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Rina Setiana
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Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
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INDONESIA
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 8, No 2 (2004): September" : 6 Documents clear
STUDI FENOMENOLOGI TENTANG PENGALAMAN WANITA DI DAERAH PEDESAAN DALAM MENJALANI MASA KEHAMILAN PERTAMA Yati Afiyanti
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2004): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v8i2.149

Abstract

AbstrakKehamilan seringkali dianggap sebagai periode transisi dalam kehidupan seorang wanita. Suatu studi kualitatif secara hermeneutic fenomenologi telah dilakukan untuk mengeksplorasi berbagai pengalaman wanita di daerah pedesaan dengan kehamilan pertamanya termasuk pengalaman mereka menerima pelayanan kesehatan dari para praktisi kesehatan Data studi ini diperoleh dari 9 ibu muda, dikumpulkan melalui wawancara formal tidak berstruktur yang mendalam sebanyak dua kali di rumah partisipan masing-masing. Wawancara direkam kemudian dibuat dalam bentuk transkrip wawancara. Hasil penelitian mengungkapkan berbagai pengalaman wanita yang bervariasi. Kebanyakan ibu muda dalam studi ini mengalami kesulitan mengatasi berbagai ketidaknyamanan fisik dan psikologis akibat kehamilan dan mengalami kecemasan menghadapi proses kelahiran bayi mereka. Mereka membutuhkan dukungan dan bantuan, baik dari para praktisi kesehatan maupun anggota keluarga. Dengan hasil studi ini, diharapkan para praktisi kesehatan akan lebih memahami harapan-harapan seorang ibu hamil untuk dapat menjalani masa kehamilannya dengan sehat dan sejahtera. AbstractPregnancy often assumed as transition period in the woman’s life. A Qualitative studi, using fenomenology hermeunetic was carried out to explore women’s experiences in rural area of their first pregnancy, included their experiences received from the health care provider. Data were obtained from 9 women whose unstructured formal interviews were tape-recorded dan transcribed. Interviews were conducted in the women’s homes on two occasions during pregnancy. The findings reported the women’s experiences were varied and diverse. Most had difficulty coping with the physical and emotional symptoms of pregnancy. Loss of control caused anxiety toward with their childbirth The need for support emerged as important from their family and the health care providers. The findings of this study will provide the health care providers deeper understanding about the expectances of new expectant mothers with their first pregnancy, healthy dan wellness.
HUBUNGAN PERAN DAN FUNGSI MANAJEMEN KEPALA RUANGAN DENGAN KEBERHASILAN PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM PENGENDALIAN INFEKSI NOSOKOMIAL Hanny Handiyani; Allenidekania Allenidekania; Tris Eryando
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2004): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v8i2.148

Abstract

AbstrakArtikel ini merupakan hasil penelitian yang bertujuan untuk membuktikan adanya hubungan peran dan fungsi manajemen kepala ruangan (karu) dengan faktor keberhasilan kegiatan pengendalian infeksi nosokomial (IN). Metoda yang digunakan adalah deskriptif analitik secara cross sectional. Responden penelitian adalah total populasi karu rawat inap (N=43) di suatu rumah sakit (RS). Hasil penelitian yang menggunakan force model menunjukkan adanya hubungan bermakna antara peran dan fungsi manajemen karu dengan faktor keberhasilan kegiatan pengendalian IN. Dari analisis multivariat tanpa force model didapatkan bahwa karu yang melakukan fungsi perencanaan yang baik berpeluang meningkatkan keberhasilan pengendalian IN 8,997 kali dibandingkan dengan karu yang melakukan fungsi perencanaan kurang baik setelah dikontrol oleh usia dan masa kerja sebagai karu. Karu yang melaksanakan fungsi pengarahan dengan baik berpeluang meningkatkan keberhasilan pengendalian IN 21,411 kali dibandingkan karu yang berfungsi pengarahan kurang baik setelah dikontrol oleh usia dan masa kerja sebagai karu. Rekomendasi untuk pihak manajer keperawatan RS agar meningkatkan peran dan fungsi karu sebagai manajer terdepan di ruang rawat melalui dukungan kebijakan dan fasilitas yang mendukung upaya tersebut. AbstractThis article are study aimed to find the correlation between the role and function of management of ward manager and the achievement of nosocomial infection control activities. The descriptive analytical method with cross sectional approach was used in this study. Total population of 43 ward managers of a hospital as the respondent. The findings with used force model showed that there was significant correlation between the role and function of management of ward manager and the achievement of nosocomial infection control activities. Multivariate analysis without force model showed that the ward manager who performed their planning function effectively could increase the achievement of nosocomial infection control 8,977 times more than the ward manager who did not perform their planning function effectively. Furthermore, the ward manager who performed their directing function effectively could increase the achievement of nosocomial infection control 21,411 times more than the ward manager who did not perform their directing function effectively. Based on the results, it is recommended that the ward manager as the front line of managers in the hospital to improve their role and function in controlling nosocomial infection.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENGETAHUAN TENTANG HIV/AIDS DENGAN PERILAKU SEKSUAL PRANIKAH PADA REMAJA Siti Chodidjah; Nur Agustini; Titin Ungsianik
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2004): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v8i2.147

