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Rina Setiana
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Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
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Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November" : 10 Documents clear
Effectiveness of Peer-Assisted Learning in Nursing Student Knowledge and Compliance in the Application of Standard Precautions Ria Desnita; Defrima Oka Surya
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.1233

Abstract

The learning process in higher nursing education develops student competences, such as applying standard precautions, in providing professional nursing care. To improve student knowledge and compliance related to standard precautions requires innovation from lecturers in providing appropriate learning methods. Peer-assisted learning (PAL) can enhance the active role of students and improve achievement. The PAL method involves senior students as peer teachers who help junior students. Using a questionnaire as an assessment instrument, this study aimed to determine the effectiveness of PAL on knowledge and compliance in the application of standard precautions in student nurses. This study design was quasi experimental with pre and post assessment and a control group design approach. This research was conducted at the D Hospital in Padang, Indonesia, a hospital where students practice. This study was conducted in June–September 2017 with a sample size of 45. Data analysis using paired t-test showed that the average values of the level of knowledge and skills of students in the application of standard precautions before and after PAL methods differed significantly in the intervention group (p= 0.001). In conclusion, PAL can be applied in the learning process of nursing students to increase student achievement. Abstrak Efektifitas Metode Peer-Assisted Learning terhadap Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Kepatuhan Mahasiswa dalam Penerapan Kewaspadaan Standar. Proses pembelajaran dalam pendidikan tinggi keperawatan mengembangkan kompetensi siswa, seperti menerapkan tindakan pencegahan standar, dalam memberikan asuhan keperawatan profesional. Untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kepatuhan mahasiswa terkait kewaspadaan standar, dibutuhkan inovasi dari dosen dalam memberikan metode pembelajaran yang tepat. Peer-assisted learning (PAL) dapat mening-katkan peran aktif siswa dan meningkatkan prestasi. Metode PAL melibatkan mahasiswa senior sebagai peer-teacher yang membantu mahasiswa junior. Menggunakan kuesioner sebagai instrumen penilaian, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan efektivitas PAL pada pengetahuan dan kepatuhan dalam penerapan kewaspadaan standar pada maha-siswa keperawatan. Desain penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment dengan penilaian pre dan post dan pendekatan control group design. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Rumah Sakit D di Padang, Indonesia, sebuah rumah sakit tempat praktik mahasiswa. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada Juni–September 2017 dengan sampel 45. Analisis data menggunakan paired t-test menunjukkan bahwa nilai rerata tingkat pengetahuan dan keterampilan mahasiswa dalam penerapan kewaspadaan standar sebelum dan sesudah metode PAL berbeda secara signifikan pada kelompok intervensi (p= 0,001). Kesimpulan-nya, PAL dapat diterapkan dalam proses belajar siswa keperawatan untuk meningkatkan prestasi siswa. Kata kunci: kewaspadaan standar, mahasiswa keperawatan, peer-assisted learning
Factors Related with Nurse Compliance in the Implementation of Patient Safety Indicators at Hospital Taufik Alhidayah; Fransisca Sri Susilaningsih; Irman Somantri
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.975

