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ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 08537291     EISSN : 24067598     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences (IJMS) is dedicated to published highest quality of research papers and review on all aspects of marine biology, marine conservation, marine culture, marine geology and oceanography.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Ilmu Kelautan" : 6 Documents clear
Redescription of Larval Development in Cultured Pearl Oyster Pinctada maxima Jeane Siswitasari Mulyana; Achmad Farajallah; Yusli Wardiatno
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.472 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.23.2.109-112

Abstract

Larval development plays a major role in efficient pearl culture. The cultured larvae will be later used for recipient and donor oysters in cultured pearl production. Larval developmental stage of silver lip pearl oyster Pinctada maxima has been reported by several studies. Those studies used female and male oyster parents directly taken from natural habitat.This study aimed to redescribe larval development of P. maxima from commercial pearl oyster culture farm in Indonesia. Larval development of this species whose parents are originated from selected groups in the pearl culture farm has not been reported yet, thus it is necessary to be described. This species undergoes specific larval developmental stage. The larvae were observed under microscope, and then the average shell length (SL) and shell height (SH) were measured. D-shaped veliger larva (77.4±0.3 µm SL; 65.4±1.1 µm SH) appeared 20 h after fertilization. Tenday-old larva (156.2±2.8 µm SL; 149.5±5.6 µm SH) had developed umbo region so it was called umbonal larva. Umbonal larva then developed further into plantigrade larva (411.3±9.8 µm SL; 380.5±6.9 µm SH) in 25 days after fertilization. Developmental stage and larval sizein P. maxima is similar with those observed in P. fucata and P. margaritifera. Keywords: growth, larva, plantigrade, shell, umbo, veliger
Quantitative Comparison of Algorithms for Estimating the Air-sea Exchange of Carbon Dioxide in Malacca Straits Lilik Maslukah; Didi Adisaputro; Widodo Setiyo Pranowo
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (434.972 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.23.2.81-86

Abstract

A precise quantification of the sea surface partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2(water)) at the water surface is required in order to define the role of the sea in air-sea exchange of CO2. Even though the pCO2(water) can be measured directly, the semi-empirical model has seen numerous application in determining the pCO2 (water) due to a time-and cost-efficient. This study aims to compare the pCO2 and FCO2 (Flux of CO2) calculated using Zhai and Zhu algorithm with the underway datasets of pCO2 obtained during the scientific cruise of CISKA-SPICE III in April 2013. The partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) was measured using a high-accuracy electrochemical instrumentation underway HydroC/CO2 FT (flow through) with an error ±1 μ atm. Furthermore, in order to calculate the pCO2 and the FCO2 employing widely used algorithms, some data were needed including wind speed, sea surface temperature and chlorophyll-a extracted from MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer). According to the results obtained, the difference between the pCO2 and FCO2 derived from those two algorithms are significant. The underway datasets of pCO2 are ranging from 409.52-544.01 µatm. Meanwhile, the pCO2 derived using the Zhai algorithm and Zhu algorithm are between 405.003–422.79 µatm and 398.94-752.06 µatm respectively. The FCO2 are varied between 0.02–0.06 molC.m-2.day-1 (Zhai algorithm), 0.02-0.57 molC.m-2.day-1  (Zhu algorithm) dan 0.04-0.23 molC.m-2.day-1 (the underway datasets). A comparison of the two results reveals that pCO2 derived using Zhai algorithm is closer with the underway datasets compared with the result of pCO2 calculated using Zhu algorithm with the MRE (Mean Relative Estimation Error) as large as 19.4% and 39% respectively. Taken together, these results suggest that the Zhai algorithm is more appropriate to determine algorithms for estimating the air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide in the Malacca Straits.Keywords: carbon dioxide, Malacca Straits, pCO2, FCO2, Zhai and Zhu algorithm
Characteristics of Sediments Deposition in Karimata Strait Muhammad Trial Fiar Erawan; Tri Prartono; Ali Arman
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (494.466 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.23.2.93-98

