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ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences
Published by Universitas Diponegoro
ISSN : 08537291     EISSN : 24067598     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences (IJMS) is dedicated to published highest quality of research papers and review on all aspects of marine biology, marine conservation, marine culture, marine geology and oceanography.
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Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan" : 10 Documents clear
Hydrodynamic Modelling of Tidally-Influenced Fluvial Zone, a study case of Palembang, Indonesia Alamsyah Kurniawan; Andi Egon; Karina Aprilia Sujatmiko; Ardi Iman Malakani
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.83-92

Abstract

The development planning of a tidally-influenced fluvial zone poses a complex interaction between river discharge and its effect on the tidal patterns, especially in the dense population and high economic activity like Palembang located in South Sumatra Indonesia. Previous studies on numerical modelling in this area have focused on the flood; however, the hydrodynamic modelling described interaction between river discharge and tidal is not described in more detail. The present study aims to better understand the zone by using a combination of numerical modelling and qualitative assessment of in situ measurement data. Hence, the water level condition in the study area is a mix of tidal and river discharge. A 2D-hydrodynamic modeling has been successfully conducted to assess their interaction in this zone properly by using the commercial software, called MIKE21 FM. This study describes setting up the computational model, boundary location, type of forcing (tidal and non-tidal), bedform roughness, turbulent viscosity and extensive calibration and validation. In situ measurement indicates that the site's water level and flow characteristic is complex, a mixture of tidal force from the downstream and river flows from the upstream in which seasons play an important role. It is found that comparing model outputs and the measurement data in the study area for the validation and verification process effectively describes the hydrodynamic condition in the fluvial-estuarine transition area of Palembang. As the model shows good reliability, the long term hydrodynamic in line with transport model should be developed to support the Palembang area rapid development.
Proximate Analysis of Bycatch Fish and Probiotics Treatments towards the Good Aquaculture Practices Sudirman Adibrata; Rufti Puji Astuti; Novyandra Ilham Bahtera; Rahmad Lingga; Fahmida Manin; Maulana Firdaus
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.37-44

Abstract

Bycatch small pelagic fish during the fishing season can be oversupplied so that its price goes down.  The study aims to analyze the proximate of local fish powder from the by-catch and probiotics of Probio_FM in the fish feed in Bangka Belitung. The method was the data compared with the Indonesian National Standard, SNI 01-2715-1996/Rev: 92 about the raw material of animal feed as fish powder and fish feed with six different treatments. The study found that the bycatch or trash from small pelagic fish could be used as a fish powder or fish feed. The proximate analysis on fish powder and fish feed with probiotics Probio_FM included as the quality of SNI. Crude protein values from 25.75% until 66.96% that was above SNI standard I (1.5%), II (2.5%), and III (3.0%) could be followed up into an economical business. Fermented activity from Probio_FM could degrade the protein and other components proximate such as ash content, crude protein, crude fat, crude fiber, calcium, Phosphor, and NaCl. The amino acids from protein were getting simpler and easier being absorbed by fish in culture or livestock farms. Probio_FM was assumed to degrade the protein value and other components proximate due to the utilization of nitrogen and ammonia derived from the process fish protein hydrolyzation of probiotic bacteria. The production of local feed should be implemented to reach feed security and very important to be developed into a community business. Proximate analysis of bycatch could support sustainable good aquaculture practices in the future.  
Bacteriological Study of Ballast Water at Tanjung Emas Port, Semarang Husna El Iksiroh; Sutrisno Anggoro; Henna Rya Abdurachim; Subagiyo Subagiyo; Mostafa Imhmed Ighwerb
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.45-52

