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B-Dent, Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah
ISSN : 23015454     EISSN : 26547643     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal B-Dent (JBD) adalah jurnal kedokteran gigi yang mempublikasikan karya tulis ilmiah (berupa penelitian, laporan kasus dan tinjauan pustaka) yang berhubungan dengan seluruh bidang ilmu kedokteran gigi. Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh Universitas Baiturrahmah, Padang, Sumatera Barat dan dikelola oleh Dewan Redaksi Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi. Terbit setiap dua kali dalam setahun, saat ini JBD terbit dalam bentuk cetak dan telah didistribusikan ke seluruh Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi di Indonesia, LIPI, Perpustakaan Daerah Sumatera Barat dan Kopertis Wilayah X.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021" : 11 Documents clear
PENGARUH CHLORHEXIDINE CHIP PADA PERAWATAN PERIODONTAL: SEBUAH META – ANALISIS Komala, Olivia Nauli; Suwandi, Trijani
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i2.861

Abstract

Introduction: Chlorhexidine in mouthwash or gel is used as an adjunct therapy for periodontal treatment but the effect of using chlorhexidine chip in 3 months was unclear. Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine chip on reduction of pocket depth and clinical attachment level gaining in patients with periodontitis. Methods: The literature search was done in PUBMED for the use of chlorhexidine chip as an adjunct to scaling and root planing in improving periodontal status, especially pocket depth and clinical attachment level in periodontitis patients within 3 months. The risk of bias was estimated for each study based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Review of Interventions. Meta-analysis was conducted for reduction of pocket depth and gain of clinical attachment. Results: Electronic search provided 51 records and 5 studies were included. The meta-analysis indicated that there was a significant difference in reduction pocket depth (p<0.05; I2 = 97%) and gain of clinical attachment level between chlorhexidine chip plus SRP and SRP alone (p<0.05; I2 = 98%). The mean difference of reduction of pocket depth was 0.26 (0.13 – 0.40) mm and the mean difference of gain of clinical attachment level was 0.31 (0.14 – 0.47) mm. All studies had fair quality based on AHRQ standards. Conclusions: Chlorhexidine chip can be an adjunct therapy for periodontal treatment to improve the clinical condition in periodontitis patients.
POTENSI NONKARIOGENIK EKSTRAK DAUN Stevia rebaudianaBertoni SEBAGAI PEMANIS ALAMI PENGGANTI GULA Deviyanti, Sinta
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.876

Abstract

Introduction: Dental caries is a disease that is produced by the dissolution of local chemical surfaces of the teeth caused by product of microbial fermentation from dietary carbohydrates in the biofilm that attached to the teeth. Sugar especially sucrose is the most important dietary factors in the etiology of dental caries. Dietary modification have been recommended in order to reduce the fermentable carbohydrate intake needed by the cariogenic microorganism in order to produce acid. The used of sugar substitutes is a common procedure to reduce caries risk. Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves extract is a natural sweetener which is used as a sugar substitute. The aim of this literature review is to study the noncariogenic potencially of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves extracts as natural sweetener. Review: Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves extract is a non caloric natural sweetener alternative source to traditional sugar (sucrose) with diterpene glycosides are responsible for its high sweetening taste ranging 250-400 times sweeter as compare to sucrose. Studies have revealed the noncariogenic potential of Stevia leaves extract because its non fermentable, improved the pH biofilm, pH saliva and buffering capacity of the saliva in a high caries risk patient and reduce cariogenic organisms in biofilm and saliva. Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves extracts also have been scientifically proven to be safe and effective to protection against dental caries because of its less demineralization email as compared to sucrose. Conclusions: Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves extracts as natural sweetener has a excellent noncariogenic potency
PENCEGAHAN PENYEBARAN INFEKSI DAN PENGGUNAAN TELEDENTISTRY SELAMA PANDEMI COVID-19 Anggayanti, Nyoman Ayu; Sudirman, Putu Lestari; Pratami, Putu Fenti Surya; Anggraini, Dewi
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.816

Abstract

Introduction: COVID-19 is a new virus that was first discovered in Wuhan, China. In mid-2020, the number of deaths continued to increase worldwide. Topics: Dentist are professions that are susceptible to infection, so they must implement preventive measures and apply alert behavior to all patients. Discussion: The American Dental Association (ADA) describes teledentistry as "the use of telehealth systems and methodologies in dentistry", which includes "a wide variety of technologies and practices to provide virtual medical, healthcare, and educational services. Conclusion: Prevention of disease transmission by using complete personal protective equipment, selection of emergency cases and teledentistry can be carried out during the COVID-19 pandemic to reduce the possibility of transmission at the dentist's practice.
EFEKTIVITAS MEDIA PENYULUHAN BOOKLET DAN FLIP CHART TERHADAP PENURUNAN SKOR OHI-S SISWA SD AL-IKHLASIAH MEDAN natassa, Siska ella; Siregar, Darmayanti
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.820

