cover
Contact Name
Hadi kuncoro
Contact Email
kuncoro_hadi82@yahoo.com
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
kuncoro_hadi82@yahoo.com
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota samarinda,
Kalimantan timur
INDONESIA
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Published by Universitas Mulawarman
ISSN : 20877099     EISSN : 24076090     DOI : -
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry is a Biannual, international, open access (Indexed in DOAJ, Crossref, SINTA, PKP Index, BASE, Moraref, Google Scholar), journal dedicated to various disciplines of pharmaceutical and allied sciences. Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry (ISSN-p: 2087-7099, ISSN-e: 2407-6090), The journal had been established in 2010, and online publication was begun in 2014. Since 2018, the journal has been published in English by Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman (UNMUL) Samarinda, Indonesia in and only receives manuscripts in English.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry" : 10 Documents clear
Pharmacist’s Strategies in Treating Asthma Bronchiale Outpatien Lorensia, Amelia; Wahjuningsih, Endang; Canggih, Benny; Lisiska, Natalia
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (142.051 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.26

Abstract

ABSTRACT Asthma is one of the major health problems in the world. Actual asthma symptoms can be treated and controlled, so that most patients can prevent the onset of symptoms throughout the day, to prevent a serious attack. Pharmacists play a role in pharmaceutical care that aims to find health care system needed to improve drug therapy of complex and significant value of drug-related morbidity and mortality, functions to improve pharmacotherapy outcomes and quality of life of patients with asthma. The patient's belief about health and illness and related behaviors are also very important to the effectiveness of pharmaceutical care. Objective research to study the role of pharmacists in pharmaceutical care in the treatment of outpatient asthma bronchiale. The type of study was cross-sectional. The number of respondents recruited was 22 patients. In this study data were obtained by direct interview using a form of data collection, accompanied by observations of the patients. Result research Patients involved in this study were 22. The total numbers of DRPs were 20 cases (problem-based) and 23 cases (cause-based). The class of drugs causing most DRPs was beta-2 agonist. The subjective perceptions of symptoms experienced by the majority of patients with asthma were: shortness of breath (100%), wheezing sound (90%), fatigue and difficulty sleeping (85%). The cognitive aspect of illness perceived by the patients regarding identity, cause of illness and cure or control was correct, but those concerning consequences and timeline were still lacking. This study demonstrates that the role of pharmacists in pharmaceutical care in ambulatory asthma patients has a nature of direct counseling to patients and monitoring. Monitoring of patients on a regular basis and analysis of the occurrence of drug-related problems might help the patients to get effective, safe and rational treatment. Keywords: asthma, pharmaceutical care, drug related problems, illness perception ABSTRAK Asma adalah salah satu masalah kesehatan utama dunia. Gejala asma yang sebenarnya dapat diobati dan dikendalikan sehingga mencegah serangan yang serius. Apoteker perlu memainkan perannya dalam pharmaceutical care (pelayanan kefarmasian) yang bertujuan untuk menemukan sistem perawatan kesehatan yang diperlukan untuk meningkatkan nilai terapi obat kompleks dan signifikan obat morbiditas dan mortalitas terkait, berfungsi untuk meningkatkan hasil farmakoterapi dan kualitas hidup pasien asma. Persepsi pasien terhadap kesehatan dan penyakit terkait juga sangat penting utnuk efektifitas perawatan farmasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari peran apoteker dalam perawatan farmasi dalam pengobatan rawat jalan asma bronkial. Jenis penelitian ini adalah cross-sectional. Jumlah responden 22 Pasien. Data diperoleh dengan wawancara langsung untuk mengumpulkan data, disertai dengan pengamatan dari pasien. Hasil: jumlah drug-related problems (DRPs) adalah 20 kasus (problem based) dan 23 kasus (caused-based). Kelas obat yang menyebabkan DRPs terbanyak adalah beta-2 agonis. Pesrsepsi subjektif dari gejala yang dialami oleh sebagian besar pasien dengan asma adalah : sesak napas (100%), suara mengi (90%), kelelahan dan kesulitan tidur (85%). Aspek kognitif penyakit yang dirasakan oleh pasien mengenai identitas, penyebab penyakit dan menyembuhkan atau mengendalikan penyakit adalah benar, tetapi tentang konsekuensi dan timeline masih kurang. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa peran apoteker dalam perawatan farmasi pada pasien asma rawat jalan memiliki sifat konseling langsung ke pasien dan pemantauan. Pemantauan pasien secara teratur dan analisis terjadinya DRPs untuk membantu pasien mendapatkan pengobatan yang efektif, aman dan rasional. Kata kunci: asma, pelayanan kefarmasian, drug-related problems, persepsi sakit
Aktivitas Antibakteri Tumbuhan Prinjak (Aleurites moluccana (L.)) terhadap Bakteri Salmonella thyposa dan Vibrio cholera Ibrahim, Arsyik
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (233.203 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.27