Abstract

The D-2 Ballast Water Management Convention standard regulates the requirements for the disposal of ballast water, which must not contain pathogenic bacteria, which are harmful to health and pollute the environment and the sustainability of local ecosystems. Tanjung Emas was chosen because it is one of the busiest ports in Indonesia to serve domestic shipping. In addition, there has never been a study examining the composition of bacteria carried through ballast water at the port of Tanjung Emas. This study aims to determine the content of pathogenic bacteria carried by the ballast water of ships docked at Tanjung Emas Port compared to the waters around the disposal and river flows around Tanjung Emas Port, Semarang. The samples were taken from 4 ships, 5 waters, and 2 rivers in Tanjung Emas area. The samples were analyzed biochemically to obtain the morphology of the bacteria present. The results showed that ballast water from the ships (KVOG, KMPS, and M) contains pathogenic bacteria: V. cholerae, E. coli, enterococci, S. typhii, S. desenteriae, Klebsiella, S. epidermidis, B. subtilis, and Actinobacteria. All types of that bacteria were also found in the Tanjung Emas waters except Actinobacteria. For three bacteria i.e. V. cholerae, E. coli, and enterococci whose levels exceed the threshold required by the BWM Convention and have the potential to pollute the Tanjung Emas environment. The water from the river did not contribute to the presence of V. cholerae bacteria in port waters, so the ballast water must be treated before being disposed of.
DNA barcoding of the soft coral, Clavularia inflata, shows two major groups across Indonesian coral reefs Beginer Subhan; Dietriech G. Bengen; Sebastian C. A. Ferse; Fauzan Dzulfannazhir; Luzmi Malia Izza; Nurlita Putri Anggraini; Prakas Santoso; Dondy Arafat; Lalu M. Iqbal Sani; Hawis H. Madduppa
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.1-12

Abstract

Clavularia inflata was first described from Ternate Island, Indonesia in 1896 and later reported appeared from Japan and Taiwan in 1953.Clavularia (Blainville 1830) soft corals exhibit complex morphological traits that are difficult to differentiate, thus complicating their identification. DNA barcoding has been envisioned and actively pushed as a credible method for assigning unidentified specimens to known species by comparison to a molecular reference data database. Thus, the purpose of this study was to use molecular methods to confirm the identity of 25 colonies taken from 13 Indonesian coral reef sites and putatively identified as Clavularia inflata. All specimens were identified as Clavularia inflata molecularly using the mitochondrial DNA mtMuts gene. Although a comparison of the nucleotide base chains to Genbank data indicates that the samples belong to a single species, two clades in the phylogenetic tree and data from the Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD) indicate that there are two major groups of C. inflata in Indonesia, implying cryptic species.
Presence of Microplastics in Windowpane Oyster Placuna placenta and the waters from the Tambak Lorok Coastal Area in Central Java, Indonesia Eduard Meirenno Tielman; Lisa F. Indriana; Ita Widowati; Ambariyanto Ambariyanto
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.53-60

Abstract

Indonesia is the second-largest contributor of plastic debris in the world. The abundance of plastic debris and the bioavailability of its fragmented form known as Microplastics (MPs; < 5 mm of size) can be dangerous for marine environments. This study investigates the presence of MPs in the sea water and marine organisms (Placuna placenta) at Tambak Lorok Waters located at the coast of Semarang city, Central Java, Indonesia. All of the microplastics collected from both samples were identified by their shape, color, size (using Olympus Stereo Microscope), and polymer type (using Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy/FTIR). The study found that the Microplastic concentration in the water samples had an average of 12.6 particles.L-1, where the color and size distribution were predominantly blue colored fragments sized less than 50 µm. Examination of the study area showed that microplastics concentration in P. placenta was 1 item and 0.033 items.g-1 for each of the organism. Whereas for physical aspects of microplastics found in the oysters showed the blue colored fibers with range size 300-1000 µm were mostly present. Majority of the polymer types of microplastics found in this study were low-density polyethylene, nylon, polystyrene, and polypropylene. Data from this study shows that microplastics were present in the Tambak Lorok coastal waters. However, there was no significant statistical correlation between the concentration of microplastics in the seawater and the P. placenta, the presence of microplastics in the seawater were found to be ingested by the P. placenta.
The Abundance of Gonyaulax polygramma and Chaetoceros sp. Causing Blooming in Ambon Bay, Maluku Irma Kesaulya; Delta R. Rumohoira; A. Saravanakumar
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.13-19

