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INDONESIA
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 1 (2003): March" : 6 Documents clear
Etika Penulisan Karya Ilmiah Keperawatan Hanny Handiyani
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2003): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i1.131

Abstract

AbstrakHakekat suatu karya/ karangan ilmiah adalah suatu bacaan yang menyajikan fakta dan kebenaran secara obyektif serta disajikan sesuai dengan kaidah penulisan ilmiah. Hal ini menuntut kejujuran penulis dalam menampilkan informasi tersebut secara efektif sehingga pembaca mendapatkan pemahaman yang sesuai dengan maksud penulis dan fakta yang disampaikan. Semakin banyak karya ilmiah keperawatan yang ditemukan menunjukkan telah semakin tingginya kesadaran ilmuwan keperawatan yang menunjukkan eksistensinya melalui karya ilmiah baik melalui kesadaran sendiri maupun karena kondisi adanya tugas menulis yang wajib dilakukannya. Perkembangan ini seyogyanya diiringi dengan kesadaran penulis menerapkan aspek etika penulisan karya ilmiahnya. Bila tidak, maka akan rusaklah perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan itu. Berbagai aspek etika penulisan ini akan diuraikan pada tulisan berikut ini. AbstractA scientific writing is a form of formal writing that provide facts and truth objectively and scientifically. It requires the writer honesty to present the information effectively, so that the reader will grasp the meaning of the article. Nowadays, large number of nursing scientific writing is produced by nursing scholars in Indonesia. However, this indicator should be followed by the application of ethical aspect in the writing. This article will discuss the ethical aspect in writing scientific article.
Pemeriksaan dan Sisi Praktis Merawat Pasien Cedera Kepala Iskandar Japardi
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2003): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i1.130

Abstract

AbstrakTrauma kepala menimbulkan masalah yang serius dalam masyarakat kita karena baik morbiditas maupun mortalitasnya masih sangat tinggi. Perawatan pasien trauma kepala adalah masalah yang sangat kompleks dan merupakan tanggung jawab yang berat. Perawatan bedah syaraf adalah suatu fokus baru di bidang perawatan di Indonesia, salah satu sebabnya adalah jumlah institusi medis yang menyediakan tenaga ahli di bidang ini masih sangat sedikit. Di ibukota provinsi pun hanya ada sejumlah kecil Dokter Ahli Bedah Syaraf dengan fasilitas medis yang terbatas. Tulisan ini akan membahas tentang penilaian, intervensi, dan perawatan pasien trauma kepala, terutama pada penderita koma. Pembahasan tersebut mencakup aspek teoritis, patofisiologis, dan psikologis dari perawatan dan mengutamakan pentingnya pendekatan secara multidisipliner. AbstractHead injuries cause serious problems within our community, as the morbidity and mortality are still very high. The management of head injury patient is a very complex problem and a serious difficult responsibility. Neurosurgical nursing is a new focus in Indonesian nursing, one of the reasons is that only few medical institutions provide reliable skill in this field. Even in a capital of province, only a few neurosurgeons with restricted medical facilities are available. This article will focus on assessing, intervening and managing head injury patients, especially in the comatous state. It will deal with the theoretical, pathophysiological, and psychological aspects of care and focus on the importance of a multidisciplinary approach.
Gangguan Pola Tidur Pasien 2 – 11 Hari Pasca Operasi, Jakarta, 2001 Tuti Nuraini; Efy Afifah; Sri Sugiwati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2003): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i1.125

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini dilakukan untuk menggambarkan gangguan pola tidur pada pasien 2-11 hari pasca operasi dan tindakan yang telah dilakukan pasien agar dapat memenuhi kebutuhan tidurnya. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain deskriptif eksploratif yang dilakukan pada 50 orang pasien dewasa awal dan menengah dengan 2–11 hari pasca operasi di RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terdapat gangguan pada pasien 2-11 hari pasca operasi dengan berbagai penyebab terjadinya gangguan tersebut. Berbagai cara telah mereka lakukan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan tidurnya. Setelah dianalisis, ternyata manajemen pola tidur yang mereka lakukan masih kurang tepat. Tentunya akan lebih baik bila perawat membantu pasien memenuhi kebutuhan tidurnya, seperti dengan mengajarkan teknik relaksasi, pijat punggung/ back rub, petunjuk imaginasi/ guided imagery, batuk efektif, pengaturan jadwal tindakan perawat, dan lain-lain.AbstractSleep Pattern Disturbances in Patients with 2-11 days post operative. The purpose of this research to describe sleep pattern disturbancesw patients with 2-11 days post operative and the interventions provided for patients to support their sleeping. The methodology used descriptive exploration to 50 adult patients (early and middle adult) were 2-11 days post operative in-patient wards, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. The result revered that there is sleep pattern disturbances to patients with 2-11 days post operative with variety of etiology. Analysis of the data revealed that: management of care for sleep pattern disturbance were still inappropriate. Better, if nurse helps patients to support their sleeping with teach relaxation technique, backs rub, guided imagery, effective coughing, time management intervention of nursing, etc.
The Relationship Between Learning Methods, Participation Of Nurse Educator, And The Student’s Clinical Performance As Perceived By S1 Nursing Students (Stage 1) Elly Nurachmah; Yulia Yulia
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2003): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i1.129

