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Communications in Science and Technology
ISSN : 25029258     EISSN : 25029266     DOI : -
Core Subject : Engineering,
Communication in Science and Technology [p-ISSN 2502-9258 | e-ISSN 2502-9266] is an international open access journal devoted to various disciplines including social science, natural science, medicine, technology and engineering. CST publishes research articles, reviews and letters in all areas of aforementioned disciplines. The journal aims to provide comprehensive source of information on recent developments in the field. The emphasis will be on publishing quality articles rapidly and making them freely available to researchers worldwide. All articles will be indexed by Google Scholar, DOAJ, PubMed, Google Metric, Ebsco and also to be indexed by Scopus and Thomson Reuters in the near future therefore providing the maximum exposure to the articles. The journal will be important reading for scientists and researchers who wish to keep up with the latest developments in the field.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 5 No 1 (2020)" : 8 Documents clear
A mini review on production of pluripotency factors (Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and c-Myc) through recombinant protein technology David Septian Sumanto Marpaung; Ayu Oshin Yap Sinaga
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (538.566 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.171

Abstract

The four transcription factors OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and c-MYC are highly expressed in embryonic stem cells (ESC) and their overexpression can induce pluripotency, the ability to differentiate into all cell types of an organism. The ectopic expression such transcription factors could reprogram somatic stem cells become induced pluripotency stem cells (iPSC), an embryonic stem cells-like. Production of recombinant pluripotency factors gain interests due to high demand from generation of induced pluripotent stem cells in regenerative medical therapy recently. This review will focus on demonstrate the recent advances in recombinant pluripotency factor production using various host.
Comparison of text-image fusion models for high school diploma certificate classification Chandra Ramadhan Atmaja Perdana; Hanung Adi Nugroho; Igi Ardiyanto
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (901.175 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.172

Abstract

File scanned documents are commonly used in this digital era. Text and image extraction of scanned documents play an important role in acquiring information. A document may contain both texts and images. A combination of text-image classification has been previously investigated. The dataset used for those research works the text were digitally provided. In this research, we used a dataset of high school diploma certificate, which the text must be acquired using optical character recognition (OCR) method. There were two categories for this high school diploma certificate, each category has three classes. We used convolutional neural network for both text and image classifications. We then combined those two models by using adaptive fusion model and weight fusion model to find the best fusion model. We come into conclusion that the performance of weight fusion model which is 0.927 is better than that of adaptive fusion model with 0.892.
Isotherm adsorption characteristics of carbon microparticles prepared from pineapple peel waste Asep Bayu Dani Nandiyanto; Gabriela Chelvina Santiuly Girsang; Rina Maryanti; Risti Ragadhita; Sri Anggraeni; Fajar Miraz Fauzi; Putri Sakinah; Asita Puji Astuti; Dian Usdiyana; Meli Fiandini; Mauseni Wantika Dewi; Abdulkareem Sh. Mahdi Al-Obaidi
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1227.71 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.176

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate isotherm adsorption of carbon microparticles from pineapple peel waste. Carbon microparticles were prepared by carbonizing pineapple peel waste at 215-250°C and grinding using a saw-milling process. To investigate adsorption properties of carbon microparticles, experiments were done by evaluating adsorption of curcumin (as a model of adsorbate) in the ambient temperature and pressure under constant pH condition. To confirm the adsorption characteristics, carbon particles with different sizes (i.e., 100, 125, and 200 ?m) were tested, and the adsorption results were compared with several standard isotherm adsorption models: Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin- Radushkevich. To support the adsorption analysis, several characterizations (i.e., optical microscope, sieve test, and Fourier transform infrared analysis) were conducted. The adsorption test showed that the adsorption profile is fit to the Freundlich model for all variations, indicating the multilayer adsorption process on heterogeneous surfaces and interactions between adsorbate molecules. The results from other isotherm models also confirmed that the adsorption process occurs physically via Van der Waals force in binding adsorbate on the surface of adsorbent.
Thin film composite polyelectrolyte multilayer nanofiltration membrane fabricated using spin assisted layer by layer assembly: Application of solution diffusion film model Ahmad Alghamdi; Farid Fadhillah
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (998.886 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.177

Abstract

Thin Film Composite (TFC) Polyelectrolyte Multilayer (PEM) Nanofiltration (NF) membrane consisting of multilayer of Poly(diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride) (PDAC) and Poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) deposited on polyethersulfone (PES) support was prepared using spin-assisted layer by layer assembly (SA-LbL). This work is an effort to discover new material having better characteristics and performance than commercial polyamide (PA) NF membrane. Two main operating conditions namely temperature and salt concentration were investigated and the effect of both on membrane performance was studied. Solution-diffusion Film Model (SDFM) membrane employing two fitting parameters i.e. membrane salt permeability (PS) and stagnant layer salt permeability PS(d), was used to explain membrane transport across the membrane. The result showed an good agreement between experimental and observed rejection rate suggests PEM membrane behaves similar to typical solution diffusion-type composite membrane and SDFM can be used to predict the membrane performance and behavior.
Antifungal activity of microcapsule propolis from Tetragonula spp. to Candida albicans Diah Kartika Pratami; Teti Indrawati; Iis Istikomah; Siti Farida; Paksi Pujianto; Muhamad Sahlan
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (591.231 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.178