Abstract

ABSTRACT A research which antibacterial activity test from Prinjak plant (Aleurites moluccana (L.) Willd to several pathogens bacterial, which aims to determine the antibacterial activity of bark prinjak (A. moluccana L.) against bacteria Salmonella thyposa and Vibrio cholerae. Extracts used is crude methanol extract. Examination of antibacterial with Minimum Kill Concentration (KBM) method, and followed by agar diffusion method with using paper disks. ANOVA analisis test it is obtained very significant results, followed by BNJ advanced test, BNJ test obtained the best concentration is 1.75 % results of the bacteria Salmonella and Vibrio cholerae thiposa. Key words: A. moluccana L. Willd, antibacterial activity, S. thiposa, V.cholera ABSTRAK Telah dilakukan penelitian Aktivitas Antibakteri Tumbuhan Prinjak (Aleurites moluccana (L.) terhadap Beberapa Bakteri Patogen, yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas antibakteri kulit batang prinjak (A. moluccana (L.) Willd., terhadap bakteri Salmonella thyposa dan Vibrio cholera. Ekstrak yang digunakan adalah ekstrak kasar metanol. Metode uji yang digunakan adalah uji Daya Bunuh Minimum (KBM), dan dilanjutkan dengan metode difusi agar menggunakan paper disk. Hasil analsisis uji ANOVA aktivitas antibakteri diperoleh hasil yang sangat signifikan, dilanjutkan dengan uji lanjutan BNJ, hasil uji BNJ diperoleh konsentrasi terbaik adalah 1,75% terhadap bakteri Salmonella thiposa dan Vibrio cholera. Kata kunci: A. moluccana L. Willd, aktivitas antibakteri, S. thiposa, V.cholera
Isolasi Antioksidan Tumbuhan Sarang Semut (Myrmecodia pendens Merr & Perry) Asal Papua Ahmad, Islamudin; Lestari, Risna
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (228.616 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.28

