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ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 08537291     EISSN : 24067598     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences (IJMS) is dedicated to published highest quality of research papers and review on all aspects of marine biology, marine conservation, marine culture, marine geology and oceanography.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 25, No 2 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan" : 6 Documents clear
Stock Status of Blue Swimming Crab (Portunus pelagicus Linnaeus, 1758) in Tiworo Strait Waters, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia Yustika Permatahati Intan Permatahati; Nila Nikmatia Bugis; La Sara; Tezza Fauzan Hasuba Hasuba
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 2 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.047 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.2.85-90

Abstract

The blue swimming crab (BSC) fishery in Tiworo Strait has been heavily exploited since two decades ago when its worldwide demand and price was very high. Study on population aspects of this organism in this waters is limited. The aim of present study was to investigate growth patterns, population stock status, and size at first gonad maturity of Portunus pelagicus. One of the main fishing ground of BSC around Tiworo Strait waters is at Bangko and Gala Islands. Samples of BSC were taken monthly using gillnet and collapsible trap. Each sample taken was identified its sex, measured its carapace width, and weighed. Data collected from fishing ground of BSC were analyzed to find out growth patterns, population stock status using spawning potential ratio (SPR) method, and the first gonad maturity (CW50). The results of study showed that growth patterns of BSC male and female following isometric growth patterns (b=0) (P<0.05). It was found out that SPR of BSC from both fishing ground was 22.46% and 23.71%, respectively which indicates that population stock status of BSC in Tiworo strait waters is “moderate level” (SPR > 20%). The size at first gonad maturity (CW50) was attained at carapace width of 9.16 cm for male and 10.16 cm for female. Those imply that BSCs allowed to be caught should be >10 cm. 
Impact of Overfishing on Density and Test-Diameter Size of the Sea Urchin Tripneustes gratilla at Wakatobi Archipelago, South-Eastern Sulawesi, Indonesia La Nane; Arfiani Rizki Paramata
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 2 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.241 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.2.53-56

Abstract

Sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla is one of an economically important fisheries resource product for localities at Wakatobi archipelago. High demands for sea urchin gonad have intensified high fishing activity. The hypothesis of this study is that sea urchins in Wakatobi have been overfished. To answer that hypothesis, the density and its test diameter size were measured at two different sites. Those two sites are Pulau Tomia (resident area) and Pulau Sawa (nonresident area and very distant from the localities). The results show that sea urchin density and its test diameter are significantly different.  The densities (mean±SE) T. gratilla at Pulau Sawa and Pulau Tomia were 10±0.6 (ind.m-2) and 2.7±0.9 ind.m-2, respectively. Moreover, the test diameter at Pulau Sawa and Pulau Tomia were 69.7±2.1 mm and 58.5±1.7 mm (mean±SE), respectively. These results have shown that overfishing has occurred. Therefore, sea urchin with test diameter 66–75 mm, 76–85 mm, and 86–95 mm have disappeared at Pulau Tomia. The Conclusion reveals that fishing of sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla at Pulau Tomia has been overfished.
Biometric Indices and Condition factors of Pomadasys jubelini (Cuvier, 1830) from Obuama Creek, Nigeria Olaniyi Alaba Olopade; Henry Eyina Dienye; Cynthia Chigazu Okonkwo
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 2 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (366.439 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.2.45-52

Abstract

Biometric indices of Pomadasys jubelini from Obuama Creek, Rivers state, Nigeria were investigated using length frequency distributions (LFDs), length-weight relationships (LWRs), length-length relationships (LLRs), condition factors (allometric, KA, Fulton’s, KF and relative, KR). Specimens were captured in a stretch of the creek from March to September 2019. A total of 229 specimens were examined with the total length (TL) and weight (W) ranging from 8.7 to 50.4 cm and 8.7 to 834.5 g respectively. The standard length (SL) ranged from 5.3 to 46.8 cm, fork length (FL) was between 6.5 to 48.7 cm and the girth length (GL) varied from 4.7 to 38.7 cm. The relationships of weight-length showed a negative allometric growth pattern with a value of "b" of 2,666. Fulton's condition factor (KF) ranged from 0.10 to 5.45, with an average of 1.21±0.66 indicating perfect wellbeing for the species. The LLR's allometric coefficient ' b ' between TL vs. FL and TL vs. GL showed positive allometric growth, while SL vs. FL, SL vs. TL, SL vs. GL, and GL vs. TL showed negative allometric growth, although the values were close to 1. These findings also provided some new and updated information on some of the morphometric characters of Pomadasys jubelini in Obuama Creek that could be useful for fisheries management and fish species protection measures in the creek and adjacent habitats.  
Health Status of Coral Reef in Tunda Island, Banten Province, Indonesia Mujiyanto Mujiyanto; Mheda G. Garcia; Joni Haryadi; Risnawati Rahayu; R. Arif Budikusuma
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 2 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (414.338 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.2.66-74