Abstract

Introduction: Poor dental cleaning habits can lead to plaque accumulation. One of the ways to remove plaque is by brushing your teeth. The plaque will appear within one to two days if there are no oral hygiene measures. The lack of motivation on children in maintaining dental hygiene is caused by various factors such as knowledge and behavior in maintaining dental health. Health education for children is usually carried out through preventive and promotive efforts, one of which is Dental Health Education (DHE) as a form of health education. Booklet and flip chart media are usually used in giving health information because they are effective, easier in making, and can be carried everywhere. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of DHE using the booklet and flip chart media to reduce the OHI-S scores before, a week, and a month after counseling is being given. Methods: This study is true experimental research with one group pre-test post-test design. Sampling using random sampling method and were statistically analyzed by using Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney test. Results: The results showed a significant difference in the mean score of OHI-S between the booklet and flipchart groups before, after a week, and after a month (p = 0.001) and (p = 0.0001). Conclusion: DHE using flipchart media is more effective in reducing children's OHI-S scores rather than a booklet
EFEKTIVITAS DISTRAKSI VIDEO GAME TERHADAP PENURUNAN KECEMASAN ANAK USIA 7-10 TAHUN PADA TINDAKAN ANESTESI INFILTRASI Sjamsul, Rini Triani; Wibisono, Witriana Latifa; Lubis, Ika Anisyah; Oewen, Roosje Rosita
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.785

Abstract

Introduction: Children’s anxiety toward dental care in the clinic creates significant problems for the patient and the dental professionals. One of the techniques to overcome the anxiety of the patient is by using video game distraction. This study purpose to determined the effectiveness of video game distraction on reducing the level of anxiety in children between 7-10 years during infiltration anesthesia. Method: A pre-test post-test quasi-experimental study was conducted involving 32 purposive sampling subjects; divided into two groups (16 with video game distraction and 16 as a control). Facial Image Scale (FIS) was used to assess anxiety. Result: Independent t-test showed that there were significant differences between the two groups (p<0,05) with a decrease in the level of anxiety in the group with video game distraction by 47,40% while there was an increase of 72,40% in the control group. Conclusion: Video game distraction could be effective in reducing anxiety in children aged 7-10 years under infiltration anesthesia with a reduction rate of 47,40%.
Etiologi, Distribusi Lokasi, dan Terapi Ulser Traumatik pada Pasien di Rumah Sakit Gigi dan Mulut Universitas Padjadjaran Herawati, Erna; Nur'aeny, Nanan
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.1022

Abstract

Introduction: Oral mucosal ulceration can be caused by local or systemic factors. One of the local factors often expressed by patients is the result of being bitten. Research data on oral mucosal ulceration has not been widely published, especially in Indonesia, so the purpose of this study was to provide information on the etiology, site distribution and therapy of traumatic ulcers in patients at the Dental Hospital, Universitas Padjadjaran (RSGM Unpad). Methods: A descriptive study, with data obtained secondary from the medical records of patients at the RSGM. Data presentation is done by tabulation and percentage. Results: There were 44 patients consisting of 15 males (34.05%) and 29 females (65.95%), with an age range of 17 – 55 years. Trauma which is the most common cause of ulcers is due to accidentally biting, the most common site is the buccal mucosa, and the most widely used drug is a combination of vitamins and anti-inflammatory which was given to 10 patients with traumatic ulcers (22.7%). Conclusion: The most common cause of oral ulcers is trauma, and the most common trauma in adults is the result of accidentally biting.
EFEKTIFITAS GEL EKSTRAK DAUN BINAHONG TERHADAP JUMLAH MAKROFAG PADA PENYEMBUHAN LUKA INSISI MENCIT YANG DIINDUKSI ALOKSAN Dewi, Putu Sulistiawati; Setiawan, Setiawan
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.862

Abstract

Introduction: diabetes mellitus is a disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism which is characterized by an increase in blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) due to secretion and insulin, or decreased insulin action. The amount of costs incurred and the difficulty of handling diabetic wounds, it is necessary to find alternative medicines that are cheaper, one of them is herbal plants. One of the herbs is binahong leaf (Anredera cordifolia). Binahong leaves have active compounds alkaloids, saponins, flavonoids, and terpenoids. Objectives: the purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of binahong leaf extract gel against decreasing the number of macrophage cells in incision wound healing of alloxan induced mice (Mus musculus). Materials and methods: 24 mice induced with alloxan were then divided into four groups, such as application of binahong leaf extract gel concentration of 25%, 30%, 35% and application of CMC-Na 2% gel as a control group. All treatment given within 4 days. The data obtained were analyzed using One Way Anova and continued with LSD (Least Significant Differences). Result: from the results of this study indicate that the treatment of binahong leaf extract gel concentrations of 25%, 30%, and 35% effectively decreased the number of macrophage cells compared to the control group. Conclusion: this study concluded that binahong leaf extract gel concentration of 35% was more effective on decreasing the number of macrophage cells in incision wound healing of alloxan induced mice.
PENGARUH DISTRAKSI VIRTUAL REALITY TERHADAP PERUBAHAN DENYUT NADI SELAMA PROSEDUR ANESTESI LOKAL JET INJEKTOR PADA PERAWATAN GIGI ANAK Kaswindiarti, Septriyani; Khoirudin, Ferdian Ilham; Nisa, Busyro Hanun; Sari, Wahyuning Asri Pari Purnomo
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.600

