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Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Published by Universitas Mulawarman
ISSN : 20877099     EISSN : 24076090     DOI : -
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry is a Biannual, international, open access (Indexed in DOAJ, Crossref, SINTA, PKP Index, BASE, Moraref, Google Scholar), journal dedicated to various disciplines of pharmaceutical and allied sciences. Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry (ISSN-p: 2087-7099, ISSN-e: 2407-6090), The journal had been established in 2010, and online publication was begun in 2014. Since 2018, the journal has been published in English by Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman (UNMUL) Samarinda, Indonesia in and only receives manuscripts in English.
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Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry" : 7 Documents clear
Effect of Media Types on the Growth of Callus Culture in Kumis Kucing Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq. Widayat, Wahyu; Pradana, Muhammad Satyo; Ardana, Mirhansyah
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v5i1.210

Abstract

The lack of conventional availability of plant Kumis Kucing makes tissue culture techniques used as a solution to overcome this problem. In tissue culture, media is a major factor in producing a good crop of plantlets. Media Murashige & Skoog (MS), Lloyd & McCown Woody Plant (WPM) media was used in the induction of Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq cat whiskers callus culture, in this study also used growth regulators in the form of 2,4-D added to each-individual media. The results showed the best callus growth occurred in Murashige & Skoog (MS) media compared to the Lloyd & McCown Woody Plant (WPM) media, where the callus produced was 3.28 g on MS media.
Antibacterial Activity of Scopoletin from Stem Bark of Aleurites moluccana Against Salmonella typhi Prabowo, Wisnu Cahyo; Agustina, Risna
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v5i1.218

Abstract

Background: Based on a previous survey of ethnopharmaceutical studies (local culture), it was known that the use of decoction of candlenut stem bark (Aleurites Moluccana) was used as typhoid medicine in the treatment tradition of the people of East Kalimantan. In antibacterial screening by diffusion test, methanol extract of stem bark A.moluccana showed excellent growth inhibition of Salmonella thypimurium. Working method: Simplicia of A.moluccana stem bark was extracted by maceration using methanol. Maserate was extracted liquid-liquid using n-hexane and ethyl acetate solvents. The hexane and ethyl acetate fraction was monitored for active spots with TLC bioautography. The active compound is separated using vacuum liquid chromatography and radial chromatography. Results: The fraction J of KCV and J2 subfraction results from radial chromatography provides antibacterial activity of S. thpimurium. From the J2 subfraction obtained pure isolates in the form of yellowish needle crystals. The isolate was tested for antibacterial S.thypimurium using the microdilution method with a value of MIC is 250 µg/ml. Based on spectroscopic data and comparing the published spectra of the compound, the elucidation of the isolate is Scopoletin (7-hydroxy-6-methoxycoumarin).
Antihipercolesterolemia Effects and Acute Toxicity Test of Pheophytin on Green Tea Kusmita, Lia; Puspitaningrum, Ika
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v5i1.222

Abstract

Hypercholesterolemia is a condition characterized by increased levels of total cholesterol in the blood. Pheophytin is the result of degradation of chlorophyll which is the dominant pigment in green tea, and has been shown to have the same antioxidant properties as ?- carotene. This study aims to determine the antihypercholesterolemia effect and effective dose of pheophytin isolates and acute toxicity tests to determine the safety level of pheophytin isolates. Antihipocolesterolemia test uses induction of high-fat feed that is a mixture of standard food, pork oil and quail egg yolk (16: 3: 1). While the acute toxicity test is carried out based on OECD 423, Clinical symptoms that arise for 3 hours are observed intensively. Histopathological examination data of liver and kidney organs were performed on day 14. Data obtained in the form of LD 50 and clinical symptoms that arise as well as histopathological results were analyzed qualitatively. Statistical test results of percent reduction in total cholesterol levels showed a significant difference between the negative control group and the pheophytin isolates of the three doses. This proves that pheophytin isolates can have antihypercholesterolemic effect with an effective dose of 10 mg/kgBW. Histopathological examination results of aorta and liver of rats showed that the higher the dose of pheophytin isolates, the lighter the degree of fatty acid. While the toxicity test results showed that the LD50 value of pheophytin isolates was more than 2000 mg / kgBW (non-toxic category). However, pheophytin isolate with LD50 is more than 2000 mg/kgBW which has shown the presence of pancreatic degeneration and hydropic degeneration, but necrosis has not occurred yet.
Preparation and Characterization of Betel Leaves (Piper betle Linn) Extract Nanoparticle with Ionic Gelation Method Dwi Saryanti; Dian Nugraheni; Nisa Sindi Astuti
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v5i1.224