Abstract

Patient safety is one of the five crucial hospital safety issues. This study aimed to determine factors related with nurses’ compliance in the implementation of indicators of patient safety goals (IPSG 1, IPSG 2, IPSG 5, and IPSG 6). This study was a descriptive correlative with a cross-sectional approach. Samples were recruited using a purposive sampling technique (n = 102). Data were analyzed using chi-square and Mann–Whitney tests. The results of this study indicate that the leadership style of the head nurse, rewards, attitudes, and motivation had a significant relationship with the level of adherence in the implementation of IPSG 1 and IPSG 2. The level of nurses’ compliance in the implementation of IPSG 5 was only influenced by the leadership style of the room head and the nurses’ positive attitude. None of the factors had significant relationships with the level of nurses’ compliance in the implementation of IPSG 6. The consultative leadership style of the room head can change the level of nurses’ compliance in the implementation of IPSG 1 by 5.6 times, with 5.06 times toward IPSG 2 and 4.71 times toward IPSG 5. This research recommends the need for consultative leadership style from the room head to carry out the roles and functions as a supervisor to improve associate nurses’ compliance in the implementation of IPSG 1, IPSG 2, IPSG 5, and IPSG 6. Abstrak Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Tingkat Kepatuhan Perawat dalam Implementasi Indikator Sasaran Keselamatan Pasien di Rumah Sakit. Keselamatan pasien adalah salah satu dari lima isu penting keselamatan di rumah sakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan faktor-faktor yang terkait dengan kepatuhan perawat dalam penerapan indikator sasaran keselamatan pasien (IPSG 1, IPSG 2, IPSG 5, dan IPSG 6). Desain penelitian menggunakan deskriptif korelatif dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Sampel diambil dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling (n= 102). Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji Chi-square dan Mann-Whitney. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gaya kepemimpinan kepala ruangan, penghargaan, sikap, dan motivasi memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan tingkat kepatuhan dalam penerapan IPSG 1 dan IPSG 2. Tingkat kepatuhan perawat dalam penerapan IPSG 5 hanya dipengaruhi oleh gaya kepemimpinan kepala ruangan dan sikap positif perawat. Tidak ada faktor yang memiliki hubungan signifikan dengan tingkat kepatuhan perawat dalam penerapan IPSG 6. Gaya kepemimpinan konsultatif kepala ruangan dapat mengubah tingkat kepatuhan perawat dalam penerapan IPSG 1 sebesar 5,6 kali, dengan 5,06 kali terhadap IPSG 2 dan 4,71 kali terhadap IPSG 5. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan perlunya gaya kepemimpinan konsultatif dari kepala ruangan untuk melaksanakan peran dan fungsi sebagai pengawas untuk meningkatkan kepatuhan perawat dalam penerapan IPSG 1, IPSG 2, IPSG 5, dan IPSG 6. Kata Kunci: indikator sasaran keselamatan pasien, kepatuhan, perawat
Correlation between Disclosure Status and Stress in Men who Have Sex with Men with HIV Edianto Edianto; Agung Waluyo; Sri Yona; Ina Martiana
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.1101

Abstract

Men who have sex with men living with HIV (MSM-LWH) experience psychological and social issues, including depression, anxiety, fear of infecting others, frustration, and social isolation. They may also experience problems in their relationships due to a fear of social stigma, such as marital issues, family conflicts, a lack of family support, economic difficulties, and social rejection by the family. This research aimed to assess the relationship between HIV status disclosure and stress in MSM-LWH in Medan, Indonesia. Here, a cross-sectional design and the convenience sampling technique were used. A total of 176 respondents who were MSM, HIV positive, and residents of Medan City were included in this work. Data were collected by means of HIV Status Disclosure questionnaires and a Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Overall, 70.9% respondents reported disclosing their status to others and approximately half revealed experiencing stress. Moreover, HIV status disclosure was significantly associated with stress (p= 0.025). This study reveals that HIV status disclosure may result in negative effects on MSMLWH, represent a barrier to medical treatment, and increase internal stress. Abstrak Hubungan antara Status Disclosure dengan Stres pada Lelaki yang Berhubungan Seks dengan Lelaki dengan HIV. Lelaki yang berhubungan Seks dengan lelaki (LSL) yang hidup dengan HIV mengalami masalah psikologis dan sosial termasuk depresi, kecemasan, ketakutan menulari orang lain, frustasi dan isolasi sosial. Selain itu juga mengalami masalah dalam hubungan sosial karena takut akan stigma, konflik dalam keluarga, kurangnya dukungan keluarga, kesulitan ekonomi dan penolakan oleh keluarga. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara status disclosure HIV dengan stress pada LSL yang hidup dengan HIV di Medan, Indonesia. Metode yang digunakan adalah cross-sectional dengan menggunakan teknik convenience sampling. Sebanyak 176 responden LSL dengan HIV positif dan tinggal di wilayah kota Medan. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan HIV Status Disclosure Questionare dan Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa sebanyak 70,9% responden memiliki status disclosure HIV rendah, sementara itu sebanyak 55,1% resonden mengalami stress yang tinggi. Status disclosure HIV secara ber-makna dikaitkan dengan stress (p= 0,025). Penelitian ini mengungkapkan bahwa status disclosure HIV dapat mem-berikan efek negatif pada LSL yang hidup dengan HIV dan menjadi penghalang untuk perawatan medis dan mening-katkan stress internal.Kata Kunci: HIV, lelaki yeng berhubungan seks dengan lelaki, status disclosure, stres
Stress within Families of Patients with Psychotic Disorders: Initial Study Lida Nurlainah; Imas Rafiyah; Indra Maulana
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.963

