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ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 08537291     EISSN : 24067598     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences (IJMS) is dedicated to published highest quality of research papers and review on all aspects of marine biology, marine conservation, marine culture, marine geology and oceanography.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan" : 9 Documents clear
Seasonal Variability of Waves Within the Indonesian Seas and Its Relation With the Monsoon Wind Purwanto Purwanto; Denny Nugroho Sugianto; Muhammad Zainuri; Galuh Permatasari; Warsito Atmodjo; Baskoro Rochaddi; Aris Ismanto; Parichat Wetchayont; Anindya Wirasatriya
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.189-196

Abstract

The previous studies have simulated the variability of the wave within the Indonesian seas which showed that the variability of wave follows the seasonal pattern. However, their analysis only consider the influence of local wind forcings. The bias and error of their simulated wave were also unclear. In the present study, we investigate the variability of wave within the Indonesian seas and its relation with the surface wind speed using the combination of reanalysis and remote sensing data with high accuracies. We split the analysis into swell and wind wave to obtain the influence of local and remote wind forcings. We show that at the inner seas (i.e., the South China Sea, Java Sea, Flores Sea, Banda Sea and Arafura Sea), the variability of significant wave height (SWH) is majorly influenced by the variability of the speed of monsoon wind. The maximum SWH during Northwest monsoon (NWM) season is located at the South China Sea while during Southeast monsoon (SEM) season is at Arafura Sea. This indicates that the wind wave (sea) is dominant at the inner seas. At the open seas (i.e., Pacific Ocean and Indian Ocean) the variability of SWH less corresponds to the the speed of monsoon wind. The remote wind forcings control the wave variability in the open ocean area. This indicates that swell is dominant at the open seas. In general, the magnitude of SWHswell is also more than SWHsea within the Indonesian seas.
A Preliminary Study: Marine Biogeography of Nautilus in the Bangka Belitung Seas, Indonesia Siti Aisyah; Josaphat Tetuko Sri Sumantyo; Aditya Pamungkas; M Rizza Muftiadi; Muh Yusuf
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.147-154

Abstract

Nautilus is the only surviving genus whose members were numerous and widely dispersed in the oceans throughout the Jurassic and Miocene times. It represents the only living member from the Family Nautilidae and is often considered as a living fossil. Nautilus is found with high biodiversity in Ambon, Indonesia, and were in special cases even found in Bangka Belitung, far from their original habitat. This study aimed to understand the historical component of the habitat and distribution of Nautilus in Bangka Belitung and to determine the depth, temperature, current, and environmental heterogeneity relate to Nautilus. Nautilus samples were found in Bangka Belitung Seas nearby a crack region at 50–75 m deep while the optimal depth of the Nautilus was 150–300 m, depending on the local area. The locations in the Bangka Belitung Seas where Nautilus found have sea surface temperatures between 30-31°C and 27-28°C during the East Monsoon and the West Monsoon respectivelly. The implications of temperature as a limiting factor are fairly significant, as it restricts the upper limit of the living habitat to predictable depths, which vary both geographically and seasonally during the West Monsoon when surface temperatures approach habitable levels. Sea currents at the Bangka Belitung Seas move at 0–0.6 m.s-1 during the East Monsoon and speed up near the North Natuna Sea. During the West Monsoon, currents predominantly flow from the Natuna Sea to the Java Sea at 0–0.5 m.s-1. Large-scale deep-water currents and the effects of smaller currents on scent dispersal influence the directional movements of Nautilus.
Difference in Diet and Water Quality Influencing the Growth of the Newly Introduced Penaeus merguiensis Larva Culture Mostafa Imhmed Ighwerb; Johannes Hutabarat; Ervia Yudiati; Rudhi Pribadi
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.197-206

Abstract

The water quality found on the surface is usually better than that accumulated at the seabed and more bottomless sea. When recycled, water usually brings many materials along the path, all the way to reaching its end. Water quality varies from place to place, season, and different types of rock and soil it passes through also influences the possessed quality. By employing Penaeus merguiensis larvae produced by the Marine Research Center Hatchery owned by Jepara's government, this study analyzes varying effects in three nominal salinities (28, 32, and 36 ppt) and types of diets (Diet A: 100% live feed; Diet B: 100% FRIPPAK; Diet C: a combination of Diet A and Diet C, 50 % each) and finds the optimum water quality parameters such as dissolved oxygen, pH, and temperature on the growth of the newly introduced Penaeus merguiensis larvae. The results show that two nominals of water salinities (28 and 32 ppt) with Diet A works well, supporting the growth from most Zoea to Postlarvae-1: Zoea-1 at 28 ppt with Diet A; Zoea-2 at 32 ppt with Diet A; Zoea-3 at 32 ppt with Diet A; Mysis-1 at 28 ppt with Diet A; Mysis-2 at 28 ppt with Diet C; Mysis-3 at 28 ppt with Diet A; Postlarva-1 at 28 ppt with Diet A. All shrimp prefers temperature ranging from 31-32.4 °C with dissolved oxygen of 4.9-5.74 ppm and pH 7.0-8.1. 
Potential Study of Tidal Stream Turbine Farm at Toyapakeh Strait, Bali Alamsyah Kurniawan; Prayla Putri Annani Barli; Munawir Bintang Pratama; Ahmad Fitriadhy
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.155-162

