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Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March" : 8 Documents clear
Latihan Pernapasan Diafragma Meningkatkan Arus Puncak Ekspirasi (APE) dan Menurunkan Frekuensi Kekambuhan Pasien Asma Dian Kartikasari; Ikhlas Muhammad Jenie; Yanuar Primanda
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.691

Abstract

 Salah satu penatalaksanaan asma yaitu latihan pernapasan diafragma yang dapat meningkatkan fungsi paru pasien asma. Tujuan penelitian untuk menguji pengaruh latihan pernapasan diafragma terhadap peningkatan Arus Puncak Ekspirasi (APE) dan penurunan frekuensi kekambuhan pasien asma. Penelitian true experiment pretest-posttest with control group melibatkan 28 subyek penelitian secara random. Subyek dibagi menjadi kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol melalui randomisasi sejumlah 14 orang untuk masing-masing kelompok. Pengukuran APE menggunakan peak flow meter dan frekuensi kekambuhan dicatat dengan lembar catatan observasi. Hasil penelitian terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan rerata selisih APE kelompok intervensi (mean 126,43±22,05 L/menit) dan kelompok kontrol (mean 52,14±56,45 L/menit) dengan p 0,001, serta terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan rerata selisih frekuensi kekambuhan kelompok intervensi (mean 1,29±0,61) dan kelompok kontrol (mean 0,79±0,57) dengan p 0,038. Latihan pernapasan diafragma menjadi pertimbangan dalam penatalaksanaan pasien asma. Kata kunci: arus puncak ekspirasi, asma, frekuensi kekambuhan, latihan pernapasan diafragma  AbstractEffect of Diaphragmatic Breathing Exercises on Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) Enhancement and The Mild-Moderate Asthma Patients’ Relapse Frequency Reduction. One of the management of asthma is diaphragmatic breathing exercises that could improve lung function of asthma patients. The objective of the study was to examine the effect of diaphragmatic breathing exercises on Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) and decreased frequency of mild-moderate asthma relapse on the patients. True experiment method pretest-posttest with control group was applied in this study with involved 28 random research subject. Subjects were divided into intervention groups and control groups through randomization of 14 people for each group. PEFR measurements using peak flow meter and relapse frequency were recorded with an observation note sheet. There was a significant difference of difference PEFR mean between intervention groups (mean 126.43±22.05) and control group (mean 52.14±56.45) with p 0.001. There was a significant difference of difference mean frequency between intervention group (mean 1.29±0.61) and control group (mean 0.79±0.57) with p 0.038. Diaphragmatic breathing exercise is a consideration in the management of asthma patients.Keywords: asthma, diaphragmatic breathing exercises, frequency of recurrence, peak expiratory flow rat
An Insight Into Maternal Death Caused by Postpartum Hemorrhage in Western Timor, Indonesia Kristiani Desimina Tauho; Ferry Fredy Karwur
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.675

