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ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 08537291     EISSN : 24067598     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences (IJMS) is dedicated to published highest quality of research papers and review on all aspects of marine biology, marine conservation, marine culture, marine geology and oceanography.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 25, No 3 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan" : 7 Documents clear
The Potential of Cytotoxin and Antiviral in Sargassum polycystum and Sargassum ilicifolium’s Polysaccharides Extract Dwi Lestari Widya Ningsih; Agus Trianto; Ita Widowati; Rexie Magdugo; Anicia Hurtado; Christel Marty; Nathalie Bourgougnon
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 3 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.3.91-96

Abstract

Marine algae known as one producers of bioactive compounds.  This study aims to analyze the cytotoxicity and antiviral activity in Sargassum polycystum and Sargassum ilicifolium tested with Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV).   The polysaccharides extract of algae was used in this study, as sulfated polysaccharides have been reported has bioactivity.  Cytotoxicity either antiviral could be correlated with the sulfate content as well as nature and chemical composition of the polysaccharides. Cytotoxicity and antiviral analysis based upon cell viability. Using the Vero cell / HSV-1 model, cytotoxicity was evaluated by incubating cellular suspensions (3.5×105 cells.mL-1) with various dilutions (concentration from 1 to 500 µg.mL-1, four wells per concentration) of fractions in 96-well plates (72h, 37°C, 5% CO2) in Eagle's MEM containing 8% FCS.  The cells were examined daily under a phase-contrast microscope to determine the minimum concentration of hydrolysate dry matter that induced alterations in cell morphology, including swelling, shrinkage, granularity and detachment. Algae S. illicifolium was found to have the highest cytotoxic content in each solution compared to S. polycystum. Algae S. illicifolium in KOH 4M (cellulose) reached 2,707 µg.ml-1, then HCl pH 2 (fucoidan) was 2,477 µg.ml-1, then CaCl2 2% (fucoidan) was 2,362 µg.ml-1, and in Na2CO3 3% (alginates) was 2,134 µg.ml-1. For antiviral, S. polycystum contained the highest antiviral compounds compared to S. illicifolium with KOH 4M (cellulose) solution was reached 67.02 µg.ml-1.  Then in Na2CO3 3% (alginates) which was 33.25 µg.ml-1, then CaCl2 2% (fucoidan) which was 31.62 µg.ml-1,and HCl pH 2 (fucoidan) was 30.08 µg.ml-1.  After all, the highest bioactivity compounds was found with KOH 4M (cellulose) for  cytotoxicity in S. ilicifolium and antiviral activity in S. polycystum.
Identification of Microplastic Composition on Clams (Gafrarium tumidum) and Sediments in Seribu Island, Pari Island Area, DKI Jakarta Winesti Tubagus; Sunarto Sunarto; Mochamad Rudyansyah Ismail; Lintang Permata Sari Yuliadi
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 3 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.3.115-120

Abstract

Microplastic is one of the pollutants that can contaminate marine biota even spread in sea waters and coastal substrate because of the sizes ranges to 10 μm - 2 mm. This pollutant is spread in marine waters and found in the area of Seribu Island, Pari Island Area, DKI Jakarta. This research aims to identify the amount of abundance, type, size, and color of microplastic that was found in sediment and shell samples. The research method used was a survey method and laboratory analysis. The method consists of three parts, namely field data collection, identification using a microscope, and describing the results of identification.  All sediment and shell samples were identified as being contaminated with microplastics. Microplastic are found in fiber, fragment, and film type. That color found including black, yellow, red, blue, green, chocolate, and clear. The most dominant microplastic color is black and the most dominant microplastic size is the small size group. The highest microplastic abundance in sediment samples from 3 stations is found in samples taken by station 2 with an average of 43.67 particles. 100 g-1 of dry sediment and the most dominant type is the fiber type from all sediment samples. The most dominant type of mussels sample is fragment type and the average abundance of microplastics in the highest sample of mussels is worth 17.33 particles.ind-1.
Utilization of Trash Fish for Cultivation of Crablet Mud Crab (Scylla serrata) Heppi Iromo; Dori Rachmawani; Abdul Jabarsyah; Zainuddin Zainuddin
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 3 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.3.110-114

