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Articles 199 Documents
EDUCATIVE VALUES IN THE LYRIC OF ONANG-ONANG SONGS IN THE WEDDING CEREMONY OF BATAK ANGKOLA, SOUTH TAPANULI REGENCY, PROVINCE OF NORTH SUMATRA Ismail Rahmad Daulay
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 15, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

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Abstract

NILAI-NILAI EDUKATIF DALAM LIRIK  NYANYIAN ONANG-ONANG PADA ACARA PERNIKAHAN SUKU BATAK ANGKOLA KABUPATEN TAPANULI SELATAN PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA  AbstractFolklore is a culture that has been attached to a community group. Become part of the folklore of wealth and assets that need to be documented and preserved. A society can be identified by knowing their identity and know they have folklore. One of folklore found in Indonesia is one who knows the song of one who knows-wedding Angkola Batak tribe. Folklore is the property or assets located in South Tapanuli, North Sumatra. In order folklore can be maintained continuity, required documentation. One of the efforts is the implementation documentation of this study. In addition, this study aimed to describe more specifically the values of religious educational, toughness, caring, and honesty. This study used a qualitative approach with descriptive methods. Object of this study is Nyanyian Onang-onang at the wedding of Batak Angkola’s tribe. Data collection was done by recording and recording. The data of this study are the lyrics to Nyanyian Onang-onang at the wedding of Batak Angkola tribe in South Tapanuli, North Sumatra. Once the data is obtained and collected in accordance with the method of the study, followed by describing and interpret research results. Based on the results of the data analysis, the results of this study can be obtained in the form of educational values in Nyanyian Onang-onang the following, namely: (1) the values of religious educational indicators peercaya to Almighty God, obedient to the commands of God Almighty, away prohibition of God, and thankful, (2) the values of educational discipline indicators degan toughness and ductile, (3) educational values of caring and compassion with the indicator (4) educational values of honesty with responsibility indicators. Based on the data and discussion of these results, it can be concluded that in the song lyrics of Nyanyian Onang-onang there are four educational value. Of the four educational value can be dimplikasikan the formal world, especially in local content.Keywords: educative value, lyric, onang-onang, Batak AngkolaAbstrakCerita rakyat adalah budaya yang telah melekat pada kelompok masyarakat. Jadilah bagian dari cerita rakyat kekayaan dan aset yang perlu didokumentasikan dan diawetkan. Sebuah masyarakat dapat diidentifikasi dengan mengetahui identitas mereka dan tahu bahwa mereka memiliki cerita rakyat. Salah satu cerita rakyat yang ditemukan di Indonesia adalah orang yang mengenal nyanyian seseorang yang tahu-pernikahan suku Angkola Batak. Cerita rakyat adalah harta benda atau aset yang berada di Tapanuli Selatan, Sumatera Utara. Agar cerita rakyat bisa dipertahankan kontinuitas, diperlukan dokumentasi. Salah satu upaya adalah implementasi dokumentasi penelitian ini. Selain itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan secara lebih spesifik nilai-nilai pendidikan agama, ketangguhan, kepedulian, dan kejujuran. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode deskriptif. Obyek penelitian ini adalah Nyanyian Onang-onang pada pernikahan suku Batak Angkola. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan cara recording dan recording. Data dari penelitian ini adalah lirik Nyanyian Onang-onang pada pesta perkawinan suku Batak Batak di Tapanuli Selatan, Sumatera Utara. Setelah data diperoleh dan dikumpulkan sesuai dengan metode penelitian, dilanjutkan dengan menggambarkan dan menginter-pretasikan hasil penelitian. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data, hasil penelitian ini dapat diperoleh dalam bentuk nilai pendidikan di Nyanyian Onang-onang berikut ini, yaitu: (1) nilai indikator pendidikan agama yang dikagumi kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, taat kepada Perintah Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, pelarangan Tuhan, dan bersyukur, (2) nilai indikator kedisiplinan pendidikan degan ketangguhan dan ulet, (3) nilai pendidikan kepedulian dan welas asih dengan indikator (4) nilai pendidikan kejujuran dengan indikator tanggung jawab. Berdasarkan data dan pembahasan hasil tersebut, dapat disimpulkan bahwa dalam lirik lagu Nyanyian Onang-onang ada empat nilai pendidikan. Dari empat nilai edukasi tersebut bisa dimplikasikan dunia formal, terutama di konten lokal.Kata kunci: nilai edukatif, lirik, onang-onang, Batak Angkola
STUDENTS’ ABILITY AND PROBLEMS IN WRITING REVIEW TEXT AT GRADE XII SMAN 4 KERINCI Anamaryanti Anamaryanti; Hermawati Syarif; Yenni Rozimela
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 16, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

