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Rina Setiana
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Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March" : 9 Documents clear
A Secondary Analysis of Peer Support and Family Acceptance Among Homosexual Living with HIV and Antiretroviral Therapy: Quality of Life Perspectives Ina Martiana; Agung Waluyo; Sri Yona; Edianto Edianto
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.1095

Abstract

Men who have sex with men (MSM) comprise a population at risk for HIV infection. Assessing the Quality of Life (QOL) in MSM might be different than other populations. This study showed a secondary analysis from our previous research. It was needed to understand whether peer support and family acceptance had an impact on QOL of MSM living with HIV and ART (Antiretroviral Therapy). A total of 175 respondents were involved in this cross-sectional study that was carried out with purposive sampling. The questionnaires were translated to Bahasa and tested for validity and reliability. Data questionnaires completed were analyzed. Results showed that peer support was positively correlated with QOL (p= 0.023; OR= 2.070), and also, family acceptance was significantly related to QOL (p= 0.001; OR= 2.766). Thus, peer support and family acceptance are important factors affecting the well-being and QOL of MSM living with HIV and ART. This finding can be used for the improvement of QOL in people living with HIV. Abstrak  Dukungan Sebaya dan Penerimaan Keluarga terhadap Kualitas Hidup Homoseksual dengan HIV dan Terapi Antiretroviral. Laki-laki yang berhubungan seks dengan laki-laki (LSL) merupakan populasi yang berisiko terinfeksi HIV. Menilai kualitas hidup (QOL) pada LSL mungkin berbeda dari populasi lainnya. Penelitian ini merupakan analisis sekunder dari penelitian sebelumnya. Kami menguji apakah dukungan sebaya dan penerimaan keluarga berdampak pada kualitas hidup pada LSL dengan HIV dan ART (terapi antiretroviral). Sebanyak 175 responden dilibatkan dalam studi cross-sectional yang dilakukan melalui purposive sampling. Data kuesioner yang sudah terisi komplit, akan dilakukan analisa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dukungan sebaya berhubungan positif dengan kualitas hidup (p= 0,023; OR= 2,070) dan juga penerimaan keluarga secara signifikan berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup (p= 0,001; OR= 2,766). Dengan demikian, dukungan sebaya dan penerimaan keluarga merupakan variabel penting yang mempengaruhi kesejahteraan dan kualitas hidup LSL yang hidup dengan HIV dan ART. Temuan ini dapat digunakan untuk peningkatan QOL pada orang dengan HIV. Kata Kunci: dukungan sebaya, HIV, kualitas hidup, penerimaan keluarga
Mothers’ Breastfeeding Practices and Self-Efficacy Agrina Agrina; Febriana Sabrian; Oswati Hasanah; Erika Erika; Yesi Hasneli
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.1083

Abstract

This study examined breastfeeding practices and self-efficacy among mothers residing in rural areas. A cross-sectional study was conducted for 104 mothers via purposeful sampling in a Posyandu (maternal and child health service) in Kampar district, one of the rural areas in Riau, Indonesia. The Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short Form (BSES-SF) was used in the questionnaires to collect data. Chi-square test was used for bivariate analysis. Majority of the respondents (71.2%) were 20–35 years old; 69.3% of the respondents’ level of education were low (such as junior and senior high school levels). Approximately 91.3% of them were housewives. Exclusive breastfeeding prevalence was only 30.8%, with insufficient milk being the most common reasons cited by the mothers as failure to breastfeed exclusively. Porridge and mineral water were the most commonly supplied food given to babies under 6 months among 31.7% and 36.5% mothers, respectively. The respondents faced some breast problems, where 72.1% mothers did not have good breastfeeding skills. Approximately 59.6% mothers had higher breastfeeding self-efficacy than the mean score for BSES-SF, which was 58.58 (11.58 standard deviation [SD]). Mothers’ age was significantly correlated with the BSES among mothers (p < 0.01). Increasing young mother’s breastfeeding self-efficacy during the antenatal care period is important to lower these young mothers’ perception of having insufficient milk. Abstrak Praktik Menyusui dan Efikasi Diri Ibu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan tentang praktik pemberian air susu ibu (ASI) dan efikasi diri ibu menyusui di daerah pedesaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional pada 104 ibu yang berkunjung ke Posyandu sebagai tempat pos kesehatan untuk ibu dan anak yang diambil menggunakan teknik purposeful sampling. Alat penggumpulan data menggunakan kuisioner breastfeeding self-efficacy Scale Short Form (BSES -SF) yang telah valid dan realiabel pada penelitian sebelumnya. Analisis Chi square digunakan pada analisa bivariate. Mayoritas usia responden adalah berada pada rentang 20-35 tahun (71,2%) dengan pendidikan yang terbanyak adalah sekolah menengah pertama dan atas (69,3%). Hampir seluruh responden tidak memiliki pekerjaan diluar rumah (91,3%). Hanya 30,8% ibu memberikan ASI saja dengan alasan utama ASI yang tidak cukup sebagai alasan utama. Sebagai alternatif maka ibu memberikan bubur dan air putih sebagai makanan utama kepada bayi sebelum berusia 6 bulan. Kebanyakan ibu mengalami masalah dalam menyusui dan hanya 27,9% ibu memiliki kemampuan yang tepat dalam menyusui. 59,6% efikasi diri ibu menyusui di atas mean efikasi diri responden (58,58, SD 11,58). Usia ibu signifikan berhubungan dengan efikasi diri ibu menyusui (p< 0,01). Perlu ditingkatkan efikasi diri pada ibu muda selama masa kehamilan agar persepsi ibu tentang kecukupan ASI menjadi lebih baik. Kata Kunci: efikasi diri, ibu, praktik nenyusui
Patient Characteristics Related to Phlebitis in the East Coast of Peninsular Malaysia Hospital Azlina Daud; Fatimah Mohamad
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.1097

