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Contact Name
Hasmiandy Hamid
Contact Email
Hasmiandy Hamid
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Journal Mail Official
jptfpua@gmail.com
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Location
Kota padang,
Sumatera barat
INDONESIA
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION)
Published by Universitas Andalas
ISSN : 25800604     EISSN : 26213141     DOI : -
Core Subject : Agriculture, Social,
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 48 Documents
Patogenisitas Cendawan Entomopatogen dari Rizosfir Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea Linnaeus) terhadap Hama Penggerek Polong Etiella zinckenella Treitschke (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Reflinaldon Reflinaldon; Martinius Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (333.672 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.79-87.2017

Abstract

The objective of this study was to get entomopathogenic fungi isolates of bean plant rhizosphere derived from Nagari Sawah Tangah, District Pariangan, Tanah Datar Regency and to determine their pathogenicity on pod borer E. zinckenella. Isolation method was performed by diluting the soil samples in a serial dilution into 10-3 and cultured in PDA media. Furthermore, the purification was based on the shape and color of the fungus colonies. A total of 16 isolates obtained at the initial stage were selected by testing them against the fifth instar larvae Tenebrio molitor. Results showed that only 4 isolates (STA 1, STA 2.2, STA 5, and STB 3.1) could be further tested against E. zinckenella pod borer using completely randomized design (CRD). The highest pathogenicity isolates was exhibited by STA 1 belonged to Metarhizium genera.
Respon Beberapa Varietas Padi Terhadap Serangan Fusarium fujikuroi Penyebab Penyakit Bakanae Darnetty Darnetty; Eri Sulyanti
Jurnal Proteksi Tanaman Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Plant Protection Departement, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.968 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.1.18-23.2017

Abstract

Fusarium fujikuroi is the cause of bakanae disease in rice plants. Level of bakanae disease attack on some rice cultivation land in West Sumatra, especially in Padang Pariaman district is quite high. One effort to suppress the development of F. fujikuroi is by planting resistant varieties. In this study, 15 rice varieties originating Sumatera Barat were used to be tested for their response to F. fujikuroi attack. The purpose of this study was to obtain the varieties with the low attack rate of F. fujikuroi. Parameters observed were number of dead seeds, number of dead seedlings, number of stunted seedlings, number of seeds showing symptoms of Bakanae and total infected seeds. The results of the study indicated that symptoms of F. fujikuroi attack varied which were dead seeds, stunting seedlings, dead seedslings and bakanae. The response of rice varieties to F. fujikuroi attack was different with characterized by different levels of infection rates. Low infection rates were found in Pessel varieties (2.0%), Batang sahalai (15.5%), Cisokan (17.0%), and Batang Lembang (20%). Other varieties showed a high percentage of F. fujikuroi attacks ranging from 20% to 54.5%.
Keanekaragaman Serangga Air di Sawah Konvensional dan Organik di Kota Padang Hasmiandy Hamid; Martinius Martinius
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.777 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.68-78.2017

Abstract

Study on diversity of aquatic insects in rice is important to determine the condition of the rice fields. The purpose of this research was to study the community of aquatic insects in two difference cultivations (organic and conventional) and sub districts (Koto Tangah dan Pauh) in Padang City. Purposive random sampling method was used. Samples were collected by using water insect nets and water bottle traps. The results showed that the aquatic insects found in the study site consisted of 5 orders (Coleoptera, Diptera, Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera, Odonata), 16 families, 51 species and 3808 individuals. Aquatic insect populations in organic farming was higher (5 orders, 15 families, 48 species and 3089 individuals) than conventional (4 orders, 9 families, 20 species and 719 individuals). Aquatic insects found were acting as predators (3718 individuals), detrivors (7 individuals), and omnivors (83 individuals). The diversity indexes of aquatic insects on two locations were classified as medium but the diversity in organic cultivation was higher than conventional.
Uji Beberapa Dosis Tepung Daun Gamal (Gliricididia sepium Jacq.) Terhadap Sitophilus oryzae L. Pada Beras Di Penyimpanan Rusli Rustam; Agus Sutikno; Jamiatul Laila
Jurnal Proteksi Tanaman Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Plant Protection Departement, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.97 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.1.24-33.2017

