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INDONESIA
Jurnal Serambi Engineering
ISSN : 25283561     EISSN : 25411934     DOI : https://doi.org/10.32672/jse
Jurnal Serambi Engineering diterbitkan oleh Fakultas Teknik Universitas Serambi Mekkah Banda Aceh. Jurnal ini diterbitkan sebagai media untuk menyalurkan informasi hasil penelitian dibidang keteknikan baik yang dilakukan oleh para dosen dari Fakultas Teknik, khususnya dari Universitas Serambi Mekkah maupun dari pihak lain. Penelitian yang dipublikasikan dapat berupa penelitian lapangan maupun laboratorium serta kajian literatur.
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Articles 417 Documents
Pengolahan Limbah Cair Batik Banten secara Koagulasi Menggunakan Tawas dan Adsorpsi dengan Memanfaatkan Zeolit Alam Bayah fitriyah Fitriyah; Tauny Akbari; Irfan Alfandiana
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Januari 2022
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The batik industry produces liquid waste from the coloring, washing and rinsing processes. This study was aimed to analyze the quality of Banten batik effluent before and after treatment. The processing is carried out using an experimental method with a batch system by coagulation using alum and adsorption using Bayah's natural zeolite by performing 3 variations of coagulant mass and adsorbent for the dye test parameters, TDS and TSS. The results of the test before treatment were the results for dyes of 344 TCU, TDS 620 mg/L, and TSS 218.5 mg/L. Based on the coagulation treatment using alum, the most efficient coagulant results were obtained to reduce the levels of dyestuffs and TDS, namely by using alum coagulant as much as 1500 mg/L which resulted in 96.6 TCU and 330.0 mg/L respectively, then to reduce TSS levels obtained an efficient coagulant that is 500 mg/L with a yield of 10 mg/L. The adsorption treatment using Bayah natural zeolite can reduce the levels of TDS and TSS with the most efficient results using an adsorbent of 150 g/L obtained for TDS 189.3 mg/L and TSS 13.3 mg/L. So based on the results of processing using coagulation and adsorption methods, it is hoped that the batik industry can apply it in processing the liquid waste produced.
Analisis Perbandingan Metode Local Search dan Population Based Dalam Algoritma Berevolusi untuk Penyelesaian Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) Erdiwansyah Erdiwansyah
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i1.307

Abstract

Traveling  Salesman  Problem (TSP) is an optimization problems that can be applied to a variety of activities such as distribution of goods, making burning electricity bills and scheduling. TSP optimization problem in a very famous and has become the standard to try algorithm komputational. Local search algorithm is a method of finding a solution based on the neighborhood of the initial solution. This method is known as iterative improvement. While a search algorithm Based Population global with out considering the surrounding solution. Results showed local search algorithm is better than algorithm-based population in the search for optimal value. However, population-based superior in diversity.
Studi Keakuratan Pengukuran Getaran Mikro (Studi Kasus Gedung Juo Chiun dan Rumah Sakit NCKUdi Taiwan) Irda Yunita Irda Yunita
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i1.308

Abstract

Traffic-induced building vibrationis a major environmental problem, specifically forbuilding hospital and high-tech industries building, since it may result in structural damage and malfunctioning of sensitive equipment. The Juo Chiun Building and NCKU Hospital are the example of buildings in Taiwan that its location adjacent to the highway and are susceptible to vibrations due to traffic load. The experimental measurements can be performed to determine the traffic-induced vibrations in buildings. This journalfocuses on the investigation of the accuracy of the experimental instruments for the measurement of micro vibration, especially the micro vibration induced by road traffic. The measurement at two different buildingsconducts by usingdifferent voltages and sampling rates, then the results will be illustrated, analyzed visually, and compared in this journal in order to ensure the accuracy.Moreover, the maximum dB-frequency diagram obtained from field experiment will be studied. The maximum dB-frequency diagram results will be compared with the table of vibration guideline to indicate the appropriateness of the building as VC-A standard in semi-conductor industries building
Preparasi dan Investigasi Komposit Poliakrilamid-Kiserit-Selulosa Sebagai Pupuk Urea Lepas Lambat Maliya Syabriyana Maliya Syabriyana
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i1.309