Abstract

This study examines the first occurrence of non-toxic dinoflagellate blooming of Gonyaulax polygramma and Chaetoceros sp in Ambon Bay that occurred for almost three weeks in January 2019 and it caused the watercolor became red brown. The objective of this study was to identified phytoplankton species and their abundance that cause red tide in the Inner Ambon bay.  Phytoplankton samples were collected, temperature, salinity and Secchi depth were measured simultaneously on the 11th and 21st January 2019 (nortwest monsoon) at fifteen sampling stations in Inner Ambon Bay. The results show that the maximum abundance of Gonyaulax polygramma, Chaetoceros affinis, C. danicus and C. decipiens were found in the greatest concentration up to 20×109, 9.0x106, 5.8x106 and 3.8x105 cells.L-1, respectively. They were found either in the form of a single cell or in chains. The very high abundance of cells of those species made the waters become red brown but there was no reports of fish killed during this red tide phenomena. This is the first time report of blooming phytoplankton Gonyaulax polygramma, Chaetoceros affinis, C. danicus and C. decipiens occurred in Ambon bay during the dry season where the recorded waters temperature and salinity ranged from 30-32ºC and 29-33 psu, respectively and the secchi depths ranged from 2 to 6m.
Evaluability Assessment of Indonesian Marine Conservation Areas for Management Effectiveness Evaluation Arisetiarso Soemodinoto; Mirza Pedju
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.61-72

Abstract

The management effectiveness evaluation of marine conservation areas (MCAs) in Indonesia is often conducted assuming that they are likely to be evaluated periodically. However, for good and reliable results, it is recommended to perform the evaluability assessment prior to any evaluation to determine whether an MCA can be evaluated or not. This study aims to assess the evaluability of MCAs managed by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) by reviewing their management plans and effectiveness evaluation tools. By employing a qualitative approach, this study found that (i) the management plans are not conceived to support an effective management of MCAs in the field or the evaluation of management effectiveness; and (ii) the current guidelines for evaluating MCA management effectiveness do not evaluate the expected achievements of management actions relative to biodiversity conservation goals and objectives. As a result, MCAs under MMAF direct supervision are not evaluable, and hence, the evaluations are pointless from a biodiversity conservation perspective. To address this discrepancy, it is recommended that the management effectiveness evaluation should only be applied to MCAs with an effectiveness-oriented management plan and should employ tools or guidelines that are devised to evaluate the achievement of MCA conservation goals and objectives.
Community Structure of Seagrass in Harapan Island, Seribu Islands, Indonesia Ratih Ida Adharini; Tesya Ranma Yuniarga; Nindya Larasaty Prasetya; Faizal Rachman
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.20-28

Abstract

Seagrass is an aquatic biota that is ecologically and economically beneficial. This study aims to determine the community structure of seagrass in Harapan Island, Seribu Islands, Indonesia. The research was conducted using purposive sampling method, that divided into two sites which is considered to represent the ecology’s condition of Harapan Island. The site 1 was located adjacent to the mangroves area, while the site 2 was placed near a reclamation development and ship anchoring. Every site had three subsites as replications, each was 50 meters apart. Water parameters temperature, salinity, turbidity, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), depth, and organic compound of each site were measured. The results showed that coverage of seagrass in site 2 is higher than site 1 that categorized as frequent-common coverage. The site 2 had the density of 220 individuals seagrass per square meter that dominated by Cymodocea rotundata. The highest diversity index was found in the site 1 at 1.15, with the lowest dominance index being 0.39. The distribution pattern in site 1 is clustered and uniform, while site 2 is uniform. The Importance Value Index in site 1 was 114,8 by Halodule uninervis, while site 2 was 125,5 by C. rotundata. It is thought that the low diversity of seagrass at the site 2 due to it was near a reclamation development and ship anchoring that disturb the abundance and community structure of seagrass in Harapan Island. Habitat destruction and anthropogenic impact of seagrass need to be minimized to support environmental coastal and fisheries sustainability.
Potential Radiological Dose of 210Po to Several Marine Organisms in Coastal Area of Coal-Fired Power Plant Tanjung Awar – Awar, Tuban Chairun Annisa Aryanti; Heny Suseno; Muslim Muslim; Wahyu Retno Prihatiningsih; Siti Nurul Aini
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.73-82