Abstract

Introduction: Pain conditions can cause physiological responses in the form of increased pulse rate. A local anesthetic procedure with a syringe is given to minimize pain during an invasive procedure in children's dental treatment, but the procedure can also cause pain. A jet injector is a new innovative anesthetic tool that can anesthetize certain areas without using a needle with minimal pain, but the shape and size of the jet injector, as well as the shocking sound of the device, can affect the pain perception of children, therefore a distraction method is needed to divert attention children from pain stimulus, one of them by using virtual reality. This research purposed to determine the effect of virtual reality distraction on changes in pulse during local anesthetic procedures with jet injectors in pediatric dental care. Methods: The research method used in this study is a quasiexperimental with Pretest-Posttest non-Equivalent Control Group Design. This design is used to find out the comparison between the treatment group and the non-treatment group. Changes in pulse rate before and during the anesthesia procedure in both groups were analyzed using the Independent T-Test analysis. Results: Based on the results of the Independent T-Test, it was found that the T-test Sig. (2- tailed) is 0.001 (p <0.05) so the data obtained is significant. Conclusion: Virtual reality distraction influences changes in pulse rate smaller than without distraction during local anesthetic procedures with jet injectors in pediatric dental care.
APOPTOSIS MEDIATED ANTI-PROLIFERATIVE ACTIVITY OF KAEMPFEROL AND QUERCETINE ISOLATED FROM THE LEAVES OF ALTINGIA EXCELSA AGAINST HUMAN TONGUE SP-C1 CELL LINES anwar, risyandi; setiawan, arlette suzy; Supriatno, Supriatno; Supratman, Unang
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.563

Abstract

Introduction: The leaves of Altingia excelsa were found to strongly inhibit SP-C1 human tongue cancer cell lines. This study was focused on identifying antiproliferative compounds found in A. excelsa leaves and assesment their action mechanism. Methods: Extracts of Methanol A. excelsa were fractionated based on their solvent polarity using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and water. The anti-proliferative testing were tested in vitro against SP-C1 human tongue cancer cell lines using the MTT assay. Isolated the active compound used column chromatography and identified by the spectroscopic method. The isolated compound was also tested for its anti-proliferative testing and ELIZA method of apoptotic induction. Results: This work resulted in the isolation of a flavonoid, which was identified to be kaempferol and quercetin. The compound inhibited SP-C1 proliferation of cell in a time- and dosedependent manner with IC50 values of 0.72 µg/mL and 0. 70 µg/mL for the 24 hours treatments, respectively. Furthermore, promoting apoptosis via the intrinsic pathway, thereby increasing the activity of caspase-8 and caspase-9. Conclusions: These results suggest that kaempferol and quercetin the anticancer compound found in A, excelsa provided a basic for its potential use in cancer disease treatment management
DIASTEMA CORRECTION OF PERIODONTAL DISEASES FOLLOWING PERIODONTAL THERAPY ALONE Hartanti, Hartanti
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 8, Nomor 3, Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33854/jbd.v8i3.884

Abstract

Introduction: An acquired diastema may be a warning sign signaling advanced periodontitis. Gingival inflammation, reduced bony support, and tooth mobility may contribute to the drifting of teeth, a condition called pathologic tooth migration, and formed tooth gap or space between two teeth or more. Identification of the causative factors involved in pathologic tooth migration is crucial for successful treatment. Case and Management: Case 1 - A 38-year-old woman reported to the Department of Periodontics with the chief complaint of bleeding gums. An intraoral examination revealed highly inflamed periodontal tissue with heavy plaque and calculus deposition. And in case 2 - A 34-year-old woman had a chief complaint of an increasing gap between her maxillary anterior teeth. After clinical and radiographic examinations, the patient was diagnosed with chronic periodontitis and gingival enlargement, pathological tooth migration with diastema. In Case 1, the patient was performed scaling, root planning, and curettage. Re-evaluation after 1 month revealed the reduction of visible inflammation and persistence of pockets and complete closure of spacing between the lower incisive. In case 2, the patient was performed scaling, and gingivectomy, and gingivoplasty. Re- evaluation after 3 months there is a complete closure of spacing between the upper incisors. Conclusion: These cases indicate that migrated teeth sometimes return to their original positions after the etiologic factor has been eliminated such as gingival inflammation, attachment loss, gingival overgrowth

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