Abstract

Maternal deaths in Timor Island, East Nusa Tenggara Province, are one of the contributors to the overall maternal mortality rate (MMR) of Indonesia. The MMR of Western Timor Island was 150/100,000 live births in 2015. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the perceived causes of maternal death due to postpartum hemorrhage. Data were obtained from family members, traditional birth attendants, and Posyandu cadres, as well as health providers. Using the retrospective method, this study traced six out of nine postpartum hemorrhage cases in the four sub-districts with the highest maternal death rate in 2010. The research findings showed that most childbirth processes were done at home without any help from health workers. Postpartum hemorrhage happened among women ranging from 24-42 years old; five among them had been pregnant more than four times. Medically, five cases were caused by a prolonged third stage of labor due to a retained placenta. Non-medical factors causing postpartum hemorrhage were poor accessibility, lack of communication devices, and lack of infrastructure.  Keywords: maternal death, postpartum hemorrhage, Western Timor Abstrak Pengetahuan Tentang Kematian Maternal Karena Perdarahan Postpartum di Timor Barat, Indonesia. Kematian maternal di Pulau Timor, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur, merupakan salah satu penyumbang Angka Kematian Ibu (AKI) di Indonesia. Tahun 2015, AKI di Pulau Timor bagian barat adalah sebesar 150/100.000 kelahiran hidup. Tujuan dari studi kualitatif ini adalah untuk mengeksplorasi persepsi para pihak yang paling mengetahui mengenai penyebab kematian maternal karena perdarahan postpartum. Data diberikan oleh anggota keluarga, dukun bersalin, dan kader Posyandu, serta penyedia layanan. Menggunakan metode retrospektif, penelitian ini menyusur enam dari sembilan kasus perdarahan postpartum yang terjadi di empat kecamatan yang memiliki angka kematian maternal tertinggi pada tahun 2010. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar prosedur persalinan dilakukan di rumah tanpa bantuan dari tenaga kesehatan. Perdarahan postpartum terjadi di antara wanita dengan rentang umur 24–42 tahun; empat di antara mereka sudah pernah hamil sebanyak lebih dari empat kali. Secara medis, lima kasus disebabkan oleh perpanjangan kala tiga persalinan berhubungan dengan retensi plasenta. Faktor- faktor non medis yang menyebabkan perdarahan posrpartum adalah aksesibilitas yang buruk, ketiadaan piranti komunikasi, dan kurangnya infrastruktur. Kata kunci: kematian ibu, perdarahan postpartum, Timor Barat
Kepuasan Pasien Terhadap Penerapan Keselamatan Pasien di Rumah Sakit Widiasari Widiasari; Hanny Handiyani; Enie Novieastari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.615

Abstract

Abstrak Tingkat kepuasan pasien terhadap pelayanan keperawatan di Indonesia mayoritas masih kurang puas. Penyebab ketidakpuasan pasien diantaranya faktor kesalahan identifikasi, komunikasi, pemberian obat, dan risiko jatuh.  Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi hubungan penerapan keselamatan pasien dengan kepuasan pasien di Rumah Sakit X. Desain penelitian menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional dengan menyebarkan kuesioner kepada 143 pasien. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan cluster random sampling dengan cara menetapkan jumlah sampel yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi, kemudian diberikan kuesioner hingga terpenuhi jumlah sample, dan melakukan penelitian pada setiap sampel yang terpilih. Data dianalisis menggunakan independent t-test dan uji chi-square. Hasil penelitian didapatkan ada hubungan penerapan keselamatan pasien dengan kepuasan pasien (p= 0,001; OR=1,216; α= 0,05). Karakteristik pasien berupa umur, jenis kelamin, pendidikan, pekerjaan, dan kelas rawat tidak berhubungan dengan kepuasan pasien (p= 0,331; 0,818; 0,949; 1,000; dan 0,382; α= 0,05). Hasil penelitian juga didapatkan bahwa penerapan aspek keselamatan pasien berupa reassessment pasien risiko jatuh dan dimensi kehandalan (memberi petunjuk, memberi penjelasan) ketika akan melakukan tindakan keperawatan masih belum optimal sehingga menjadi saran untuk ditingkatkan agar kepuasan pasien di rumah sakit X semakin meningkat. Kata kunci: kepuasan pasien, keselamatan pasien, penerapan Abstract Patient Satisfaction Against Patient Safety Application at Hospital. The level of patient satisfaction with nursing services in Indonesia is mostly unsatisfied. The cause of patient dissatisfaction is due to misidentification, miscommunication, medication errors, and inappropriate risk management of falls. This study aimed to identify the relationship between the application of patient safety and patient satisfaction at Hospital X. The study design used a cross-sectional approach by distributing questionnaires to 143 patients. Sampling using cluster random sampling by determining the number of samples that meet the inclusion criteria, then given a questionnaire until the number of samples is met, and conduct research on selected samples. Data were analyzed using independent t-test and chi-square test. The results showed that there was a correlation between the application of patient safety and patient satisfaction (p= 0.001, OR= 1.216; α= 0.05). Patient characteristics in the form of age, gender, education level, occupation, and nursing class were not related to patient satisfaction (p= 0.331; 0.818; 0.949; 1,000; and 0.382; α= 0.05). The results also found that the application of patient safety aspects in the form of reassessing patients to falling risks and dimensions of reliability (giving instructions, giving explanations) when going into nursing actions was not optimal so that suggestions were increased so that patient satisfaction at hospitals X  increased.Keywords: Application, patient satisfaction, patient safety
Distraction Techniques: Telling Stories To Decrease Pain For Preschool Children During Infusion Lina Dewi Anggraeni; Widiyanti Widiyanti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.887