Abstract

Propolis is a mixture of resin and saliva of Tetragonula spp. that have antifungal activity. The purpose of this study was to develop spray-dried microcapsule propolis (SDMP) and to analyze its antifungal activity to Candida albicans. The SDMP was obtained using a spray drying method by maltodextrin and gum arabic coating. The antifungal activity of SDMP of rough propolis (taken from the outside beehive) and smooth propolis (taken from the inside beehive) was analyzed. The macroscopic characterization showed that SDMP has a powder form with brownish-yellow color. The microscopic characterization showed SDMP has a spherical uniform particle shape with particle size 9.32 - 14.61 µm. The encapsulation efficiency of smooth and rough SDMP was 81.22% and 83.04%; moisture content 5.58% and 5.84%; water solubility 98.19% and 98.31%, respectively. The microbial inhibitory concentration to C. albicans was the diameter of 6.33±1.5 to 10±2.5 mm. SDMP displayed remarkable activity in the assays against C. albicans.
Utilization of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) immobilized in epoxy polymer as double ion exchanger biosorbent for removal of chromium from aqueous solution Lilis Kistriyani; Zainus Salimin; Achmad Chafidz
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (688.555 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.179

Abstract

Cation and industrial pollutant anions are removed from wastewater using organic cation and anion exchange resin. "Extracellular Polymeric Substance" (EPS) from bacterial extraction can accumulate cation and anion elements through biosorption by adsorption mechanism, ion exchange, formation of complex compounds and hydrogen bonds. EPS can be used as an biosorbent and ion exchange bioresin replacing organic resins, because EPS contains organic functional groups that are negatively charged (RCOOH, ROPO3H, ROPO3Na, ROSO3H, ROSO3Na, etc.) cation absorbers and positively charged (ROH, RCNH2HCOOH, etc.) anion absorber. EPS consists of 40-95% polysaccharide compounds, protein 1-60%, nucleic acids 1-10%, lipids 1-10% and the remaining amino acid polymers and other compounds. The tannery industry produces trivalent (Cr+3) chromium pollutants at levels of 15.2 ppm and hexavalent (CrO4-2 or Cr2O7-2) levels of 0.77 ppm which exceeds the standard quality for a total Cr of 0.6 ppm. Cr pollutants are very dangerous for human health. Research had been done on the use of immobilized EPS bioresin in epoxy polymers for chromium binding. EPS was extracted from bacterial activated sludge by centrifugation at 9000 rpm for 20 minutes at 4°C, the filtrate was EPS. The analysis showed EPS content were 16% fat, 12% carbohydrate, and 16% protein. The functional group analysis results with infrared ray spectroscopy (FTIR) showed EPS containing chemical bonds such as -CH, -OH, -NH, and -C=O which proved that EPS extraction contained RCOOH, ROH, and RCNH2HCOOH functional components which were exchanging components cations and anions. Epoxy polymers were prepared by mixing bisphenol A monomers and 1: 1 ratio epichlorohydrin. Immobilized EPS double ion exchange biorecin in epoxy polymers was prepared by mixing 200 mg EPS and 1800 mg epoxy. The binding of chromium ions in the resin was carried out by recirculating the chromium solution through a burette column filled with 2 rams of bioresin at pH 5, 6 and 7. The optimum results gave chromium ion absorption efficiency of 89.20% at pH 5. Column operations could be optimized by varied the amount of bioresin used.
Three-dimensional pore structure of activated carbon monolithic derived from hierarchically bamboo stem for supercapacitor application Erman Taer; Lini Pratiwi; Apriwandi Apriwandi; Widya Sinta Mustika; Rika Taslim; Agustino Agustino
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1000.712 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.180

Abstract

A three-dimensional pore structure on activated carbon derived from hierarchically bamboo stem was synthesized in the monolithic form for increased applicability as a supercapacitor electrode. The preparation involved two step carbonizations, using a chemical activation at different concentrations. Subsequently, the morphology, chemical content, specific surface area and pore size distribution, as well as crystalline degree were evaluated with scanning electron microscopy, energy X-ray (EDX), N2 sorption and X-ray diffraction, respectively. Therefore, cyclic voltammetry (CV) was used to assess the electrochemical performance, in a two electrode system. The result shows the significant impact of the three-dimensional structure on electrochemical performance, and the optimized sample exhibited specific capacitance of 168.8 F g-1, energy density of 23.44 Wh kg-1, and power density of 84.46 W kg-1.
Silylated-montmorillonite as co-adsorbent of chitosan composites for methylene blue dye removal in aqueous solution Ozi Adi Saputra; Kurnia; Septi Pujiasih; Vanani Nur Rizki; Betty Nurhayati; Edi Pramono; Candra Purnawan
Communications in Science and Technology Vol 5 No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Komunitas Ilmuwan dan Profesional Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1045.12 KB) | DOI: 10.21924/cst.5.1.2020.182

Abstract

Industrialization plays important role in the economy of developing countries, including increasing community welfare. However, the presence of poorly industries waste disposal system has negative impact to the environment. Therefore, it is necessary to overcome this problem with low-cost technology, called adsorption. In this research, silylated-montmorillonite (sMMt) has been successfully prepared as supporting material for adsorption of methylene blue by chitosan. The sMMt was characterized by FTIR, XRD, and elemental mapping techniques. The chitosan/sMMt composites were prepared through dissolution-precipitation method and produced rod-like morphology as observed by SEM. The adsorption process was carried out in a batch method by studying the pH and the adsorption contact time. The adsorption kinetic mechanism of the chitosan/sMMt nanocomposite followed pseudo-second order rather than Lagergren model indicating chemisorption predominant. The addition of silylated-montmorillonite into chitosan enhanced the methylene blue dye removal performance, which evidenced by improving Qe values by 10% compared to chitosan.

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