Abstract

ABSTRACT Research about active antioxidant compounds isolated from plants ant nests (Myrmecodia pendens Merr. & Perry) from Papua by the method of column chromatography has been done. This study aimed to explore the isolation of the active class of compounds as antioxidants from ant nest plant. Isolates obtained using the method of column chromatography and antioxidant activity of the ant nest plants isolates tested used spraying method with free radical DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) after eluted on thin-layer chromatography. At separation by column chromatography, eluate collected in vials with a volume of 10 ml. Based on the results of fractionation, separation of the components obtained by 74 vials. Identification using TLC by determining the Rf value of each component. The same Rf value is considered as a single fraction. Based on the results obtained seven fractions TLC. Active isolates (F6) obtained by spraying. The results of fraction of spot with DPPH staining showed that the isolates was considered the most active isolates as seen from the formation of a yellow color that is lighter and more dominant than the other fractions, this indicates that the fraction (F6) binds more free radicals (DPPH). Key words: antioxidant, isolates, Myrmecodia pendens Merr & Perry, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl). ABSTRAK Telah dilakukan penelitian isolasi senyawa aktif antioksidan dari tumbuhan sarang semut (Myrmecodia pendens Merr. & Perry) asal Papua dengan metode kromatografi kolom. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari isolat golongan senyawa yang aktif sebagai antioksidan dari tumbuhan sarang semut. Isolat diperoleh dengan menggunakan metode kromatografi kolom dan aktivitas antioksidan isolate sarang semut diuji menggunakan metode penyemprotan dengan radikal bebas DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) setelah dielusi pada kromatografi lapis tipis. Pada pemisahan dengan kromatografi kolom, eluat ditampung dalam vial dengan volume 10 ml. Berdasarkan hasil fraksinasi, diperoleh komponen hasil pemisahan sebanyak 74 vial. Identifikasi menggunakan KLT dengan cara menentukan nilai Rf masing-masing komponen. Nilai Rf yang sama dianggap sebagai satu fraksi. Berdasarkan hasil KLT di dapatkan 7 fraksi. Isolat aktif (F6) yang diperoleh dengan penyemprotan. Hasil pewarnaan spot fraksi dengan DPPH menunjukan bahwa isolat yang dianggap paling aktif adalah isolat yang dilihat dari terbentuknya warna kuning yang lebih terang dan lebih dominan dibanding fraksi yang lainnya, ini menandakan bahwa fraksi (F6) lebih banyak mengikat radikal bebas (DPPH). Kata kunci: antioksidan, isolat, Myrmecodia pendens Merr & Perry, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl).
Potensi Biji Kolowe (Chydenanthus excelsus) Sebagai Pisisidal Rijai, Laode
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (340.062 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.29

Abstract

ABSTRACT Kolowe seeds (C. excelsus) has strong potential as piscicidal. Research conducted on the potential piscicidal bioindikator swamp eel fish (Synbranchus bengalensis Mc.Cllel), which is one of the pests in shrimp ponds. The piscicidal test results of kolowe seeds to S.bengalensis fish are fresh seed powder (LC50 = 305, 50 ppm); dry powder (LC50 = 315.35 ppm); crude methanol extract (LC50 = 345.20 ppm); frakasi n-Butanol extract (LC50 = 265.85) and the fraction of ethylacetate extract (LC50 = 650.90). The results are quite robust and selective as the most dominant secondary metabolites are saponins. Key words: C. excelsus, Piscicidal ABSTRAK Biji kolowe (C. excelsus) memiliki potensi yang kuat sebagai pisisidal. Penelitian potensi pisisidal dilakukan terhadap bioindikator ikan belut rawa (Synbranchus bengalensis Mc.Cllel) yang merupakan salah satu hama pada tambak udang. Hasil uji pisisidal biji kolowe terhadap ikan S.bengalensis tersebut adalah serbuk biji segar (LC50 = 305, 50 ppm); serbuk kering (LC50 = 315,35 ppm); ekstrak kasar metanol (LC50 = 345,20 ppm); ekstrak frakasi n-Butanol (LC50 = 265,85); dan esktrak fraksi etilasetat (LC50 = 650,90). Hasil penelitian tersebut cukup kuat dan selektif karena metabolit sekunder paling dominan adalah saponin. Kata Kunci: Biji C. excelsus, pisisidal
Pengaruh Akasia sebagai Bahan Pengikat terhadap Mutu Fisik Tablet Hisap Ekstrak Teh Hijau (Camellia sinensis) Ameliana, Lidya; Wazni, Fitri
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (340.997 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.30