Abstract

Abstrak:Pengalaman di klinik memperlihatkan bahwa beberapa rumah sakit mempekerjakan perawat dari lulusan perguruan tinggi. Alasain keaadaan ini adanya persepsi dari manajemen rumah sakit- menolak perawat yang baru lulus. Mereka menganggap bahwa perawat ini tidak siap untuk bekerja karena gagal menunjukkan kemampuan klinik yang diharapkan, yang mungkin disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor. Fenomena di atas menghasilkan asas teoritis yang dapat diperdebatkan karena belum ada temuan ataupun studi yang dapat menjelaskan penyebabnya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi hubungan antara metoda pembelajaran di kelas dan laboratorium, partisipasi pembimbing klinik, dengan kinerja klinik yang dipersepsikan oleh mahasiswa program ners yang sedang menjalani tahap profesi. Penelitian ini terdiri dari dua tahap. Disain dari penelitian tahap pertama adalah deskripsi dan analisa korelasi. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional. Responden yang berpartisipasi sejumlah 120 orang. Metoda pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah kuesioner terstruktur. Variabel utama yang diuraikan pada penelitian ini adalah metoda pembelajaran, partisipasi pembimbing klinik, dan kinerja klinik mahasiswa. Temuan dari penelitian ini menggambarkan penelitian tahap pertama. Temuan menunjukkan lebih dari separuh responden adalah usia produktif (73.4%), suku Jawa (57.5%), wanita (62.5%), program B (55.8 %), dan memiliki ijazah sekolah menengah umurn (77.5%). Tes kaikuadrat digunakan, dan menunjukkan hubungan yang spesifik antara jenis program, status perkawinan dengan kinerja klinik yang ditampilkan (p=0.00, dan 0,01). Tes regresi logistik digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi variabel yang paling mempengaruhi. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa metoda pembelajaran di kelas (p=0.03), jenis program (0.00), status perkawinan (0.01), dan partisipasi pembimbing kinik (0.04) adalah variabel yang paling mempengaruhi kinerja klinik. Peneliti merekomendasikan lahan praktek untuk menyediakan lingkungan pembelajaran yang lebih kondusif dengan meningkatkan fasilitas dan sistem yang dapat digunakan oleh mahasiswa. Untuk institusi pendidikan, harus ada perbaikan yang signifikan dalam menyediakan sistem pembelajaran klinik untuk mahasiswa misalnya dengan meningkatkan kompetensi pembimbing kinik dan mengimplementasikan program preceptorship. Abstrack:Clinical experience showed that many hospitals refused to employ nurses with higher degree. The reason behind the situation was the hospital management perception on the performance of the newly hired nurses. They perceived that these nurses were not ready to work due to failure to demonstrate clinical expectancy, which was suspected to have many causal factors. The phenomenon above created a debatable theoretical foundation since there was no study findings supported the reasons. The purpose of the study was to identify the relationship between learning methods in the class and laboratory, the participation of the clinical nurse educator in their clinical learning process, and the student’s clinical performance as perceived by the students in their professional stage. The study consists of two stages. The design of this first stage study was a descriptive, correlation analysis. The data collected with a cross sectional approach. The study took place in several hospitals in Jakarta and community settings where the students of one faculty of nursing from public university were doing their clinical practice. Sample of the study were students in their final year and were self- involving in the professional first stage. The number of respondent was 120 subjects. Data collection method used in the study was structured questionnaires. Main research variables explored in the study were learning methods, participation of the clinical nurse educator; and clinical performance of the students. The findings in this study were reflecting the first stage. The findings demonstrated that more than half subjects were in the productive age (73.4%), Javanese (57.5%), female (62.5%), from B program (55.8%), and had completed their 12 years general education (77.5%). The chi-square tests were conducted, and showed significant relationships between the type of the program, the marital status and the perceived clinical performance (p=0.00, and 0.01 respectively). A logistic regression test was conducted to identify the most influencing variables. The result demonstrated that learning method in the class (p=0.03), type of the program (0.00), marital status (0.01), and participation of the nurse educator (0.04) were the most influencing variables to the clinical performance. Recommendations were extended to the management of field practice areas to provide more conducive learning environment by improving the facilities and the systems that could be used by the students. To education institution, there should be a significant improvement in providing a clinical teaching system for the students such as improving the competence of nurse educators, and implementing a preceptor ship program
Perbedaan Karakteristik Perawat, Sistem Penempatan Tenaga Keperawatan Dihubungkan Dengan Produktivitas Waktu Asuhan Antara Perawat PNS Dan TKK Di RSUD Serang, 2003 Sari Mulyati; Elly Nurachmah; Adang Bachtiar
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2003): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i1.124