Abstract

The high demand for mud crabs in North Kalimantan causes catch to increase in the wild. If it is not balanced with efforts to increase its aquaculture of mud crab, in the future there will be a decline in population. This study aims to determine the growth and survival rate of mud crab seed (crablet, Scylla serrata) in the application method of different types of trash fish. This research used a completely randomized design with 4 treatments and 3 replications. The Crablet used carapace width average 0.07-0.09 cm and weigh average 0.05-0.07 g with total 150 crablets. The treatments applied by trash fish were (A) Tilapia Fish (Oreochromis mossambicus), (B) Longfin Herrings Fish (Ilisha elongata), (C) Sword Fish (Trichiurus lepturus) and (D) Snails (Telescopium telescopium). The results were The best weight growth of crablet occurs in the treatment of T. lepturus (P>0.05) and  the highest of survival rates of crablet were found in treatment T. telescopium (P<0.05)  than the other. The trash fish were used turned out to be able survival of crablet mud crab (Scylla serrata).
Effectivity of Holothuria scabra and Spirulina platensis extract combination as an Antiinflammatory Agent Measured by Carrageenan-induced Rat Paw Edema Renni Yuniati; Bambang Sulardiono
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 3 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.3.103-109

Abstract

Sea cucumber, Holothuria scabra, can be found abundantly in Indonesian seas, which is also known to possess several medicinal properties. Spirulina platensis is another marine resources that has recently been extensively researched for its medicinal ability, such as anti-inflammatory effect. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of H. scabra extract combined with S. platensis extract in reducing inflammation. This study uses male Wistar rats as the study animal. Inflammation was induced by injecting carrageenan solution into the mice paw. Combination of H. scabra and S. platensis extract with various combination ratio (1:1; 1:2; and 2:1) was applied to the mice paw. Diclofenac sodium was used as the standard control therapy. Edema inhibition rate and anti-inflammatory efficacy were measured by analyzing the edema size and calculating the edema difference. Combination of H. scabra and S. platensis with 1:1 ratio has the largest edema inhibition volume compared to the other treatments. H. scabra and S. platensis combination outperforms the positive diclofenac sodium control group in terms of edema inhibition. The highest anti-inflammatory effect is obtained in the combination of H. scabra and S. platensis with 1:2 ratio, however, the anti-inflammatory efficacy is not as potent as the positive control. The effectivity of Holothuria scabra and Spirulina platensis extract in reducing the edema might be caused by their ability to reduce the levels of several inflammatory markers, including IL-6, NO, MMP9, and COX-2. This result suggests that H. scabra and S. platensis combination has anti-inflammatory effect shown in mice paw edema model.
Growth Characteristics Layur Fish Lepturacanthus savala in Juata Waters, Tarakan, Indonesia Agus Indarjo; Gazali Salim; Fahrizal Amir; Supriadi Supriadi; Permana Ari Soejarwo; Christine Dyta Nugraeni; Lukman Yudho Prakoso; Ambariyanto Ambariyanto; Muhammad Firdaus; Julian Ransangan
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 3 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.3.127-134

