation.
Peningkatan Status Gizi Anak Melalui Perbaikan Pola Asuh Keluarga Agustina Agustina
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.234

Abstract

AbstrakPola asuh keluarga merupakan salah satu faktor tidak langsung berhubungan dengan status gizi anak. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan pola asuh keluarga dengan status gizi anak usia 6-59 bulan. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kelurahan GL Depok dengan metode cross-sectional melibatkan 420 responden. Hasil analisis bivariat dengan uji Kai kuadrat menunjukkan hubungan signifikan antara pola asuh dengan status gizi (p= 0,00, α= 0,05) Puskesmas diharapkan dapat memberikan informasi kepada warga tentang pola asuh terhadap anak meliputi cara memilih, mengolah makanan, cara memberi makan pada anak, makanan pantangan bagi anak sehat, kebiasaan makan keluarga, ragam makanan, dan frekuensi makan dalam sehari dengan metode diskusi dan simulasi bagi ibu yang mempunyai anak usia 6-59 bulan. AbstractFamily care pattern is an indirect factor affecting children nutritional status. The objective of this research was to identify the relationship between family care patterns with 6-59 months children nutritional status. It was conducted in Kelurahan GL Depok, applying cross-sectional methods involving 420 sample respondents. Bivariate analysis by chi-square test showed that there was a significant relationship between family care patterns with child nutritional status (p= 0,00, α= 0,05). This research suggested that the Puskesmas health care provider should increase the knowledge level of the lower educated mothers about the appropriate way of caring children especially in choosing, processing food, and feeding of varying foods, informing prohibited foods for children, family meal patterns, and everyday meal frequency for their children, by applying discussion and simulation techniques.
Kajian Kebijakan Jaminan Kesehatan Masyarakat Imami Nur Rachmawati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.238

Abstract

AbstrakKesehatan adalah hak asasi manusia. Sesuai dengan Pancasila dan amanat UUD 1945 yaitu pasal 28H ayat (1) yang mengatakan bahwa setiap orang berhak hidup sejahtera lahir dan batin, bertempat tinggal, dan mendapatkan lingkungan hidup yang baik dan sehat serta berhak memperoleh pelayanan kesehatan dan pasal 34 ayat (1) yang mengatakan bahwa Negara mengembangkan sistem jaminan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat dan memberdayakan masyarakat yang lemah dan tidak mampu sesuai dengan martabat kemanusiaan dan ayat (2) yang menetapkan bahwa Negara bertanggung jawab atas penyediaan fasilitas pelayanan kesehatan dan fasilitas pelayanan umum yang layak, maka sudah merupakan kewajiban negara untuk menjamin kesehatan warganya. Berbagai program telah dikembangkan oleh Negara termasuk Jaminan Kesehatan Masyarakat (Jamkesmas). Akan tetapi pada pelaksanaannya, Jamkesmas ini masih banyak menemui kendala. Makalah ini akan menjabarkan informasi terkait dengan pelaksanaan program Jamkesmas dan memberikan berbagai pemecahan masalah tersebut. AbstractHealth is a human right. In accordance with Pancasila and 1945 Constitution, namely Article 28H paragraph (1) which says that every person is entitled to live in prosperity and spiritual, living, and earn a good living environment and healthy and receive medical care and article 34 paragraph (1) the said that the State develop a system of social security for all citizens and to empower the weak and unable to human dignity and in accordance with paragraph (2) which provides that the State is responsible for the provision of health care facilities and public service facilities are decent, then it is the obligation of the state to ensure the health of its citizens. Various programs have been developed by the State including Community Health Insurance (Jamkesmas). However, in practice, this is still a lot of obstacles. This paper will describe the information related to the implementation of the program Jamkesmas and provide a variety of problem solving.
Peningkatan Produksi ASI Ibu Nifas Seksio Sesarea Melalui Pemberian Paket "Sukses ASI" Tri Budiati; Setyowati Setyowati; Novy Helena CD
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.233

