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Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
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Penurunan Ansietas Melalui Logoterapi Kelompok Pada Penduduk Pasca-Gempa Di Kabupaten Klaten Sutejo Sutejo; Budi Anna Keliat; Sutanto Priyo Hastono; Novy Helena C.D
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.317

Abstract

AbstrakAnsietas merupakan salah satu gangguan mental emosional yang dapat disebabkan karena pengalaman traumatis sepertibencana alam di Kabupaten Klaten. Melalui logoterapi diharapkan dapat membangkitkan optimisme seseorang dalam menghadapimasa depan. Tujuan penelitian adalah menjelaskan pengaruh logoterapi kelompok terhadap ansietas penduduk pascagempa.Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 42 responden kelompok intervensi dan 42 responden kelompok kontrol. Metode penelitian yaituquasi experimental pre-post test with control group dengan teknik simple random sampling. Analisis yang digunakan adalahuji chi squere, dependent, independent sample t-test, regresi linier ganda. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan self evaluasi danobservasi terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna terhadap respon yang ditimbulkan dari ansietas (p= 0,00, α= 0,05). Rekomendasipenelitian diutamakan kepada Puskesmas agar memfasilitasi penerapan logoterapi kelompok dalam mengatasi ansietas.Kata kunci: ansietas, bencana, dampak psikologis, logoterapi kelompokAbstractAnxiety is one of the emotional mental disorders can be caused by traumatic experiences such as natural disasters in Klatenregency. The therapy arrouses their optimism about the future with any obstacles. The research’s goal was to explain the effectof group logotherapy to minimize clients anxiety post disasters. They were 42 respondents as intervention group and theothers control group. The research’s method used quasi experimental pre-post test with control group and sampling wassimple random. Analyze by Chi-square, dependent and independent sample t-test, and double linear regression. The resultsshowed that based on self evaluation and observation there was significance anxiety responses caused by anxiety (p= 0.00,α= 0.05). This research recommended that the public health should facilitate the application of group logotherapy to reduceanxiety.Keywords: anxiety, disaster, group logotherapy, psychological impact
Fungsi Pengarahan Kepala Ruang dan Ketua Tim Meningkatkan Kepuasan Kerja Perawat Pelaksana Achmad Sigit S; Budi Anna Keliat; Rr. Tutik Sri Hariyati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.313

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh fungsi pengarahan kepala ruang dan ketua tim terhadap kepuasan kerja perawatpelaksana di unit rawat inap. Metode penelitian adalah quasi experiment dengan desain pre-post test design with controlgroup. Data diambil sebelum dan sesudah dilaksanakan pelatihan, bimbingan dan pendampingan fungsi pengarahan (operan,pre conference, post conference, iklim motivasi, supervisi dan delegasi) pada kepala ruang dan ketua tim. Sampel penelitiandiperoleh secara purposive sampling, terdiri dari 35 perawat pelaksana sebagai kelompok intervensi dan 40 perawat pelaksanasebagai kelompok kontrol. Instrumen untuk mengukur kepuasan kerja menggunakan Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaireberjumlah 36 pernyataan. Hasil penelitian didapatkan kepuasan kerja perawat pelaksana yang mendapat pengarahan dari kepalaruang dan ketua tim yang sudah memperoleh pelatihan, bimbingan dan pendampingan meningkat lebih tinggi secara bermaknadibandingkan dengan kepuasan kerja perawat pelaksana yang mendapat pengarahan dari kepala ruang dan ketua tim yang tidakdilatih fungsi pengarahan (p= 0,000; = 0,005). Fungsi pengarahan bila dilaksanakan secara konsisten oleh kepala ruang danketua tim, berpeluang meningkatkan kepuasan kerja sebesar 67,40% dan diperkirakan mampu meningkatkan nilai kepuasanperawat pelaksana sebesar 16.746 poin setelah dikontrol jenis kelamin. Rumah sakit dapat mengupayakan dan meningkatkankondisi kepuasan kerja perawat pelaksana secara berkelanjutan dengan mengimplementasikan fungsi pengarahan agar dapatmemberikan asuhan keperawatan berkualitas tinggi.Kata Kunci: kepala ruang, kepuasan kerja, ketua tim, pengarahan, perawat pelaksanaAbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the influence of directing function of nurse unit manager and team leader to the nursejob contentment among staff nurses. The research method was a quasi experiment, pre-post test with control group design.The data gathered before and after the directing function (hand over, pre conference, post conference, motivational climate,supervision and delegation) had trained and guided to the nurse unit manager and team leader. The samples were 75respondents, determined by purposive sampling. They were 35 nurse staffs (experimental group) and the others (controlgroup). The instrument was a questionnaire consisted 36 of Likert scale statements adopted from Minnesota SatisfactionQuestionnaire. The result showed that the level of nurse job satisfaction in the experimental group increased higher significantlythan the control group (p= 0.000; = 0.005). Putting the directing function into action consistently in the daily nursingpractice improved the probability of the nurse job satisfaction level about 67.40% and enhanced it around 16.746 point. Theday-to-day maintaining their job satisfaction level should be done through directing function so that they will deliver highqualitynursing care.Keywords: directing, job satisfaction, nurse team leader, nurse unit manager, staff nurse
Penurunan Kadar Glukosa Darah Sewaktu Melalui Terapi Reiki Pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Ester Inung Sylvia; Krisna Yetti; Rr.Tutik Sri Hariyati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.318