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi hubungan antara pengetahuan HIV/AIDS dan perilaku seksual pranikah. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode kuantitatif, dengan memilih remaja usia 11-22 tahun yang ditemui di mal-mal sebagai responden. Tempat penelitian dilakukan di Mal Blok M dan Cijantung. Data yang diperoleh dianalisa dengan menggunakan teknik analisa regresi linier dan berganda. Berdasarkan perhitungan didapatkan bahwa pengetahuan remaja tentang HIV/AIDS rata-rata tinggi tetapi dalam aktivitas pacaran masih banyak yang berisiko dan berisiko tinggi tertular HIV/AIDS melalui hubungan seksual. Disarankan agar melakukan penelitian lanjut untuk melihat sumbangan faktor lain, seperti moral, orang tua dan peer agar dapat dilakukan upaya pencegahan yang lebih tepat kepada remaja. AbstractThe objective of this research is to identify relationship between HIV/AIDS knowledge and premarital sexual activity in adolescents. The sample of this study are adolescents whose 11-12 years old. This research took place at Blok M and Cijantung Mall. Result of this study found out that adolescents’ knowledge about HIV/AIDS is high, but still in high risk for HIV/AIDS on their romantic relationship.
MENDESAIN INSTRUMEN PENGUKURAN SIKAP Dewi Gayatri
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2004): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v8i2.151

Abstract

AbstrakPembuatan instrumen penelitian untuk mengukur sikap tidaklah mudah. Cara mengukur sikap seseorang tidak semudah mengukur variabel obyektif yang mudah diukur, seperti mengukur tekanan darah. Tulisan ini bertujuan menuntun peneliti pemula dalam membuat desain instrumen pengukuran sikap serta pengukuran validitas dan reliabilitasnya. Uraian langkah-langkah penyusunan instrumen pengukuran sikap yang disusun secara sistematis dan mudah diikuti. AbstractIt is not easy to design research instruments on how to measure attitudes. To measure a person’s attitude is not as simple as measuring objective variables for example like measuring blood pressure. The purpose of this article is to give guidance to beginner researchers on how to design instrument to measure attitudes, the validity and reliability of the instruments. The steps on how to design the instruments to measure attitudes are very systematically explained and are easily understood.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PENCARIAN PENGOBATAN PADA PRIA DENGAN PENYAKIT MENULAR SEKSUAL (PMS)-HIV/AIDS DI JAKARTA, SURABAYA DAN MENADO TAHUN 2000 Efy Afifah
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2004): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v8i2.146