Abstract

In 2015, Bali Province is mandated by ESDM ministry to become the National Region of Clean Energy, promoting efforts to explore new source of electricity namely tidal stream energy. Previous works have demonstrated that Toyapakeh Strait contains a promising tidal stream resource, with a high stream in a long period. In this study, hydrodynamic modelling and power production analysis is conducted to evaluate this potential with an aim to meet energy demand of Tiga Nusa Cluster Islands. Twenty-one Gen5 KHPS turbines are employed in this study, at an optimized location, 8.72°S, 115.44°E, which contains the highest energy potential. Financial analysis, with 25-year return period of investment and 3.60% interest rate, resulting levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of Rp 6,100.kWh-1. This value is higher than the national and regional selling nominal, in other word the energy cost of tidal stream turbine is relatively high in this location. Nearly 46% of energy cost is spent for turbine fabrication, and from the sensitivity analysis, cutting half the turbine costs may reduce the price by Rp 1,400.kWh-1 while increasing the amount of installed turbine is less significant. Despite of the high prices, the study shows that Toyapakeh Strait holds a promising resource of tidal stream energy.
Prediction of Salinity Based on Meteorological Data Using the Backpropagation Neural Network Method Anisa Nur Azizah; Dian C.R. Novitasari; Putroue Keumala Intan; Fajar Setiawan; Ghaluh Indah Permata Sari
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.207-214

Abstract

Salinity is the level of salt dissolved in water. The salinity level of seawater can affect the hydrological balance and climate change. The salinity level of seawater in each area varies depending on the influencing factors, that is evaporation and precipitation (rainfall). One way to find out the salinity level is by taking seawater samples, which requires a long time and costs a lot. In this study, the salinity level of seawater can be predicted by utilizing time series data patterns from evaporation and precipitation using artificial neural network learning, namely the backpropagation neural network. The evaporation and precipitation data used were derived from the ECMWF dataset, while the salinity data were derived from NOAA where each data was taken at the coordinate point of 9,625 113,625 in the south of Java island. Seawater salinity, evaporation, and precipitation data were formed into a 7-day time series data. This study conducted several backpropagation architectural experiments, that is the learning rate, hidden layer, and the number of nodes in the hidden layer to obtain the best results. The results of the seawater salinity prediction were obtained at a MAPE value of 2.063% with a model architecture using 14 input layers, 2 hidden layers with 10 nodes and 2 nodes, 1 output layer, and a learning rate of 0.7. Predicted sea water salinity data ranging from 33 to 35 ppt. Therefore, the prediction system for seawater salinity using the backpropagation method can be said to be good in providing information about the salinity level of sea water on the island of Java.
Spread beyond the border: Small Scale genetic structure of the introduced Banggai cardinalfish (Pterapogon kauderni) population in the Bali Strait I Nyoman Giri Putra; Ni Luh Putu Ria Puspitha; Endang Wulandari Suryaningtyas
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.165-172

Abstract

The living marine aquarium trade has been known to mediate various aquatic invaders to spread and established a new population outside of their natural home range. In most cases, the introduce species cause a cascaded effect which harm the native species and their ecosystem. The successful of the invasion event often related to the genetic properties of the introduced species. Therefore, using a molecular approach based on a mitochondrial DNA marker, the present work aimed to evaluate the population genetic structure of the introduced P. kauderni population in Bali Strait. Samples were collected from four sites in Gilimanuk Bay, Bali Strait. Our results showed  a high haplotype diversity and low nucleotide diversity that might be a signal of a bottleneck. Overall, we found five haplotypes comprising two unique haplotypes and three shared haplotypes. Genetic structure was detected in some localities, which indicates Pterapogon kauderni might originated from various genetically distinct populations. However, we could not conclusively determine the observed patterns of the genetic structure within each site. These patterns are likely related to the multiple introduction event of P. kauderni in Bali Strait. Additional samples from both side (introduced and native habitat) combined with more rapidly evolving markers may describe the structure more clearly.
Monitoring of Sedimentation on Geosynthetic Bags Installation Area in Banyuurip Mangrove Center, Ujung Pangkah, Gresik, Indonesia Aida Sartimbul; Safitri Widya Ningtias; Citra Satrya Utama Dewi; Muhammad Arif Arif Rahman; Defri Yona; Syarifah Hikmah Julinda Sari; Nurin Hidayati
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.173-181