Abstract

Psychotic disorders are the most severe form of mental illness. The family is the primary supporter of patients with psychosis; as such, the family is likely to experience stress when caring for psychotic patients and assisting in their recovery. Data analysis regarding stress within families could inform the types of support that family members receive. This study aimed to determine stress within families of psychotic patients in Garut, Indonesia. A descriptive study was carried out using a quantitative approach. The samples collected were of the families who visited an outpatient clinic in Garut. A purposive sample of 70 respondents using the Slovin formula (10%) was recruited. Data were collected using the 42 Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) questionnaire, and univariate analysis was conducted. Results showed that 5.7% of the respondents experienced medium stress, 54.4% experienced mild stress, 41.4% did not experience stress, and only one person (1.4%) experienced severe stress. The findings suggest that families with psychotic patients experience stress. Further research is recommended to examine the factors and levels of stress within families of long-term acute psychotic patients. Abstrak Stres dalam Keluarga Pasien dengan Gangguan Psikotik. Gangguan psikotik adalah bentuk penyakit mental yang paling parah. Keluarga adalah pendukung utama pasien yang menderita psikosis,keluarga cenderung mengalami stres ketika merawat pasien psikotik dan membantu dalam pemulihan mereka. Analisis data mengenai stres keluarga dapat menginformasikan jenis dukungan yang diterima anggota keluarga. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui stres keluarga dengan pasien psikotik di Garut, Indonesia. Studi deskriptif dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif. Sampel yang dikumpulkan adalah dari keluarga yang mengunjungi klinik rawat jalan di daerah Garut. Sampel purposive dari 70 responden menggunakan rumus Slovin (10%) yang direkrut. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner 42 Depression Anxietystress Scale (DASS) dengan melakukan analisis univariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 5,7% responden mengalami stres sedang, 54,4% mengalami stres ringan, 41,4% tidak mengalami stres, dan hanya satu orang (1,4%) mengalami stres berat. Dapat disimpulkan dari temuan bahwa keluarga dengan pasien psikotik mengalami beberapa bentuk stres. Penelitian lebih lanjut direkomendasikan untuk memeriksa faktor-faktor dan tingkat stres keluarga dengan pasien psikotik akut lama. Kata Kunci: keluarga, psikotik, stres
Perceptions toward Considering Nursing as A Career Choice among Secondary School Students Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan; Nurul Syafiqah Jusoh; Siti Hazariah Abdul Hamid; Mohd Said Nurumal
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.1090

