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Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
ISSN : 08537704     EISSN : 26203162     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia (JRI) is an online and printed scientific publication of the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR). The journal is published thrice-monthly within a year (January, April, July and October). The journal is focused to present original article, article review, and case report in pulmonary and critical care medicine.
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 38, No 2 (2018)" : 8 Documents clear
Affect Decreasing Lung Function in Laundry Installation Worker At Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat H. Adam Malik, Medan Wina Elizabeth Octaria Saragih; Nuryunita Nainggolan; Amira Permatasari Tarigan
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.165

Abstract

Background: Data from International Labor Organization (ILO) at 2005 shows that there are 250 million case of diseases that related to occupation which can also cause 300.000 death in the world with annual incidence rate of work related lung disease around 1:1000 worker. Laundry worker was included as group that has risk of having occupational pneumoconiosis. Method: This is a descriptive study using total sampling with sample number 24 patient, this study was done in Laundry Installation of Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Haji Adam Malik Medan on November 2016. Examination was done by using questionnaire, physical examination, daily PEF (before and after working) for 14 days, spirometry, total room dust, total room bacterial colonization. Factors (age, sex, working duration, smoking history, p.2,5 dust exposure, bacterial exposure, safety equipment usage, and nutritional status) that had potential of affecting the decreasing lung function was assessed. Result: From PEF examination, we found mean variability 3.1%. from all worker, there are 9 workers that had decreasing lung function ≥3, 1%. From examination result of 9 sample, decreasing lung function mostly caused by smoking (55%) and p.2,5 dust exposure (66%) Conclusion: Smoking and p.2,5 dust exposure is the most common factors that affected decreasing lung function in laundry worker. (J Respir Indo 2018; 38(2): 109-14)
CCL2 and CCR2 Expression in Broncoalveolar Lavage Fluid of Cynomolgus Macaque Model Of Asthma Sela S Mariya; Fitriya N Dewi; Villiandra Villiandra; Yasmina A Pramastri; Diah Iskandriati; Eric Hayes; Joko Pamungkas; R.P Agus Lelana; Ligaya I Tumbelaka; Dondin Sajuthi
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.166

Abstract

Background: Animal models are essential for the development and improvement of novel and effective methods for diagnostic and treatment of human diseases. Cynomolgus monkeys have been used as animal model in asthma studies wherein they exhibited different responses to allergen exposure in the airway; some were low responders while others were high responder. CCL2 is a potent chemotactic factor for monocytes and the gene expression was high in animal model of asthma. The aim of this study was to evaluate CCL2 and CCR2 expression between the low and high responders. Methods: Realtime PCR technique was used to evaluate CCL2 and CCR2 gene expression in bronchoalveolar lavage samples. The subject of this study was asthmatic cynomolgus monkeys, consisted of 4 low responders and 4 high responders. This study was held in Biotechnology Laboratory of Primate Research Center LPPM IPB on October 2016- January 2017. Results: CCL2 and CCR2 expression in low responders were higher than those in high responders at 24hours post airway challenge. Conclusion: CCL2 may potentially be developed as target for therapy or a genetic marker for asthma responsiveness in individuals. (J Respir Indo 2018; 38(2): 115-22)
The Effect of Curcumin On Plasma Histamine Level, PEF Variation and Length of Stay of Patients With Acute Exacerbation Asthma Lydia Arista Sutedjo; Suradi Suradi; Ana Rima Setijadi
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.164