Abstract

Rice is one of serealea comodity that susceptible with pest storage. One of the pest that often attack the rice in storage is Sitophilus oryzae L. The alternative for control S. oryzae L. as fumigant which enviromentally sound is Gliricidia sepium Jacq. as organic insecticide. This research aims to get the best dose G. sepium Jacq. leaf powder to control S. oryzae L. pest in rice storage. This research conducted at Laboratory of Plant Pest, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Riau, Pekan baru from Mei until Juni 2016. This research arranged experimentally by using Completely Randomized Design consisting of 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatment consist of 5 dose levels were 0 g/100 g rice, 2 g/100 g rice, 4 g/100 g rice, 6 g/100 g rice and 8 g/100 g rice. The result showed that giving of G. sepium Jacq. leaf powder with dose 8 g/100 g rice causes time of death beginningS. oryzae L. during 31.50 hours after application, lethal time 50 during 282.8 hours after application, total mortality was 70%, amount of generation was 9,75 beetles and decrease of seed weight’s rice was 1.08%.
Biologi Penghisap Buah Helopeltis sp. (Hemiptera: Miridae) pada Buah Kakao dan Mentimun Novri Nelly; Ujang Khairul
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.703 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.62-67.2017

Abstract

This research purposed to study biology of Helopeltis sp. on cocoa and cucumber fruits. Research was done in insect bioecology laboratory using direct observation with 10 replications for each fruit. Parameter observed were copulation (hours), preoviposition time (days), number of eggs, nymphals, and adult periods (days), Oviposition time (days), and post oviposition time (days). The data obtained were analyzed descriptively and compared with t-test. Result of this research showed that Helopeltis sp. could thrive in cacao and cucumber fruits. Adult of Helopeltis sp. longevity in cacao fruits was 16 days and in cucumber fruits was 13 days. The number of eggs product average 10-10.9 eggs/female.
Aktivitas Insektisida Campuran Ekstrak Air Buah Piper aduncum L. (Piperaceae) dan Batang Cymbopogon ciratrus (Dc.) Stapf (Poaceae) Terhadap Larva Crocidolomia pavonana F. (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Eka Candra Lina; Adventus Supriadi; Yunisman Yunisman; Martinius Martinius
Jurnal Proteksi Tanaman Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Plant Protection Departement, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (207.733 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.1.34-41.2017

Abstract

Crocidolomia pavonana is an important pest in Brassicaceae. Botanical insecticides is pest control alternative which meet to eco-friendly manajement. This study aims to determine lethal concentration of single and mixture of water extract of Piper aduncum (Piperaceae) fruit and Cymbopogon cirtatus (Poaceae) stem against Crocidolomia pavonana larvae. The study was conducted in laboratory experiment through preliminary test and advance test using a completely randomized design (CRD). Observations were included to larval mortality, antifeedant effect, and duration of larval development. Bioassay was done against second instar larvae of C. pavonana using leaves immersion method during 48 hours. The results show that LC50 and LC95 value of mixture extract are 2.83% and 5.79% respectively. Based on index combination analysis, P. aduncum and C. citratus mixture extract were antagonistic at LC50 and additive at LC95 . Water extract of P. aduncum and C. citratus were relatively weak to influence feeding activity of C. pavonana larvae (41%). Mixture extract also extend larval development from second instar to third instar around 0.24 days and third instar to fourth instar around 0.97 days.
Kemampuan Bakteri Endofit dalam Mengendalikan Penyakit Rebah Kecambah dan Layu Sclerotium (Sclerotium rolfsii) pada Kedelai Husda Marwan; Sri Mulyati; Weni Wilia
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (333.115 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.52-61.2017

Abstract

Endophytic bacteria have potency as candidates of biological control agents to plant disease, because the bacteria as reported to be associated with plant resistance to pathogens. The study aimed to determine the ability of endophytic bacteria to inhibit the growth of Sclerotium rolfsii in vitro, and suppress damping off disease incedence and Sclerotium wilt disease severity on soybean. The ability of endophytic bacteria to inhibit S. rolfsii was carried out on 44 isolates that isolated from soybean, rice and banana. The ability of endophytic bacteria to control damping off disease was carried out on 13 isolates were selected in vitro (BE-CW1, BE-M1, BE-M2, BE-M3, BE-M4, BE-S1, BE-S6, BE-S13, BE-S14, BE -BRRG2, BE-KH1), and also fungicides and two controls (healthy plant and diseased plant). The ability of endophytic bacteria to control Sclerotium wilt was carried out on 6 isolates which showed pressure on damping off disease (BE-M1, BE-M2, BE-M3, BE-M4, BE-CW1, BE-KH2) and 2 controls (healthy plants and diseased plants).The results showed that the thirteen isolates of endophytic bacteria could inhibit mycelial growth and germination S. rolfsii. Soybean seed treatment revealed that dipping the seed in endophytic bacterial isolates suppressed damping off disease incedence with a range of 37.4 to 49.9% and Sclerotium wilt disease severity of 20.1 to 85 % , as well as reduced the mortality of soybean by 26.3 to 84.4 % . BE-KH2 isolate was able to suppress Sclerotium wilt in soybean by 85% and reduce the mortality by 67.5%.
Kolonisasi Beberapa Jamur Antagonis Pada Akar Tanaman Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Penekanan Penyakit Antraknosa yang Disebabkan Oleh Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Nurbailis Jamarun; Yunisman Yunisman
Jurnal Proteksi Tanaman Vol 1 No 1 (2017): June 2017
Publisher : Plant Protection Departement, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.062 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.1.1-9.2017