Abstract

AbstrakReiki merupakan terapi komplementer untuk menurunkan kadar glukosa darah. Terapi ini menggunakan energi alami yangdisalurkan pada tubuh pasien dengan tujuan menyelaraskan energi yang tidak seimbang dalam tubuhnya. Penelitian untukmengetahui pengaruh Reiki terhadap penurunan glukosa darah dan mengidentifikasi apakah faktor stres dan berat badan(obesitas) berperan dalam penurunan KGD pasien Diabetes Melitus tipe 2 dilakukan di Klub Diabetes sebuah RS di Jakarta.Desain penelitian pre-eksperimental dengan pendekatan one-group pretest-posttest design. Sejumlah 18 sampel dipilih denganteknik purposive sampling. Terapi dilakukan selama tiga puluh hari dengan dua metode, secara langsung dan jarak jauh. Hasilpenelitian menunjukkan perbedaan bermakna antara glukosa darah sebelum dan setelah intervensi Reiki (p= 0,000; α= 0,05).Penelitian ini menyarankan penggunaan Reiki dalam asuhan keperawatan.Kata Kunci: diabetes melitus tipe 2, kadar glukosa darah, Reiki, terapi komplementerAbstractReiki is one of the complementary therapies that are used to decrease blood glucose level. The therapy transfers naturalenergy into the patient’s body to synchronize the energy imbalance in the body. The research to examine the effect of Reiki andthe role of the stress and weight factor to decrease blood glucose level of DM type 2 patients was held in a hospital-baseddiabetic club in Jakarta. The design of this study was pre-experimental with the one-group pretest-posttest design. Eighteenpatients were selected with the purposive sampling technique. Reiki therapy was performed in 30 days using two methods:direct and distant healing method. The result revealed that there was a significant difference in random blood glucose levelbefore and after the Reiki intervention (p= 0.000; α= 0.05). It is recommended to incorporate the Reiki therapy in nursingcare.Keywords: type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, blood glucose level, Reiki, complementary therapy
Motivasi Kerja Meningkatkan Manajemen Waktu Perawat Iin Inayah; Budi Anna Keliat; Dewi Gayatri
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.314

