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Rina Setiana
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jurnal.keperawatan@ui.ac.id
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Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
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Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 2 (2003): September" : 6 Documents clear
Gambaran Klien Perilaku Kekerasan di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Pusat Bogor dan Rumah Sakit Jiwa Pusat Jakarta: Suatu Survei Budi Anna Keliat
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2003): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i2.135

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran tentang klien dengan perilaku kekerasan yaitu jenis kelamin, lama rawat klien, diagnosis medik, terapi medik dan status pulang klien di RSJP Bogor dan RSJP Jakarta. Responden terdiri dari 68 klien, 48 klien rawat di RSJP Bogor dan 20 klien rawat di RSJP Jakarta. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa lama rawat klien di RSJP Bogor dan RSJP Jakarta mendekati sama, yaitu 33 orang (48,53%) sama dan kurang dari 10 hari, dan 35 orang (51,47%) lebih dari 10 hari. Paling banyak diagnosa medis adalah schizophrenia (63,23%) dan terapi medis adalah chlorpromazine (CPZ), haloperidol (HLP) and trihexyphenidile (THP). Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa 33 klien (48,33%) dirawat selama kurang lebih 10 hari, 35 klien lainnya (54,47%) dirawat lebih dari 10 hari. Lebih dari 70% status pulang klien pulang dari rumah sakit adalah atas ijin rumah sakit. AbstractThis study was almed at describing the characteristic of client with violence behavior who hospitalized in the Bogor mental hospital and in the Jakarta mental hospital. The characteristics were involved sex, length of stay, medical diagnoses and therapies and the condition of the respon dents at the time of discharge. The respondent were 48 clients who were hospitalized in the Bogor mental hospital and 20 clients who were hospitalized in the Jakarta metal hospital. The result of this study revealed that the length of stay of the client at both the Bogor mental hospital and the Jakata mental hospital was guite equel. Thirtytree clients (48,33%) were hospitalized for less or equel than 10 days and thirtyfive clients (35,47%) were hospitalized for more than 10 days. Most of the clients (62,23%) were diagnosed as schizophrenia and chlorpromazine (CPZ), halloperidol (HLP) and trihexyphenidile (THP) were the most frequent drug used by the client during hospitalization. More than 70% of clients were discrarged from the hospital in good condition withthe permission from the hospial
Persepsi Menjadi Ibu yang Baik: Suatu Pengalaman Wanita Pedesaan Pertama Kali Menjadi Seorang Ibu Yati Afiyanti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2003): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i2.134

Abstract

AbstrakSuatu studi hermeneutik fenomenologi telah dilakukan untuk mengeksplorasi suatu pengalaman pertama para wanita Indonesia di daerah pedesaan tentang persepsi mereka menjadi seorang ibu yang baik. Tujuan dari studi ini memberikan informasi, wawasan, dan pemahaman kepada para praktisi kesehatan untuk lebih memahami kebutuhan-kebutuhan seorang ibu baru (ibu yang baru pertama kali memiliki anak) dan lebih memahami bagaimana seorang ibu baru menjalani peran barunya menjadi ibu untuk pertama kali dalam kehidupan mereka. Tiga belas partisipan yang berpartisipasi dalam studi ini telah mengungkapkan pengalaman pertama dan berbagai usaha yang mereka untuk menjadi seorang ibu yang baik. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara semi struktur. Tema utama dari hasil studi ini adalah mencoba menjadi seorang ibu yang baik. Dalam penelitian ini, diketahui bahwa ibu yang baik dipersepsikan sebagai ibu yang: (1) sabar dalam merawat anak (2) memiliki tanggung jawab untuk merawat anaknya sendiri, (3) mampu membagi waktu dengan baik, dan (4) memprioritaskan kebutuhan anaknya dari kebutuhan dirinya sendiri. Dengan hasil studi ini diharapkan para praktisi kesehatan akan lebih memahami harapan-harapan seorang ibu baru untuk dapat menjadi seorang ibu yang baik. AbstractA hermeneutic phenomenological study was carried out to explore the experience of first-time motherhood in rural Indonesia particurly their perception to be a good mother. The purposes of the study were to provide information, insights and a greater understanding for health care practicians to have a better understanding of the needs of new mothers and the ways in which the ferform new roles as a new mother. Thirteen Indonesian women were participated in this study and described their experiences of the first-time motherhood and the ways in which they conduct their role as a good mother. Data were collected through semi structured conversational interviews. The major theme of this study was trying to be a good mother. With sub themes of: (1) to be a good mother must be patient, (2) a good mother has responsibilities to care for the baby, (3) a good mother should be able to manage her time wisely, and (4) a good mother prioritize the baby’s needs ahead of their own needs. The result of will provide health care practicians deeper understanding about expectances of new mothers in becoming a good mother.
Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Kebutuhan Tidur pada Pasien dengan Perubahan Fungsi Pernafasan di Badan Pelayanan Kesehatan RSU Dr. Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh Munardi Munardi
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2003): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i2.133

