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Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Published by Universitas Widyagama
ISSN : 26156946     EISSN : 26156075     DOI : -
Journal of Socioeconomics and Development (JSeD) is managed by The Study Program of Socioeconomics (Agribusiness), Agriculture Faculty, Widyagama University of Malang. JSeD is published biannually in April and October, and available in printed and online version.
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Articles 14 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development" : 14 Documents clear
Economic growth and inequality of income distribution between regions: Evidence from Bali Province, Indonesia Sukmaadi, Dewa Putu Sudibya; Marhaeni, A.A.Istri Ngurah
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.1676

Abstract

Bali Province shows a prominent performance in the development of the tourism sector. However, essential problems were found related to inequality in the distribution of income between regions. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of locally-generated revenue, education spending, health spending, investment and infrastructure on economic growth and inequality in income distribution between districts/cities in the province Bali. This study uses a quantitative approach. The study explores panel data that combines time series and cross section data from the Regency / City of Bali Province during 2010 - 2017. The data analysis method uses path analysis. The results showed that local revenue, education spending, government spending on health, investment, and infrastructure had a positive effect on economic growth and reduced income inequality between regions. Economic growth is also able to mediate the influence of variables on inequality. The findings of this study emphasize the importance of planning coordination from each district and city to mutually commit to mobilizing all local resources such as human resources, finance, investment and infrastructure; to generate economic growth and reduce inequality between regions.JEL Classification  E27; H75; R58
The reduction of human development gap in origin and new regency in Eastern Indonesia Panjawa, Jihad Lukis; Samudro, Bhimo Rizky
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.1769

Abstract

Inequality still becomes popular issue in the establishment of developing countries. Aside from the income inequality, the human development inequality is considered as an interesting topic for further study, in terms of resuming the solution. The purpose of this study is considered as specific in identifying the human development gap between origin and new regencies in Eastern Indonesia as well as the determinant. This study uses a positivist perspective with a deductive approach. Secondary data with cross-section types used in this study covers regencies and cities in Eastern Indonesia. This study uses the econometrics methodology using regression analysis with a dummy variable. The results showed there were differences in human development index between origin and new regencies in Eastern Indonesia. The human development index in the new regency is lower than in the origin regency. The results support the Myrdal’s Theory, which explains the gap in human development disparities among regions due to the significant backwash effects. Fiscal decentralization has a role in reducing the gap in human development in origin and new regencies, yet insignificant for the economic growth. Poverty lowers the impact on increasing human development in the origin regencies but does not occur in the new regencies.JEL Classification  H30; I32; O15
Inequality and transaction costs in a community-based water supply in rural area adjacent to national park Istiyani, Ambar; Shohibuddin, Mohamad
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.1866

Abstract

National parks can be sensitive state-property areas since the surrounding communities generally need the parks' resources for their livelihood. This paper focuses on inequality and transaction costs in PAMSIMAS (Community-Based Water Supply and Sanitation), a water sector program in Indonesia’s rural and peri-urban areas. The method used is a case study of PAMSIMAS in Tajuk, a village adjacent to Mount Merbabu National Park in Semarang Regency, Central Java. The data were gathered from documentary studies, in-depth interviews, and observations, and were analyzed using transaction cost economics and institutional analysis. This study found that the rules of PAMSIMAS, especially water pricing mechanisms, enhanced water availability but could not diminish the uncertainty of water access and transaction costs born by water users. Inequalities of endowment, power, and information among the hamlets affected how PAMSIMAS was run. Mobilization of water resources is related to property rights, which should be well-defined. Still, there was an overlapping property institution of Mount Merbabu National Park forest and its water resources; thus, the water user groups had to bear different transaction costs. The study provides suggestions for providing broader 'rules of the game' in rural water management, recognizing local conditions and prospects, acknowledging community rights to resources, and developing inclusive community participation.JEL Classification D23; P48; Q15
[WITHDRAWN] The importance of increasing cigarette prices on National Health Insurance financing in Indonesia Nurhasana, Renny; Hartono, Risky Kusuma; Moeis, Faizal Rahmanto; Ratih, Suci Puspita
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.1739