Abstract

AbstrakData survey menyatakan belum optimalnya manajemen waktu dan motivasi kerja perawat. Tujuan penelitian untuk mendapatkangambaran dan hubungan yang paling signifikan antara aspek motivasi kerja dengan manajemen waktu, dikontrol oleh karakteristikperawat. Analisis data dengan menggunakan Chi-square dan regresi logistik ganda. Penelitian di instalasi rawat inap RS diBogor menggunakan sampel 138 perawat pelaksana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perawat pelaksana dengan “kebutuhanmempengaruhi” yang tinggi mempunyai peluang 5,7 kali melakukan manajemen waktu yang lebih baik. Perawat pelaksanadengan “kebutuhan berprestasi” yang tinggi mempunyai peluang 2,7 kali melakukan manajemen waktu yang baik. Saran penelitianini yaitu perlunya stimulus dalam meningkatkan motivasi kerja, penempatan dan audit dalam pelaksanaan manajemen waktuperawat.Kata Kunci: kebutuhan afiliasi, kebutuhan berprestasi, kebutuhan mempengaruhi, manajemen waktu, motivasi kerjaAbstractData survey said not optimally time management and work motivation in Bogor Hospital. This study is description and to seewhat has most significant relationship between work motivation and time management was controlled with nurse characteristics.Data analysis using Chi-square and multiple logistic regression. Place research is in hospitalized patient at Bogor Hospitalwith 138 nurse as sample. The result was indicated that a nurse who have motivation “need of power” had 5.6 better in timemanagement, and for a nurse who have work motivation “need of achievement” had 2.7 better time management. Therecommendation is need for give stimulus work motivation, replacement and than audit for time management of nurse.Keywords: need of affiliation, need of achievement, need of power, time management, work of motivation
Penurunan Keluhan Dribbling Pasien Pasca Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate Melalui Kegel’s Excercise Abdul Madjid; Dewi Irawaty; Tuti Nuraini
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.319

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan gambaran pengaruh Kegel’s exercise terhadap keluhan dribbling pasien pascatransurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Sampel penelitian adalah responden yang dirawat di RS X dan RS Y yangmemenuhi kriteria inklusi. Jumlah sampel pada kelompok intervensi sejumlah 10 responden, sedangkan kelompok kontrol 10responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukan keluhan dribbling pada kelompok intervensi berhenti mulai hari ke-13, sedangkanpada kelompok kontrol berhenti mulai hari ke-24, sehingga membuktikan ada perbedaan yang signifikan rata-rata lama keluhandribbling antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol (p= 0,007; α= 0,05). Penurunan lama keluhan dribbling padaresponden yang patuh melakukan Kegel’s exercise berhenti mulai hari ke-13, sedangkan pada responden yang tidak patuhberhenti mulai hari ke-20, sehingga membuktikan ada perbedaan yang bermakna rerata lama keluhan dribbling responden yangpatuh melakukan Kegel’s exercise dengan responden yang tidak patuh (p= 0,004; α= 0,05). Simpulan dari penelitian ini adalahKegel’s exercise terbukti dapat menurunkan keluhan dribbling pasien pasca TURP. Disarankan agar tiap rumah sakit dapatmenerapkan Kegel’s excercise terhadap pasien dengan keluhan dribbling pasca-TURP.Kata Kunci: Kegel’s exercise, keluhan dribbling, pasca transuretral resection of the prostate (TURP), patuh Kegel’s exerciseAbstractThis study aims to see the effect of Kegel’s exercise on Dribbling Complaint of Post Transurethral Resection of the Prostate(TURP) patient. The sample was the patients who are hospitalized in X hospital and Y hospital fulfill the inclusion criteria.There were 10 responden each for intervention and control groups. The study results show that dribbling complaint of patientin intervention group stop at day 13, while in control group stop at day 24. Thus, there is a significant difference of the averageof dribbling complaint duration between intervention and control groups (p= 0.007; α= 0.05). In addition, for the respondentsin intervention group who did the exercise regularly, the dribbling complaint stop at day 13 and those who did not do exerciseregularly the complaint stop at day 20. This is shown again that there is a significant difference of the average of dribblingcomplaint duration between those who do the exercise regularly and who do not do it regularly (p= 0.004; α= 0.05). Inconclusion, the Kegel’s’s exercise is proven can reduce the dribbling complaint of post TURP patient. It is recommended thateach hospital can apply Kegel’s excercise for patients with symptoms of post-TURP dribbling.Key words: Kegel’s’s exercise,
Penerapan Edinburgh Post-Partum Depression Scale Sebagai Alat Deteksi Risiko Depresi Nifas pada Primipara dan Multipara Soep Soep
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.315

