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B-Dent, Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah
ISSN : 23015454     EISSN : 26547643     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal B-Dent (JBD) adalah jurnal kedokteran gigi yang mempublikasikan karya tulis ilmiah (berupa penelitian, laporan kasus dan tinjauan pustaka) yang berhubungan dengan seluruh bidang ilmu kedokteran gigi. Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Universitas Baiturrahmah, Padang, Sumatera Barat dan dikelola oleh Dewan Redaksi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi. Terbit setiap dua kali dalam setahun, saat ini JBD terbit dalam bentuk cetak dan telah didistribusikan ke seluruh Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi di Indonesia, LIPI, Perpustakaan Daerah Sumatera Barat dan Kopertis Wilayah X.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 16 Documents
Search results for , issue "Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)" : 16 Documents clear
POTENSI TERKINI PERIODONTAL LIGAMEN STEM CELL SEBAGAI TERAPI REGENERATIF PERIODONSIUM: TINJAUAN PUSTAKA A, Gustivanny Dwipa; Oktawati, Sri
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.887

Abstract

Introduction: Regenerative therapies for periodontium aims to regenerate damaged periodontal tissue. Stem cell-based regenerative therapy may represent an effective therapeutic tool for periodontal regeneration. Periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) is a type of somatic stem cell that shows the potential to differentiate into several cell types and perform strong self-renewal. Therefore, PDLSCs are considered as a highly promising stem cell population for regenerative therapy in periodontium and need further knowledge regarding to the potential of using PDLSCs as a regenerative periodontium therapy. Literature Review: The periodontal ligament is a marker for stem cell, which is STRO-1. The STRO-1 marker is a colony-forming osteogenic precursor that can be isolated from bone marrow. The STRO-1 marker has the potential to be a phenotype of adipocytes, chondrocytes, and osteocytes. Markers of expression of STRO-1 from the surface of the periodontal ligament show that periodontal ligament cells have osteogenic precursors that can differentiate into osteoblasts. The potential multilineage differentiation of PDLSC including the adipogenic, chondrogenic, and osteogenic potential of PDLSC makes a promising cell source for cell-based regenerative periodontal therapy. Conclusion: The ability of PDLSCs in self renewal, multipotency, and stem cell immunomodulators, provides satisfactory results in the treatment of periodontal defects.
DETEKSI AWAL, MANIFESTASI ORAL DAN PENATALAKSANAAN PERIODONTAL PADA PASIEN LEUKEMIA – SEBUAH TINJAUAN Budi, Budi; Ervina, Irma
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.883

Abstract

Introduction: Systemic diseases such as leukemia can manifest on the periodontium. The symptoms of this disease can be varied such as gingival enlargement, bleeding, oral ulceration, petechiae, mucosal pallor, noma, and trismus, but most clinicians are unaware of these conditions. This literature study purposed to review the literature concerning the oral manifestations and periodontal managements consideration of patients with leukemia. Review: The most frequent oral manifestations associated with leukemia are represented by the paleness of oral mucosa or abnormal color of the gum, petechiae, ecchymosis, bleeding associated with painless gingival hyperplasia, hemorrhage, ulcerative necrotic lesions, and buccal infections. Clinicians should take precautions when encountering those symptoms, such as referring the patient to specialized professionals. Besides that, clinicians should have a certain protocol to maintain the oral health of patients and to prevent complications that may occur from dental procedures. Patients with leukemia have a bleeding tendency and increased risk of infection which required special attention on periodontal and dental management to prevent the development of opportunistic infections and other complications. However, many patients are unaware of their disease and clinicians hold a pivotal role to identify leukemia through oral manifestations and giving feasible dental management. Conclusion: This review describes the oral manifestation of leukemia, which might be useful in early diagnosis. By knowing the diagnosis, clinicians should concern about special considerations in providing dental treatment to patients with leukemia.
Current Use of Platelet Rich Fibrin in Sinus Floor Augmentation: a Literature Review Tjokro, Jennifer; S, Mappangara
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.863

Abstract

Introduction: Implant placement in posterior maxilla alveolar ridge might be challenging due to progressive ridge resorpsion and poor bone quality caused by intrasinus positive pressure, vascular interruption to bone plate, and absence of occlusal loads. Many attempts were made to develop convenient and predictable bone augmentation techniques in the area. Maxillary sinus floor elevation is the most predictable and frequently used method nowadays. The use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), which is an autologenous biomaterial, has various advantages in sinus floor augmentation. This article has purpose in review the literature on the current possibilities of PRF usage in sinus floor augmentation. Literature review: Maxillary sinus floor augmentation is done by lifting the Schneiderian membrane and inducing bone formation in the created space. There are two types of approaches; lateral and trans-alveolar approach. Schneiderian membrane perforation may cause complications in the augmentation procedure. PRF is made of fibrin matrix, containing high concentrations of platelets, growth factors, fibrin, and leukocytes, which promotes wound healing and natural bone regeneration. PRF can be used as a sole filling material, as an addition to graft materials, as a membrane to seal bone graft in lateral sinus augmentation approach, to protect sinus membrane, and to aid healing in membrane perforation. PRF acts as an optimized blood clot, providing stability and releasing growth factors in promoting bone formation. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this review, it is shown that PRF provides a safe, reliable, and easy method as a filling material, protective membrane, and in managing ruptured membrane.
PROSPEK MASA DEPAN BAHAN MEMBRAN UNTUK TERAPI REGENERATIF PERIODONTAL: TINJAUAN PUSTAKA Satya, Dian Eka; Oktawati, Sri
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.864