Abstract

The insertion of peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs) is common for treatment among hospitalized patients. However, this procedure usually fails before the end of therapy because of several complications, including phlebitis. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the incidence and associated factors of phlebitis among patients with PIVC. A prospective cohort study was conducted in one of the hospitals located in East Coast Malaysia. The presence of phlebitis was assessed using the visual infusion phlebitis score checklist. The patients were followed until PIVC removal. A total of 321 data were collected among patients who received a new PIVC in the medical, gynecology, and orthopedic wards. The incidence of phlebitis was 36.1% (n= 116), and 96.6% of which were grade II. Patients aged 60 years (51.5%), men (42.2%), no known phlebitis history (47.4%), and with chronic disease record (46.8%) were determined as the highest percentage with phlebitis. This study demonstrated that age, gender, and chronic diseases were risk factors of developing phlebitis. Abstrak Karakteristik Pasien yang Berhubungan dengan Flebitis di Rumah Sakit Pantai Timur Semenanjung Malayía. Di antara pasien yang dirawat di rumah sakit, penyisipan kateter intravena perifer (PIVC) umum untuk pengobatan. Namun, prosedur ini seringkali gagal sebelum terapi selesai karena beberapa komplikasi. Salah satu komplikasi yang terjadi adalah flebitis. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kejadian dan faktor-faktor terkait flebitis di antara pasien dengan PIVC. Sebuah studi kohort prospektif dilakukan di salah satu rumah sakit yang berlokasi di Pantai Timur Malaysia. Kejadian flebitis dinilai menggunakan daftar periksa skor Visual Infusion Phlebitis (VIP). Para pasien ditindaklanjuti sampai pengangkatan PIVC. Terdapat 321 data yang dikumpulkan di antara pasien yang menerima PIVC baru di bangsal medis, ginekologi, dan ortopedi. Insiden flebitis ditemukan 36,1% (n= 116), 96,6% di antaranya adalah grade II. Pasien berusia 60 tahun (51,5%), pria (42,2%), pasien tidak memiliki riwayat flebitis (47,4%) dan pasien dengan catatan penyakit kronis (46,8%) tercatat sebagai persentase tertinggi dengan flebitis. Studi ini menunjukkan bahwa usia, jenis kelamin, dan pasien dengan penyakit kronis kemungkinan besar mengalami flebitis. Kata Kunci: flebitis, kateter intravena peripheral, pasien dewasa
Pursuing the Need for Physical Activity in Recurrent CVA Patients During Hospitalization: A Case Report Stepanus Maman Hermawan; Hany Wihardja
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.1074