Abstract

Indonesia faces the combined challenges of a high prevalence of active smokers and an increased financial burden of smoking-related Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) on National Health Insurance (NHI). This study aims to assess the importance of increasing cigarette prices for NHI funding. It was a cross-sectional study conducted through a phone survey. The survey was administered to 1,000 respondents aged 18 and over from various telecommunications operators in Indonesia. We performed the multivariate analysis and the framework of the importance of increasing cigarette prices for funding NHI. The result shows that the majority of the public supports the increase of cigarette price for funding NHI except for active smokers at Odds Ratio=0.529. The importance of increasing cigarette prices for funding NHI is supported by society, able to reduce the prevalence of active smokers, and it raises the government’s tax income. With the current strong public support, cigarette prices should be increased which will then be tagged to fund the NHI consistently. This is also seen as a means to compensate the high NCD-related claims of the NHI which are caused by smoking behavior.JEL Classification  H51; I13; I18 
Strengthening institutions theory on modification of technology acceptance model: A study of financial information system for local government Fauzi, Fauzi; Jatiningrum, Citrawati
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.2254

Abstract

The financial information system for local Government or SIPKD regulation in Indonesia are mandatory. There have been several innovations on it, but in practice mostly they were not effective in term of user acceptance due to several obstacles. This study investigates the modified Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) theory proposed with the institutional strengthening theory on the user performance of SIPKD. Supported by the sample of 556 SIPKD users from the Lampung Provincial Government, the results showed that all constructs are associated in accordance with the theory and concept of TAM. The quality of training had a dominant effect on the ease of use and usefulness. Related to the reinforcement theory, the results showed that facilitating conditions and incentives affect the performance of SIPKD users. Meanwhile, institutional pressure did not show its role to improve the performance of users. The main findings revealed that the TAM model becomes more perfect when imbued with the reinforcement theory. These results suggest that information system acceptance is higher when reinforcement theory is able to manipulate the cognitive of users to further improve their individual performance.JEL Classification E60; H83; M48 
Sustainability of corporate based shallot farming business: Evidence from Malang Regency, Indonesia Parmawati, Rita; Hardyansah, Rizha; Rahmawati, Aditia
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.1644

Abstract

Shallot is the strategic horticulture commodity and one of superior national commodities. Ministry of Agriculture initiated a pilot project for the development of a corporate based shallot farming business area in Ngantang dan Pujon Districs, Malang Regency. This research aims to analyze the sustainability of the shallot farming in Ngantang and Pujon Districts, Malang Regency. Multidimensional Scaling (MDS) RAP-Shallot's analysis with five dimensions (ecological, economic, social, institutional, and technological) was used with a total of 49 attributes. The results of the sustainability index analysis show that the institutional, technological, and social dimensions are classified as quite sustainable, but the ecological and economic dimensions are still classified as less sustainable. Some attributes that are sensitive to the sustainability of shallot farming include integrated pest and disease control, marketing access of shallots, conflicts related to farming, the role of the middleman in harvest collecting, and the use of high quality and certified bulb. To improve the sustainability of shallot farming, the supervision and management of each attribute must be carried out optimally and integrated with many stakeholders such as farmers, traders, cooperatives, and the government.JEL Classification: Q01; Q02; Q20  
Assessing the social factors of place dependence and changes in land use in sustainable agriculture: Case of Pandaan District, Pasuruan Regency, Indonesia Prayitno, Gunawan; Rukmi, Wara Indira; Ashari, Muhammad Iqbal
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.1720

Abstract

Times have led to changes in land functions and changes in environmental psychology's social, economic, and environmental aspects. Within Pandaan sub-district, there is a main road linking Surabaya and Malang to the road hierarchy as a national arterial road, and the Gempol-Pandaan toll road has changed the function of agricultural land, particularly in Durensewu and Plintah Village. This study aims to determine the land conversion that occurs in the Pandaan District by knowing the place dependence and the relationship between the place dependence and the residents' decision to change land use. The analytical method used is the analysis of land-use change, the analysis of place dependence, and the relationship between place dependence and land-use change. Based on the results of the analysis, it is known that there is an indirect and positive relationship between place dependence and land-use change in the Pandaan District and that one of the dimensions of place dependence is environmental quality. The decision to change the land is connected to sustainable agriculture.JEL Classification: R11; R52; Q15
Indonesian coffee exports and its relation to global market integration Fitriani, Fitriani; Arifin, Bustanul; Ismono, Hanung
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.2115