Abstract

AbstrakIbu menggambarkan depresi nifas sebagai mimpi buruk dengan kecemasan yang tidak terkontrol, rasa bersalah, dan pikiranobsesif. Kontemplasi wanita tersebut bukan hanya membahayakan dirinya sendiri tapi juga bayi mereka. Ibu merasa kesepiandan kualitas hidup menurun, yang berpengaruh terhadap kurangnya emosi positif. Hampir 50% kasus depresi nifas tidakterdeteksi. Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) adalah alat yang dirancang khusus untuk menyaring penyimpangansuasana hati. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengevaluasi risiko depresi nifas pada primipara dan multipara menggunakanEPDS. Penelitian survei ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif sebanyak 50 pasien terpilih dengan metode purposive sampling.Hasil penelitian independent t-test menunjukkan perbedaan risiko yang signifikan depresi nifas pada wanita primipara danmultipara (p= 0,000; α= 0,05). Disarankan untuk menerapkan skala Edinburgh sebagai alat deteksi depresi nifas pada ibuprimipara dan multipara mengingat bahwa depresi nifas kadang terjadi tanpa diketahui dulu sebelumnya.Kata kunci: depresi nifas, Edinburgh Post-partum Depression Scale (EPDS)AbstractMothers describe postpartum depression as a living nightmare filled with uncontrollable anxiety, consuming guilt, andobsessive thinking. These conditions do not only harm themselves but also their infants. Mothers are enveloped in lonelinessand the quality of their lives is further compromised by a lack of all positive emotions. Up to 50% of all cases of postpartumdepression go undetected. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) has been the only instrument available thatwas specifically designed to screen for this mood disorder. The aim of this study is to evaluate risk of postpartum depressiondifferences of primiparous and multiparous mother by using EPDS. This study utilized survey with quantitative approach.Fourty patients were chosen with purposive sampling method. The result of the study especially the independent t-test showsthat there was significant differences of postpartum depression risk of primiparous and multiparous women (p= 0.000; α=0.05). It is recommended to apply the scale of Edinburgh as tools detection of postpartum depression in mothers primiparousand multiparous considering that postpartum depression often occurs without any known beforehand.Keywords: post partum depression, Edinburgh Post-partum Depression Scale (EPDS)
Perilaku Perawat Terhadap Orang dengan HIV/AIDS di Rumah Sakit dan Puskesmas Agung Waluyo; Prima Agustia Nova; Chiyar Edison
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.320

Abstract

AbstrakDiskriminasi dan stigmatisasi terhadap ODHA telah dilaporkan terjadi di beberapa rumah sakit di Jakarta.\Tujuan dari penelitianini adalah untuk mengetahui pengetahuan HIV, keyakinan agama, dan persepsi perawat tentang HIV-stigma mempengaruhisikap terhadap ODHA. Studi deskriptif korelatif dengan menggunakan mix method dalam pengumpulan data yang digunakan.Sampel 326 perawat yang merawat ODHA dari 4 rumah sakit dan 5 pusat kesehatan masyarakat di Jakarta, direkrut menggunakanteknik convenience. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa sikap terhadap ODHA secara signifikan berbeda antara perawat yang memilikipelatihan HIV dan yang tidak (p= 0,001; α= 0,05), bekerja di rumah sakit dan Puskesmas (p= 0,01; α= 0,05), perawat dengan latarbelakang pendidikan yang berbeda (p= 0,05; α= 0,05), dan perawat yang merasa kompeten atau tidak kompeten untuk merawatODHA (p= 0,001; α= 0,05). Peningkatan pengetahuan HIV diperlukan perawat untuk menurunkan stigma pasien ODHA.Kata kunci: Indonesia, perawat, stigma HIVAbstractDiscrimination and stigmatization towards PLWH has been documented in some hospitals in Jakarta. The purpose of thisstudy is to determine the extent to which the nurses’ HIV knowledge, religious beliefs, and their perception of HIV-stigmaaffect their attitudes toward HIV/AIDS. Descriptive correlative study with using mixed method in collecting data was used. Aconvenience sample of 326 nurses who are working with PLWH from 4 hospitals and 5 public health centers in Jakarta,Indonesia were recruited. The result shows that attitudes toward PLWH were significantly different between nurses who hadHIV training and not (p= 0.001; α= 0,05), works in hospitals and public health centers (p= 0.01; α= 0.05), nurses withdifferent educational background (p= 0.05; α= 0.05), and nurses who perceived that they are competent or not competent tocare PLWH (p= 0.001; α= 0.05). Increase of HIV knowledge required nurses to reduce PLWH patient’s stigma.Keywords: Indonesia, Nurses, HIV-stigma
Terapi Akupresur Dapat Menurunkan Keluhan Mual Muntah Akut Akibat Kemoterapi Pada Pasien Kanker: Randomized Clinical Trial Hilman Syarif; Elly Nurachmah; Dewi Gayatri
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.321