Abstract

Introduction: Inflammation in asthma occured in airway especially in submucous layer, and involve eosinophil, neutrophil, lymphocytes T, epitheliat cel, basophil, mast cell, and lymphocytes B. Inflammatory cells produce inflammatory mediators (histamine, leucotrienes, and prostanoid), cytokines, and chemokines that can cause bronchocontriction. This study was conducted to determine and prove the effect of curcumin as adjunctive therapy in acute exacerbation asthma. Curcumin is expected to increase the quality therapy of acute exacerbation asthma. The effect of curcumin is known wiith evaluate plasma histamine level, PEF variation, and length of stay of patient with acute exacerbation asthma. Methods: This study is a quasi experimental study with pretest and posttest design. Sampel of study is 30 patients hospitalizes acute exacerbation asthma in Moewardi hospital and Sohadi Prijonegoro Sragen hospital in August 2016 until september 2016. The subject was taken with concecutive random sampling. Independent variable is curcumin 4x550 mg and dependent variables are plasma histamin level, PEF variation, and length of stay. Result: There is no significant difference (P=0.462) of decreasing plasma histamine level between treatment group 3,988±2,739 ng/ml and control group 3,376±1,606 ng/ml. There is no significant difference (P=0.501) of PEF variation between treatment group 28,126±7,886% and control group 30,400±10,217%. There is no significant difference (P=0.936) of length of stay between treatment group perlakuan 6,333±2,193 days and control group 6,400±2,292 days. Conclusion: Giving curcumin in acute exacerbation asthma while hospitalized didn’t reduce inflammatory marker plasma histamin, PEF variation, and length of stay. (J Respir Indo 2018; 38(2): 100-8)
Breath Failure in Obesity Wirya Sastra Amran; Putri Suci; Nina Aspiah; Menaldi Rasmin; Prasenohadi Prasenohadi; Agus Dwi Susanto
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.167

Abstract

Based on calculations of over one million people in the world weighing excessively or known as obesity with body mass index (IMT) 25 kg / m2 or more. Obesity is the cause of morbidity, as is the case in the population of the United States an estimated 400,000 deaths caused due to obesity. Obesity especially abdominal obesity is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and cancer. The relationship between obesity and chronic respiratory illness began to increase and began to be recognized. The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts about 10% of the global population will be obese by 2015. (J Respir Indo 2018; 38(2): 123-33)
The Test of DLCO Is A Valuable Predictor for Prognostic Determination of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Dina Okfina Ria; Suradi Suradi; Jatu Aphridasari; Reviono Reviono; Dono Indarto
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.162

Abstract

Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by permanent and progressive air way obstruction. In terms of morbidity, this disease is the first highest pulmonary disease in the world. DLCO is used for measurement of gas transfer from alveoli to blood capillary and Hb level is one of the main factors affecting the gas transfer. The aim of this study was to examine prognosis of patients with stable COPD using lung function, DLCO and Hb tets. Methods: Consecutive sampling was used to recruit 33 outward patients who suffered stable COPD and visited the Lung Clinic at Public Hospital dr. Moewardi Surakarta. Classification of COPD was determined using GOLD 2016. Airway and lung functions were examined using spirometry and single breath DLCO. Hb level was measured using cyamethemoglobin method. All collected data were analyzed using student t test and p value was set up P
The Relationship between Tyr113His Epoxidized Hydrolase Enzyme Gene Polymorphisms and the Incidence of Smoking Lung Cancer Lucia Aktalina; Amira Permatasari Tarigan; Noni Novisari Soeroso; Yahwardiah Siregar; Ozar Sanuddin
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.163

Abstract

Background: This study aims to determine the relationship between the gene polymorphism of the enzyme Epoxid Hydrolase (EPHX) Tyr113His and the tendency of smokers to suffer from lung cancer. The EPHX Tyr113His gene polymorphism is a change in one nucleotide base of the EPHX gene to produce enzymes with decreased function by 50%. EPHX plays a role in the metabolism of chemical compounds in cigarette smoke, especially Benzo (a) Pyren (BaP), which becomes a carcinogen in the body. Methods: This study is a case-control study design conducted from October 2016 to February 2017. Venous blood was taken from 35 people with lung cancer at RSUP H Adam Malik Medan and 35 healthy smokers. The genotype examination of the EPHX gene was carried out using the PCR-RFLP method in the USU FK Integrated Laboratory. Results: The genotype frequency of heterozygous variant T/C and homozygous variant C/C in case groups was 83.3% and 16.7%, respectively. The frequency of the T allele in the case group was 41.67% and the C allele was 58.33%. Whereas in the control, the frequency was heterozygous variant T/C (80%) and homozygous variant C/C (20%). The frequency of the T allele in the control group was 40% and the C allele was 60%. There were no homozygous wildtype T/T genotypes in the two groups. There was no significant difference in the genetic distribution and allele distribution of the EPHX enzyme between case and control groups. Conclusion: There is no relationship between EPHX Tyr113His enzyme gene polymorphisms and the incidence of lung cancer in smoking. J Respir Indo 2018; 38(2): 93-9)
The Effects of Anthocyanins in Purple Sweet Potato Extract to the Level MDA and NO Sputum Asymptomatic Smokers Ni Luh Putu Eka Arisanti; Helmia Hasan
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.160