Abstract

Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) is a neurological deficit condition caused by an acute focal injury of the central nervous system by cerebral infarction or intracerebral hemorrhage. CVA patients who do not reduce risk factors after the first attack have an 8.7 times higher risk of CVA recurrence. The effect of a recurrent CVA is six times greater than the risk of a first CVA in the general population of the same age and sex, and nearly half of them remain alive but are physically disabled. This case report illustrates the process of recurrent CVA and disability experienced by a 69-year-old Malay woman, a patient at a private hospital in West Kalimantan. The nursing strategy of two post-CVA physical rehabilitation exercise programs for patients during hospitalization will be explained according to the stages in nursing theory.Abstrak Mengejar Kebutuhan Aktivitas Fisik Pasien CVA Berulang Selama Hospitalisasi: Laporan Kasus. Cerebrovaskuler Accident (CVA) adalah kondisi defisit neurologis karena cedera akut pada sistem saraf pusat disebabkan infark serebral atau perdarahan intraserebral. Pasien CVA yang tidak menurunkan faktor risikonya secara optimal setelah serangan pertama memiliki risiko CVA berulang sebesar 8,7 kali lebih tinggi. Efek dari CVA berulang adalah 6 kali lebih besar dari episode CVA pertama pada populasi umum, dengan usia dan jenis kelamin yang sama, hampir setengah dari mereka tetap hidup tetapi mengalami cacat secara fisik. Laporan kasus ini menggambarkan penyakit CVA berulang dan kecacatan yang dialami seorang wanita Melayu berusia 69 tahun, seorang pasien di Rumah Sakit Swasta, Kalimantan Barat. Strategi keperawatan untuk dua program latihan rehabilitasi fisik pasca-CVA bagi pasien selama hospitalisasi akan dijelaskan sesuai dengan tahapan pada teori keperawatan. Kata Kunci: aktivitas fisik, CVA berulang, hospitalisasi
Relationship Between Nurses’ Readiness and Institutional Readiness in Developing Nursing Career Paths in Public Health Centers Tuti Afriani; Rr. Tutik Sri Hariyati; Dyah Fitri Wulandari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.1021

Abstract

Nursing career paths in public health centers have not been well established compared with nurses in hospitals. It is because the nursing career path has a different organizing system, which then becomes an obstacle in implementing the career path for nurses in primary health care. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the relationship between institutional and nurses’ readiness in implementing nursing career paths within public health centers. A cross-sectional study design with questionnaire as instrument was used in this research. A consecutive sampling technique was used to select 93 nurses from 13 public health centers. Furthermore, to identify the objective of this research, the Spearman’s correlation coefficient was used to determine the relationship between paired data. The results found that institutional readiness was 64 or 71.9% of maximum values, yet nurses’ readiness was 112 or 74.5% of maximum values. Thus, it can be concluded that there was a meaningful relationship between institutional and nurses’ readiness with career path implementation (p< 0.001), indicating a strong positive relationship (r= 0.521). The results of this study are expected to become a baseline data for public health centers and public health offices to establish a professional nursing career path in public health centers. Abstrak Kesiapan Individu Berhubungan dengan Kesiapan Institusi dalam Penerapan Jenjang Karir Perawat di Puskesmas. Implementasi jenjang karir perawat di puskesmas belum terbentuk seperti pelaksanaan jenjang karir perawat di rumah sakit. Pengorganisasi jenjang karir yang berbeda pada pelayanan primer menjadi kendala dalam implementasi jenjang karir perawat di puskesmas. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi hubungan kesiapan institusi dan kesiapan perawat dalam penerapan jenjang karir perawat di puskesmas. Desain penelitian menggunakan cross sectional menggunakan kuesioner kepada 93 perawat pada 13 puskesmas. Teknik pengambilan sampel adalah convenience sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan uji korelasi Spearman yang melihat hubungan kesiapan perawat dengan kesiapan intitusi dalam pengembangan jenjang karir perawat di puskesmas. Hasil didapatkan rerata kesiapan insitusi 64 (71,9% dari nilai maksimal), sedangkan kesiapan perawat didapatkan hasil lebih tinggi yaitu 112 (74,5%). Terdapat hubungan secara bermakna kesiapan institusi dengan kesiapan perawat dalam penerapan jenjang karir di puskesmas dengan p< 0,001, arah hubungan positif, dan kekuatan hubungan cukup kuat yaitu r= 0,521. Penelitian ini menjadi data dasar agar puskesmas dan dinas kesehatan dapat menerapkan jenjang karir perawat profesional di puskesmas. Kata Kunci:implementasi, jenjang karir, kesiapan, perawat, puskesmas
School Students’ Perception on Risky Behavior and Their Utilization of Health Care Services Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan; Noor Faizah Tutasting@Rawi; Mohd Said Nurumal; Siti Hazariah Abdul Hamid
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.1093