Abstract

Coffee price is an important indicator that stimulates farmers to advance their welfare. Unfortunately, coffee crisis makes the farm gate price uncertain and volatile. This study aims to explore the Indonesian coffee export situation related to price risks and coffee market integration between Indonesian coffee price and international price. The time series data were the coffee price from 1987 to 2014 in Indonesian domestic market and in global trade in London. Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) approach was applied to test market integration based on Ravallion’s equation. Based on the analysis, the results of the study revealed that Indonesian coffee export performed progressively in the last decade. Export destination countries for Indonesian coffee also developed broadly.  There was market integration on the Indonesian coffee market and global price in the London terminal.  Although not fully, the shock in the international price was somehow felt in the Indonesian coffee market.  There were sufficient shreds of evidence to conclude that the Indonesian coffee market is well integrated with the international market in the long run. The changing coffee price in Indonesia and the International market adjusted in the next three years.  In short term, Indonesian coffee price was 76% influenced by international price changes, but not vice versa.JEL Classification D49; Q02; Q17
Gender preference on the quality of landscape aesthetic of urban agriculture Hastuti, Diah Retno Dwi; Darma, Rahim; Salman, Darmawan; Santosa, Slamet; Martosenjoyo, Triyatni; Dungga, Novaty Eny
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.2164

Abstract

In addition to providing food benefits, urban agriculture also has aesthetic benefits. Therefore, a visual assessment of the urban agricultural landscape can be used to measure this aesthetic value. Gender preference is also carried out to see differences in visual assessment. This research was conducted in Makassar City using primary data with 129 respondents consisting of 53 people who had never been to Makassar and 76 people who had been/lived in Makassar. The aesthetic assessment of agricultural landscapes in Makassar City used the Scenic Beauty Estimation (SBE) method with a perceptual dimension. The results showed that the most beautiful urban agricultural landscapes had a high level of preference, namely in various plant gardens and verticultural hydroponic systems. Furthermore, the highest SBE score as a potential attraction was shown by male respondent who had never been to Makassar. Possible urban agricultural landscape resources should receive special attention by arranging them neatly and cleanly so that they have high artistic value to provide beauty and comfort for visitors.JEL Classification:  C00; O13; Q19
How important are health and education in boosting sub-national economic growth? Verazulianti, Verazulianti; Dawood, Taufiq Carnegie; Zulham, Teuku
JOURNAL OF SOCIOECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Vol 4, No 1 (2021): Journal of Socioeconomics and Development
Publisher : Publisher of Widyagama University of Malang (UWG Press)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31328/jsed.v4i1.1762

Abstract

Development of the global economy is marked by increasing attention towards the health sector due to Covid-19 outbreak. This research contributes by examining how important is health and education for provincial economic growth, and connect it with foreign direct investments, and infrastructure spending. Taking Indonesia as a case study, and employing GMM and Fixed Effects methods, the analysis found that improving health and education outcomes are key for sub-national economic growth. However, foreign direct investment, domestic direct investment and public spending on infrastructure failed to support growth in the sub-national level. The finding is robust against alternative specifications. For policy suggestions, in order to dampen the negative economic effects of Covid-19 and to boost growth at post-pandemic period, government at all levels must maintain or even increase public spending in health and education which directly target improvements of health and educational outcomes. To ensure the improvements, public spending must be directed to provide good quality health and educational services; services which enhance health outcomes and develop students’ cognitive skills. In addition, good quality health and educational services must be evenly distributed across sub-nationalities. This is aligned with achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals number 10; reducing inequality within a country.JEL Classification H51; H52; O15

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