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian fenomenologi ini mempelajari tentang faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kebutuhan tidur meliputi aspek fisik, psikologis, lingkungan, dan gaya hidup pada pasien yang mengalami perubahan fungsi pernafasan. Desain penelitian adalah deskriptif korelasi. Sampel dipilih berdasarkan purposif sampling sehingga diperoleh jumlah responden 39 orang. Data diukur dengan menggunakan kuesioner penelitian yang telah diuji konstruk dan kesesuaiannya. Analisa data menggunakan Uji Chi Square (x2) dengan x 0,05 dan df 2 (x2 tabel = 5,991) sehingga diperoleh hasil x2 hitung 7,839 dan 11,636 masing-masing untuk hubungan nyeri, factor psikologis, dan faktor lingkungan terhadap gangguan kebutuhan tidur. Kesimpulan terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara faktorfaktor yang mempengaruhi tidur dengan gangguan kebutuhan tidur pada pasien dengan perubahan fungsi pernafasan. AbstractThis phenomelogical research studied factors influencing sleep. The factors were physical, psychological, environmental and life style of patients with respiratory function disturbance. The research design was descriptive correlation. The sample was selected based on correlation. The sample was selected based on purposive sampling. The number of responden was 39. A questionnaire was tested for validity and reability prior to collect data. A chi-square test was employed to measure the relationship between pain, psychologic and environmental factors, and need of sleep ( 0,05, df 2, x2 table: 5,991). The findings showed significant relationship between factors influencing sleep and disturbance of sleeping needs in patients with respiratory function disturbance (calculated x2 7,839 and 11,636).AbstrakPenelitian fenomenologi ini mempelajari tentang faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kebutuhan tidur meliputi aspek fisik, psikologis, lingkungan, dan gaya hidup pada pasien yang mengalami perubahan fungsi pernafasan. Desain penelitian adalah deskriptif korelasi. Sampel dipilih berdasarkan purposif sampling sehingga diperoleh jumlah responden 39 orang. Data diukur dengan menggunakan kuesioner penelitian yang telah diuji konstruk dan kesesuaiannya. Analisa data menggunakan Uji Chi Square (x2) dengan x 0,05 dan df 2 (x2 tabel = 5,991) sehingga diperoleh hasil x2 hitung 7,839 dan 11,636 masing-masing untuk hubungan nyeri, factor psikologis, dan faktor lingkungan terhadap gangguan kebutuhan tidur. Kesimpulan terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara faktorfaktor yang mempengaruhi tidur dengan gangguan kebutuhan tidur pada pasien dengan perubahan fungsi pernafasan. AbstractThis phenomelogical research studied factors influencing sleep. The factors were physical, psychological, environmental and life style of patients with respiratory function disturbance. The research design was descriptive correlation. The sample was selected based on correlation. The sample was selected based on purposive sampling. The number of responden was 39. A questionnaire was tested for validity and reability prior to collect data. A chi-square test was employed to measure the relationship between pain, psychologic and environmental factors, and need of sleep ( 0,05, df 2, x2 table: 5,991). The findings showed significant relationship between factors influencing sleep and disturbance of sleeping needs in patients with respiratory function disturbance (calculated x2 7,839 and 11,636).
Diagnosa Keperawaatan Sejahtera Enie Novieastari
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2003): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i2.137

