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ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 08537291     EISSN : 24067598     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences (IJMS) is dedicated to published highest quality of research papers and review on all aspects of marine biology, marine conservation, marine culture, marine geology and oceanography.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan" : 7 Documents clear
Glutathione (GSH) Production as Protective Adaptation Against Light Regime Radiation of Symbiodinium Natural Population Moh Muhaemin; Dedi Soedharma; Hawis H Madduppa; Neviaty Putri Zamani
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (11.588 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.3.121-125

Abstract

Glutathione (GSH), as a wide range of low molecular weight, which found in marine microalgae and event bacteria, are essential to prevent photooxidation and productivity loss from these Radical Oxigen Species (ROS). Symbiodinium, endo-symbiont of corals, were exposed with different UV radiation combined with irradiance treatments to explore biomass specific initial response. Intracellular glutahione was observed as potential adaptive response of Symbiodinium population under environmental specific stress. The result showed that GSH production increased significantly with increasing irradiance and/or UV levels. GSH concentration was fluctuated among populations exposed by different irradiance treatments, but not effected by UV and irradiance exposure. GSH production as a response of UV exposure was higher than irradiance treatments. Both these high correlative fluctuation of intracellular GSH production and the presence of both treatments indicated protective specific adaptation of Symbiodinium under specific environmental stress, respectively. Keywords: zooxanthellae, irradiance, glutathione (GSH), corals, Fungia
Spatial Distribution, Behaviour, and Biological Aspect of Albacore (Thunnus alalunga) Caught in Eastern Indian Ocean Fathur Rochman; Irwan Jatmiko; Bram Setyadji
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.335 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.3.111-120

Abstract

This study highlighted the occurrence of the Indonesian tuna longline fishery targeting albacore (Thunnus alalunga) caught in the Eastern Indian ocean. The data used in this study based on the Research Institute for Tuna Fisheries (RITF) observer program in Benoa. This paper presents the current information on biological aspect (size distribution and length-weight relationship) and fish behavior (swimming layer and feeding periodicity) of albacore. Total albacore samples of  3,152 were taken from scientific observer data from 2010-2013. The study area of albacore was between 0-33°S and 75-131°E. Albacore length  distributed from 70-196 cmFL (median=93 cmFL, mode=100 cmFL, mean=92.12 cmFL) and dominated at size of 95 cmFL. The highest percentage length of albacore was  >90 cm (L50) occured in the area between (30-35°S and 80-95°E) and (10-15°S and 120-125°E). The length weight relationship was determined to be W=0.0045 FL1.8211  (W in kg, FL in cm). The expected season to catch the ALB was from April to July with the peak season in June and July. The swimming layer of albacore based on minilogger data were distributed from at 118 to 341 m depth and mostly catch at depth of 156 m with temperature degree 18°C.  The feeding periodicity of albacore’s are start from 7:45am to 17:59 pm, mostly active at 10 am to 11 am. The majority of ALB caught by Indonesian longliner was mature condition and negative allometric growth. The ALB peak season was in June-July and the best time to catch was 10 am to 11 am at depth of 156 m. Keywords : albacore, feeding periodicity, swimming layer,  CPUE
Nutrient Condition of Kampar Big River Estuary: Distribution of N and P Concentrations Drifted by Tidal Bore ”Bono” Ulung Jantama Wisha; Lilik Maslukah
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (501.162 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.3.137-146

Abstract

Due to accelerated anthropogenic activity, a significant amount of pollutants has been directly or indirectly discharged into coastal estuaries of Kampar. Nutrient pollution along the river to the estuary that adversely affects coastal and estuary ecosystem mainly originates from inland such as industrial effluent, household, and agricultural waste as well as a naturally derived pollutant from biogeochemical cycle, which is controlled by the propagation of undular bore (Bono). The purpose of this study is to determine the environmental impact of distribution of nutrients caused by the mechanism of Bono. This research employed a purposive quantitative method, the concentration of dissolved phosphate, nitrate, nitrite and ammonia was analyzed using a spectrophotometer, tidal data retrieval was measured for 30 days’ near the estuarine area, while, current flow was measured for 24 hours’ measurement. Phosphate concentrations ranged from 0.02-0.1 mg.L-1, nitrate concentrations ranged from 0.76-5.73 mg.L-1, ammonia concentrations ranged from 0.2-0.41 mg.L-1, nitrate concentrations ranged from 0.001-0.03 mg.L-1. The tidal type is mixed tide prevailing semidiurnal with tidal range reach 4.2 m during spring tide condition. At the time of Bono propagate, drastically enhance the surface elevation and directly increase the drift of velocity with the flow direction from estuary into the river upstream, that mechanism affects the nutrient distribution in Kampar river. Keywords: Bono, Fluid dynamics, Nutrient distribution, Tidal bore, Water quality
New Record of Mozambique Scorpionfish, Parascorpaena mossambica (Peters, 1855), (Actinopterygii: Order, Scorpaeniformes; Family: Scorpaendiae) From Indian Waters Muddula Krishna Naranji; Govinda Rao Velamala; Kandula Sujatha
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.115 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.3.105-110