Abstract

Hospital procedures, such as infusions, are often associated with pain. Preschool-aged children who are hospitalized for infusions will often exhibit a strong fearful response because their concept of body integrity has not fully developed. One way to reduce the fear of infusion pain is by using stories as a distraction technique. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in the scale of pain between members of an intervention group, to which the distraction technique was applied, and a control group, to which it was not applied. The study used quasi-experimental methods, with intervention and control groups. The study was conducted on 46 preschool aged respondents (3-6 years old), divided into a 34 member intervention group and a 12 member control group and ran from September to December 2017 in one of the private hospitals in the East Bekasi. The research employed a questionnaire to collect demographic data and used the Wong-Baker Faces Pain Scale to assess pain levels. The data analysis technique used was the independent t-test. The results showed there was a difference of pain response between the intervention and control groups with P value < 0.05. Pediatric nurses are advised to use storytelling therapy as an option for providing atraumatic care intervention.  Keywords: Distraction Technique, Infusion installation, Pain, Stories, Preschool Abstrak Teknik Distraksi: Bercerita Menurunkan Nyeri Pada Anak Usia Pra Sekolah Selama Penggunaan Infus. Rasa sakit seringkali dikaitkan dengan salah satu prosedur rumah sakit yakni pemasangan infus. Reaksi anak prasekolah yang dipasang infus menunjukkan ketakutan yang luar biasa, hal itu disebabkan karena konsep integritas tubuhnya belum berkembang dengan baik. Salah satu cara untuk mengurangi ketakutan akibat nyeri pemasangan infus pada prasekolah adalah teknik distraksi bercerita. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi perbedaan skala nyeri antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan metode quasy eksperimen, yang menggunakan kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol. Penelitian dilakukan terhadap 46 responden usia prasekolah (3-6 tahun) yang terdiri dari 34 kelompok intervensi dan 12 kelompok kontrol dari bulan September-Desember 2017 di salah satu Rumah Sakit Swasta di wilayah Bekasi Timur. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuisioner data demografi dan lembar observasi skala nyeri Wong Baker Faces Pain. Teknik analisis data menggunakan Uji Independent T test.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan respon nyeri antara kelompok intervensi dan kelompok kontrol dengan nilai p= 0,012 (< 0.05). Perawat anak sebaiknya menggunakan metode bercerita sebagai sarana asuhan keperawatan atraumatik.  Kata kunci: Cerita, Nyeri, Pemasangan infus, Prasekolah, Teknik distraksi
Program Perencanaan Pulang Dapat Meningkatkan Pengetahuan dan Keterampilan Ibu yang Melahirkan Bayi Prematur Merawat Bayinya Erna Julianti; Yeni Rustina; Efendi Defi
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.540