Abstract

AbstrakAkupresur merupakan salah satu terapi komplementer pada pasien yang mengalami mual muntah akut akibat kemoterapi.Tujuan riset ini untuk membuktikan pengaruh akupresur terhadap mual muntah akut pada pasien kanker di dua RS di Jakarta.Penelitian ini merupakan randomized clinical trial dengan metode single blind. Pengambilan sampel dengan cara consecutivesampling dan penentuan kelompok intervensi dan kontrol dengan randomisasi alokasi subjek sederhana. Sampel penelitianberjumlah 44 responden, terdiri dari 22 responden sebagai kelompok intervensi yang dilakukan terapi akupresur sebanyak tigakali sehari, dan 22 responden sebagai kelompok kontrol. Pengujian perbedaan penurunan rerata skor mual, muntah, dan mualmuntah pada kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol menggunakan uji T test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penurunanrerata mual muntah akut setelah akupresur pada kelompok intervensi signifikan lebih besar dibanding dengan kelompok kontrol(p= 0,000; α= 0,05). Akupresur secara signifikan dapat menurunkan mual muntah akut akibat kemoterapi pada pasien kankeryang dilakukan akupresur dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol. Akupresur direkomendasikan dapat diterapkan sebagaibagian dari intervensi keperawatan dalam pemberian asuhan keperawatan pada pasien yang mengalami mual muntah akutakibat kemoterapi.Kata kunci: akupresur, kemoterapi, mual muntah akutAbstractAcupressure is one of the complementary theraphies for patients with acute chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting(CINV). The objective of the study was to prove the effect of acupressure to acute CINV on patients with cancer at two hospitalsin Jakarta. The research used randomized clinical trial with single blind method. A consecutive sampling was used as thesample collection method and simple randomization allocation subject was used to identify samples in the intervention orcontrol group. The number of samples was 44 respondents, consisted of 22 subjects who were given an acupressure theraphy,three times a day; and the remaining was the control group. A t-test was used to examine the differences of the mean nauseaand vomiting scores between the intervention and control groups. The result indicated that there is a signifant decrease of themean acute nausea and vomiting scores after acupressure between the two groups (p= 0.000; α= 0.05). It was concluded thatthe acupressure can significantly decrease acute CINV on patients with cancer in the intervention group if compared withcontrol group. Based on the findings, recommendation is directed to hospital management especially nursing management toapply acupressure as a nursing intervention to patients with acute CINV.Keywords: acupressure, chemotherapy, acute nausea and vomiting
Peningkatan Kekuatan Otot Pernapasan dan Fungsi Paru Melalui Senam Asma Pada Pasien Asma Camalia S. Sahat; Dewi Irawaty; Sutanto Priyo Hastono
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.316