Abstract

AbstrakIbu nifas sering mengalami masalah menyusui diantaranya karena kurangnya produksi ASI. Penelitian ini bertujuan melihat keefektifan pemberian paket "SUKSES ASI" ibu menyusui dengan seksio sesarea terhadap produksi ASI di wilayah Depok. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain kuasi eksperimen dengan post test only design. Jumlah sampel adalah 29 orang kelompok intervensi dan 31 orang kelompok kontrol. Uji kesetaraan karakteristik didapatkan hasil tidak ada perbedaan bermakna antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol (p> α, α< 0,05). Hasil uji analisis dengan Chi-Square didapatkan perbedaan yang bermakna antara kepuasan produksi ASI (p= 0,002, OR 95% CI 9,244), kelancaran produksi ASI dari indikator bayi (p= 0,000, OR 95 % CI 9,000) dan kelancaran produksi ASI dari indikator ibu (p= 0,004, OR 95 % CI 0,181) antara kelompok intervensi dan kontrol. Diharapkan paket "SUKSES ASI" ini dapat digunakan dalam intervensi keperawatan maternitas, serta pengembangan paket yang lebih sempurna melalui penelitian lanjutan dengan survei pengkajian kebutuhan ibu post seksio sesarea untuk kelancaran produksi ASI. AbstractPostpartum mothers often have feeding problems include lack of milk production. This study purposed to look at the effectiveness of the package "SUKSES ASI" nursing mother with caesarean section on milk production in the area of Depok. This study used quasi-experimental design with a post test only design. Number of samples was 29 intervention group and 31 control group. Equivalence test characteristics obtained results no significant difference between the intervention and control groups (p> α, α< 0,05). The results with the Chi-Square analysis found significant differences between milk production satisfaction (p= 0,002, OR 95% CI 9,244), the smooth production of the indicators of infant milk (p= 0,000, OR 95% CI 9,000) and lactation of indicators mothers (p= 0,004, OR 95% CI 0,181) between the intervention and control groups. Expected package "SUKSES ASI" can be used in maternity nursing interventions, as well as the development of a more complete package through continued research with the needs assessment survey of post-caesarean section for maternal lactation.
Mengenal Systematic Review Theory dan Studi Kasus Rr Tutik Sri Hariyati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.242

Abstract

AbstrakSystematc Review merupakan salah satu metode yang menggunakan review, telaah, evaluasi terstruktur, pengklasifikasian, dan pengkategorian dari evidence based-evidence based yang telah dihasilkan sebelumnya. Langkah dan strategi pelaksanaan systematic review sangat terencana dan terstruktur sehingga metode ini sangat berbeda dengan metode yang hanya sekedar untuk menyampaikan studi literatur. Studi systematic review ini sangat relevan untuk digunakan oleh dunia keperawatan sebagai dasar preleminari study, untuk agenda riset di masa datang dan juga sebagai salah satu kajian yang dapat memberikan masukan terhadap perencanaan dan implementasi praktek keperawatan. AbstractSystematic Review is one method that uses to the review, examination, structured evaluation, classification, and categorization of the evidence based that has been generated previously. Measures and implementation strategies systematic review is planned and structured so that the method is very different from the methods just to convey study literature. Study of this systematic review is highly relevant for use by the world of nursing as a basis preliminary studies, for the research agendas and also as one of the studies that can provide input to the planning and implementation of nursing practice.
Defisit Perawatan Diri Pada Klien Skizofrenia: Aplikasi Teori Keperawatan Orem Herni Susanti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.237

Abstract

AbstrakDefisit perawatan diri pada klien skizofrenia tidak boleh dipandang remeh. Perawat yang terlibat dalam upaya rehabilitasi psikososial perlu memberikan pelayanan kepada klien skizofrenia dengan masalah defisit perawatan diri secara profesional. Salah satu caranya dengan memberikan asuhan keperawatan berdasarkan kerangka teori yang dikembangkan oleh ahli-ahli di bidang keperawatan. Teori self-care (perawatan diri) oleh Orem memiliki penjelasan yang lengkap tentang konsep perawatan diri, defisit perawatan diri, serta tindakan keperawatan untuk mengatasi masalah yang muncul. Dalam konteks rehabilitasi, teori Orem sangat sesuai dengan tujuan rehabilitasi yaitu membantu klien untuk memandirikan klien seoptimal mungkin. AbstractMental health nurses should professionally address the self-care deficit problem in schizophrenic patients, especially in the psychosocial rehabilitation phase. The nursing intervention of the self-care deficit patients can be delivered based on the nursing theoretical framework. The Orem’s self-care theory elucidates the concept of self-care, self-care deficit, and its nursing care. In the rehabilitation context, the Orem’s theory is relevant to the aim of rehabilitation – optimalizing the client’s own daily functional capacities.
Grounded Theory Sebagai Pilihan Metode Riset Kualitatif Keperawatan Setyowati Setyowati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2010): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v13i2.241

Abstract

AbstrakGrounded theory merupakan metode riset kualitatif yang menggunakan suatu set prosedur yang sistematik untuk mengembangkan suatu teori secara induktif tentang suatu fenomena. Metode ini dimulai dari suatu pernyataan yang masih kabur dan akhirnya menghasilkan teori yang dikumpulkan dari berbagai data. Grounded theory membuat kenyataan bahwa kesenjangan antara teori dan praktik dapat diatasi, sehingga dapat diaplikasikan dalam praktik dan meningkatkan pelayanan. Analisis data dilakukan melalui empat tahap. Pendekatan grounded theory sangat membantu perawat untuk memahami perilaku sosial agar perawat lebih mengerti dan memahami pasiennya. AbstractGrounded theory is a qualitative research method utilizing a set of systematic procedure to develop an inductive theory on a particular phenomenon. It is initiated by answering a vague question and eventually generating theory from the data collected. The data analysis is carried out in 4 stages in the grounded theory approach. Grounded theory may bridge the gap between theory and practice. It can be applied into practice to enhance the quality of nursing service. This approach helps nurses to understand the social behaviour of the patients.

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