Abstract

The Malaysia Ministry of Health reported adolescents’ low utilization of healthcare services, although they need this service as a consequence of their involvement in risky behavior. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine adolescents’ perception on risk-taking behavior and their utilization of health care services. A modified self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 250 secondary school students aged 13 and 14 years in one of the selected schools in Malacca, Malaysia. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20. Fast-food consumption, loitering after school, physical fighting, smoking, and non-use of helmets were the most reported risky behaviors among adolescents in Malaysia. More than half of the adolescents who knew about health care services had a positive perception on their utilization of such services. Thus, the promotion of adolescents’ health services helps increase their use of these services and consequently achieve a healthy lifestyle. Abstrak Persepsi Siswa Sekolah terhadap Perilaku Risiko dan Pemanfaatan Layanan Perawatan Kesehatan. Kementerian Kesehatan Malaysia melaporkan rendahnya pemanfaatan layanan kesehatan oleh remaja, meskipun mereka membutuhkan layanan ini sebagai konsekuensi dari keterlibatan mereka dalam perilaku berisiko. Studi cross-sectional ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persepsi remaja tentang perilaku pengambilan risiko dan pemanfaatannya terhadap layanan perawatan kesehatan. Kuesioner mandiri yang dimodifikasi digunakan untuk mengumpulkan data dari 250 siswa sekolah menengah berusia 13 dan 14 tahun di salah satu sekolah yang dipilih di Malaka, Malaysia. Data dianalisis menggunakan SPSS 20. Konsumsi makanan cepat saji, berkeliaran sepulang sekolah, perkelahian fisik, merokok, dan tidak menggunakan helm adalah perilaku berisiko yang paling banyak dilaporkan di kalangan remaja di Malaysia. Lebih dari setengah remaja yang tahu tentang layanan perawatan kesehatan memiliki persepsi positif tentang pemanfaatan layanan tersebut. Dengan demikian, promosi layanan kesehatan remaja membantu meningkatkan penggunaan layanan ini dan akibatnya mencapai gaya hidup sehat. Kata Kunci: layanan perawatan kesehatan remaja, perilaku berisiko, sekolah
Table of Content Volume 24 No.1 March 2021 Rina Setiana
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.1769

Abstract

Factors Related to Doctors’ and Nurses’ Perceptions of Evidence-Based Practice and Information - Communication Technology Melati Fajarini; Sri Rahayu; Ebaa M Felemban; Agus Setiawan
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.1086

Abstract

Evidence-based practice (EBP) that is supported by the availability of the best literature can improve the quality of health services. Information and communication technology (ICT) usage may provide the evidence in timely-manner. However, literature on the factors related to EBP and ICT of doctors and nurses in Indonesia is scant. This study aimed to describe the factors related to the doctors’ and nurses’ EBP perception and ICT. This survey was conducted in November 2017–January 2018 at one general hospital, five private hospitals, eleven public health centers, and five private clinics. A total of 85 doctors and 271 nurses selected by proportional probability sampling were given online questionnaires. Each questionnaire consisted of 12 items about access to information and 24 items about perception of EBP adopted from the evidence-based practice questionnaire Upton & Upton. Pearson correlation, independent t-test analysis, and one-way ANOVA results found education and role were related to the doctors’ EBP. Education, role, age, and experience were related to the doctors’ ICT. There was a relationship between age and education with the nurses EBP. These two factors and working experience were related to the nurses’ ICT. EBP intervention through ICT may take into account the nature of experienced senior doctors and young inexperience nurses with higher education in the ICT platform. Advocacy is needed to increase the use of ICTs for EBP and professional development. Further research related to the need of knowledge translation through ICT should be conducted.  Abstrak  Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Persepsi Dokter dan Perawat terhadap Praktik Klinis Berbasis Bukti dan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi. Praktik klinis berbasis bukti (PKBB) yang ditunjang dengan ketersediaan literatur terbaik dapat meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan kesehatan. Penggunaan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi (TIK) menyediakan bukti ilmiah dalam waktu yang singkat. Namun, literature tentang faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan PKBB dan TIK dokter dan perawat di Indonesia masih sedikit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan persepsi PKBB dan TIK dokter dan perawat. Survei ini dilaksanakan pada November 2017–Januari 2018 di satu rumah sakit umum, lima rumah sakit swasta, sebelas puskesmas, dan lima klinik swasta. Sebanyak 85 dokter dan 271 perawat yang dipilih dengan sampel proportional probability diberikan kuesioner daring. Kuesioner terdiri dari 12 pertanyaan tentang akses informasi dan 24 pernyataan tentang persepsi PKBB yang diadopsi dari evidence-based practice questionnaire Upton & Upton. Hasil analisis Pearson correlation, independent T-test dan one-way ANOVA menemukan hubungan antara pendidikan dan peran dengan PKBB dokter, serta pendidikan, peran, usia dan pengalaman kerja berhubungan dengan TIK dokter. Ada hubungan antara umur dan pendidikan dengan PPKB perawat. Kedua faktor dan pengalaman kerja ini terkait dengan TIK perawat. Intervensi PPKB melalui TIK dapat mempertimbangkan karakter dokter senior berpengalaman dan perawat muda yang pendidikan tinggi namun belum berpengalaman dengan platform TIK. Advokasi diperlukan untuk meningkatkan pemanfaatan TIK untuk PPKB dan pengembangan profesional. Penelitian lebih lanjut terkait kebutuhan penerjemahan pengetahuan melalui TIK harus dilakukan. Kata Kunci: dokter, perawat, persepsi, praktik klinis berbasis ilmiah, teknologi informasi komunikasi
Phenomenological Study on the Experience of Male Nurses in Caring for Female Patients Anik Maryunani; Rr. Tutik Sri Hariyati; Enie Novieastari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 24, No 1 (2021): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v24i1.690