Abstract

ABSTRACT Formulation of green tea extract lozenges (Camellia sinensis) have been studied, the lozenges were made by direct compressing method. The purpose of this research is to know the effect of acacia as binding agent to the physical characteristic of the tablets. Fillers were combined using wet granulation with acacia with concentration of 1%, 2%, and 3% respectively. Furthermore, the filler granuls mixed with green tea extract. Physical characteristic of granul including flow rate, angle of repose, particle size distribution, bulk density, tapped density, compressibility index, and moisture content. Then the extract granuls were pressed into tablet on a hydraulic press with diameter 16,71 mm and pressure of 4 ton, and physical characteristic of lozenges were examined. Evaluation on the green tea extract lozenges result including tablet size, tablet weight, hardness, friability, and dissolving time. The result of those evaluations showed that green tea extract lozenges fulfilled the requirement of tablet physical characteristics. The result showed that the increase of acacia concentration will increase hardness and prolonged dissolving time but the increase of acacia concentration will decrease the friability of lozenges. Keywords : green tea extract, lozenges, acacia, physical characteristic, direct compression. ABSTRAK Telah dilakukan formulasi tablet hisap ekstrak teh hijau (Camellia sinensis), dengan metode cetak langsung. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan bahan pengikat akasia 1%, 2%, dan 3 % terhadap mutu fisik tablet hisap ekstrak teh hijau. Bahan pengisi dan bahan pengikat dikombinasikan dengan menggunakan granulasi basah dengan akasia sebagai bahan pengikat. Selanjutnya granul bahan pengisi tersebut dicampurkan dengan ekstrak teh hijau. Karakteristik fisik granul yang diuji meliputi laju alir, sudut istirahat, distribusi ukuran partikel, berat jenis nyata, berat jenis mampat, kompresibilitas, dan kandungan kelembaban. Setelah memeriksa karakteristik fisik campuran granul, kemudian dikompres menjadi tablet dengan diameter 16,71 mm dan tekanan 4 ton. Evaluasi pada ekstrak teh hijau meliputi ukuran tablet, massa tablet, kekerasan, kerapuhan, dan waktu larut. Hasil evaluasi menunjukkan bahwa tablet hisap ekstrak teh hijau memenuhi persyaratan karakteristik tablet fisik. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan akasia akan meningkatkan kekerasan dan waktu melarut, namun akan mengurangi kerapuhan tablet hisap. Kata kunci : ekstrak teh hijau, tablet hisap, akasia, karakteristik fisik, cetak langsung.
Ekstrak Daun Cocor Bebek (Kalanchoe pinnata) untuk Terapi Preventif Lupus pada Mencit yang Diinduksi dengan 2,6,10,14 Tetramethylpentadecane Indriyanti, Niken; Garmana, Afrillia Nuryanti
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.799 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.32

Abstract

Cocor bebek Plants (Kalanchoe pinnata) has been observed to have a potent immunosuppressant compounds in BALB/c mice with Delayed Type Hypersensitivity test (DTH). Compounds are efficacious immunosuppression can be used for treatment of autoimmune diseases such as lupus. The purpose of this study was knowing the class of compounds in leaf extracts cocor bebek and test whether the extract can prevent the occurrence of lupus in test animals. Methods: In this study the identification of classes of compounds present in Cocor bebek leaf extracts and testing imunnosupression activities from test animals BALB/c mice induced lupus using 2,6,10,14 tetramethylpentadecane (TMPD). Parameters measured lupus glomerulonephritis which was known by the presence of proteinuria using a test strip supported by data on changes in weight. Results: Extracts of cocor bebek leaves positive contain tannins, flavonoids, saponins and steroid / triterpene. Mice given the extract of Cocor bebek leaves every day until the 3rd month after not having induced proteinuria, while untreated mice had proteinuria up to +2 (proteinuria levels> 30 mg / dL). Key words : Cocor bebek, BALB/c mice, lupus, TMPD, glomerulonefritis ABSTRAK Tanaman cocor bebek (Kalanchoe pinnata) telah diteliti memiliki senyawa yang berkhasiat immunosupresan pada mencit BALB/c dengan uji Delayed Type Hypersensitivity (DTH). Senyawa yang berkhasiat imunosupresan dapat digunakan untuk penanganan penyakit autoimun, misalnya lupus. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah Mengetahui golongan senyawa dalam ekstrak daun cocor bebek dan menguji apakah ekstrak tersebut dapat mencegah terjadinya lupus pada hewan uji. Metode : Pada penelitian ini dilakukan identifikasi golongan senyawa yang ada dalam ekstrak daun cocor bebek dan pengujian aktivitas imunosupresannya terhadap hewan uji mencit BALB/c yang diinduksi lupus menggunakan 2,6,10,14 tetramethylpentadecane (TMPD). Parameter lupus yang diukur adalah glomerulonefritis yang diketahui dengan adanya proteinuria menggunakan strip test didukung dengan data perubahan berat badan. Hasil : Ekstrak daun cocor bebek positif mengandung tanin, flavonoid, saponin dan steroid/triterpen. Mencit yang diberi ekstrak daun cocor bebek setiap hari sampai bulan ke-3 setelah diinduksi tidak mengalami proteinuria, sedangkan mencit yang tidak ditreatmen mengalami proteinuria sampai +2 (kadar proteinuria >30 mg/dL). Kata kunci : cocor bebek, mencit BALB/c, lupus, TMPD, glomerulonefritis.
Uji Aktivitas Antioksidan Ekstrak Kayu Bayur Sulawesi (Pterospermum celebicum Miq.) dengan Metode Penangkapan Radikal Bebas DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl) Sapri, Sapri
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.359 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.33