Abstract

AbstrakPelayanan kesehatan yang berorientasi pada promosi atau peningkatan status kesehatan klien harus dikembangkan untuk menuju Indonesia Sehat 2010. Hal ini juga sejalan dengan perubahan paradigma di bidang kesehatan dari paradigma sakit kepada paradigm sehat. Salah satu upaya di bidang keperawatan adalah melalui perubahan orientasi dari pemberian asuhan keperawatan yang berorientasi kepada masalah menjadi pemberian asuhan yang berorientasi pada kemampuan dan kekuatan klien. Salah satu upaya itu ditunjukkan dengan perumusan atau penegakan diagnosa keperawatan sejahtera yang merupakan salah satu bentuk diagnosa keperawatan yang perlu dikembangkan. Penulisan diagnosa sejahtera ini dapat dilakukan di berbagai tatanan pelayanan kesehatan dan menuntut perubahan perilaku perawat dari yang berorientasi pada upaya penyembuhan kepada upaya peningkatan kesehatan dan kesejahteraan klien. AbstractHealth care services shoud be directed to health promotion measures in order to achieve the Healthy Indonesia 2010. This is in line with the changing of our health paradigm from illness to wellness. One of the nursing action is improving the orientation of nursing care from problem-oriented nursing care to client’s strength orientation. Developing wellness nursing diagnosis is believed as one of the nursing action to be improved in the future. Writing wellness diagnosis could be conduct in every health care facilities both clinical or community settings. It demanded the nurses to change their attitude in order to change their orientation to improve the client health and wellness.
Dampak Implementasi Model Praktik Keperawatan Profesional Terhadap Mutu Asuhan Keperawatan di Rumah Sakit Ratna Sitorus
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2003): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i2.132

Abstract

AbstrakPeningkatkan mutu asuhan keperawatan di rumah sakit memerlukan restructuring, reengineering, dan redesigning sistem pemberian asuhan keperawatan melalui implementasi Model Praktik Keperawatan Profesional (MPKP). Tujuan penelitian ini ialah untuk menilai dampak implementasi MPKP terhadap mutu asuhan keperawatan di rumah sakit. Disain penelitian adalah kuasi eksperimen dalam bentuk pre and post test with control group. Uji statistik yang digunakan adalah uji Chi-square dan uji t. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada kelompok intervensi (MPKP) terdapat peningkatan kepuasan klien dan keluarga (OR=114,24) yang lebih besar dibandingkan dengan peningkatan kepuasan klien dan keluarga pada kelompok kontrol (OR=3,78). Demikian juga terdapat peningkatan kepatuhan perawat terhadap standar yang lebih tinggi pada kelompok intervensi (OR=235,5) dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol (OR=0). Lama hari rawat lebih pendek pada kelompok intervensi. Angka infeksi nosokomial juga lebih rendah pada kelompok intervensi dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa implementasi MPKP dapat meningkatkan mutu asuhan keperawatan di rumah sakit. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, untuk memicu implementasi MPKP di berbagai rumah sakit, disarankan agar implementasi MPKP menjadi salah satu kriteria penilaian pada akreditasi rumah sakit khususnya pelayanan keperawatan AbstractIn order to improve the quality of nursing care in the hospital, nursing care delivery system need restructuring, reengineering, and redesigning through the implementation of Professional Nursing Practice Model (PNPM). The study was aimed to evaluate the impact of the PNPM on the quality of nursing care in the hospital. The design used was quasi experiment in pre and post test with control group. The statistic used are Chi-square and t-test. The result showed that in the intervention group, the improvement of client/family satisfaction with nursing care (OR = 114,28) was higher than the improvement in the control group (OR = 3,78). It was founded there was an improvement of the compliance of nurses to the standard was higher in the intervention group (OR = 235,5) compare to control group (OR = 0). The length of stay shorter in the intervention group, and also the nosocomial infection rate is lower in the intervention group compare to control group. The study concluded that the implementation of the PNPM could improve the quality of nursing care in the hospital. Based on this result, in order to challenge the implementation of PNPM in the hospital it was suggested that the implementation of PNPM becomes an evaluation criteria for hospital accreditation specifically for nursing service.
Karakteristik Individu yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku Kekerasan pada Siswa Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Atas di Jakarta Timur Widyatuti Widyatuti; Budi Anna Keliat; Budiharto Budiharto
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2003): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v7i2.136