Abstract

The spread of contamination to ground water and surface water from excessive fertilizer become major concern. Therefore, the aim of this study was to develop slow release fertilizer using urea fertilizer and kieserite in polyacrylamide-cellulose composite.Composite preparation was carried out by two variables that are kieserite mass variation and cellulose mass variation. The compositequality as slow release agent is measured by characterizationanalysisincluding porosity, swelling power, adsorption of urea, and urea released profile from composite compared to urea granules and tablets. Functional cluster and bond was investigated by FTIR (Fourier Transform Infra Red). Adsorption and desorptionpower of composite was determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometer with Nessler method. Result of variations in kieserite shows that the addition up to 3 grams kieserit mass causes an increasing in the swelling and porosity.Addition of cellulose increased the swelling power of composite but it lowers the porosity of the composite. Testing adsorption and desorption performed on the composite of the best(of 2 g kieserite, 0,15 g cellulose, and kieserite mesh -60 +80). The adsorption of urea by composite is 2.3115 g urea/g composite. Release profile of urea from composite is slower than the urea granules or tablets. As result, polyacrylamide-kieserit-cellulose can be developed as slow release fertilizer to increase fertilizer using efficiency and to avoid excessive water and ground contamination
Biosorpsi BOD Dan TSS Limbah Laundri Oleh Tanaman Eceng Gondok (Eichhornia crassipes) Vera Viena Vera Viena
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i1.310

Abstract

The research to assess the use of water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes in biosorption process to remove BOD and TSS contents of laundri wastewater has been conducted. The research has 3 steps, e.i: (1) Preparation: water hyacinth cultivation in variated laundri wastewater 25%, 50% and 100% v/v, and wastewater analysis before process, e.i BOD, TSS, and pH; (2) Field test: cultivation of acclimatized water hyacinth in laundri wastewater with variation of surface coverage of 25%, 50% and 100% of total area; (3) Analysis of BOD, TSS in wastewater to account the biosorption eficiency. Results showed that water hycinth cultivation for 6 days gave the highest BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) biosorption eficiency of 95,98%, which decreased from 544 mg/L to 21,85 mg/L value at total 100% area coverage. Water hyacinth also able to biosorp TSS (Total Suspended Solids) of 79,36%, which decreased from 218,00 mg/L to 44,99 mg/l value at total 100% area coverage. These BOD and TSS removals was affected by the organic metabolism and water hyacinth photosyntesis that made the laundri wastewater save for discarded to waterbody
Analisa & Perancangan Edukasi Keamanan Berlalu Lintas bagi Masyarakat Berbasis Konten Multimedia Animasi Zulfan Zulfan; Samsuddin Samsuddin
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i1.319

Abstract

The population addition in Indonesia has become so significant that it becomes one of factor for number of vehicles increasing that will ultimately add to the number of violations in road traffic. It is also caused by a lack of understanding and awareness ofroad users that obey the rules so as to improve safety in road traffic. This research aims to create and design multimedia content that will serve as an information medium traffic safety for road users based 2D animation. In this multimedia content will be presented how things happen on the highway, especially at the traffic light and causal arise if the road users do not comply with regulations in road traffic. The results of this research is multimedia products 2D animation about traffic safety. The results of this study can be used to convey information to road users and also become material for early childhood education. The results of this study can also be used as a model to enrich the scientific learning and teaching materials in Multimedia Systems course for students in the Department of Information Engineering University of Serambi Mekkah
Optimasi Usaha Pengolahan Limbah Plastik Dengan Pendekatan Simulasi Syaifuddin Yana Syaifuddin Yana
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i1.320

Abstract

This researchintent to analyze the optimization of waste plastics processing industry into a plastic chip products. The plastic waste processing using various types of plastic waste materials obtained through various sources such as scavenger and waste collectors which are they are living around the community, and others source. This study uses a model of maximizing profits based on assumptions by using a simulation of plastic waste processing plan within a year to consider following the prevailing price in the market within the last few years. In addition, to assess the feasibility of processing waste plastics by using parameters such investments Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Payback Period (PP) and Profitability Index (PI). The results of the processing of the data obtained shows that optimizing the processing of plastic waste into plastic count based on the simulation of 3 (three) variables X1, X2 and X3 is the condition where i = 18% where X1 = 100% and X2 and X3 = 0%, with gains in the amount of USD 127 604 565.
Degradasi Zat Organik Pada Limbah Cair Industri Kelapa Sawit Oleh Mikroalga Hijau Elvitriana Elvitriana; Erman Munir; Delvian Delvian; Hesti Wahyuningsih
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i2.497