Abstract

Banyuurip is one of the villages in Ujung Pangkah District which has potential natural resource that is mangrove forests. However, the occurrence of abrasion and conversion of mangrove land has impacted mangrove ecosystem. Rehabilitation efforts by replanting mangroves have been carried out, but they have not been effective in overcoming the current problems. The reduction of mangrove area that led the decreased of mangrove’s function can affect the livelihood of the local community, including fishermen. The installation of geosynthetic bags, which are sand-filled bags arranged on the ground, is done as an alternative solution in Banyuurip Village which functions as coastal protection and a sediment trap. The utilization of geosynthetic material is often used to help the coastal problem, the used of geosynthetic material is rarely carried out in mangrove areas. This study aims to determine the sediment characteristics, sedimentation rates, and sedimentation process based on the relationship between current velocity and sedimentation rate. The result shows that generally the type of sediment fraction in this location is silt (79,12% - 80,12%) and the rest is clay. The current installation of geosynthetic bags can result in the land extension from the trapped sediment behind the structure. In addition, the current velocity conditions and the sediment transport process also affect the sedimentation process that occurs. The average sedimentation rates around the geosynthetic bags installation area ranged from 150.72-305.01 mg.cm-2.day-1. This study may provide a basic information for further development in Banyuurip Mangrove Center and other mangrove conservation area.  
Exploration of Bioactive Compounds Potency of Extract Namanereis sp. (Polychaeta: Annelida) as an Antibacterial Agent Against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus Delianis Pringgenies; Endah Sari; Widianingsih Widianingsih; Anuwat Nateewathana
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.182-188

Abstract

Namanereis sp. belongs to class Polychaeta, a group of main benthic community in marine ecosystems. The purpose of this study to determine the potential of bioactive compounds from Namanereis sp. extract as an antibacterial agent and to determine its extract content through Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. Samples of Namaneries sp. were collected from Demak Waters, Central of Java. This research used experimental laboratory method. Samples were extracted with non-polar (N-Hexane), semi-polar (Ethyl acetate) and polar (Methanol) solutions. Different concentrations of extraction, i.e. 5, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 100 µg.disk-1. then were tested against pathogenic bacteria Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. The extract content analysis was obtained using the GC-MS method.  The results showed that Namanereis sp. extract had a potential as an antibacterial agent. The highest inhibition zone was seen in the fraction with ethyl acetate solvent at a concentration of 100%, namely 13±3.05 mm in E. coli and 14±3.04 mm in S. aureus, which then was analysed with GC-MS. Its results found 20 bioactive compounds in the extract. The five most dominant compounds determined by the highest peak were Dihydrojasmone (12.31%), Hexanoic acid (11.49%), Cholesterol (7.66%), Cyclohexanol (7.53%) and Isopropyl Palmitate (7.52%). The research concluded that Namanereis sp. possessed antibacterial potency and contained several bioactive compounds.
The Status of Seagrass Health: Supporting Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in Misool Marine Protected Area, Raja Ampat, Indonesia Selvi Tebaiy; Denny Clif Mampioper; Marjan Batto; Agnestesya Manuputty; Syafri Tuharea; Krista Clement
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 26, No 3 (2021): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.26.3.136-146

Abstract

Seagrass plays an important role in aquatic resources, such as to support the sustainable management of small-scale fisheries, ensuring the availability of seagrass stocks for generations of local communities to cultivate in a sustainable manner. The purpose of this study is to provide information on the seagrass health status to support sustainable small-scale fisheries in the South Misool Regional Waters Conservation Areas which is located within the Raja Ampat Marine Protected Area of  West Papua. The research was conducted in January 2019 in the Yefgag, Yellu and Harapan Jaya island. A total of ten quadratic transects measuring 1x1 m were laid perpendicularly to the coastline adapted from the seagrass watch method to collect the seagrass data, i.e. the species and the frequency of seagrass found, the dominance and the percentage of seagrass cover. Additional data on fish species were collected by interviewing the local fishermen directly. The relationship between seagrass cover and the number of fish species was analyzed. Th results showed that there were eight species of seagrass found in three observation stations, i.e. Halophila ovalis, Halodule uninervis, Halodule pinifolia, Halophila minor, Syringodium isoetifolium, Cymodocea serrulata, Cymodocea rotundata and Enhalus acoroides. According to the standard criteria for the health status of seagrass beds, the three locations are classified as less rich/less healthy. It because the seagrass coverage was in the range of 30-59%. The relationship between the percentage of seagrass cover and the number of fish species resulted equation of  Y = 15,923x + 0,3174 with R2 = 0,763. It means that the percentage of seagrass cover affects the abundance of fish species by 76,3% with the remaining being influenced by other variables, such as water quality.

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