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Abstract

KEMAMPUAN DAN MASALAH SISWA DALAM MENULIS TEKS REVIEW DI KELAS XII SMAN 4 KERINCIAbstractThis article is written to describe research about students' ability in writing text review, problems faced by students in writing text review and cause of the problem tersebut. Data of this research is the result of students’ writing and the result of interview with the students. The result of this descriptive research shows that students’ ability in writing reviews is good enough. Although the average grade of students is categorized sufficiently, students also faced problems in writing reviews text. Their problems relate to vocabulary, grammar, general structure, organizing ideas, and spelling and punctuation. The findings also show that the cause of the problem is the first language interference, the target language is so difficult, and the lack of knowledge of students about the components in writing text reviews.Key words: writing ability, writing problems, review text Abstrak Artikel ini ditulis untuk mendeskripsikan penelitian tentang kemampuan siswa dalam menulis review text, masalah-masalah yang dihadapi siswa dalam menulis review text dan penyebab masalah tersebut. Data penelitian ini adalah hasil tulisan siswa dan hasil wawancara dengan siswa. Hasil penelitian deskriptif ini menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan siswa dalam menulis review cukup. Meskipun nilai rata-rata siswa dikategorikan cukup, siswa juga menemukan masalah dalam menulis review text. Masalah-masalah mereka berhubungan dengan kosa kata, tata bahasa, struktur umum, mengorganisasikan ide dan ejaan serta tanda baca. Temuan juga menunjukkan bahwa penyebab masalah tersebut adalah interferensi bahasa pertama, bahasa sasaran yang begitu sulit, dan kurangnya pengetahuan siswa tentang komponen dalam menulis review text.Kata Kunci: writing ability, writing problems, review text
Kajian Terhadap Landasan Filosofi Pantun Minangkabau Erizal Gani
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 10, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.851 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/komposisi.v10i1.49

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to reveal (1) the nature of Minangkabau quatrains, (2) fundamental philosophy of Minangkabau quatrains and (3) the functions of Minangkabau quatrains. This research is uses the descriptive qualitative design. The results of the research show that (1) Minangkabau quatrains use Minangkabau language as means of communication, follow the philosophy of “from, by and for” Minangkabau society which are inspired from things related to Minangkabau and its thinking pattern and come from Minangkabau society, (2) the fundamental philosophy of Minangkabau quatrains is “alam takambang jadi guru”, (3) Minangkabau quatrains have some multifunctions for the life of the Minangkabau society. Keywords: minangkabau’s magic spells, fundamental philosophy, and function.
“Performance” Pembawa Acara yang Profesional Ermawati Arief
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 10, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.595 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/komposisi.v10i1.51

Abstract

Master of Ceremony (MC) is a person whose responsibellity is to see that formal social occasions are carried out properly. The occasions will only run effectively and interestingly if it is led by a professional MC.some requirements to be fulfilled by an ideal MC are as follow: a)be physically healthy b) have particular knowledge about being MC c) have polite personality d) have nice voice, espexially for MC working in formal occasions. Keywords: master of ceremony, professional, requirement, physic, knowledge, personality, nice
Fenomena Multikulturalisme Dalam Musik: Sebuah Telaah Elemen Elemen Musikal Non Barat dalam Karya Komposer Musik Barat Esy Maestro
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 10, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (102.445 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/komposisi.v10i1.52

Abstract

The study of the music phenomenon has long been an important discussion due to its role in upholding the accretion of the history of literature of the world of music. Among the two poles music’s idealism, which is between European and American, they both have different opinion about multiculturalism. The multiculturalism in the Europe is the unification of the music culture with the lowest integrity level between the music cultures which possibly experience the multicultural process. It means, with the music culture base which just established like music classic, so that the multicultural process will cannot be seen easily from the music which recommended, because its interference usually dissolved is the music substance which intrinsically used, at rhythmic, melodies, form and others.  Meanwhile the multiculturalism phenomenon in the America will offers the explicit structures, which accurately occurs the powerful and influential multiculturalism process. This thing also based on the heterogeneous America’s people as the interference of many cultures by means of the difference music. The multiculturalism music in America also develop faster because in its accretion it influence with the political period and the crime-infested unsafe makes the countries which moves to America feels that they the same. So, it is not surprise if the performance of the African-American music or the America’s World Music will demonstrate the music multiculturalism process which actual and has been growth for a long time. Keywords: the music, multiculturarism, America and Europe
Latar Belakang Pengalaman Musikal dan Kemampuan Dasar Vokalia Mahasiswa Baru Program Studi Sendratasik FBSS Universitas Negeri Padang Jagar Lumbantoruan
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 10, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.259 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/komposisi.v10i1.53

