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ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 08537291     EISSN : 24067598     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences (IJMS) is dedicated to published highest quality of research papers and review on all aspects of marine biology, marine conservation, marine culture, marine geology and oceanography.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan" : 6 Documents clear
Bioactive Cembranoid Composition in the Soft Coral of Sarcophyton glaccum on The Response to Changing pH Neviaty Putri Zamani; Dedi Soedharma; Ekowati Chasanah; Hedi Indra Januar
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (429.642 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.1.25-30

Abstract

Soft coral is predicted to outcompete with hard coral in future ocean acidification scenarios. Beside the biological resilience shown in acidic conditions, soft corals ability to maintain or compete for space is shown to relate with their ability to produce cytotoxic cembranoid-type compounds. The aim of this study was to investigate composition of cytotoxic cembranoid compounds of Sarcophyton glaccum soft coral exposed to current and predicted future ocean acidification scenarios. Sarcophyton glaccum colonies were acclimated along a pH gradient to simulate predicted increases in ocean acidification: natural/current (pH 8,2), slight increase in acidification (pH 8.0 year-1 2060), and moderate increase in acidification (pH 7,8 year­-1 2100). Cembranoid composition was determined by quantitative Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy while cytotoxic activity was determined against tumor cell lines. Results of the study showed cytotoxicity and sarcophytoxide (the most active cembranoid compound in observed Sarcophyton glaccum) were both found to be higher at pH 8,0. However, a further increase of acidification resulted on a reduction of both the cytotoxicity and sarcophytoxide production. This suggests that acidification pressures affect directly the defense system metabolism of Sarcophyton glaccum and that while they may be resilient to small decreases in pH, their ability to compete for space may be hampered by more pronounced changes. Keywords: Cembranoids; Cytotoxic; Sarcophyton glaccum; Seawater Acidification; Soft Coral.
Physical and Chemical Conditions of Bayur Bay Waters On the East and West Season Ulung Jantama Wisha; Try Al Tanto; Ilham Ilham
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.594 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.1.15-24

Abstract

 Physical construction of Bayur bay coastal area as a port was followed by a variety of environmental issues, both physical degradation of the natural environment, biology reduction and an increase in social problems, directly affect to water quality decreasing in the coastal Bayur Bay. This study aims to determine the concentration distribution of physical and chemical parameters and their influence to water conditions on the east and west season. The method used is descriptive method (data taken by in situ and laboratory analysis), determining the location of sampling points based on purposive sampling method and tide prediction by NAOtide software. The results of field survey and laboratory measurements analysed using statistical method. The speed of sea currents on the east season ranged from 3,48 to 24,9 cm.s-1, while in the West season flow rate ranged from 1,4 to 57,7 cm.s-1. Rainfall in East Season ranged from 0-45 mm and The intensity of rainfall in West Season ranged from 0-30 mm. Sea-surface temperatures in the Eastern season range between 26,2- 31.5 °C, while in the west season SST range from 24,3 to 30,5°C. Dissolve oxygen concentration in the east season range from 4,3 to 6,1 mg.L-1, while the west monsoon conditions range from 4,1 to 6,4 mg.L-1. The pH values ranged from 7,4 to 8,1 in the Eastern season and ranged from 7,12 to 8,27 in the West season. Bayur Bay water quality conditions is not much different from its value range on the west and east season and influencing each other. Keywords: Bayur Bay, Seasons, SST, Statistical method
Assessment of Carbon Status in Marine Protected Area of Payung Island Waters, South Sumatera Province, Indonesia Anna Ida Sunaryo Purwiyanto; Fitri Agustriani
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (505.968 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.1.1-6

Abstract

CO2 is a greenhouse gas that receive more attention than the other gases because the properties of carbon easily deformed and diffuseed. Changes in the concentration of CO2 in the water will impact on changes in the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere that affect sea surface temperatures. It continuously will result in a change of marine capture fisheries. Payung Island is one of the important areas in South Sumatra that acts as the provider of the fishery. This because Payung Island is located in the mouth of Musi and Telang River covered by mangrove, has a very important ecological function. However, the condition of the carbon in the waters of the Payung Island has not explored further. This elementary study is to determine status on Payung Island waters as a sink or source of CO2. The study was conducted in June until August 2015. The research stages include surface water sampling, measurement of the CO2 in the atmosphere, the analysis of the concentration of Dissolved Inorganic Carbon (DIC) and Total Alkalinity (TA), and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) calculation.  Atmospheric CO2 were measured insitu, while the DIC and TA were analyzed using titration methods. Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) obtained from the calculation using the software CO2Calc using data of  DIC, TA, nutrients and atmospheric CO2. The results showed that the content of DIC and TA on the Payung Island waters has similar distribution pattern  i.e. high in areas close to the river, and getting lower in the area which were closer to the sea. The comparisons between pCO2 atmosphere and pCO2 waters showed that Payung Island waters generally act as a carbon sink in area towards the sea but however, in the territorial waters adjacent to the river as a source of carbon.  Keywords: carbon, marine protected area, Payung Island waters
Physiological Response of Thallasia hemprichii on Antrophogenic Pressure In Pari Island, Seribu Islands, DKI Jakarta Aditya Hikmat Nugraha; Dietriech G. Bengen; Mujizat Kawaroe
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (626.1 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.1.40-48