Abstract

Karimata strait connects South China Sea and Indonesia territorial seas where the strait current pattern is affected by west and east monsoon. This condition influences particles depositing sedimentation process in the strait. Lack information about sediment depositing rate at the straits dozens years ago makes this research is important to be conducted. This research was to estimate sediment depositing rate in the strait in two areas, near shore and off shore of Borneo. The research was conducted on June to September 2015 used coring sediment samples. Those samples were derived from Baruna Jaya VIII Ship Cruise on June 2015 that was collaborative research between Ministry of Marine and Fisheries Affairs of Indonesia and National Nuclear Center of Indonesia (BATAN).Samples were analyzed in the laboratory of Chemical and Ocean, Department of Environmental and Natural Resources, Center of Radiation and Isotope, National Nuclear Center of Indonesia (BATAN). Estimation of sediment depositing rate used natural isotope 210Pb. The study shows that the depositing rate of the nearest to Borneo area is about 0.92 kg.m-2.y-1 (1965) and increases to be 3.31 kg.m-2.y-1 (2009). The other area is about 0.08 kg.m-2.y-1 (1840) and increases to be 1.78 kg.m-2.y-1 (2010). This result implies that the sediment depositing rate at the nearest area to Borneo is higher than the off shore. Keywords: Near shore, off shore, Natural Isotop 210Pb, CRS (Constant Rate of Supply) model
Utility of Underwater Weenie Life Forms as Voluminous Organisms: A Review Rout George Kerry; Samprit Padhiary; Gyana Prakash Mahapatra; Jyoti Ranjan Rout
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (532.947 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.23.2.99-108

Abstract

Coral reefs are a sundry subaqueous ecological community, combined with the calcium carbonate structures secreted by converting the carbon dioxide present in the water into limestone. The biotic portion of the coral reef is marine animal known as polyps that have resemblance with jellyfish. Unlike terrestrial environment, the marine component is tightly interdependent. Taking out one component or loss of from a system can have a devastating impact or undermine the entire marine ecosystem. Reefs specifically are a vital organism among underwater life which is dependent on corals and provide key microhabitat, shelter and breeding ground for thousands of species of fish, crustaceans, mollusks, etc. Coral reef possesses vital ethnobotanical properties, which cures asthma, arthritis, and even cancer. Apart from medicinal properties, further it provides 2/3rd of oxygen on earth. However, the destructive fishing practices, pollution and ocean acidification have endangered this kingdom and have led to the threatening of the entire fabric of the underwater life. As human beings are also dependent up to much extent for centuries, there is a high probability of being severely affected if the coral reef extinct leaving the seabed barren. Corals cover almost 1 % of the oceans present on earth, but the irony is 75 % of them are on a verge of extinction. Therefore, the present review focuses on its conservation, cultivation and significance of their application in the field of biomedical science.Keywords: Coral reef, endangered, ethnobotany, extinction, marine ecosystem, pollution.
Is genetic involve in the outcomes of contact reactions between parent and offspring and between siblings of the coral Pocillopora damicornis? Diah Permata Wijayanti; Michio Hidaka
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (761.325 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.23.2.69-80

Abstract

Various allogeneic responses have been characterized in stony corals. The responses were thought to be genetically control. However, very little is known about the genetic mechanism of allorecognition in corals. Therefore, the contact reaction between parent-offspring and between siblings of the coral Pocillopora damicornis has been studied. Three types of contact reactions were observed: between young colonies, between adult and young colonies, and between adult colonies.  Siblings, which were primary polyps or young colonies derived from the same broodparent, invariably fused. All but one pair of parent-offspring grafts exhibited fusion. However, some pairs of young colonies derived from the same two broodparents showed a different contact response than did the broodparents when their branch tips were paired. When the same pairs of the young colonies were repeated to contact at different age, most pairs yielded the same results. Together with the findings that young colonies were able to recognize their partner less than 1 month after the initial contact, we suggest that contact reaction in coral and time needed for the stable reaction are most probably under genetic control. Keywords: coral, young colonies, reproduction, parent-offspring relationship, histocompatibility 
Distribution and Abundance of Fish Larvae in South of Alas Strait, West Nusa Tenggara Irwan Jatmiko; Fathur Rochman; Gussasta Levi Arnenda
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 23, No 2 (2018): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (460.338 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.23.2.87-92

Abstract

The early life of fish larvae is important to understand the entire life history of the fish. At this phase, larvae movement is very weak and dependent on the movement of water currents. This study aims to determine the distribution and abundance of fish larvae in the waters south of the Port of Tanjung Luar, West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. Sampling of fish larvae were done at five stations at waters around Alas Strait and Indian Ocean south of East Lombok. Sampled were collected from 5 different depth: 0-200 m, 201-1000 m, 1001-2000 m, 2001-3000 m and >3000 m. A total of 122 fish larvae were collected which belong to 26 families and varied compositions among observation stations. The samples was dominated by Scombridae family (18 %), followed by Carrangidae and Blenniidae (13.1% and 6.6%, respectively). The highest abundance was occurred in station V (0-200 m) of 125 individuals.1000-1m3. It showed that inshore/shallow waters have more abundance than offshore/deep waters. The findings from this study can be basic information for the authorities to establish sustainable fisheries policy. Keywords: fish, larvae movement, sustainable fishery, early life.

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