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Rina Setiana
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Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia
Published by Universitas Indonesia
ISSN : 14104490     EISSN : 23549203     DOI : https://doi.org/10.7454/jki
Core Subject : Health,
Focus and Scope Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia (JKI, or Nursing Journal of Indonesia) contributes to the dissemination of information related to nursing research and evidence-based study on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. The scope of this journal is broadly multi-perspective in nursing areas such as Nursing Education, Clinical Practice, Community Health Care, Management and Health System, Health Informatics, and Transcultural Nursing, with a focus on urban nursing issues in low-middle income countries. JKI is committed to communicating and being open to the discussion of ideas, facts, and issues related to health across a wide range of disciplines. The journal accepts original research articles, synthesized literature, and best practice reports or case reports that use the quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-method approach. JKI adheres to journalistic standards that require transparency of real and potential conflicts of interest that authors and editors may have. It follows publishing standards set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME), and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Letters and commentaries about our published articles are welcome. All submitted contributions will undergo a blind peer-review process according to appropriate criteria.
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 9, No 2 (2005): September" : 6 Documents clear
Konstruktivisme dalam Keperawatan: Suatu Telaah Pengantar Yeni Rustina
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2005): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v9i2.163

Abstract

AbstrakKeperawatan merupakan suatu disiplin yang menekankan pada partisipasi aktif klien dalam asuhan keperawatan. Hal ini selaras dengan paradigma faham konstruktivisme. Mereka menekankan pada proses pembelajaran aktif pembelajar dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilannya. AbstractNursing is a discipline which emphasizes on the client’s active participation in nursing care. This is congruent with the constructivist paradigm. They emphasize on the active learning of learners in enhancing their knowledge and skills.
Persepsi Klien Tentang Perawat Amelia Kurniati
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2005): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v9i2.162

Abstract

AbstrakKesesuaian antara pengetahuan perawat tentang perawat yang kompeten dengan persepsi klien akan perawat adalah sangat penting. Kesesuaian ini menimbulkan rasa saling memahami yang merupakan kunci hubungan terapeutik perawat klien. Metode penelitian fenomenologi dipilih untuk mengidentifikasi persepsi klien akan perawat, karena metode ini dapat mengeksplor pemikiran klien dengan mendalam. Data didapat dari 8 orang partisipan di rumah sakit di Jakarta selama 2 bulan, dengan cara interview dan observasi. Hasil dideskripsikan dalam tiga katagori, yaitu: 1. Berespon positif terhadap kebutuhan klien dengan sub katagori: tanggap akan kebutuhan klien, dan menghargai klien; 2. Terampil dan  berpengetahuan; serta 3. Berkomunikasi dan mendidik. Ketiga katagori ini menjadi satu kesatuan yang saling berhubungan dalam bentuk lingkaran, dan tidak dapat dipecah menjadi katagori yang berdiri sendiri. Ketiga katagori ini saling mengisi agar perawat dapat bertindak sigap, terampil, sesuai dengan kebutuhan dan karakter klien sehingga dapat meningkatkan kemampuan klien untuk menjadi sehat. AbstractThe appropriateness between the knowledge of a nurse on nurse’s competency and perception of client about nurse is very important. Such appropriateness will produce a sense of understanding which is the key of therapeutic relation between a nurse and the client. This research chooses the phenomenology research in order to identify the perception of client on nurse in order to explore the client judgment in detail. The data and information are obtained from 8 participants from various hospitals in Jakarta within 2 months through interview and direct observation. The results are described in three categories: 1. Positive responsive to the client’s need with one sub category: response to the client’s need and respect to the clients; 2. Skillful and knowledgeable, and 3. Communicative and educative. These three categories will be integrated and interacting with each other in a circle form and cannot be disintegrated into one single category. The three category will assist each other to enable a nurse to act responsive and skillful based on the need and character on client. This is hoped to enhance the client ability to be more healthy.
Perbandingan Efektifitas Antara Metode Pembelajaran Psikomotor di Laboratorium dengan Supervisi dan Mandiri Terhadap Kemampuan Melakukan Keterampilan Psikomotor pada Mata Ajar Keperawatan Dasar Made Sumarwati; Imalia Dewi Asih; Efy Afifah
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2005): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v9i2.161