Abstract

Introduction: Periodontal regenerative therapy goals are to prevent and repair the soft and hard tissue that has been damaged by the infection. The membrane has been used as a material of soft tissue periodontal regenerative therapy. Resorbable and non-resorbable membranes were used as physical barriers to avoiding the growth of connective and epithelial tissue into the defect area. This review will be discussed about the new development of membrane materials for Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) which is used in regenerative periodontal therapy along with the advantages of each biomaterial. Review: The barrier membranes used for GTR can be divided into three generations. The first-generation membrane has many structural, mechanical, and biofunctional limitations. The second and third generation of membrane materials is still being developed. The third generation is claimed to function not only as a barrier but also as an antimicrobial agent. It also enhances tissue adhesion and releases the growth factors which are needed for periodontal regeneration. The development of materials used in GTR therapy has been upgraded from only as a barrier to the perspective from being only a barrier to a delivery agent such as antibiotics, growth factors, adhesion factors in the third generation. Conclusion: The GTR procedure has long been used in periodontal regenerative therapy. The latest development for GTR materials not only works as a barrier but also has both bioactive and multilayered nanofibrous membranes that are potential for use in periodontal tissue engineering.
PERIODONTAL ESTETIK: PERAWATAN RESESI GINGIVA (TINJAUAN PUSTAKA) Etriyani, Nir; Thahir, Hasanuddin
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.866

Abstract

Introduction: Gingival recession represents a clinical condition in adults frequently encountered. Gingival recession is the main complaint of patients who come to the dentist due to an unsatisfactory aesthetic problem. Handling this condition requires action depending on the severity of the case gingival recession. the dentist must know the best treatment for the case. This article purpose to review some literature regarding the treatment means for the gingival recession to achieve an esthetic gingival appearance. Review:  Gingival recession is the most common clinical manifestation of all oral diseases. The condition can be corrected by two approaches to gain an aesthetic appearance. The first option is mucogingival surgery or gingival plastic surgery. The second option is gingival replacement with artificial substitutes. Treatment of gingival recession is essential to rectify the esthetic and functional deficiencies of the patient and prevent further periodontal destruction. Gingival recession can be treated with different surgical procedures and the root coverage can be obtained from the surgical approach taken. Conclusion:  Increased patient awareness of dental esthetic procedures has increased the demand as well as the responsibility of cosmetic dentistry to have outstanding skill and create pleasing results. 
STRES DAN PENYEMBUHAN LUKA PERIODONTAL Azizah, Azizah; Mardiana, Adam
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.890

Abstract

Introduction: A periodontal treatment includes surgical and nonsurgical therapy which the successful wound healing after periodontal treatment is influenced by many local and systemic factors. One systemic factor that influences healing is stress. Recent studies have shown that stress plays a role in predicting the severity of pain, periodontal disease, and can even inhibit wound healing. This article aims to review how stress inhibits periodontal wound healing. Review: Stress can occur as a result of stressors or external pressures in the form of household conflicts, financial problems, the death of the closest person referring to emotional and physiological reactions, exceeding one's ability to deal effectively with the situation. The process of healing periodontal tissue is divided into two processes, namely regeneration, and repair. Wound healing in periodontal tissue is the same process that occurs in other parts of the body. Research on the effects of stress on healing periodontal wounds has been carried out. Stress induces glucocorticoid production. Increased cortisol hormone can inhibit the formation of collagen, thinning capillary blood vessels and preventing the formation of new bone. Psychological stress is associated with increased interleukin IL-1β and IL-6 in the gingival crevicular fluid. Other studies have shown that increased stress causes the development of periodontal inflammation due to an increase in IL-1, IL-4, and IL-8 which results in greater periodontal damage. Conclusion: From this literature review it can be concluded that stress inhibits periodontal wound healing.
HIDROKSIAPATIT SEBAGAI SALAH SATU BAHAN YANG PALING UMUM DIGUNAKAN PADA CANGKOK TULANG: TINJAUAN PUSTAKA Leni, Amalia; Hariyani, Nasution Aini
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.894