Abstract

Demand for a nursing career in Malaysia has increased, although it has not been a popular course of choice among students. Understanding the perceptions of students about nursing may help identify any misconception toward the profession and their consideration to choose nursing as a career. This study aimed to identify the perceptions of secondary school students about nursing and their potential interest in joining a nursing career. A cross-sectional study using convenience sampling was conducted among 155 students by administering a High School Students Self-Administered Questionnaire from three selected secondary schools in Kuantan, Pahang Malaysia. Overall, the respondents positively perceived the nursing profession, although several parts were viewed negatively. Despite having a positive notion about nursing, only 18.1% of the respondents were interested to select nursing as their career and a majority of them were women. In conclusion, no significant difference in perceptions about nursing and consideration to choose nursing as a career was found. Nevertheless, the image of nurses and a nursing career need to be improved in the eye of students and societies. In addition, the students were not aware of the benefits of nursing with several misconceptions of genders and doctor’s aid. Overall, the status of nursing in Malaysia should be enhanced to make it a valuable career. Abstrak  Persepsi terhadap Mempertimbangkan Keperawatan sebagai Pilihan Karir di antara Siswa Sekolah Sekunder. Permintaan untuk karir keperawatan di Malaysia mengalami peningkatan, meskipun belum menjadi pilihan populer di kalangan siswa. Pemahaman mengenai persepsi siswa tentang keperawatan dapat membantu mengidentifikasi kesalahpahaman terhadap profesi dan pertimbangan mereka untuk memilih keperawatan sebagai karier. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi persepsi siswa sekolah menengah tentang keperawatan dan potensi minat mereka untuk memilih karir keperawatan. Sebuah studi cross-sectional menggunakan convenience sampling dilakukan pada 155 siswa dengan High School Students Self-Administered Questionnaire dari tiga sekolah menengah di Kuantan, Pahang Malaysia. Secara keseluruhan, responden memandang positif profesi keperawatan, namun beberapa bagian dipandang negatif. Meskipun memiliki gagasan positif tentang keperawatan, hanya 18,1% dari responden tertarik untuk memilih keperawatan sebagai karir mereka dan mayoritas dari mereka adalah perempuan. Kesimpulannya, tidak ada perbedaan signifikan dalam persepsi tentang keperawatan dan pertimbangan untuk memilih keperawatan sebagai karier. Namun demikian, citra perawat dan karier keperawatan perlu ditingkatkan di mata siswa dan masyarakat. Selain itu, siswa tidak menyadari manfaat keperawatan dengan beberapa kesalahpahaman tentang gender dan bantuan dokter. Secara keseluruhan, status keperawatan di Malaysia harus ditingkatkan untuk menjadikannya karier yang berharga. Kata Kunci: karier, keperawatan, persepsi, pilihan, sekolah menengah, siswa
Influence of Islamic Philosophy on the Faith and Practices of Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Its Musculoskeletal Manifestations Mohd Khairul Zul Hasymi Firdaus; Urai Hatthakit; Waraporn Kongsuwan; Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.1079