Abstract

AbstrakSaat ini metode pembelajaran psikomotor di laboratorium yang efektif sangat diperlukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan efektifitas metode pembelajaran psikomotor di laboratorium dengan supervisi dari pembimbing dan mandiri terhadap kemampuan mahasiswa dalam melakukan keterampilan mencuci tangan dan memakai sarung tangan steril serta melepaskannya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pretest-posttest with control group design, dengan jumlah sample 42 pada masingmasing group yang diperoleh melalui metode stratified random sampling. Analisa data dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji t dependen dan independen dengan tingkat kemaknaan 0,05. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa pada kelompok yang belajar di bawah supervisi (kelompok kontrol) dan kelompok yang belajar secara mandiri (kelompok eksperimen) dapat melewati nilai batas lulus yang ditentukan pada kedua keterampilan. Tidak ada perbedaan yang bermakna pada kemampuan mahasiswa yang berada dikelompok kontrol dan kelompok eksperimen dalam mencuci tangan (t(82)=1,319, p=0,191), namun ditemukan perbedaan yang bermakna pada kemampuan mahasiswa yang berada di kelompok kontrol dan eksperimen dalam memakai sarung tangan steril dan melepaskannya (t(82)=2,927, p=0,004). Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa metode pembelajaran psikomotor di laboratorium secara mandiri dengan menggunakan media berupa video dan modul cukup efektif untuk digunakan, namun untuk memperoleh hasil yang optimal kualitas media yang digunakan harus ditingkatkan antara lain kualitas gambar dan kejelasan rasionalisasi tindakan. Abstract:It has been widely acknowledged that an effective and innovative teaching method for psychomotor skills at the laboratory was needed. This study was aimed at comparing the effectiveness between teaching method for psychomotor skills with supervision and without supervision from the teachers in assisting students to learn hand washing, donning sterile gloves and removing them. This study utilized a pretest-posttest with control group design. The sample involved 42 students for each group who were assigned by stratified random sampling method. Data analyses used the paired and two sample t test with α = 0,05. The result of the study showed that each student in there were able to achieve good marks for the skills. There was no difference significantly in the ability of the students in the group who learned with supervision (the control group) and the students who learned without supervision (the experiment group) to wash hand (t(82)=1,319, p=0,191). However, there was a significant difference in the ability of the students in the control and experiment group to don sterile gloves and remove them (t(82)=2,927, p=0,004). The result of the study asserted that the teaching method for psychomotor skills without supervision using the video cassette and module was effective. However, to achieve optimum result of learning the quality of the video cassette and the module should be increased.
Pengalaman Ibu Terhadap Kehadiran Anak dengan Gangguan Kesehatan Kronik Elfy Syahreni; Siti Chodidjah
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2005): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v9i2.160