Abstract

Coral reef is an important underwater ecosystem supporting people’s lives in coastal areas. One of the communities depending on the coral reef ecosystem for its food, livelihood, shoreline protection, and recreation needs is a community in Tunda Island. This research aims to analyze and determine the health status of coral reef in the island using a survey method. It was conducted in July 2018 and July 2019. Underwater photography transects were established at two depth areas of ± 3-4 m (shallow water) and ± 10-11 m (reef slope). Analysis of the results of live coral cover was divided into eight categories of groups based on CPCe output series 4.1. The values of coral reef cover at first depth (± 3-4 m) were 64.86% (east side of the island), 55.76% (north toward east side), and 32.22% (west side). The values of coral reef cover at second depth (± 10-11 m) were 36.36%, 25.00%, and 23.63% on the north toward east, east, and central north sides of the island, respectively. In shallow waters of Tunda Island, the coral reef health is classified as moderate to good, mostly those located on the east and the north toward the east sides. At reef slope, the coral reef health is classified as damaged to poor, particularly those located on the south and the south toward the west sides. The difference in the health values implies that most corals occur in shallow waters while deep corals differ from those near the surface and are not safe from impacts of the activities in the coastal area of Tunda Island.
Characteristics of Liquid Product of Alkaline Treated Sargassum polycystum C.A. Agardh. from Lange Beach, Aceh Anjar Purba Asmara; Endaruji Sedyadi; Ilma Fistannisa Zette
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 2 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.05 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.2.57-65

Abstract

Sargassum is known to have potential ingredients, such as essential nutrients and minerals, which are important for agroindustry and the environment. This study aims to determine the proximate properties of Sargassum polycystum C.A. Agardh from Lange beach and the optimum extraction period arising the liquid product. The dried seaweed was extracted using 0.1% KOH at a constant temperature of 80°C for 120–600 mins. Furthermore, nutrients content, pH, electrical conductivity (EC) and total dissolved solids (TDS) of the afforded filtrate were quantified. As a result, the moisture, ash, fibre, carbohydrate, protein, and fat content were 7.16, 13.057, 20.33, 51.77, 6.12, and 1.57%, respectively. The value of pH, EC, and TDS ranged around 4.69–7.27, 0.013–0.078 dS.m-1, and 6.24–39.75 mg.L-1, respectively. The level of N, P, K, and organic C, were estimated around 0.30–0.81, 0.16–0.28, 0.15–0.20, and 0.32–0.80%, respectively. Meanwhile, the content of Na, Mg, Ca, Fe, Mn, and Zn were observed from 112.04–212.61, 24.60–33.57, 146.59–280.92, 416.22–630.69, 18.25–27.73, and 19.86–26.53 ppm, respectively. In conclusion, extraction for 120 mins seems to be preferable, as the observed parameters were above the minimum range.
Survival Rate, Growth And Chemical Content of Dendronereis pinnaticirris (Polychaeta, Nereidae) In Maintenance With Different Food And Substrate Eko Setio Wibowo; Edy Yuwono; Purnama Sukardi; Asrul Sahri Siregar
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 2 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.811 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.2.75-84

Abstract

The worm Dendronereis pinnaticirris is used as feed of shrimp broodstock in a hatchery, mainly because of its availability in the local market, and its nutritional content required for improving gonad maturation and post larvae production. The important economic value of the worm and the increasing demand for feed in shrimp hatcheries have led to an intense exploitation that suppers its population and the sustainability of the whole estuarine ecosystem. The study, which represents the starting point of large-scale production of the polychaete worm by culture in the artificial system, shall be undertaken. Accordingly, a production study using D. pinnaticirris juvenile was carried out under controlled conditions fed with two different feed (feed contains mainly plant protein and animal protein, respectively), and kept in three different substrates (substrate consists of mud and 8.78%, 37.34%, 39.17% sand, respectively). The treatments were arranged according to randomized completely block design in 8 (eight) replicates. The survival rate, body weight increment and growth, oxygen consumption, proximate body chemical, and fatty acid contents were measured. The results showed that growth and oxygen consumption was significantly influenced by a substrate and feed type (P<0.05).  Worms on the mud substrate with 39.17% sand, and feed containing vegetable protein showed the highest oxygen consumption.  Survival rate and chemical body content were not significantly influenced by the type of substrate and feed (P<0.05). The protein content of the worm was 32.02-43.81%, while fat content was 2.41-9.89%. Twenty different fatty acids were identified in the worm of all treatment groups. 

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