Abstract

AbstrakPasien asma mengalami bronchospasme dan bronchokontriksi yang dapat menyebabkan penurunan fungsi pernapasan. Penelitianbertujuan mengidentifikasi pengaruh senam asma terhadap peningkatan kekuatan otot pernapasan dan fungsi paru pasien asmadi perkumpulan senam asma. Desain penelitian yaitu kuasi eksperimen dengan desain kelompok kontrol. Sampel berjumlah 50pasien, diambil dengan purposive sampling, dan terdiri atas kelompok intervensi dan kontrol. Hasil penelitian menunjukkanhubungan antara senam asma terhadap peningkatan kekuatan otot pernapasan (p= 0,0005; α= 0,05) dan fungsi paru (p= 0,0005;α= 0,05) pasien asma di perkumpulan senam asma, setelah dikontrol berat badan dan tinggi badan. Rekomendasi agar senamasma menjadi program intervensi keperawatan pada manajemen asma untuk meningkatkan kekuatan otot pernapasan dan fungsiparu pasien asma.Kata Kunci: Fungsi paru, kekuatan otot pernapasan, pasien asma, senam asmaAbstractPatients with asthma have bronchospasm and bronchoconstriction that can cause a decrease in respiratory function. Theresearch aims to identify the effect of exercise asthma to increased respiratory muscle strength and pulmonary function inasthma patients with asthma. The study design is a pretest-Post test Control Group design. Samples numbered 50 patients,taken with purposive sampling, and consists of intervention and control groups. The results of the study, there is a relationshipbetween exercise asthma to increased respiratory muscle strength (p= 0.0005; α= 0.05) and pulmonary function (p= 0.0005;α= 0.05) in patients with asthma, after controlling weight and height. Recommendations for exercise asthma into nursingintervention program on asthma management to improve respiratory muscle strength and lung function of asthma patients.Keywords: Asthma gymnastic, breathe muscle power, lung function, patient with asthma
Faktor-Faktor Motivasi Kerja: Supervisi, Penghasilan, dan Hubungan Interpersonal Mempengaruhi Kinerja Perawat Pelaksana Yana Zahara; Ratna Sitorus; Luknis Sabri
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 14, No 2 (2011): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v14i2.312

Abstract

AbstrakKinerja perawat berpengaruh langsung terhadap kualitas pelayanan kesehatan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptifkuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan faktor-faktor motivasi kerja dengankinerja perawat pelaksana di ruang rawat inap Rumah Sakit X. Penelitian menggunakan proportionate random sampling yangtelah memenuhi kriteria inklusi, yaitu 100 perawat pelaksana Rumah Sakit X. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan ada tiga subvariabelmotivasi kerja yang ada hubungan signifikan dengan kinerja perawat yaitu: hubungan interpersonal (OR= 4,345), supervisi(OR= 72,952) dan penghasilan/gaji (OR= 7,304). Sedangkan variabel karakteristik individu menunjukkan dua variabel yangada hubungan signifikan dengan kinerja adalah pendidikan perawat pelaksana (OR = 7,567) dan umur (OR= 25,948). Adapunsubvariabel yang dominan berhubungan dengan kinerja perawat adalah supervisi (OR= 72,952), setelah dikontrol variabelumur, penghasilan/gaji dan tingkat pendidikan. Peningkatan supervisi oleh kepala ruangan, komite keperawatan, dan bagiankeperawatan perlu untuk ditingkatkan, dengan cara pendekatan struktur organisasi agar dapat memotivasi kinerja perawatpelaksana.Kata kunci: faktor-faktor motivasi kerja, kinerja perawatAbstractPerformance of nurses directly affect to quality health care. Staff nurse is a contribution worker directly to the quality of theservices for the client. The work motivation factor is one of factors which influence the work of nurse. This research is adescriptive quantitative by a cross sectional design which aiming to know relationship between the work motivation factorswith staff nurse performance inpatient wards in Hospital X. Research used a proportionate random sampling which fulfilledan inclusion criterion; it was almost 100 staff nurse at inpatient wards in Hospital X. This research result indicated three subvariables of work motivation which related significantly by nurse performance including interpersonal relation (OR= 4.345),supervision (OR= 72.952) and incomes or salary (OR=7.304). While individual characteristic variable indicated two variableswhich related significantly by performance is education of staff nurse (OR= 7.567) and age (OR= 25.948). There are dominantsub variable connected with staff nurse performance is supervision (OR= 72.952), after it was controlled by variables of age,incomes or salary and education level. Increase of supervision by head nurse, nursing committee, and nursing section need tobe improved, with the approach of organizational structure in order to motivate the performance of nurses.Keywords: factors of work motivation, nurse performance

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