Abstract

Bayi yang lahir prematur berisiko mengalami permasalahan kesehatan, sehingga membutuhkan perawatan yang intens dari sejak di rumah sakit sampai ketika bayi sudah boleh dipulangkan ke rumah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh edukasi dalam perencanaan pulang terhadap pengetahuan dan keterampilan ibu merawat bayi prematur. Penelitian ini merupakan studi quasi experiment dengan rancangan pre and post-test without control design. Sampel penelitian ini adalah 35 ibu yang melahirkan bayi prematur dan bayinya di rawat di ruang Perinatologi sebuah rumah sakit di Jakarta. Sampel diambil secara consecutive sampling. Intervensi penelitian adalah pemberian edukasi menggunakan media pembelajaran booklet dan audiovisual yang berisi tentang ASI, teknik menyusui, perawatan metode kanguru, cara pencegahan infeksi, dan tanda bahaya pada bayi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa setelah diberikan edukasi selama perencanaan pulang, pengetahuan ibu merawat bayi prematur rata-rata mengalami kenaikan skor sebesar 29,52, aspek keterampilan menyusui skornya naik sebesar 33,29 dan keterampilan perawatan metode kanguru terdapat kenaikan skor sebesar 30,25. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaaan yang signifikan antara rata-rata skor pengetahuan ibu merawat bayi prematur, skor keterampilan menyusui, dan skor keterampilan perawatan metode kanguru (PMK) sebelum dan setelah diberikan edukasi selama perencanaan pulang (p> 0,001). Pelaksanaan program edukasi selama perencanaan pulang yang dilakukan selama tiga hari dapat meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan ibu merawat bayi prematur. Edukasi dalam perencanaan pulang sebaiknya rutin diterapkan di rumah sakit sebagai intervensi keperawatan mandiri agar makin meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan keperawatan. Kata Kunci: perawatan bayi prematur perencanaan pulang, perawatan metode kanguru (PMK) Abstract Discharge Planning Improving Knowledge and Skill Mother Who Birth Premature to Take Care Baby. Premature babies have a greater risk for health problems. Therefore, they need an intensive care since they are in the hospital until they go home. The purpose of this research was to find out the influence of education program for the knowledge and skills of the mothers on caring for their premature babies during discharge planning. This research was a quasi-experimental study with pre and post-test design without control groups. The sample of this research was 35 mothers who gave birth to premature babies and their babies receive care at a perinatology room in a hospital in Jakarta. The sample was taken using consecutive sampling. The intervention in this research was giving an education to the mothers of premature babies using booklet and audiovisual as the learning media containing information about breast milk, breastfeeding technique, kangaroo mother care, the method for infection prevention, and warning signs in babies. The research finding showed that after giving the education during the discharge planning, the knowledge of the mothers on caring for their babies, on average, had an increased score of 29.52, the score for the skills aspect increased by 33.29, and the score for kangaroo care mother skills increased by 30.25. The result of the analysis showed that there was a significant difference between the average score of the knowledge of the mothers on caring for premature babies, the score of breastfeeding skills, and the score for kangaroo care mother skills before and after the education program during the discharge planning (p> 0.001). The implementation of the education program during discharge planning that was done for three days could increase the knowledge and skills of the mothers on caring for their premature babies. The education during discharge planning should be conducted regularly at the hospital as an independent nursing intervention to improve the quality of nursing services.
Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Diabetes Self-management dengan Tingkat Stres Pasien Diabetes Melitus yang Menjalani Diet Kusnanto Kusnanto; Putri Mei Sundari; Candra Panji Asmoro; Hidayat Arifin
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.780