Abstract

Transcultural care is an important aspect of patient care. This review paper discusses the influence of Islamic philosophy on the faith and practices of Muslim patients with diabetes mellitus and its musculoskeletal manifestations. Relevant articles were searched from the electronic databases Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, PubMed, ProQuest, and Science Direct using the keywords “Islamic philosophy, the influence of Islamic Philosophy in Muslim patients, religious practice during sick, fasting months, and sick.” No time limitation was specified for article selection. The database search yielded 170 potential articles. The abstracts of these articles were screened, and 50 full-length manuscripts were obtained, reviewed, and analyzed for their relevance to the subject matter. Discussions rooted in the ontology, epistemology, and methodology of Islamic philosophy were described in detail to provide a sound understanding of its influence on Muslim patients. The ontology of Islamic philosophy is based on four important concepts, namely, the Unity of Allah, the Unity of Creation, the Unity of Thought, and the Unity of Man. The epistemological approach can help Muslim patients search for knowledge on the basis of ontology and three principles, namely, Ilm’ Yaqin, Ainul Yaqin, and Haqqal Yaqin. The ontology and epistemology shape the methodology of Muslim patients’ daily life -according to the Islamic concepts of the Five Pillars and Six True Faiths. The issues patients with diabetes mellitus and its musculoskeletal manifestations encounter usually arise when they need to perform obligations during fasting and prayers. Understanding Islamic philosophy in caring for patients with diabetes is important among healthcare pro-fessionals to provide appropriate care. Better healthcare services may be provided to Muslim patients if their specific needs are fulfilled according to their beliefs and culture. Abstrak Filosofi Islam Memengaruhi Iman dan Praktek Klien dengan Diabetes Mellitus dan Manifestasi Muskuloskeletalnya: Review. Perawatan transkultural adalah aspek penting ketika memberikan perawatan kepada klien. Artikel tinjauan ini akan membahas tentang filsafat Islam yang memengaruhi keyakinan dan praktik klien diabetes Muslim. Artikel yang relevan dicari dari database elektronik Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PubMed, ProQuest, dan Science Direct. Kata kunci yang digunakan 'filsafat Islam, pengaruh Filsafat Islam pada klien Muslim, praktik keagamaan selama sakit, bulan puasa, dan sakit'. Tidak ada batasan waktu pada pemilihan artikel. Pencarian database mengidentifikasi sejumlah 170 artikel. Abstrak disaring dan 50 artikel lengkap diperoleh, ditinjau, dan di-analisis jika relevan. Diskusi rooting pada ontologi, epistemologi, dan metodologi filsafat Islam dijelaskan secara rinci untuk memahami pengaruhnya terhadap klien Muslim. Ontologi filsafat Islam didasarkan pada empat konsep penting; Kesatuan Allah, Kesatuan Ciptaan, Kesatuan Pemikiran, dan Kesatuan Manusia. Pendekatan epistemologis membantu klien Muslim untuk mencari pengetahuan berdasarkan ontologi dan tiga prinsip (Ilm Ya Yaqin, Ainul Yaqin, dan Haqqal Yaqin). Ini telah membentuk metodologi klien Muslim dalam kehidupan sehari-hari berdasarkan pada Islam Lima pilar dan Enam Iman Sejati. Masalah klien dengan diabetes mellitus dan manifestasi muskuloskeletalnya biasa-nya muncul setiap kali melakukan kewajiban saat puasa dan berdoa. Kebutuhan mereka untuk mengamati kepatuhan pengobatan, kontrol diet, doa sehari-hari, dan bagaimana metodologi memengaruhi kehidupan sehari-hari mereka. Pemahaman filosofi Islam dalam merawat klien diabetes adalah penting di antara para profesional kesehatan untuk memberikan perawatan yang tepat. Diharapkan bahwa layanan kesehatan yang lebih baik untuk klien Muslim jika kebutuhan spesifik keyakinan dan budaya terpenuhi. Kata kunci: diabetes mellitus, filsafat Islam, manifestasi muskuloskeletal, Muslim
Acknowledgement & Index Volume 23 of 2020 Rina Setiana
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.1500

Abstract

Pregnant Women’s Experience during Antenatal Care in Private Clinic Maternity Nursing Fitri Fujiana; Setyowati Setyowati; Imami Nur Rachmawati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.1091

Abstract

Maternity nurses are authorized health workers that provide antenatal care, but their roles and function in antenatal care services are not recognized by the public. This research aims to reveal the experience of pregnant women during antenatal visits in private clinic maternity nursing. Six pregnant women selected using purposive sampling underwent an in-depth interview in this descriptive phenomenological study. Data were analyzed through thematic content analysis with Moustakas approach. Three themes were identified in this study: 1) women experience good communication with maternity nurses; 2) women receive family-centered nursing care; 3) the schedule, cost, facility, and types of service meet the participants’ needs. This study suggests for nurses to improve their competencies in delivering antenatal care according to clients’ needs.Abstrak Pengalaman Kehamilan Wanita Selama Masa Perawatan Antenatal di Klinik Mandiri Keperawatan Maternitas. Perawat spesialis maternitas adalah petugas kesehatan berwenang yang menyediakan perawatan antenatal, tetapi peran dan fungsinya dalam layanan perawatan antenatal belum dikenal oleh masyarkat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan pengalaman ibu hamil selama kunjungan antenatal di klinik mandiri keperawatan maternitas. Enam ibu hamil yang dipilih menggunakan purposive sampling menjalani wawancara mendalam dalam studi fenomenologis deskriptif ini. Data dianalisis melalui tematik konten analisis dengan pendekatan Moustakas. Tiga tema diidentifikasi dalam penelitian ini: 1) ibu hamil mengalami komunikasi yang baik dengan perawat maternitas; 2) wanita menerima asuhan keperawatan yang berpusat pada keluarga; 3) jadwal, biaya, fasilitas, dan jenis pelayanan sesuai keinginan ibu hamil. Studi ini menyarankan bagi perawat untuk meningkatkan kompetensi mereka dalam memberikan pelayanan antenatal sesuai dengan kebutuhan klien. Kata Kunci: antenatal care, ibu hamil, perawat maternitas
The Knowledge related to Mental Health of the People around the Coastal Areas Taty Hernawaty; Hadi Suprapto Arifin; Efri Widianti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.1234

