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Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July" : 8 Documents clear
Penurunan Kemampuan Kepala Keluarga dalam Memenuhi Kebutuhan Ekonomi Keluarga: Studi Fenomenologi Pengalaman Orang dengan Gangguan Jiwa Paska Pasung Novy Helena Catharina Daulima; Rasmawati Rasmawati; Ice yulia Wardani
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i2.873

Abstract

Decreasing the Capabilities of the Breadwinner in Meeting the Economic Needs of Families: A phenomenology Study of the Mental Illness People Post-Pasung. The breadwinner of the family economically responsible for meeting the needs of all family members, including clothing, food, and housing needs. A breadwinner of the family with mental illness after pasung needs to adjust to social functions including the ability to work and be involved in social relations. Pasung is physical restraint and confinement by families of people with mental illness in the community. The study aimed to describe the experience of the breadwinner of family post-pasung to supply the economic needs of the family. This qualitative descriptive phenomenological study applied a purposive sampling in selecting the participants. Data were obtained through an in-depth interview with six participants. The data analyzed by Colaizzi’s method. The findings revealed that three themes, namely low self-esteem as a response to changes in the role after pasung, reduction of self-capacity as an obstacle to meeting family's financial needs, and utilization of social and spiritual support in returning confidence. Pasung has an impact on the decline of people with mental illness' ability to carry out the role of the breadwinner of the family. Restoring self-confidence and improving the quality of life for the breadwinner with mental illness after pasung can be obtained from community support, creating employment opportunities and accepting the people with mental illness in the community. Keywords: Breadwinner of the family, Mental Illness, Pasung, Phenomenology Abstrak Kepala keluarga bertanggungjawab secara ekonomi memenuhi kebutuhan hidup anggota keluarga yang meliputi kebutuhan sandang, pangan dan papan. Seorang kepala keluarga yang mengalami gangguan jiwa selepas dari pemasungan perlu menyesuaikan diri terhadap fungsi sosial yang meliputi kemampuan untuk bekerja dan terlibat dalam hubungan sosial. Tujuan penelitian adalah ini untuk mendeskripsikan pengalaman kepala keluarga paska pasung dalam memenuhi kebutuhan ekonomi keluarga. Pendekatan fenomenologi diterapkan untuk mengekplorasi pengalaman kepala keluarga. Sejumlah enam orang berpartisipasi dalam penelitian ini yang dipilih melalui metode purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam kemudian dianalisis dengan metode Colaizzi. Tiga tema dihasilkan dalam penelitian ini yaitu harga diri rendah sebagai respons perubahan peran paska pasung, penurunan kapasitas diri sebagai hambatan pemenuhan kebutuhan finansial keluarga, dan pemanfaatan dukungan sosial dan spiritual dalam pengembalian kepercayaan diri. Pasung berdampak pada penurunan kemampuan orang dengan gangguan jiwa (ODGJ) menjalankan peran sebagai kepala keluarga. Pemulihan kepercayaan diri dan peningkatan kualitas hidup ODGJ pasca pasung sebagai kepala keluarga dapat diperoleh dengan adanya dukungan masyarakat, penciptaan lapangan kerja serta penerimaan ODGJ di masyarakat. Kata Kunci: Fenomenologi, Gangguan Jiwa, Kepala Keluarga, Pasung
Improving The Health and Functional Status of Institutionalized Older Adults Through The Nurse, Caregiver, and Older-Adults Partnership Model (Miradasia) Junaiti Sahar; Etty Rekawati; Dwi Nurviyandari Kusuma Wati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i2.924