Abstract

Pengetahuan sangat penting dalam mengembangkan diabetes self-management untuk mencegah resiko komplikasi jangka panjang dengan diet yang ketat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan dan diabetes self-management dengan tingkat stress pasien diabetes melitus yang menjalani diet. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross-sectional. Jumlah total sampel didapatkan sebesar 106 responden dengan multistage sampling, Kriteria inklusi meliputi pasien DM <5 tahun dengan rentang usia 35-55 tahun, tidak menggunakan insulin injeksi, Pasien DM masih berkeluarga dan tinggal dengan keluarganya. Data didapatkan dengan kuesioner Knowledge of Diabetic Diet Questionnaire, Self-Management Dietary Behaviors Questionnaire, dan tingkat stress menjalani diet. Kemudian dianalisis dengan uji Spearman test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pengetahuan (p=0,049; r=-0,192) dan diabetes self-management (p=0,000; r=-0,341) memiliki hubungan terhadap tingkat stress saat menjalani diet. Diabetes self-management memiliki hubungan yang sangat kuat dari pada tingkat pengetahuan terhadap tingkat stress pasien diabetes yang menjalani diet. Penelitian selanjutnya diharapkan bisa menggunakan responden dengan wilayah yang lebih luas dan serta mengembangkan intervensi yang lebih baik untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan tentang diet pada pasien diabetes melitus. Kata Kunci: diabetes melitus, diet, self-management, tingkat stres Abstract The correlation between knowledge level and diabetes self-management towards stress level of patients DM with diet. Knowledge is very important in developing diabetes self-management to prevent the risk of long-term complications with a strict diet. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between knowledge and diabetes self-management with stress levels of people with diabetes mellitus who went on a diet. This study uses a cross-sectional design. The total samples obtained were 106 respondents with multistage sampling, inclusion criteria included patients with DM <5 years with a range of ages 35-55 years, did not use insulin injection, DM patients were still married and lived with their families. Data are obtained with questionnaire of Knowledge of Diabetic Diet Questionnaire (KDDQ), a Self-Management Dietary Behaviors Questionnaire (SMDBQ), and a stress level on a diet. Data analyzed by the Spearman Rho. The results showed that the level of knowledge (p=0.049; r=-0.192) and diabetes self-management (p=0,000; r=-0,341) had a relationship to stress levels while on a diet. Diabetes self-management has a very strong relationship to the level of knowledge of the stress level of diabetics with diet. Future studies are expected to be able to use respondents with a wider area and develop better interventions to increase knowledge about diets in people with diabetes mellitus. Keywords: diabetes mellitus, diet, self-management, stress level
Dampak Frekuensi Pernapasan Predialisis Terhadap Kram Otot Intradialisis di RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul Cornelia Dede Yoshima Nekada; Mohammad Judha
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.604

Abstract

Proses hemodialisis juga sering menimbulkan dampak kesakitan seperti terjadinya kram otot saat intradialisis. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengidentifikasi dampak meningkatnya frekuensi pernapasan terhadap kram otot intradialisis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan desain analitik cross sectional. Penelitian ini dilakukan di ruang hemodialisis RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul. Subyek penelitian ini diambil secara accidental sampling. Keseluruhan subyek penelitian ini adalah 91 responden. Peneliti mengukur frekuensi pernapasan predialisis dan mengkaji kram otot  intradialisis. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisa bivariabel Chi-Square. Hasil analisa Chi-Square menunjukkan nilai p sebesar 0,020 yang berarti terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara frekuensi napas predialisis terhadap  kram otot intradialisis. Kram otot yang terjadi selama proses hemodialisis dapat terjadi karena adanya stress oksidatif selama intradialisis. Observasi frekuensi pernapasan dapat mengantisipasi adanya risiko stres oksidatif yang mungkin akan terjadi. Kata Kunci: pernapasan, predialisis, intradialisis, kram Abstract Effect of Predialysis Respiration Rate on Intradialysis Muscle Cramps at Regional Hospital Panembahan Senopati Bantul. Hemodialysis process often causes painful impact such as muscle cramps during intradialysis. The objective of this research was to identify the increased between respiratory rate and intradialysis muscle cramps. The method of this research was analytical survey method. This research is descriptif quantitative with cross sectional design. This research conducted in hemodialysis unit in Panembahan Senopati General Hospital in Bantul. The subjects of the research taken using accidental sampling. The total research subjects were 91 respondents. The researchers measured the relationship between predialysis respiratory rate and assesed the intradialysis muscle cramps. The data analyzed with bivariate chi square. The Chi-Square analysis results showed that the p value is 0,020, meaning that there was a significant relationship between predialysis respiratory rate and intradialysis muscle cramps. Muscle cramps during hemodialysis process may occur due to oxidative stress during intradialysis. Observing respiratory rate can anticipate the risks of oxidative stress that may occur. 
Prediktor Kegagalan Menyusui Eksklusif: Studi di Puskesmas Buaran Kabupaten Pekalongan Jawa Tengah Indonesia Isyti&#039;aroh Isyti&#039;aroh; Siti Rofiqoh; Nurul Aktifah
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 1 (2019): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i1.775