Abstract

Nurses provide care equally and do not discriminate between men and women. However, male nurses face challenges and obstacles, especially when they take care of female patients. This study aimed to explore the experiences of male nurses who look after female patients by using a descriptive qualitative design with a phenomenological approach. Ten male nurse participants aged 26–43 years and having an experience of caring for female patients for at least 2 years were included in this study. Seven themes were identified: the discomfort of female patients and male nurses; patient’s trust and privacy; the identification of factors affected by body image, age, and types of sensitive areas and actions; attention to the religion, personal beliefs, ethics, and culture of patients; professionalism, role, and competencies of nurses; communication strategies and asking for female nurses for assistance based on team methods; and the view of males in the nursing profession. This study focused on two of the main themes: attention to the religion, personal beliefs, ethics, and cultures of patients and communication strategies and asking female nurses on the team for help. Results suggest that nursing facilities need to improve their patient-focused services by considering a patient’s ethical and cultural concerns, using communication strategies, and seeking team assistance when needed in accordance with a hospital’s national accreditation standards. Abstrak Studi Fenomenologi Pengalaman Perawat Laki-Laki dalam Merawat Pasien Perempuan. Perawat memberikan asuhan yang setara dan tidak membeda-bedakan antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Namun perawat laki-laki menghadapi tantangan dan kendala, terutama saat merawat pasien perempuan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengalaman perawat laki-laki yang merawat pasien perempuan dengan menggunakan desain deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Sepuluh peserta perawat laki-laki berusia 26–43 tahun dan memiliki pengalaman merawat pasien perempuan setidaknya selama 2 tahun dilibatkan dalam penelitian ini. Tujuh tema diidentifikasi, yaitu ketidaknyamanan pasien wanita dan perawat pria; kepercayaan dan privasi pasien; identifikasi faktor yang dipengaruhi oleh citra tubuh, usia, dan jenis area dan tindakan sensitif; perhatian pada agama, keyakinan pribadi, etika, dan budaya pasien; profesionalisme, peran, dan kompetensi perawat; strategi komunikasi dan meminta bantuan perawat wanita berdasarkan metode tim; dan pandangan laki-laki dalam profesi perawat. Studi ini berfokus pada dua tema utama, yaitu perhatian pada agama, keyakinan pribadi, etika, dan budaya pasien serta strategi komunikasi dan meminta bantuan perawat wanita dalam tim. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa fasilitas keperawatan perlu meningkatkan layanan yang berfokus pada pasien dengan mempertimbangkan masalah etika dan budaya pasien, menggunakan strategi komunikasi, dan mencari bantuan tim bila diperlukan sesuai dengan standar akreditasi nasional rumah sakit. Kata kunci: budaya pasien, etika, pasien perempuan, perawat laki-laki, perawatan

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