Abstract

Penyakit antraknosa merupakan penyakit penting pada tanaman cabai yang disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum gloesporioides. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan jamur antagonis unggul yang mampu mengkolonisasi akar tanaman cabai dan efektif mengendalikan penyakit antraknosa yang disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum gloesporioides. Metode penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) dengan 10 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Jamur antagonis yang digunakan yaitu: Trichoderma isolat 1, Trichoderma isolat 2, Trichoderma isolat 3, Trichoderma isolat 4, Paecilomyces isolat 1, Paecilomyces isolat 2, Paecilomyces isolat 3, Paecilomyces isolat 4, dan Aspergilus sp. Aplikasi jamur antagonis dilakukan dengan merendam akar tanaman cabai pada suspensi jamur dan aplikasi jamur patogen dilakukan dengan menyemprotkan suspensi jamur pada buah cabai sampai seluruh permukaannya basah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua jamur antagonis yang diuji mampu mengkolonisasi akar tanaman cabai. Isolat yang terbaik dalam mengkolonisasi dan penekanan penyakit antraknosa adalah Trichoderma isolat 3 yang memiliki kemampuan kolonisasi sebesar 95,83%, persentase buah terserang 18,75% dan intensitas serangan sebesar 20% dan Trichoderma isolat 1 memiliki kemampuan kolonisasi sebesar 91,66%, persentase buah terserang 25,00% dan intensitas serangan sebesar 32,50%.
Pengaruh Waktu Aplikasi Paecilomyces spp. terhadap Penekanan Nematoda Bengkak Akar (Meloidogyne spp.) pada Tanaman Tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill.) Winarto Winarto; Reflinaldon Reflinaldon
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.929 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.88-94.2017

Abstract

The application time of Paecilomyces spp. was assumed affecting its ability to suppress the root knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.). This study aimed to get the effective application time to suppress Meloidogyne spp. The study was carried out at greenhouse and Biological Control Laboratory of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Andalas from March to June 2015. The research method used was compeletely random design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The application times consisted of 14 days before planting, 7 days before planting, at planting time, 7 days after planting, 14 days after planting and control. Application time of Paecilomyces spp. on 7 days before planting was the best time to reduce the number of root knot, the group of nematode eggs, nematode eggs and nematode larvae in the soil.
Pengujian Ekstrak Sederhana Bagian Tumbuhan Cassia alata Linnaeus terhadap Colletotrichum Gloeosporioides secara Invitro Arneti Arneti; Eri Sulyanti
JPT : JURNAL PROTEKSI TANAMAN (JOURNAL OF PLANT PROTECTION) Vol 1 No 2 (2017): Desember 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Hama dan Penyakit Tumbuhan Faperta Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.419 KB) | DOI: 10.25077/jpt.1.2.42-51.2017

Abstract

Plant extracts have been known to cause inhibit the growth of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides.This study was aimed to determine the most potential part of Cassia alata crude extract to control antrachnose on chili. The study was conducted in Phytopathology Laboratory, Plant Pests and Diseases Department, Agriculture Faculty, Andalas University, from April to June 2015. The research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with seven treatments and five replications. The treatments were several extracts from different parts of C. Alata: 1) control 2) flower, 3) old leaf, 4) young leaf, 5) stem, 6) root, and 7) seed with concentration of 5% respectively. Variables observed were colony growth, colony width, conidia number, colony wet and dry weight, and conidia germination. The result showed that all of C. alata extracts could inhibit the growth of C. gloeosporioides in vitro. The best extract was from the old leaf with the percentage of colony width, conidia number, colony wet and dry weight, and conidia germination of 64,30%, 82,41%, 37,77, 29,8%, and 79,96% respectively.