Abstract

An antioxidant activity test of Bayur Sulawesi (Pterospermum celebicum Miq.) wood ekstract by method of the scavenging free radical DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl) had been performed. The research was aimed to establish antioxidant activity of Bayur Silawesi (P. celebicum Miq.) wood extract in scavenging the free radical DPPH. The extraction was conducted by maceration method with methanol and subsequently was partitioned by n-hexan, chloroform and ethyl acetat, and tested for free radical DPPH scavenger activity. Results of antioxidant activity test indicated that IC50 value of methanol, n-hexan, chloroform and ethyl acetat extracts were 263 ppm, 277.5 ppm, 240.95 ppm and 172.9 ppm. Key words: Antioxidant activity, Bayur Sulawesi (Pterospermum celebicum Miq.), free radical DPPH ABSTRAK Telah dilakukan penelitian uji aktivitas antioksidan ekstrak kayu Bayur Sulawesi (Pterospermum celebicum Miq.) dengan metode penangkapan radikal bebas DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas antioksidan ekstrak kayu Bayur Sulawesi (P. celebicum Miq.) dalam penangkapan radikal bebas DPPH. Ekstraksi dilakukan dengan metode maserasi menggunakan pelarut metanol dan selanjutnya dipartisi dengan n-heksan, kloroform dan etil asetat dan diuji aktivitas penangkapan radikal bebas DPPH. Hasil uji aktivitas antioksidan menunjukkan bahwa nilai IC50 dari ekstrak metanol, n-heksan, kloroform dan etil asetat berturut-turut adalah 263 bpj, 277,5 bpj, 240,95 bpj dan 172,9 bpj. Kata Kunci: Aktivitas antioksidan, Bayur Sulawesi (Pterospermum celebicum Miq.), radikal bebas DPPH
Aliskiren, Obat Antihipertensi Baru dengan Mekanisme Penghambat Renin Holidah, Diana
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.548 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.34