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali respon ibu yang mempunyai anak dengan gangguan kesehatan kronik. Manfaat penelitian ini adalah sumber pengetahuan baru bagi perawat tentang pengalaman, arti pengalaman tersebut bagi ibu dan pengaruhnya pada ibu. Pengetahuan ini akan dapat digunakan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan perawat dalam melakukan pengkajian dan memberikan asuhan keperawatan kepada ibu. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik “purposive sample”, yaitu ibu yang memiliki anak dengan gangguan kesehatan kronis. Jumlah sampelnya adalah lima orang, yang diwawancara dengan mendalam selama satu jam. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah fenomenologi, yang merupakan metoda yang paling sesuai untuk menggali pengalaman seorang ibu tentang suatu kejadian. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara semi terstruktur dengan menggunakan beberapa pertanyaan tentang bagaimana perasaan, pikiran dan perasaan menjadi ibu dari seorang anak yang mengalami gangguan perkembangan atau menderita penyakit kronis. Hasil wawancara direkam dengan menggunakan tape recorder dan kemudian dibuat transkripnya. Setelah itu data tersebut dianalisa dengan menggunakan “Colaizzi’s phenomenology methods”. Hasil analisa data menggambarkan lima kategori yaitu respon emosi, keyakinan atau spiritual, kerja keras, sistim pendukung, dan interaksi dengan tenaga kesehatan. Abstract:The objective of the research is to identify mother’s experiences related to having child with chronic illness and developmental disability. This study used a phenomenology method to explore mother’s experience. Five mothers whose children with chronic illness and developmental disorder participated in two audio-taped interviews. Data were collected through seme-structured interview. Colaizzi’s phenomenology method was used to analyse the transcripts of the interviews. Five main categories were coded, which each category containing a number of themes. Five main categories were found including emotions, beliefs or spiritual responses, interaction with staffs, support systems, and work hard.
Fenomenologi Husserl: Sebuah Cara “Kembali Ke Fenomena” Imalia Dewi Asih
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2005): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v9i2.164

Abstract

AbstrakFenomenologi semakin sering digunakan sebagai metode penelitian keperawatan. Fenomenologi merupakan pendekatan ilmiah yang bertujuan untuk menelaah dan mendeskripsikan fenomena sebagaimana fenomena tersebut dialami secara langsung tanpa adanya proses interpretasi dan abstraksi. Terdapat banyak ahli fenomenologi dengan pemahaman yang berbeda-beda baik sebagai filosofi maupun sebagai metode penelitian. Walaupun demikian, Husserl tetap dikenal sebagai penemu dan tokoh sentral fenomenologi. Fenomenologi Husserl menekankan bahwa untuk memahami fenomena seseorang harus menelaah fenomena apa adanya. Oleh karena itu seseorang harus menyimpan sementara atau mengisolasi asumsi, keyakinan, dan pengetahuan yang telah dimiliki agar mampu melihat fenomena apa adanya atau melakukan proses bracketing. Selanjutnya, fenomena hanya terdapat pada kesadaran seseorang yang mengalaminya. Karena itu fenomena hanya dapat diamati melalui orang yang mengalami. Husserl tidak pernah menerjemahkan filosofinya menjadi metode penelitian terstruktur. Walaupun demikian terdapat bermacam-macam metode yang dianggap paling cocok dan sesuai dengan filosofi Husserl seperti metode Spiegelberg dan Coalizzi. AbstractPhenomenology has been recognized that the utilization of phenomenology in nursing research is increasing. Phenomenology is a scientific approach that attempts to analyze and describe the phenomena, as they are experienced by persons without interpreting and abstracting them. There are well known phenomenologist with different views and interpretations of phenomenology both as a philosophy and as a research method. However, Husserl has always been acknowledged as the founder and central figure of the phenomenological movement. Husserlian phenomenology emphasizes that to understand the phenomena someone needs to see the phenomena as they themselves. Therefore, someone needs to bracket assumptions, beliefs, and knowledge about the phenomena to be able to see the phenomena as they themselves. Furthermore, Husserl believes that the phenomena dwell deep inside the consciousness of the persons to whom the phenomena appear. Therefore, to understand the phenomena someone needs to turn to the persons who experienced the phenomena. Husserl has not derived his philosophy into a structured method of inquiry. However, there are various available methods of inquiry that were compatible with Husserlian phenomenological philosophy, such as Spiegelberg’s and Colaizzi’s method.
Kualitas Tidur dan Faktor-Faktor Gangguan Tidur Klien Lanjut Usia yang Dirawat Inap di Ruang Penyakit Dalam Rumah Sakit, Medan 2003 Evi Karota Bukit
Jurnal Keperawatan Indonesia Vol 9, No 2 (2005): September
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.7454/jki.v9i2.159