Abstract

Health and functional status are standard measurements in older adult’s services that showed physical and mental condition. However, institutionalized older adults with several adjustments and their limited source might cause compromised health and functional status. The quasi-experimental study aimed to investigate the effect of MiRaDaSia (nurses and caregivers joined the partnership model) on health and functional status among institutionalized older adults in Jakarta. It included 106 participants as intervention groups and 106 participants as control groups, who selected by multistage random sampling. We used the SF-12 and Barthel index to measure older-adults health and functional status. MiRaDaSia model was implemented for twelve weeks. Generally, there has been an increase in the mean of health and functional status after the intervention. There were significant improvements in functional condition between each group (p=0,001); however, mean difference oh health status show the significant increase only on six weeks following the intervention. MiRaDaSia can be implemented as a practical model to enhance services among institutionalized older-adults by professional’s staff as it encourages partnership among the nurse, caregiver, and the institutionalized older-adults. Future research may consider the effectiveness of the model in private institutional, with widening variation of older adults and caregivers’ characteristics as well as the different working environment of the institution. Keywords: caregiver, health status, functional status, institutionalized older-adult, older-adults, MiRaDaSia.  Abstrak Model Kemitraan Perawat, Caregiver, dan Lansia (Miradasia) Dalam Meningkatkan Status Kesehatan Dan Fungsional Lansia di Panti. Status kesehatan dan fungsional merupakan pengukuran standar yang harus dilakukan dalam menilai pelayanan kesehatan lansia yang meliputi pengkajian sampai evaluasi. Kedua pengukuran tersebut pada akhirnya menggambarkan kondisi fisik dan mental lansia. Namun, kondisi lansia yang  berada di panti dengan berbagai permasalahan kesehatan dan keterbatasan sumber daya dapat menimbulkan gangguan pada status kesehatan dan fungsional lansia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pelaksanaan model praktik Kemitraan antara perawat, caregiver,  dan lansia (MiRaDaSia) terhadap status kesehatan dan fungsional pada lansia yang tinggal di panti wilayah Jakarta. Penelitian dengan desain quasi-eksperimental melibatkan 2 kelompok yang terbagi menjadi 106 partisipan di kelompok intervensi serta 106 partisipan di kelompol kontrol. Pemilihan sampel dilakukan melalui multistage random sampling dengan alat pengukuran berupa SF-12 dan Barthel index untuk melihat staus kesehatan dan fungsional lansia. Model praktik keperawatan MiRaDaSia diimplementasikan selama 12 minggu pada kelompok intervensi. Secara umum, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat peningkatan status kesehatan maupun fungsional status setelah intervensi model MiRaDaSia. Status fungsional secara signifikan mengalami peningkatan antara kelompok perlakuan (p=0,001) namun, beda reratastatus kesahatan menunjukkan peningkatan signifikan pada pengukuran 6 minggu setelah intervensi. terdapat peningkatan rerata status kesehatan setelah intervensi. Status kesehatan dan fungsional pada lansia dipengaruhi Model praktik keperawatan MiRaDaSia dapat diimplementasikan sebagai model praktik untuk meningkatkan pelayanan lansia oleh petugas maupuun tenaga profesional pada setting panti, karena memberikan penguatan pada kemitraan antara perawat, caregiver, dan lansia. Penelitian yang akan datang sebaiknya perlu mempertimbangkan penerapan model prakting di setting panti swasta, dengan variasi karakteristik lansia dan caregiver yang lebih banyak maupun lingkungan kerja institusi, untuk mengetahui lebih jauh tentang efektivitas model. Kata kunci: caregiver, lansia, lansia di panti, MiRaDaSia, status fungsional, status kesehatan
The Influence of Self-efficacy on The Relationship Between Depression and HIV-related Stigma with ART Adherence Among The Youth in Malawi Eric Umar; Judith A Levy; Geri Donenberg; Mary Ellen Mackesy-Amiti; Hening Pujasari; Robert C Bailey
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i2.952