Abstract

The city of Tarakan, Indonesia, benefits economically from abundant marine biological resources, one of which is the layur fish, known commercially as ribbonfish. The purpose of this study was to analyze the growth character of the layur fish (Lepturacanthus savala) obtained from the juata waters of Tarakan City.  The method of this quantitative and descriptive study was to analyze the growth of layur fish Lepturacanthus savala in the Juata waters off the coast from the city of Tarakan. Body shape, length, weight, and ratio sex data were collected from sites selected by the purposive sampling method based on trawl fishing catch. Secondary data, collected from interviews of fishing personnel, included the number of catches using trawling gear and trawl fishing location. The length ranges of male from 20,4 to 54,0 cm with an average length of 37,2±16.8 cm (n = 255) and the length ranges of female from 20,5 to 68 cm with an average length of  44,25±23.75 cm (n = 275). The results showed that maximum length of male layur fish was smaller than the maximum length of female fish, which were 59.352 cm at 267 d and 72.638 cm at 315 d, respectively. The result shows a negative allometric growth pattern male and female layur fish was found to be the same and sex ratio of male to female has a ratio of 1,0: 1,8 with a percentage of males at 48.11% and females at 51.89%. The majority of male and female fish exhibited a thin body shape (51,4% of male and 52% of female).
Masculinization of Tropical Eel Anguilla bicolor McClelland in Different Population Density Farida Nur Rachmawati; Yulia Sistina
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 3 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.3.97-102

Abstract

In general, female eel dominates the results of catching eel in the river. Male fish dare rarely found in nature, therefore masculinization is necessary for obtaining in males.  The administration of 17α-methyltestosterone  to masculinize Anguilla bicolor McClelland.   It is a synthetic anabolic-androgenic steroid which has potential to endocrine disrupter that disturbed function of normal reproduction in human or animal. It urgently needed that a masculinization technique needs to study the use of an environmental factor. Population density is one of the environmental factors that influence gender determination (ESD-environmental dependent sex determination). This will result in increased cortisol secretion, which will further stimulate the synthesis of 11-KT steroids that affect male gonad differentiation. This study aims to induce masculinization in tropical eel Anguilla bicolor McClelland in different density. Three treatments and three replicates conducted the research. The treatments were one fish.48 L-1, two fish.48 L-1   and three fish.48 L-1.  Eels size was approximately similar, at 16,78 g±0,62 in weight, and 25,38 cm±0,15 in length were either culture in brackish water for eight weeks. The results showed that density population treatment significantly increased the Fin Index (P<0.05), but no sign for Eye Index, GSI, HSI, and testosterone level. The highest male population (77,8%) achieves at the highest density treatment, three fish.48 L-1 population density. It can be concluded, based on reproductive observations, population density does not affect gonad maturity/puberty, but the high population density (3 fish.48 L-1)stimulates Anguilla bicolor McClelland masculinization.
Relationship Between Species Composition of Butterflyfishes and Coral Cover (Study case: Taka Bonerate National Park) Ana Faricha; Isa N. Edrus; Sasanti R. Suharti; Rizkie S. Utama; Agus Budiyanto; Abdullah Salatalohi; Suyarso Suyarso
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 25, No 3 (2020): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.25.3.121-126

Abstract

The coral reef environment has a strong influence on associated organisms such as fishes, mollusks, and others. Wherein, the butterflyfishes are marine fishes which closely associated with the tropic group as dietary specialization i.e. obligate coral feeder, facultative, and generalist. The obligate may respond only to change in preferred corals and not indicate others. However, generalist show in different response in habitat deteriorates and may allow switching feeding to a less preferred one. Many questions remain about food specific at the species level which may potentially as bio-indicator for coral conditions. Here, we studied the species composition among coral coverage. We explore the environmental degradation in Taka Bonerate National Park impact on food resources and fishes especially for butterflyfishes community. This study focused on family Chaetodontidae with UVC method and UPT method for coral cover. This study was carried out at Taka Bonerate National Park, South Sulawesi between May and June 2019. There were 342 individuals observed and dominated by Chaetodon kleinii, Hemitaurichthys polylepis, Heniochus chrysostomus, C. lunulatus, C. melannotus, C punctatofasciatus, and Forcipiger flavissimus. However, we found a site with diversity index and coral cover has across conditions. Whilst, these benthic communities mostly dominated by Acropora, which may be preferenced by specific species. Butterflyfishes have several types of foraging tasks and may impact in utilizing the coral reef and other social habitats used. The species composition and abundance of butterflyfishes had relations not only by coral coverage but also benthic compositions. However, factors that regulate its specific species distribution and species compositions are still under study.

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