Abstract

AbstrakPenelitian deskriptif ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi kualitas tidur dan faktor-faktor gangguan tidur klien lanjut usia yang dirawat di ruang penyakit dalam. Seratus klien sesuai dengan kriteria diambil sebagai sampel dari 2 rumah sakit di Medan. Penelitian menggunakan kuisioner dengan wawancara terstruktur meliputi personal data, informasi kesehatan, riwayat tidur di rumah, kualitas tidur, dan faktor yang mempengaruhi gangguan tidur di rumah sakit. Mayoritas klien memulai tidur >60 menit (57%), total jam tidur malam <5 jam (62%), frekuensi terbangun tiga kali atau lebih (80%), tidur tidak nyenyak (55%), tidak puas terhadap tidur (51%), tidak merasa segar bangun pagi (52%), merasa lelah dan mengantuk siang hari (46%). Mayoritas klien (77%) melaporkan kualitas tidur mereka buruk di rumah sakit. Analisis paired t-test menunjukkan ada perbedaan signifikan antara kualitas tidur klien di rumah dengan di rumah sakit (p < 0.001). Faktor-faktor gangguan tidur selama perawatan di rumah sakit adalah faktor fisiologis, rutinitas tindakan perawat, lingkungan, dan psikologis. Dari faktor fisiologis, yang menyebabkan gangguan tidur tingkat tinggi adalah nyeri, sesak napas, dan batuk. Mayoritas klien mempersepsikan rutinitas tindakan perawat di malam hari umumnya hanya gangguan tidur ringan, termasuk tindakan perawat terhadap klien lain, mengukur tanda vital, dan memberikan obat. Selanjutnya, faktor lingkungan yang mengganggu tidur klien pada tingkat ringan-sedang yaitu suara bising dari berbagai sumber, suhu ruangan panas, dan lampu terlalu terang. Faktor psikososial menunjukkan 24% klien mengalami cemas dan 43% depresi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan kualitas tidur klien buruk selama dirawat di rumah sakit. Untuk itu perawat perlu memberikan perhatian khusus kepada klien dengan gejala penyakit tertentu, keluhan rasa tidak nyaman, gangguan lingkungan, cemas, depresi, dan juga memberikan tindakan keperawatan untuk mengeliminasi faktor-faktor tersebut. Abstract:This descriptive study is aimed to explore sleep quality of elderly during hospitalization and describe factors perceived by hospitalized elderly as sleep interference. One hundred elderly clients who met the inclusion criteria were recruited from medical wards of two hospitals in Medan. Subject’s personal data, health information, sleep history, sleep quality, and factors interfering with sleep were obtained by structured interview. The majority of subjects reported experiencing sleep latency > 60 minutes (57%), total sleep time less than 5 hours (62%), awakening three times or more (80%), very shallow sleep (55%), not at all satisfied with sleep (51%), not feeling refreshed in the morning (52%), and feeling fatigued and sleepy during the daytime (46%). Moreover, 77% of the clients considered their sleep as poor. In addition, paired t-test analysis revealed that the sleep quality of the clients during hospitalization and at home were significantly different (p < .001). Factors interfering with sleep during hospitalization included physiological, routine nursing interventions, environmental, psychological factors. The most prevalent and highest level sleep interference in physiological factors were caused by pain, dyspnea, cough. The majority of clients perceived that routine nursing interventions, checking vital signs, nurses attending to other clients, and giving treatments interfered with their sleep at a low level of sleep interference. Likewise, environmental factors including noise from all sources, hot room temperature, and bright light were commonly reported as sleep interference at the low and moderate level. In psychological factors, 24% of the subjects experienced anxiety, while 43% reported depression. The results study found that sleep quality of the subject was poorer during hospitalization. Thus, nurses should pay more attention to the clients having symptom of diseases, discomfort, environment disturbances, anxiety, depression and also give interventions to eliminate these factors.

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