Abstract

 Depression and HIV-related stigma, among other factors, have been inversely linked independently with adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) among the youth. However, the processes through which the various factors influence this relationship is not fully known. Guided by Social Action Theory, we examined the interactive mechanisms through which depression, HIV-related stigma, and self-efficacy influenced ART adherence and whether or not these relationships are moderated by gender. A total of 450 HIV-positive youth (13–24 years) in Malawi receiving ART participated in this cross-sectional study. Moderated mediation analyses were conducted using Hayes’ PROCESS macro 2.11 in SPSS. ART adherence was measured by pill count. Findings showed that self-efficacy mediated the effects of depression and stigma on ART adherence. The analyses also revealed that gender moderated both the direct and indirect influence of depression and stigma (via self-efficacy) on ART adherence. Furthermore, self-efficacy simultaneously mediated and moderated the relationship between stigma and ART adherence. The interactive mechanisms through which various factors influence ART nonadherence must be considered to design effective interventions. To reduce the impact of depression and stigma on ART adherence, medication self-efficacy should be bolstered while taking gender in consideration. Keywords: Adolescent, Antiretroviral adherence, Malawi, Moderated mediation, Social action theory, Youth Abstrak Pengaruh Efikasi Diri Terhadap Hubungan antara Depresi dan Stigma HIV dengan Kepatuhan Terapi ART pada Remaja di Malawi. Depresi dan stigma HIV, di antara faktor-faktor lain, berhubungan terbalik secara independen dengan kepatuhan terapi antiretroviral (ART) pada remaja. Akan tetapi, dalam prosesnya faktor yang memengaruhi hubungan ini belum sepenuhnya diketahui. Berdasarkan Teori Perilaku Sosial, penelitian ini dilakukan bertujuan untuk mengkaji mekanisme interaktif depresi, stigma HIV, dan efikasi diri yang memengaruhi kepatuhan ART, dan untuk mengetahui apakah hubungan ini dimoderasi oleh gender atau tidak. Sebanyak 450 remaja dengan HIV-positif (13–24 tahun) di Malawi yang menerima ART ikut berpartisipasi dalam penelitian potong lintang ini. Analisis mediasi moderated dilakukan dengan menggunakan Hayes 'PROCESS macro 2.11 pada SPSS. Kepatuhan ART diukur menggunakan jumlah pil. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa efikasi diri memediasi efek depresi dan stigma pada kepatuhan ART. Hasil analisis juga mengungkapkan bahwa jenis kelamin memoderasi pengaruh langsung dan tidak langsung dari depresi dan stigma (melalui efikasi diri) terhadap kepatuhan ART. Lebih lanjut,efikasi diri secara bersamaan mediasi dan moderasi hubungan antara stigma dan kepatuhan ART. Mekanisme interaktif dengan berbagai faktor yang memengaruhi ketidakpatuhan ART harus dipertimbangkan untuk merancang intervensi yang efektif. Untuk mengurangi dampak depresi dan stigma terhadap kepatuhan ART, efikasi diri pengobatan harus didukung saat mempertimbangkan jenis kelamin. Kata kunci: Kepatuhan antiretroviral, Malawi, Mediasi tingkat menengah, Teori Perilaku Sosial, Remaja
Intervensi Rehabilitasi Jantung Fase I pada Pasien yang Menjalani Operasi Bedah Pintas Koroner (BPK): Literatur Review Indah Dwi Astuti; Muhammad Rizki Akbar; Aan Nuraeni
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i2.886