Abstract

Hypertension is a chronic disease with a prevalence reaching 1 billion people around the world. Hypertension is the major treatable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which remains the leading cause of death in the industrialized world. Despite the risks associated with the condition, the majority of patients with hypertension across the world do not have their blood pressure (BP) controlled to recommended target levels. RAAS is a main target, although, in total inhibition of RAAS can not be obtained with ACEI and ARB class of drugs because of the feedback mechanism. As a solution, we could inhibit the early stages of the mechanism, that is renin. Previous studies have indicated that the renin inhibitor class of drugs effective as antihypertensive and well tolerated, both as monotherapy and in combination with other drugs. Based on researched to aliskiren and the success of antihypertensive drug class of ACEI and ARB in reducing morbidity and mortality in patients with hypertension, it is rational if the expected drug classes like renin inhibitor aliskiren would provide the same benefits. Whether the benefits are equal, larger or even smaller than another RAAS inhibitor, we needed long research to find supporting data. Key word: Aliskiren, hypertension, renin ABSTRAK Hipertensi merupakan salah satu penyakit kronis dengan prevalensi mencapai 1 milyar jiwa di seluruh dunia. Hipertensi yang menginduksi penyakit kardiovaskular merupakan penyebab utama kematian di dunia. Pengaturan tekanan darah hingga optimal masih sulit untuk dicapai di semua Negara. RAAS merupakan target utama, walaupun begitu, penghambatan RAAS secara total tidak dapat diperoleh dengan penggunaan obat golongan ACEI dan ARB karena adanya mekanisme umpan balik. Sebagai solusinya, dapat dilakukan penghambatan pada tahap awal dari mekanisme tersebut yaitu pada renin. Penelitian sebelumnya sudah mengindikasikan bahwa obat golongan renin inhibitor efektif sebagai antihipertensi dan dapat ditoleransi dengan baik, baik sebagai monoterapi maupun dikombinasi dengan obat lain. Berdasarkan penelitian yang sudah dilakukan terhadap aliskiren serta keberhasilan obat antihipertensi golongan ACEI dan ARB dalam menurunkan angka morbiditas dan mortalitas pada penderita hipertensi, maka sangat rasional jika diharapkan obat golongan renin inhibitor seperti aliskiren akan memberikan manfaat yang sama. Apakah manfaat tersebut sama, lebih besar atau justru lebih kecil daripada yang ditunjukkan oleh inhibitor RAAS yang lain, maka diperlukan penelitian lain yang panjang untuk mencari data pendukung. Kata kunci: Aliskiren, hipertensi, rennin
Jamur Endofit, Biodiversitas, Potensi dan Prospek Penggunaannya Sebagai Sumber Bahan Obat Baru Kuncoro, Hadi; Sugijanto, Noor Erma
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.651 KB) | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v1i3.35

Abstract

Endhophytes microbes are microbes that live in colonies formed in plant tissues without harming its host plant. Endhophytes was first reported in 1904. Each higher plants may contain some Endhophytes microbes that produce secondary metabolites as a product of coevolution or genetic transfer occurred (genetic recombination) from its host plants to microbial Endhophytes. Endhophytes originating from areas with high biodiversity have the potential to generate chemical diversity is also high and has a future economic prospects. Key words : Endhophytes, genetic transfer, biodiversity ABSTRAK Mikroba Endofit adalah mikroba yang hidup membentuk koloni di dalam jaringan tanaman tanpa membahayakan tanaman inangnya. Endofit dilaporkan pertama kali pada tahun 1904. Setiap tanaman tingkat tinggi dapat mengandung beberapa mikroba endofit yang menghasilkan metabolit sekunder sebagai akibat koevolusi atau terjadi transfer genetik (genetic recombination) dari tanaman inangnya ke mikroba endofit. Endofit yang berasal dari daerah dengan biodiversitas tinggi memiliki potensi menghasilkan keanekaragaman kimiawi yang juga tinggi dan mempunyai prospek ekonomi dimasa depan. Kata kunci : Endofit, transfer genetik, biodiversitas.
Team, Front cover, Editorial information, Table of Content, Back Cover
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (366.091 KB)

Abstract

J. Trop. Pharm. Chem. 2011. Volume 1 Nomor 3 Team, Front cover, Editorial information, Table of Content, Back Cover

Page 1 of 1 | Total Record : 10


Filter by Year

2011 2011


Filter By Issues
All Issue Vol. 5 No. 4 (2021): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 3 (2021): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 2 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 4 No. 6 (2019): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 4 No. 5 (2019): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 4 No. 4 (2018): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 4 No. 3 (2018): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 4 No 4 (2018): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 4 No 3 (2018): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 4 No. 2 (2017): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 4 No. 1 (2017): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 4 No 2 (2017): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 3 No. 4 (2016): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 3 No. 3 (2016): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 3 No 4 (2016): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 3 No 3 (2016): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 3 No. 2 (2015): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 3 No. 1 (2015): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 3 No 2 (2015): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 3 No 1 (2015): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 2 No. 5 (2014): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 2 No. 4 (2014): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 2 No 5 (2014): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol 2 No 4 (2014): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 2 No. 3 (2013): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 2 No. 2 (2013): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 2 No. 1 (2012): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 4 (2012): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 3 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 2 (2011): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 1 No. 1 (2010): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry More Issue