Abstract

Seagrass ecosystem is one of tropical marine ecosystem and have important function. The function of ecosystem like a feeding and nursery ground for marine biota. Antrophogenic pressure is one of threat for seagrass ecosystem sustainability. This research study about effect antropogenic pressure for seagrass Thallasia hemprichii physiology response in some different location at Great Barrier Pari Island. The physiology response study cover growth, heavy metal bioaccumulation and histology analysis. The result shows that growth of leaf and rhizome Thalassia hemprichii have positif correlation with nutrient consentration in environment. The highest growth of leaf Thalassia hemprichii at 2nd station (4.16 mm.day-1) and the highest growth of rhizome Thalassia hemprichii at 4th station (1.3 mm.day-1). Seagrass can accumulation heavy metal from environment. The highest heavy metal accumulation is Pb. Not correlation between heavy metal consentration in seagrass with heavy metal concentration from environment. Analysis histology result that not damage seagrass tissue in all research station. Keyword : Bioacumulation,Growth,Physiology,Seagrass, Thalassia hemprichiiSeagrass ecosystems is one of the tropical marine ecosystems that have important functions, among others as a feeding and nursery ground for marine life. Anthropogenic stress is one of the threats that may inhibit the survival of seagrass ecosystems. This study examines the effects of anthropogenic pressures on physiological responses of seagrass Thalassia hemprichii at several different locations in Pari Islands. Physiological responses studied were leaves and rhizome growth, bioaccumulation of heavy metals and histological tissue analysis on seagrass. The results showed that the growth response of seagrass has a positive correlation with the nutrients in the environment. Seagrass leaf growth is highest at Station 2 (4.16 mm.day-1) and rhizome growth is highest at Station 4 (1.3 mm.day-1). Seagrass accumulate heavy metals from the environment and accumulation of heavy metals is highest on Pb. There is no correlation between the concentration of heavy metals in the seagrass and environment. The results of histological analysis showed that there was no damage to the tissue of seagrass leaf and rhizome. Keywords : Bio-acumulation, Growth, Physiology, Seagrass, Thalassia hemprichii
Characterizing the Three Different Alginate Type of Sargassum siliquosum Ervia Yudiati; Alim Isnansetyo
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.989 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.1.7-14

Abstract

This research was aimed to identify the brown seaweed, to characterize the acid, sodium and calcium alginate, and to examine the alginate yield. The identification was done phaenotypically. The extraction method was pretreated by ethanol depigmentation, followed by the extraction of Na2CO3/EDTA and CaCl2  and presipitated with absolute ethanol. The characterization of alginate was done by FT-IR spectroscopy and Thin Layer Chromatography by comparing the samples with standard alginate (Sigma, USA). The key of identification  showed that the species was Sargassum siliquosum. There are similarities in signal vibration and TLC spots among the samples and the standard. The TLC test was also showed that those alginates contain mannuronic and guluronic acid. The highest yield was produced by Sodium alginate (40,34% + 0,21), followed by Acid alginate (11,51% + 0,15) and Calcium alginate (4,8% + 0,09). Keywords: alginate, characterization, Sargassum siliquosum, yield
Abundance of Phytoplankton In The Coastal Waters of South Sumatera Riris Aryawati; Dietriech G. Bengen; Tri Prartono; Hilda Zulkifli
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 1 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.479 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.1.31-39

Abstract

Phytoplankton in the ocean has an important role in forming the base of food chain,  responsible in primary production. Its abundance and number of phytoplankton species will indirectly affect the level of water’s fertility. This study aimed to determine the presence of phytoplankton as bio-indicators of water quality in terms of abundance, diversity index, uniformity index, and saprobic coefficient in coastal waters of South Sumatera. The study was conducted on May 2013 - February 2014, at ten stations during high and low tides. Phytoplankton samples were taken vertically using plankton nets,  cone-shaped with a diameter of 30 cm, length 100 cm and mesh size 30 μm. The study found 41 genera of phytoplankton, consisted of family Bacillariophyceae (26 genera), Dinophyceae (7 genera) Cyanophyceae (7 genera) and Chlorophyceae (1 genus). The highest number of genera was recorded while low tides in November (24 genera), and the lowest was on May while high tides (16 genera). The highest abundance of phytoplankton was recorded in August during high tides (2,68 x 107 cell.m-3), and the lowest was in May during high tides (6,59 x 105cell.m-3). The diversity index (H'),  the uniformity index (E), and the dominance index (D) ranged between 0,64–3; 0,15–0,71 and 0,15–0,83 respectively.  Keywords: phytoplankton, abundance, diversity index, South Sumatera coast.

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