Abstract

AbstrakPerilaku kekerasan menjadi masalah di berbagai negara seperti Amerika, Australia dan negara maju lainnya. Indonesiapun memiliki masalah yang sama terutama di kota-kota besar khususnya Jakarta. Perilaku kekerasan banyak dilakukan oleh anak mulai berusia 10-17 tahun. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi karakteristik individu yang berhubungan dengan perilaku kekerasan pada siswa sekolah lanjutan tingkat atas di Jakarta Timur. Metoda penelitian menggunakan pendekatan cross sectional. Berdasarkan rumus perhitungan sampel Lemeshow didapatkan jumlah sampel sebanyak 370. Instrumen perilaku kekerasan dikembangkan dari penelitian Morrison (1993), sedangkan instrumen lain (karakteristik individu, karakteristik psikologis, sosial dan spiritual) dikembangkan oleh peneliti. Analisis data dengan univariat, bivariat: analisis korelasi dan regresi sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukan karakteristik siswa sekolah yang melakukan kekerasan berusia 15-17 tahun 68,5%, jenis kelamin laki-laki 97%, dengan jumlah anak terbanyak di dalam keluarga 3 orang, umumnya pernah mengalami riwayat kekerasan dengan tingkat kekerasan terbanyak katagori berat (fisik), dan pelaku kekerasan terbanyak yang dialami oleh anak sekolah dilakukan oleh orangtua, guru, teman tidak sekelompok, masyarakat disekitar rumah, teman sekelompok, saudara dan masyarakat dilingkungan sekolah. Tidak ada hubungan bermakna antara umur, jenis kelamin, jumlah anak dalam keluarga, riwayat mengalami kekerasan, dan kondisi spiritual dengan perilaku kekerasan. Terdapat hubungan bermakna dalam karakteristik individu berupa pengalaman jenis kekerasan yang dialami (p value 0,0001), pengalaman sebagai pelaku kekerasan (p value 0,0001), aspek psikologis (p value 0,0001), dan aspek sosial (p value 0,026) dengan perilaku kekerasan yang dilakukan anak sekolah lanjutan tingkat atas di Jakarta Timur. AbstractViolence has become a problem in many countries such as America, Australia, and other developed countries. In Indonesia, the same problem also encountered, especially at big cities like Jakarta. Many violence was done by children at the age of 10-17 years old. The purpose of this study is to identify individual characteristics of violence among the high school students at East Jakarta. The cross sectional approach was applied in this study. The member of sample was 370. Instrument of violence was developed from Morrison study (1993). While other instruments were developed by researcher. Data analysis used univariat, bivariat namely correlation analysis and simple regression. The study found that the characteristic of students who have done violence mostly at the age of 17, boy, have 2 brothers/sisters, experienced physical violence from parents, teacher, friends from other group, society, friends from the same group, and people around schools. There is not a significant correlation between age, sex, number of children in family, experience physical violence, and spiritual aspect with violence. There is a significant correlation individual characteristics cover experienced to violence (p value 0,0001), violence subjects (p value 0,0001), psychological aspect (p value 0,0001), and social aspect (p value 0,026).

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