Abstract

Parascorpaena mossambica is one of the rare species of Scorpaenidae in the Visakhapatnam coastal waters, India. Ten specimens are characterized by Dorsal fin IX 9; Anal fin III 5-6; Pectoral fin rays 15; Lateral line scales 43-44; Lateral line Pored scales 23-24; Lateral transverse scale scales 6-7/1/12-14; lachrymal bone with two lower strong antrose spines, anterior pointed and directed forward, tip reaching dorsal margin of upper lip, covered with skin; posterior one directed forward and slightly downward; suborbital with three spines. Only few records have been made in the whole Indian waters. Due to its rarity, P. mossambica is poorly studied and little known about their biology, ecology and distribution. In the present study provides additional data on this rare species. In particular, we describe its habitat, ecology, presence and distribution with several new records in Indian waters. Keywords: Scorpaenidae, fish, Parascorpaena mossambica, Visakhapatnam
Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial, Cytotoxic and Antiplasmodial Activities of Three Sponges from Buton Islands, Indonesia Masteria Yunovilsa Putra; Tri Aryono Hadi
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (507.734 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.3.147-154

Abstract

GC-MS analysis of the crude extracts of three different species of Indonesian marine sponges has been carried out for identification of bioactive compounds. The GC-MS analysis from Haliclona (Gellius) sp., Lamellodysidea herbacea, and Spheciospongia inconstans revealed the presence of 23, 21, 19 various compounds, respectively and mainly sterols and fatty acids. All the sponge species has been evaluated for antimicrobial activities, cytotoxicity using brine shrimp lethality bioassay and heme polymerization inhibitory activity assay for antiplasmodial activity. In this study, all the sponge species showed antimicrobial activities against at leastone of the test strains. Among them, the extract of sponge Lamellodysidea herbacea displayed activity against two Gram-positive bacteria (S. aureus and B. subtilis) and the Gram-negative bacteria V. cholerae, with inhibition zones of 10.3, 9.2 and 9.5 mm, respectively. The sponge Haliclona (Gellius) sp., showed significant activity against fungal pathogen C. albicans. The sponge Haliclona (Gellius) sp., displayed the ability to inhibit heme polymerization indicating an anti-Plasmodium function and also showed potent cytotoxic activity against the brine shrimp Artemia sp. Keywords: GC-MS analysis, antimicrobial, sponges,bioactive
Fate of Heavy Metals Pb and Zn in the West Season at Jeneberang Estuary, Makassar Najamuddin .; Tri Prartono; Harpasis S Sanusi; I. Wayan Nurjaya
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (623.46 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.3.126-136

Abstract

The pollutant quantity of heavy metals entering water environment does not give complete answer toward the generated effect and risk, however it needs thoroughly study related to the pollutant dynamic. The aim of this research was to investigate the fate of Pb and Zn in water, such as: distribution, behavior, and reactivity (case study: Jeneberang Estuary, Makassar). Pb and Zn concentrations were determined using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). The distribution of dissolved Pb and Zn showed a pattern that the lowest concentration was in the fresh water (the river zone), whereas the highest concentration was in the salt water (the marine zone). The distribution pattern of particulate Pb and Zn showed that the highest concentration was in the fresh water (the river zone) and the salt water (the marine zone), whereas the lowest concentration was in the estuary zone. The behavior of dissolved Pb and Zn tended to increase the concentration (desorption) along the increased salinity gradient. The residual fraction was the dominant component of geochemical fractions in the sediment that indicated the sources of Pb and Zn mainly derived from a natural process and the reactivity was low in the water. Keywords: distribution, behavior, reactivity, lead, zinc, pollution
The Identification of Carotenoids and Testing of Carotenoid Antioxidants from Sand Lobster (Panulirus homarus) Egg Extract James Ngginak; Jubhar C Mangibulude; Ferdy S Rondonuwu
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 22, No 3 (2017): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (281.539 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.22.3.155-160

Abstract

Sand lobsters (Panulirus homarus) are organisms that play an important role in supporting a society’s economy. Lobsters have a business appeal due to their high demand, enjoyable taste, as well as significant nutritional content. It is interesting that sand lobster eggs have a yellow orange color as an indicator of the presence of carotenoid content. Related with advancements in research and the utilization of carotenoids, this research identifies carotenoids and tests carotenoid antioxidants from sand lobster (Panulirus homarus) egg extract. In identifying carotenoids in sand lobster egg extract, HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) (shimadzu LC-10AD, Japan) is used. In testing carotenoid antioxidants from sand lobster eggs, a DPPH method is utilized. The identification results with HPLC reveal that the sample contains carotenoids. The kinds of carotenoids identified are dinoxanthin, diadinoxanthin, zeaxanthin, lutein, astaxanthin, and violaxanthin. Among the six kinds of carotenoids identified, lutein is the type of carotenoid that has the highest concentration. These carotenoid compounds are detected in wavelengths of 400-500 nm. The test results of antioxidant power reveal that to hamper free radicals (IC50), a sample concentration of 6675.25 µg.ml-1 is needed. The ability to hinder free radicals from a sample extract is mostly conducted by lutein, zeaxanthin, and astaxantin. If seen from the analytical results, it can be surmised that sand lobster eggs contain carotenoids that can be used as a carotenoid source for humans.   Keywords : Sand Lobster, HPLC, Carotenoids, DPPH, Antioxidant

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