Abstract

Pasien yang menjalani operasi Bedah Pintas Koroner (BPK) atau coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) memiliki risiko terjadinya komplikasi pasca operasi yang berakibat pada hari rawat yang lama bahkan kematian. Intervensi berupa rehabilitasi jantung fase I diperlukan untuk membantu mempercepat proses pemulihan pasca operasi serta mencegah terjadinya komplikasi pasca operasi BPK. Meskipun penelitian terkait rehabilitasi jantung sudah banyak dilakukan, namun perlu dilakukan telaah lebih lanjut dari artikel penelitian mengenai intervensi yang dapat dilakukan dalam program rehabilitasi jantung yang aman dan mudah dilakukan pada pasien pasca operasi BPK. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat intervensi yang aman dan efektif dilakukan dalam rehabilitasi jantung fase I pada pasien yang menjalani operasi BPK. Studi literatur ini dibuat dengan melakukan analisis terhadap atikel-artikel ilmiah minimal penelitian retrospektif yang dipublikasi tahun 2008 sampai 2018 dan berbahasa Inggris. Data didapat dari database meliputi Google Scholar, PubMed, DOAJ, dan Proquest dengan kata kunci cardiac rehabilitation phase I, coronary artery bypass grafting, early ambulation, early mobilization, education pre operative, dan physical exercise.  Hasil studi literatur ini didapatkan 13 artikel yang sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Hasil telaah ditemukan bahwa pelaksanaan rehabilitasi jantung fase I pada pasien yang menjalani operasi BPK dimulai dari fase praoperasi dan dilanjutkan pasca operasi sampai pasien akan pulang. Intervensi rehabilitasi jantung fase I, baik pre maupun pasca operasi, terdiri dari edukasi dan konseling, latihan/ aktivitas fisik, latihan bernapas, latihan batuk efektif, inspiratory muscle training, fisioterapi dada, dan respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics. Oleh karena itu, hasil telaah literatur ini dapat menjadi dasar dalam menentukan standar prosedur operasional terhadap pelaksanaan rehabilitasi jantung fase I untuk rumah sakit yang menyediakan pelayanan operasi BPK. Kata Kunci: ambulasi dini, coronary artery bypass grafting, mobilisasi dini, rehabilitasi jantung fase I Abstract Cardiac rehabilitation phase I in patient undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. A patient undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting CABG surgery has a risk of post operative complication, which can cause prolonged length of stay and even mortality. The patient necessarily needs to do intervention cardiac rehabilitation phase I to help the recovery process after surgery and prevent post operative complications. The articles related to cardiac rehabilitation have been carried out. However, it is necessary to review research articles about the effective and safe intervention of cardiac rehabilitation phase I for patients undergoing CABG surgery. The aim of this study was to explore the effective and safe intervention of cardiac rehabilitation phase I. This literature review was conducted by analyzing articles including randomized control trial until retrospective design which published between 2008 to 2018 with English language articles. Data was searched through Google Scholar, PubMed, DOAJ, and Proquest. The keyword was early ambulation, coronary artery bypass grafting, preoperative education, physical exercise, early mobilization, and cardiac rehabilitation phase I or inpatient cardiac rehabilitation. The finding in this literature review was 13 articles corresponding with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The result of this study found that the intervention in cardiac rehabilitation phase I in patient who undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery was started from preoperative and continued postoperative phases until the patient will leave the hospital. Interventions in cardiac rehabilitation phase I consisted of education and counseling, physical exercise/ activity, breathing exercises, effective cough exercises, inspiratory muscle training, chest physiotherapy, and respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics. Therefore, the result of this literature review can be the basis to determine standard operational procedure for the implementation of the cardiac rehabilitation phase I for the hospitals that provide CABG surgery.  Keywords: cardiac rehabilitation phase I, coronary artery bypass grafting, early ambulation, early mobilization
Korelasi Diabetes Self Care, Score Pedis dan Kontrol Glikemik pada Diabetes Melitus Sri Dewi Megayanti; Yuli Yulia; Riri Maria
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i2.795

Abstract

Diabetes Self Care (DSC) merupakan bagian dari pengelolaan diabetes. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan DSC dengan score PEDIS (perfusion, extend, depth, infection, sensation) dan kontrol glikemik pasien Diabetes Melitus (DM). Penelitian ini merupakan cross sectional study yang melibatkan 106 pasien, dengan kriteria inklusi pasien  DM tipe 1 dan 2 dengan atau tanpa ulkus kaki yang berumur <65tahun, dapat membaca, menulis dan berkomunikasi menggunakan bahasa Indonesia dengan baik. Penelitian dilakukan di Pusat Pelayanan Kesehatan Masyarakat Denpasar Barat II Bali Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah Mann Whitney dan Chi square. Statistik menunjukkan ada hubungan bermakna antara DSC dengan score PEDIS (p= 0,0005) dengan korelasi kuat (r= -0,74) dan kontrol glikemik (p= 0,0005) dengan korelasi sedang (0,45). DSC dapat digunakan untuk memprediksi kondisi kaki pasien diabetes melalui hasil score PEDIS dan dapat digunakan untuk memprediksi kontrol glikemik pasien diabetes. Menurut teori self care Orem, perawatan diri dipandang sebagai sumber daya kesehatan dalam individu. Strategi diabetes self care membutuhkan kesadaran dan tanggung jawab dalam mengelola diabetes untuk pengontrolan gula darah dan perawatan kaki yang adekuat. Kegiatan ini seharusnya dapat diarahkan tenaga keperawatan dengan cara pemberian informasi mengenai pengetahuan terkait penyakit diabetes dan perilaku pencegahan komplikasi. Kata kunci : diabetes self care, kontrol glikemik dan score PEDIS Abstract  Correlation Between Diabetes Self Care Score PEDIS and Glycemic Control in Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes selfcare (DSC) is an integrated part in diabetes management. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between DSC with PEDIS (perfusion, extend, depth, infection, sensation) score and glycemic control in diabetes patients. This study applied a cross sectional design, involving 106 patients, the inclusions are patient diabetes type 1 and 2 with or without diabetic foot ulcers who are < 65 years old, can read, write and use Bahasa. This research was conducted in the Community Health Center of West Denpasar II Bali. The statistic analyze used are Mann Whitney, and Chi square Statistics showed a significant association between DSC and PEDIS score (p= 0.0005) a strong correlation (r= -0.74) and glycemic control (p= 0.0005) a moderate correlation (0.451). DSC can be used predict the condition of diabetic foot ulcers through the PEDIS score and predict glycemic control in diabetes. In Orem’s self care theory, self-care is a health resource in individual. The strategy of diabetes self care requires awareness and responsibility in managing diabetes for controlling blood sugar and adequate foot care. This activity should directed by nurse to providing information about diabetes knowledge and prevention complications Keywords: diabetes self care, glycemic control, PEDIS score
Penerapan Evidence-based Nursing Pengaruh Earplug dan Eye Mask Terhadap Kualitas Tidur pada Pasien di ICU Mutarobin Mutarobin; Elly Nurachmah; Muhammad Adam; Rita Sekarsari; Erwin Erwin
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i2.735