Abstract

Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Serang (RSUD Serang) merupakan rumah sakit (RS) pemerintah yang telah swadana tipe B non pendidikan berkapasitas 285 tempat tidur dengan jumlah tenaga keperawatan sebesar 218 orang; terdiri dari 75 pegawai negeri sipil PNS (34.4%) dan 143 (65.6%) tenaga kontrak (TKK) yang telah ditempatkan di berbagai ruang rawat (Bidang keperawatan, 2001). Perbedaan status ini menimbulkan permasalahan yang perlu dikaji serius antara lain bahwa tenaga perawat kontrak merasa keamanan dan kestabilan kerja belum terjamin. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan banyaknya perawat yang pindah ke RS lain yang dinilai lebih mapan. Sebaliknya, perawat PNS yang memiliki jaminan keamanan kestabilan kerja belum menunjukkan produktifitas sesuai dengan harapan. Banyak keluhan telah disampaikan oleh klien mengenai tenaga perawat PNS ini (Mulyati, 2001).Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbandingan produktifitas waktu asuhan keperawatan yang dilakukan kedua jenis perawat dan hubungannya dengan sistem penempatan tenaga keperawatan di RSUD Serang. Desain yang digunakan adalah deskriptif komparatif secara potong lintang. Dengan 76 responden. Pengumpulan data melalui kuesioner untuk mengkaji sistem penempatan tenaga dan mengukur beban kerja untuk menetapkan produktifitas waktu kerja kedua jenis perawat melalui observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan bermakna dalam pemanfaatan waktu dari kedua jenis perawat. Angka produktifitas kedua jenis perawat ini masih rendah (47.84%). Selain itu, tidak ada perbedaan bermakna dalam produktifitas waktu dihubungkan dengan sistem penempatan tenaga bagi kedua jenis perawat. Rekomendasi telah disampaikan pada pimpinan rumah sakit, dan penelitian lebih lanjut masih diperlukan untuk mengkaji lebih dalam beberapa variabel lain dengan menggunakan desain yang berbeda. The local government hospital in Serang (RSUD Serang) is a self-financed type B non teaching hospital that has a capacity of 285 beds. It employs 218 nurses who work in the inpatient units, consists of 75 civil servant nurses (34.4%), and 143 (65.6%) contractual based nurses who are placed in variety of units (Department of nursing, 2001). The different of the employment status has produced many problems that has to be explored seriously. Many contractual based nurses perceived that they have no job security and stability. This was demonstrated by the fact that many of them had resigned and moved to another hospitals that could provide them with job security and stability. On the other hand, civil servant nurses who have more job security and stability apparently have not yet demonstrated high productivity as has been expected. Many complaints raised by patients on the staff work performance (Mulyati, 2001). The purpose of the study was to identify the difference in nursing care time productivity between both types of nurses and its relationship with the staff placement system in RSUD Serang. The design was a descriptive comparative using cross sectional approach (76 respondents). A questionnaire was used to collect data on staff placement system, and a series of observation was done to measure workload to determine time productivity for both groups of nurses. The findings demonstrated that there was no significant difference in time utilization between both types of nurses; the productivity score in both groups was low (47.84%). In addition, there was no significant difference in time productivity related to staff placement system for both groups. Some recommendation were contributed to the hospital management, and further study needs to be done to explore some other variables using different design.
Peluang Ketahanan Hidup 5 Tahun Pasien Kanker Serviks Di RSUPN Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo dan RSK Dharmais, Jakarta, 2002 Dewi Gayatri; Besral Besral; Elly Nurachmah
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2003): March
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i1.128

Abstract

AbstrakKematian akibat kanker di dunia semakin meningkat baik di negara maju maupun berkembang. Di Indonesia, data menunjukkan hal serupa. Registrasi kanker di Indonesia berdasarkan kependudukan belum ada serta penelitian yang berkaitan dengan ketahanan hidup kanker serviks sangat kurang. Hal ini membuat peneliti tertarik untuk mengukur ketahanan hidup 5 tahun pasien kanker serviks. Desain penelitian ini adalah kohort retrospektif pada 451 subyek penelitian dengan mengunakan data rekam medis pada diagnosis tahun 1993-1996 yang diikuti selama 5 tahun. Hasil penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa probabilitas ketahanan hidup 5 tahun pasien kanker serviks dengan stadium I sekitar 70%, stadium II sekitar 37,4%, stadium III sekitar 12,4%, dan stadium IV pada tahun kedua sudah menjadi 0%. AbstrackThe caused of death by cancer was increase both in the developed countries and developing countries. In Indonesia, the data shows the same pattern. In Indonesia, population based cancer registry was not yet developed furthermore lack of research related to survival rate of cervical cancer. This situation made author interested to know the probability of five-years survival of cervical cancer patient. The design of this study is retrospective cohort among 451 subjects, the data was collected form the medical record of cervical cancer patient those who was diagnosed during 1993—1996 and then followed up to 5 years. The result of this study is conclude that the probability of 5-years survival of cervical cancer patient with the stage-I is 70%, stage-II is about 37,4%, stage-III is about 12,4%, and stage-IV was to be 0% at the second year.

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