Abstract

Mental health is one of Indonesia’s public health development goals. The Pangandaran District Administration of West Java is an expanded district that actively carries out various development programs, including mental health programs. This study aimed to identify public knowledge about mental health in Pangandaran District using quantitative descriptive method. The research population comprised residents of the Pangandaran District, and a sample was collected via cluster multistage sampling technique. The sample was gradually determined in the order of subdistricts, villages, subvillages, community units, and neighborhood units. The total sample was composed of 113 respondents. The questionnaire was developed based on theories and concepts on public mental health and distributed to participants after validity and reliability tests were conducted. The construct validity test result was between 0.303 and 0.764, which meant that all items were valid. The Kuder-Richardson 20 formula was used to test reliability, and the reliability coefficient was 0.887. Mathematical calculations were used for data analysis; data are presented as frequency distributions. In this study, 61.10% of the respondents had “less” knowledge, 33.59% had “good” knowledge, and the remaining 5.30% had “enough” knowledge of mental health. The results suggest that the local government should provide mental health education for the residents. For educational institutions, mental health programs should be a fundamental offering in Indonesian society. Abstrak Pengetahuan tentang Kesehatan Mental Warga di Sekitar Wilayah Pesisir. Sehat secara mental merupakan bagian dari tujuan pembangunan kesehatan masyarakat. Pemerintah Kabupaten Pangandaran merupakan kabupaten pemekaran yang sedang menggalakkan berbagai program pembangunan termasuk program kesehatan jiwa. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi pengetahuan masyarakat Kabupaten Pangandaran mengenai kesehatan jiwa. Metode penelitian menggunakan deskriptif kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh masyarakat Kabupaten Pangandaran dan sampel diambil menggunakan tehnik cluster multistage sampling. Tahapan penetapan sampel dilakukan bertahap mulai dari kecamatan, desa, dusun, rukun warga, sampai rukun tetangga dan didapat sebanyak 113 orang. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner dan dibagikan pada seluruh responden. Kuisioner dikembangkan dari teori dan konsep kesehatan jiwa masyarakat dan sudah dilakukan uji validitas dan reliabilitas. Uji validitas konstrak didapatkan hasil berkisar antara 0,303 sampai 0,764 sehingga semua item dinyatakan valid. Uji reliabilitas menggunakan uji Kuder Richardson 20 dan diperoleh koefisien reliabilitas KR-20 sebesar 0,887. Analisa data menggunakan perhitungan matematis dan ditampilkan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 61,10% responden kurang memiliki pengetahuan mengenai kesehatan jiwa, 33,59% responden memiliki pengetahuan mengenai kesehatan jiwa yang baik, dan sisanya 5,30% responden memiliki pengetahuan mengenai kesehatan jiwa yang cukup. Saran, bagi pemerintah setempat agar memberikan pendidikan kesehatan jiwa bagi masyarakat. Bagi instansi pendidikan, diharapkan menjadi data dasar dalam membuat program kesehatan jiwa di masyarakat.  Kata Kunci: Jawa Barat, kesehatan masyarakat, program kesehatan jiwa, wilayah pesisir
Table of Content Volume 23 No.3 November 2020 Rina Setiana
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 23, No 3 (2020): November
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v23i3.1499

Abstract

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