Abstract

NORM (Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material) is a radionuclide element that naturally already exists in the earth. Its concentration can be increased by industrial activities, such as coal-fired power plant (CFPP). Coal-fired power plant activities produce fly ash and bottom ash which will be carried away by the wind and then can enter the CFPP environment, one of which is marine waters and can affect the existence of marine biota. The determination of the radiation dose rate is essential in assessing the risk of radionuclide exposure to the marine environment. This study aims to determine and evaluate the total dose rate of 210Po to marine biota taken from the Karangsari fish market with catchment areas around the waters of CFPP Tanjung Awar – Awar, Tuban, East Java. This research was conducted in April 2021 in the waters of CFPP Tanjung Awar – Awar.  210Po measurement activity was carried out using alpha ray spectrometry at the Marine Radioecology Laboratory of PTKMR-BATAN, then the radiation dose rate was calculated using the ERICA Tool software. The value of the total radiation dose of 210Po on marine biota ranges from 2.70E-1 µGy.hr-1 to 39.70E+0 µGy.hr-1. The radiation dose of 210Po on marine biota measured in the waters of CFPP, has a lower value range than the research result carried out in other countries. Based on the Erica Tools software analysis, the total radiation dose measured on marine organisms in the waters of CFPP Tanjung Awar – Awar, does not give a negatively impact to the marine ecosystems and the sustainability of marine organisms in the study area.
Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Properties of Soft Coral Nepthea sp. Baru Sadarun; Nur Syifa Rahmatika; Agung Wibawa Mahatva Yodha; Adryan Fristiohady; Andini Sundowo; Syarul Nataqain Baharum; Idin Sahidin
ILMU KELAUTAN: Indonesian Journal of Marine Sciences Vol 27, No 1 (2022): Ilmu Kelautan
Publisher : Marine Science Department Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ik.ijms.27.1.29-36

Abstract

Soft coral Nepthea sp. grows in the seas of South-East Sulawesi, Indonesia. However, information on the chemical and pharmaceutical aspects of this genus is still limited. Therefore, this research aims to explore the chemical contents and biological activities of Nepthea sp. The sample was collected from the waters of Saponda Island by SCUBA diving. It was extracted by ethyl acetate and fractionated using vacuum liquid chromatography. The chemical content was analyzed by phytochemical screening, LC-MS/MS analysis, Total Phenolics Content and Total Flavonoids Contents. Antioxidant potency was evaluated by DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radicals and ABTS (2,2’-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid). Cytotoxicity property was analyzed by MTT (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assays. The result showed that the fractionation of Nepthea ethylacetate extracts produced six fractions (A-F). Fractions A and B contain non-polar compounds. Based on LC-MS/MS data, the non-polar compounds in Fraction A and B include achillin, atractylenolide II, buthyl isobuthyl phthalate, rengyolester, 2a-acetoxycostic acid, ocotillol acetate, petasitolone and some unidentified compounds that are C33H58O4, C15H21NO, C21H33NO, and C16H20O4. In general, the antioxidant and cytotoxic properties of all samples are in the weak category, however, when examined for each sample, the antioxidant properties of fraction B is slightly better than fraction A based on the IC50 value of DPPH and ABTS. Cytotoxicity of Fraction A is better than Fraction B against Breast Cancer cell lines MCF-7. The non-polar fraction of Nepthea sp. can be developed as raw material for the discovery of new compounds, antioxidant and anticancer agents, especially breast cancer.

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