Abstract

Kegagalan menyusui eksklusif di masih menjadi fenomena di masyarakat. Di Kabupaten Pekalongan tahun 2015 cakupan ASI eksklusif sebesar 30,3%. Angka tersebut mengindikasikan sebagian besar ibu gagal memberikan ASI eksklusif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor prediktif yang berhubungan dengan kegagalan menyusui eksklusif. Metoda penelitian menggunakan metoda deskriptif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Pengambilan sampel dengan cara cluster random sampling. Dari 10 kelurahan yang mewakili seluruh wilayah kerja puskesmas Buaran Pekalongan diambil sampel sebanyak 4 kelurahan.  Sampel penelitian adalah ibu yang mempunyai anak usia diatas 6 bulan – 12 bulan sejumlah  151 responden. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner dari penelitian Isyti’aroh, Setyowati dan Afifah (2013) dan sudah dilakukan uji validitas dan reliabilitas dengan hasil valid dan reliabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 106 gagal menyusui eksklusif dan 45 berhasil menyusui eksklusif. Karakteristik responden 108 multiparitas,  riwayat ANC teratur 150, 131 persalinannya pervagina, 141 sudah terpapar, 147 menerima peran sebagai ibu, 150 mendapatkan dukungan keluarga, 146 tidak mempunyai  asisten rumah tangga sebesar, 107 tidak bekerja,   96 pengetahuan rendah, 110 mempercayai mitos negatif tentang ASI. Faktor yang berhubungan dengan kegagalan menyusui eksklusif adalah pengetahuan yang rendah (p value 0,001; 95% CI 0,061-0,288) dan mitos yang tidak benar tentang ASI dan menyusui (p value 0,0001;  95% CI 0,124-0,569). Faktor yang paling berhubungan adalah pengetahuan. Saran bagi perawat agar melakukan edukasi secara intensif tentang ASI dan menyusui eksklusif pada saat ibu melakukan ante natal care. Kata kunci: menyusui eksklusif, mitos, pengetahuan tentang menyusui Abstract  Predictors for Exclusive Breastfeeding Failure: Study at Buaran Community Health Center Pekalongan Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. The failure of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is still a phenomenon in the community. In 2015 Pekalongan Regency had exclusive breastfeeding coverage of 30.3%. It indicates that most mothers failed to give exclusive breastfeeding. This study aimed to determine the factors that related to exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) failure. This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out among 151 mother in the Buaran Health Centre Pekalongan Regency, selected using cluster random sampling method.  The research instrument was questionnaires from the research of Isyti'aroh, Setyowati and Afifah 2013. The questionnaires have been validity and reliability test. The results showed there were 106 failed EBF and 45 success EBF, 108 multipara, 150 with regular ANC history, 131 with vaginal deliveries, 141 had already exposures EBF information, 147 accepted their role, 150 received support, and 146 hadn’t household assistants, 107 unemployed, 96 had low knowledge, and 110 trusted myth about breastfeeding. The factors that related to EBF failure were knowledge (p value 0.001, 95% CI 0.061- 0.288) and myth (p value 0.001, 95% CI 0.124-0.569). The most related factor is knowledge. Suggestions for nursing to conduct intensive education about exclusive breastfeeding when mother do antenatal care. Keywords: exclusive breastfeeding, knowledge of breastfeeding, myth

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