Abstract

Gangguan tidur di ICU disebabkan oleh banyak faktor, diantaranya lingkungan, kebisingan, pencahayaan, kegiatan perawat, penyakit yang diderita, tindakan keperawatan, terapi obat, dan ventilasi mekanik. Efek yang ditimbulkan akan memengaruhi fungsi kekebalan tubuh, sistem metabolisme, regulasi sistem saraf pusat, dan kondisi psikologis. Tujuan penelitian ini menerapkan dan membuktikan efektifitas penggunaan Earplug dan Eye Mask dalam meningkatkan kualitas tidur pada pasien di ICU. Desain yang digunakan randomized controlled trial (RCT) crossover design. Peneliti membagi Group A dan Group B dengan simple random sampling. Jumlah sampel 24 responden. Instrumen kualitas tidur menggunakan Richard Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RCSQ). Data dianalisis dengan uji Independent Sample T-Test. Hasil penelitian didapatkan p-value < 0,05, berarti pada alpha 5% terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan kualitas tidur antara malam pertama dan kedua pada masing-masing group sehingga disarankan dijadikan evidence based di rumah sakit sebagai salah satu terapi komplementer yang dapat dijadikan intervensi mandiri keperawatan untuk membantu mengatasi gangguan tidur. Kata Kunci: earplug, eye mask, ICU, kualitas tidur Abstract Evidence-Based Nursing Application Effect of Earplugs and Eye Mask on Quality Sleep in Patients in ICU. Sleep disorders in ICU are caused by many factors, including environment, noise, lighting, nursing activities, illness, nursing, medication therapy, and mechanical ventilation. The effects will affect the immune function, metabolic system, central nervous system regulation, and psychological conditions. The purpose of this study to apply and prove the effectiveness of the use of Earplug and Eye Mask in improving sleep quality in patients in ICU. The design used randomized controlled trial (RCT) crossover design. The researchers divide Group A and Group B by simple random sampling. The Total sample of 24 respondents. Sleep quality instrument using Richard Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RCSQ). Data were analyzed by the Independent Sample T-Test. The result of this research is p-value <0,05, mean at alpha 5% there is a significant difference of sleep quality between first and second night in each group so it is suggested to be an evidence-based in a hospital as one of complementary therapy which can be made independent intervention nursing to help overcome sleep disorders. Keywords: earplug, eye mask, ICU, sleep quality
Determinan Epidemiologi Penyakit pada Mahasiswa Akademi Keperawatan di Garut, Jawa Barat Tahun 2015 Iwan Shalahuddin; Theresia Eriyani; Sandra Pebrianti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i2.647