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari kemampuan mikroalga dalam mendegradasi zat-zat organik pada Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) sebagai upaya memperbaiki kualitas limbah cair industri kelapa sawit. Kultivasi mikroalga dilakukan untuk menurunkan zat organik (nutrien) dalam POME pada konsentrasi yang berbeda menggunakan pencahayaan dan aerasi terhadap pertumbuhan biomassa alga yang dihasilkan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa pertumbuhan mikroalga hijau terbaik dengan kandungan biomassa tertinggi diperoleh dalam kultur  konsentrasi 30 % dan pencahayaan 4x8 watt selama 8 jam, biomassa alga yang diperoleh adalah 1,20 g-BK/L. Proses metabolisme sel membuktikan bahwa mikroalga hijau mampu mendegradasi zat-zat organik (nutrien) dalam POME mencapai 40 - 80 % dengan menurunnya konsentrasi COD dan BOD. Hasil penelitian menyimpulkan bahwa mikroalga dapat digunakan sebagai salah satu alternative dalam pengolahan limbah cair industri kelapa sawit.
Kajian Akumulator Beberapa Tumbuhan Air Dalam Menyerap Logam Berat Secara Fitoremediasi Irhamni Irhamni; Setiaty Pandia; Edison Purba; Wirsal Hasan
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i2.498

Abstract

Indonesia memiliki keanekaragaman hayati tanaman yang potensial yang dapat digunakan sebagai tanaman yang mempunyai kemampuan untuk mendegradasi dan mengakumulasi logam berat (hiperaccumulator). Tumbuhan hiperakumulator adalah tumbuhan yang mempunyai kemampuan untuk mengkonsentrasikan logam di dalam biomassanya dalam kadar yang luar biasa tinggi. Penyerapan dan akumulasi logam berat oleh tumbuhan dapat dibagi menjadi tiga proses yaitu penyerapan logam oleh akar, translokasi logam dari akar ke bagian tumbuhan lain, dan lokalisasi logam pada bagian sel tertentu untuk menjaga agar tidak menghambat metabolisme tumbuhan tersebut. Pemulihan lahan tercemar oleh logam berat secara biologi dengan menggunakan tanaman (fitoremediasi). Maka peneliti tertarik mengkaji tentang kajian akumulator tumbuhan air dalam menyerap beberapa logam berat dengan menggunakan metode teknik fotoremediasi. Hasil penelitian  tumbuhan air yang dapat dijadikan tumbuhan akumulator dalam memyerap logam berat yaitu tumbuhan Typha latifolia menyerap logam Cr, Hg, tumbuhan Eichornia crassipes menyerap logam Cr, Hg, tumbuhan Salvinia molesta , tumbuhan Hydrilla verticillata menyerap logam Hg, tumbuhan Ipomea aquatic menyerap logam Hg, tumbuhan hias lidah mertua memyerap logam Pb. Rata rata  tumbuhan air dalam menyerap logam berat  banyak terdapat pada  bagian akar. Tanaman air hyperaccumulator ini telah berevolusi melalui struktur dan fisiologinya, yaitu membentuk jaringan lakuna atau aerenkhima didalam akar dan batangnya untuk pertukaran materi dari bagian batang ke akar. Saat ini walaupun teknologi fitoremidiasi belum banyak diterapkan dalam pemulihan pencemaran tanah dan air, kedepan diharapkan  akan menjadi teknologi pembersih lingkungan yang potensial dengan keanekaragaman hayati tanaman di Indonesia yang dapat digunakan sebagai tanaman hiperakumulator, sehingga program pembangunan yang berkelanjutan (sustainable develeopment) dapat tercapai
Karakterisasi Tanah Diatom dan Aplikasinya Pada Industri Minyak Goreng Lisma luciana; Farid Maulana; M. Dani Supardan
Jurnal Serambi Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32672/jse.v1i2.499

Abstract

Penelitian tentang aktivasi bahan pemucat tanah diatom dan aplikasinya pada industri minyak goreng curah dibuat dengan memodifikasi tanah diatom alam dengan 4 model pengaktifan. Pengaktivan model 1 dan 2 ditambahkan dengan H2SO4 dan H2O2 dan kemudian dipanaskan hingga suhu 100Co selama satu jam untuk model 1, sedangkan pada model 2 sampel tanah diatom dipanaskan hingga suhu mencapai 550Co selama dua jam. Pada aktivasi model 3 dan 4 dengan penambahan larutan NaOH dan MnCL2 dengan pembakaran 100Co untuk model sampel 3 dan 550Co untuk model 4, dimana hanya membedakan lamanya waktu pebakaran. Pengurangan jumlah zat warna dalam minyak goreng curah dilakukan dengan memvariasikan berat absorben 2.5, 5, 7.5, dan 10g dan temperatur adsorpsi100oC, 110 oC, 120 oC dan 130 oC. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan karakterisasi terhadap adsorben yang terdiri dari tanah diatom alam dan tanah diatom yang telah dimodifikasi.Karakterisasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan instrumen Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM-EDAX), Difraksi sinar-X(XRD, Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) dan X-Ray Fluoresensi (XRF)

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