Abstract

Introduction: A bone graft is a bone substitute material that has been widely used in bone grafting. In general, a bone graft can be resorbable and replace normal bone in the healing process within a few months, because in principle the bone graft has the nature of osteoconduction, osteoinduction, and osteogenic. One of the synthetic materials commonly used in the bone graft is hydroxyapatite (HA), which is identical to the crystal structure of hydroxyapatite from the bone. Review: Hydroxyapatite is a synthetic bone graft, which is the most used now due to its osteoconduction, hardness, and acceptability by bone. Hydroxyapatite with a general formula of Ca10(PO4)6OH2 is much similar to an inorganic component of bone matrix. HA is one of the most stable and less-soluble calcium phosphate bioceramics with a Ca/P ratio of 1.67. Synthetic versions of bone apatite have been developed to address the demand for autologous bone graft substitutes. Synthetic HA is stiff and strong, but brittle. Some solutions to this problem are to combine HA with collagen, β-tricalcium phosphate (β- TCP), Calcium phosphate (CaP) Conclusion: Hydroxyapatite is well known for bone regeneration through conduction or by acting as a scaffold for filling of defects from ancient times, but emerging trends of osteoinductive property of HA are much promising for new bone regeneration.
MANAJEMEN GUMMY SMILE; SEBUAH TINJAUAN PUSTAKA Feblina, Ayu Rahayu; Thahir, Hasanuddin
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.877

Abstract

Introduction: Excessive exposure of the gums, especially more than 3 mm while smiling is known as a gummy smile, caused by multifactorial etiology and managed with various techniques. The prevalence of gummy smiles is 10% of the age of the population between 20 – 30 years and is more common in women than men. This review purpose to discuss the best treatment for the gummy smile in relation to the etiologies of the cases, the indication, and contraindication for each treatment. Review: The etiology of a gummy smile is multifactorial, for example, gingival hyperplasia, changes in the eruption of permanent teeth, excess maxillary growth deficiency, lack of lip support produced by marked depression from the maxilla, and hyperactive and/or asymmetrical movements of the upper lip. A gummy smile can be treated by using several techniques, such as orthodontic surgery, gingivectomy or crown lengthening, botox injection, myotomy of the lip elevator muscles, and surgical lip repositioning. A gummy smile can be a significant esthetic concern for patients. Understanding the etiology can be challenging due to the multiple factors that may be concomitantly involved. Accurate diagnosis and treatment planning are critical for proper management. Conclusion: The therapeutic procedure for the gummy smile condition will depend on the etiology and the sincerity of the case that can remove the excess gingival tissue and remodeling to make an aesthetic approach to smile.
Diabetes Mellitus as a risk factor for dental implant placement Putri, Sri Wahyu; Mardiana, Adam
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.891

Abstract

Introduction: Currently dental implants are a prosthetic treatment that many patients are interested in replacing missing teeth because they are considered to be more stable in restoring the function of rehabilitation mastication. The success of implant treatment is determined by various factors, one of which is systemic disease. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that is accompanied by hyperglycemia and causes various side effects, and is one of the risk factors that can have an impact on the installation of dental implants. Objective: To evaluate whether dental implants can be installed in patients with DM. Literature review: A literature search was conducted using Pubmed to find research and review articles on the use of implants in patients with DM published until September 2019. Searches were conducted during October 2019. Discussion: Patients with DM are more susceptible to periodontal disease compared to patients without DM. Patients with uncontrolled diabetes are more prone to complications after implant therapy than patients with controlled diabetes. Good glycemic control can increase osseointegration and implant success. Conclusion: Dental implant placement can be done in DM patients with good metabolic control as in patients without DM.
THE ENAMEL ROUGHNESS AFTER CONVENTIONAL VERSUS AIR POLISHING: A SYSTEMATICAL REVIEW Tjoea, David; Beatrix, Maria Theresia; Metta, Prajna; Miranda, Aldilla; Amaliya, Amaliya
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 2, September 2021 (Special Edition)
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.896

Abstract

Introduction: Polishing after scaling and root planing provides a smoother tooth surface and improves patient convenience. Recently, a novel polishing system using the air-driven high-pressured device is introduced, but the advantage over conventional polishing is still questionable. This article aims to provide a comprehensive literature study regarding dental polishing by comparing the surface roughness after conventional and air polishing systems. To conduct this review, Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. Studies published before November 29th, 2019 were systematically reviewed under “air-polishing”, “enamel roughness”, “conventional polishing”, “scanning electron microscopy” and “10 years” publication dates files with PubMed and Google Scholar database. Review: Dental polishing assists the removal of dental plaque and stains to achieve healthy periodontal tissue. The air-polishing device cleans the deeper surface with minimal damage on enamel, the efficacy depends on handpiece degree angulation to the enamel surface, time of exposure, and the powder particle size used. The air-driven device takes a shorter working time and is easy to handle compared to conventional polishing. Prophylaxis paste in conventional polishing is abrasive, hence flattening the enamel surface. Conclusion: Both techniques show efficacy in polishing procedures, nevertheless air polishing provides a smoother surface compared to conventional devices.

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