Abstract

Proses adaptasi dan interaksi dari peserta didik dengan lingkungan baru dapat mengakibatkan gangguan keseimbangan fisiologis tubuh sehingga menjadi rentan terhadap penyakit. Penelitian potong lintang ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi determinan epidemiologi penyakit pada mahasiswa Akademi Keperawatan Pemerintah Kabupaten Garut tahun 2015. Sebanyak 235 mahasiswa menjadi sampel. Data yang dikumpulkan meliputi karakteristik responden, karakteristik tempat asal mahasiswa, kesakitan dengan menggunakan kuesioner tentang riwayat kesakitan atau morbiditas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 70,2% mahasiswa mengalami sakit selama tiga bulan terakhir dan 57,9% mahasiswa memiliki riwayat sakit terdahulu. Terdapat hubungan antara determinan epidemiologi karakteristik responden dengan nilai p= 0,023 dengan 95% CI sebesar 6,48 (2,21-22,56) dan karakteristik tempat pada kesakitan mahasiswa nilai p= 0,045 dengan 95% CI sebesar 0,09 (0,02-0,41). Peran pembimbing akademik perlu ditambah dengan memberikan bimbingan dan penyuluhan terhadap masalah kesehatan mahasiswa. Institusi pendidikan sangat penting memiliki dan menyimpan pangkalan data tentang kesakitan mahasiswa. Kata kunci: Angka kesakitan, determinan epidemiologi, mahasiswa keperawatan. Abstract Determinants of Epidemiology of Disease in Nursing Academy Students in Garut, West Java in 2015. The process of adaptation and interaction of students with the new environment can result in physiological balance disorders of the body, thus becoming susceptible to disease. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the epidemiological determinants of disease in 2015 Garut District Nursing Academy students. A total of 235 students were involved. Data collected included respondent characteristics, the characteristics of the place of origin of the students, morbidity using a questionnaire about the history of previous illness or morbidity. The results showed that 70.2% of students experienced pain during the last three months and 57.9% of students had a history of the previous disease. There was a relationship between the epidemiological determinant of the characteristics of respondents with a value of p= 0.023 with 95% CI of 6.48 (2.21-22.56) and place characteristics in the morbidity of students p= 0.045 with 95% CI of 0.09 (0.02-0.41). The role of academic advisers needs to extend by providing guidance and counseling on student health problems. Educational institutions are significant to have and keep a database of the morbidity of students. Keywords: Epidemiology determinants, morbidity rate, nursing students.
Depresi Berhubungan dengan Kualitas Hidup Penderita Kanker Kolorektal di Rumah Sakit Kota Makassar Nuridah Nuridah; Ariyanti Saleh; Cahyono Kaelan
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 22, No 2 (2019): July
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v22i2.824

Abstract

Kanker kolorektal merupakan salah satu penyakit kanker yang angka kejadiannya semakin meningkat. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup penderita kanker kolorektal. Penelitian pre eksperimental korelasional deskriptif dengan menggunakan desain kajian potong lintang dengan tehnik total sampel yang menderita kanker kolorektal. Sampel berjumlah 50 orang yang diperoleh dari RS di Kota Makassar. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson dan Spearman untuk melihat hubungan serta uji Chi square untuk melihat perbedaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada hubungan antara fatigue dengan kualitas hidup penderita kanker kolorektal (p˂ 0,05), ada hubungan antara depresi dengan kualitas hidup penderita  kanker kolorektal (p˂ 0,05), dan ada perbedaan status perkawinan dengan kualitas hidup penderita kanker kolorektal (p˂ 0,05) sehingga melalui uji regresi linear didapatkan depresi merupakan faktor yang paling berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup penderita kanker kolorektal (p˂ 0,05). Aspek psikis merupakan komponen penting yang perlu diperhatikan dalam merawat pasien kanker kolorektal untuk mendapatkan kualitas hidup yang lebih baik. Kata kunci: kanker kolorektal, kualitas hidup Abstract Depression Related to Life Quality of Colorectal Cancer Patients in Makassar City Hospital. Colorectal cancer is a cancer which incidence increased year by year. This research aimed to analyse factors related to the quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer. The research applied descriptive pre-experimental correlations with a cross-sectional study design with a total sample technique of colorectal cancer. A sample of 50 people was obtained from the hospital in the city of Makassar. Data were analyzed using the Pearson and Spearman correlation test to find out the relationship, and Chi square test to find out the difference. The results showed that there was a relationship between fatigue and the quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer (p˂0,05) there was a relationship between depression and quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer (p˂0,05), and there were differences in marital status and quality of life for cancer patients colorectal (p˂0,05), so that through a linear regression test found depression was the most associated factor with quality of life of patients with colorectal cancer (p˂0,05). The important point during taking care of patients with colorectal cancers is consent in the psychological aspects to have a better quality of life. Keywords: colorectal cancer, quality of life

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