Abstract

Nanoparticles are used in drug delivery which can increase mass transfer so increase the absorption and effectiveness of the drug. Therefore, its prospect to improve antibacterial and antioxidants activities of betel leaves. The research aimed to preparation and characterization of betel leaf extract using ionic gelation technique. The formulation of nanoparticles from betel leaf extract with ionic gelation method using alginate and CaCl2 with a ratio of 2.5: 1. The characterization of the nanoparticles includes particle size analysis, zeta potential, particle morphology and determination of flavonoid content. Particle size analysis demonstrated that the betel leaf extract nanoparticles had a particle size of 243,03 ± 1,48 nm, zeta potential of -23,0 ± 0,35 mV and morphology of particle showed that a flat shape. The betle leaf exctract nanoparticle positively contained flavonoid with Rf 0.7 equivalent to quercetin. The betel leaf extract can be made nanoparticles with ionic gelation method using alginate and CaCl2.
The Effectiveness of the Antiinfamation Combination Gel of Okra Fruit (Abelmoschus esculentus) Extracts and Shallots Extract (Allium cepa L.) Nurmala, Sara; Moerfia, Moerfia; Novianti, Santi
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v5i1.228

Abstract

Wound is a condition that is the destruction of the unity or network components, which are specifically found the substance of tissue damaged or lost, either damage the continuity of the skin, mucous membranes and bones or other organs. Wound healing is a very complex process involving many cells. The process of wound healing is portrayed as occurs in biological surgical wound occurred. Several phases of wound healing are: the process of inflammation (inflammatory), the process of cell multiplication (proliferation) and cell maturation process (maturase). Okra is a plant that allegedly came from Southeast Asia. Okra has grown in many countries in almost all over the world. In the UK okra known as the Lady's Finger, in India it is called by the name of Bhindi while the United States called Gumbo. In Indonesia, this plant also has a local name that is Rabamea (Bima), Coffee Java (Java), Arabian Coffee (Sulawesi), Hoinu (Southeast Sulawesi), but better known by the name of okra. This study aims to determine the effective concentration and determine the length of time of wound healing using a combination gel okra fruit extract (Abelmoschus esculentus) And shallots (Allium cepa L.) as an anti-inflammatory against cuts in male white rats (Sprague -Dawley) with a length of observation for 9 days. This study uses Betadine® ointment as a positive control. The results showed the combination of fruit extract gel okra 6% and shallots 2% contained in the formula 3 most effective as an anti-inflammatory against cuts in male rats by administration for 6 days.
Isolation of Caffeine from Carbonated Beverages Hassan, Amir; Ashfaq, Muhammad; Khan, Ali; Khan, Muhammad Shakeel
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v5i1.234

Abstract

The work presented on the isolation of naturally occurring alkaloid from carbonated beverages. The extensive presence of caffeine in different plants plays an important role in the long-standing acceptance of caffeine-containing products. Caffeine (3,7-dihydro-1, 3,7-trimethyl-1H-purine-2,6-dione or 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine) is an alkaloid belongs to Methylxanthine family. Liquid-liquid extraction methods were used in the assay of research work. Chloroform was taken as extracting solvent. Solid residue of caffeine was recrystallized from 95% ethanol using 5ml/gram (5ml per gram). It is declared to raise caffeine, effects a number of different drugs include Paracetamol, Benzodiazepines and Aspirin and amount of plasma free Fatty acids increases. While inform that in regular sleeping interaction caffeine take place and raise the absorption of certain drugs. Changes in drug metabolizing enzymes, acts as an agent in a microsomal system of the body. The highest amount of caffeine dry crystal is extracted in sting sample while the 7up sample is free from caffeine.
Isolation and Characterization of the Roots of Rumex nervosus Nigussie, Gashaw
Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry Vol. 5 No. 1 (2020): Journal of Tropical Pharmacy and Chemistry
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Mulawarman, Samarinda, Indonesia, 75117, Gedung Administrasi Fakultas Farmasi Jl. Penajam, Kampus UNMUL Gunung Kelua, Samarinda, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25026/jtpc.v5i1.241

Abstract

Rumex nervosus belongs to the family of Polygonaceae,which is traditionally used in Ethiopia to treat various diseases. This prompted us to isolate bioactive compounds from the root of this plant. Ground root parts of Rumex nervosus were subjected to exhaustive extraction successively with petroleum ether and methanol.The solvent from each extract was evaporated under reduced pressure using rotavapour to obtain petroleum ether and methanol extract. Chromatographic purification of the methanol extracts by Column chromatography followed by Preparative Thin layer Chromatography using Chloroform: methanol (9.5:0.5) ratio gave a compound coded as RN-6. The structure of this compound 4-ethylheptyl benzoate was characterized as by means of 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV and IR spectral data.

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