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to get describe the relationship between the students’ background of musical experience and the basic competence of the new students’ vocal music at the art program (sendratasik) of FBSS UNP. It is hoped that this paper can contribute in term of enabling the students to match themselves with demand of vocal the music lessons Keywords: musical experience, ability, vocal
Using News Story as Alternative Activity for University Students in Listening Class Leni Marlina
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 10, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (111.352 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/komposisi.v10i1.54

Abstract

Ada tiga alasan utama mengapa mendengar berita dapat menjadi kegiatan alternatif dalam belajar Listening. Pertama, disamping mendapatkan kemampuan menyimak, mahasiswa juga mendapatkan berita terbaru sesuai dengan topik yang mereka senangi. Kedua, mahasiswa dapat menerapkan beberapa jenis keahlian mendengar melalui berita. Ketiga, makna yang terkandung dalam berita dapat dipahami dengan mudah melalui pertanyaan 5 Ws dan 1 H.  Berita dapat digunakan di kelas Listening melalui tiga tahap yaitu: persiapan, pelaksanaan dan penilaian. Kata kunci: menyimak (listening), berita (news story)
“Semar Gugat” dalam Telaah Tokoh: Sebuah Model Pemaknaan Naskah Drama Muhammad Ismail Nasution
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 10, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (127.059 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/komposisi.v10i1.55

Abstract

This paper analyses the characters involvde in “Semar Guga Play” in relation to the plot of the story. Thus, the analysis of character (s) in a drama text (script) cannot be separated from the analysis of the element of plot of the story. In other words both elements – characters and plot – support each other. The research method is qualitative design in which data is analyzed inductive and descriptively. Furthermore, the analysis of setting is also inseparable with the elementsof plot and character. In conclusion “Semar Gugat” does not only criticize phenomena of social condition, but also deconstructs the Javanese’s view towards Semar and Arjuna" wayang. Keywords: drama or theater, drama script, characterization, plot and value
Instrumen Musik Talempong Minangkabau dalam Kajian Organologis Syeilendra Syeilendra
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 10, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.892 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/komposisi.v10i1.56

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to make a description and a documentation of the manufacturing process from the beginning to the end. A traditional technique that has been integrated in creators’ habit is used in the manufacturing. According to the technique, the manufacturing is done in a workshop by using uncomplicated tools. The descriptive analysis method was apllied in this qualitive research. The main problem was analyzed systematically, factually, accurately, and originally through itemized thinking process of literature reviews, observation, recordings, photographies, an type predetermination, human role as a research instrumen, exploration, interview, and diary note. In the manufacturing, the black clay mixed with husk and red clay is grinded. The main materials are brass or copper (Cu), tin (Sn), and iron (Fe). The manufacturing process is begun by making a talempong lilin (waxed talempong) as a model, bandaging the talempong lilin with the mixed-clay to make a talempong tanah moulder, and foundrying the alloy. Then, the mauder is burned to extract the wax and in sequence the alloy is poured in. Finally, the moulder is destroyed and talempong is produced. After cleansing, flattening, filing, grinding, and polishing, talempong is ready to purchase. The are three kinds of talempong in size: (1) big; (2) medium; and (3) small. Talempong is fitted in a traditional way by stroking the outside part to fit up the tone or stroking the inside part to fit down the tone. Keyword: instrument music; talempong, minangkabau
Mantra dalam Kesusastraan Minangkabau dan Puisi-Puisi Sutardji Calzoum Bachri: Suatu Analisis Sastra Bandingan Zulfadhli Zulfadhli
Komposisi: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Seni Vol 10, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (97.215 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/komposisi.v10i1.57

Abstract

This paper reveals a comparisons between magic spells / charms as one of Minangkabau spoken Literature and the poetries of Sutardji Calzoum Bachri. The theory of comparative literature is used to reveal the comparison. Thus, the aspects compared are the structure and Moslem’s religious values found in Minangkabau’s magic spells with Sutardji Calzoum Bachri’s poetries. In fact, both magic spells of Minangkabau spoken Literature and the poetries of Sturdji Calzoum Bachri’s have many things in common. First, structurally both genres contains similar element of sound, diction and language style. Through the analyses of diction and theme it is found that both the Minangkabau magic spells and the poems of Sutardji Calzoum reflects the Moslem’s value and ideology. Keywords: magic spells, poetry, comperative litearature.

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