Abstract

AbstrakMasalah Penyakit Menular Seksual (PMS)-HIV/AIDS di Indonesia saat ini merupakan hal yang patut diwaspadai dan diantisipasi lebih dini, mengingat prevalensinya yang meningkat. Salah satu faktor yang berperan dalam penanggulangan PMS-HIV/AIDS adalah perilaku pencarian pengobatan yang masih rendah khususnya pada kelompok pria. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku pencarian pengobatan pada pria dengan PMS-HIV/AIDS di Jakarta, Surabaya, dan Menado. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah deskriptif dengan menggunakan pendekatan studi potong lintang (cross sectional), dengan pengolahan data menggunakan analisis regresi logistik ganda yang menggunakan data Behavioral Surveillance Survey PMS-HIV/AIDS tahun 2000. Jumlah sampel yang terlibat 624 responden. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan 75,3% proporsi perilaku pencarian pengobatan kurang baik. Tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara umur, status perkawinan, sumber informasi dengan perilaku pencarian pengobatan. Variabel pengetahuan dan pendidikan berhubungan secara bermakna dengan perilaku pencarian pengobatan dan tidak ada interaksi antara pendidikan dan pengetahuan. Responden yang berpengetahuan kurang berpeluang 1,8 kali (95% CI: 1,1724-2,6442) melakukan pencarian pengobatan kurang baik dibandingkan dengan responden yang berpengetahuan baik setelah dikontrol variabel pendidikan. Responden yang berpendidikan rendah berpeluang 1,7 kali (95% CI: 1,0236- 2,5805) melakukan pencarian pengobatan kurang baik dibandingkan responden yang berpendidikan tinggi setelah dikontrol variabel pengetahuan. Rekomendasi telah disampaikan pada pemerintah untuk menjadikan program tetap dan pengalokasian dana tidak hanya untuk pengobatan juga untuk pelayanan kesehatan dan konseling dan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk menggali lebih dalam alasan responden yang tidak melakukan pencarian pengobatan perlu pula untuk dilakukan. AbstractCurrenly, a sexual transmitted disease (STD)-HIV/AIDS in Indonesia, is an issue that every individual should concern and anticipate, this is because its prevalency increases. The strategic position of Indonesia is considered susceptible to the pandemy of HIV/ AIDS. One of the factors which play an important role in controlling the STD-HIV/AIDS is a low rate health seeking behavior among male subjects. The purpose of the study was to identify factors influencing to health seeking behaviour of male subjects with STD–HIV/AIDS in Jakarta, Surabaya, and Manado. The design of the study was descriptive explorative using cross sectional approach. A multiple logistic regression was used to analyse the secondary data from behavioral surveillance survey of STD–HIV/ AIDS in 2000. The number of sampel was 624 respondents. The findings showed that the proportion of male health seeking behaviour is low (75, 3% N= 624). There are no relationships between age, marital status, and information sources with the health seeking behaviour. The variables of education and knowledge have relationship with health seeking behaviour and there is no interaction between education and knowledge. Respondents with limited knowledge have the possibilities 1.8 times to have poor health seeking behaviour (95% CI: 1, 1725 – 2, 6442) compared to those who have sufficient knowledge after being controlled by the education variable. Respondents who have lower education have the possibilities of 1,7 times to have poor health seeking behaviour ( 95% CI: 1,00236 – 2,5805) compared to those who have higher education after being controlled by knowledge variable. Some recommendations were contributed to government to create the prevention program of STD–HIV/AIDS as an annual program and to allocate fund which is not only for medication but also for the health and counseling services. Further study needs to be done to explore more detailed explanations why respondents do not seek for health care.
REKOMENDASI PERAWATAN TERKINI DALAM PENATALAKSANAAN KEJANG PADA NEONATUS Elfy Syahreni
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2004): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v8i2.150

Abstract

AbstrakKejang adalah perilaku yang tidak terkontrol yang sering ditemukan pada neonatus. Kejang yang terjadi pada neonatus dapat mengakibatkan kerusakan otak permanen. Penyebab kejang pada neonatus sangat bervariasi di antaranya adalah hypoxic-ischaemic encehepalophaty (HIE), infeksi susunan saraf pusat, perdarahan intrakranial, dan gangguan metabolisme. Pengkajian terhadap tanda dan gejala kejang serta faktor pencetus kejang sangat penting dalam pemberian intervensi keperawatan yang tepat pada neonatus. Dampak lanjut dari kejang pada neonatus dapat menimbulkan kematian dan gejala sisa. Mengingat dampak tersebut, penatalaksanaan perawatan terkini dan berkualitas menjadi bagian penting untuk neonatus penderita kejang. AbstractSeizure is a clinical syndrome characterized by an uncontrolled behavior in neonate. The main cause of seizure in neonate is HIE, central nervous system infection, intracranial hemorrhage, and metabolic disturbance. Seizure will lead to permanent brain damage. Identified sign, symptom and risk factor of seizure are very important in order to provide an accurate nursing management in neonate. Further negative impact of seizure is sequel or death. Considering the facts above, it is necessary to provide the latest nursing care and a high quality of care to neonate who is experiencing seizure.

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