Abstract

Backgrounds: Cigarette consist of 4000 chemical substances which can induce oxidative stress. In lungs, oxidative stress can cause lipid peroxidation, which produce MDA that leads to DNA damage, gene mutations, and loss of repair. Cigarette can also reduce the activity of endogenous Nitric Oxide (NO). Decrease of physiologic NO can cause dysfunction of the endothelium, pulmonary vasoconstriction, bronchospasm, mucous hypersecretion, reduction of mucociliary clearance, and airway remodeling. This damage can be prevented by antioxidant. The content of antosianin in purple cassava (purple sweet potato) is a potent antioxidant that can prevent oxidative stress. The aim of this study is to find out the effects of antosianin administration on MDA and NO sputum level in asymptomatic smoker. Methods: This study is an experimental study with randomized controlled trial pre–post test controlled group design, that performed on outpatient clinic of dr. Soetomo hospital. Results: The result of this study shows that MDA level in treatment group were significantly decrease P=0.0001 between pre (336,90 ng/ml) and post treatment (165,30 ng/ml) compare with control group that shows the opposite effect. In the control group, there was an increase of MDA level both before (416,00 ng/ml) and after placebo was given (476,00 ng/ml). The NO level in treatment group increase but it is not statistically significant between pre (40,80 ng/ml) and post treatment (78,30 ng/ml). The increase of NO level also occured in control group but it is not statistically significant between before (66,67 ng/ml) and after placebo was given (72,00 ng/ml), with the increment was higher in treatment group (6,66 ng/ml) compare with control group (0.53 ng/ml). Conclusions: The MDA sputum level were significantly decrease after the administration of antosianin extract from purple sweet potato in asymptomatic smoker. There were no significant increment of sputum NO level after the given of antosianin extract from purple sweet potato in asymptomatic smoker. (J Respir Indo 2018; 38(2): 64-74)
Effect of Andrographolide on The Expression of TNF-α and Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Rats Granulomas are Infected With Mycobacterium tuberculosis Y. Slamet Nugroho; Reviono Reviono; Suradi Suradi; Diding Heri Prasetyo
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i2.161

Abstract

Background. Andrographolide as an anti-inflammatory inhibit activation of NF-κβ, the production of TNF-α, IL-12, pressing the release inducibele nitic oxide synthase (iNOS), inhibiting the release of COX-2 in human fibroblast cells and also prevents the production of oxygen radicals. TNF- α stimulates the migration of immune cells to get to the site of infection, contribute to the formation of granulomas, and can control the disease progresificity. Methods. The study aims to analyze the effect of andrographolide on the expression of TNF-α and tuberculosis granuloma in mice infected with CFA. Laboratory tests in the laboratory of histology and pathology anatomy medical faculty of UNS. Samples are 30 individuals’ mice, consist of 10 rats as control, 10 rats injected with CFA, and 10 rats injected with CFA+ andrographolide. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry of lung tissue granuloma examinated in the laboratory of pathology anatomy medical faculty of UNS. Results. The study design was purely experimental or (true experiment, with randomized post test only control group design). Andrographolide lowering the average expression of TNF-α compared to the CFA group, based on the description of the variable expression of TNF-α. The results of the analysis of three different variations or the average using Kruskal Wallis test showed that there are differences in the average number 3 granuloma with P=0.003. It means different average number of granulomas in the control group, CFA and CFA+ Andrographolide completely different convincingly. Compared with the average number of granulomas in the control group, the group CFA has a tendency average number of granuloma higher (increased), then the average number of granuloma in group CFA + Andrographolide has an average lower than the group CFA or mean average granuloma amount can be reduced by giving Andrographolide paniculata extract. Conclusion. Andrographolide 14.8% paniculata extract shown to decrease the expression of TNF-α induction of pulmonary tuberculosis in mice the CFA. Andrographolide 14.8% paniculata extract shown to reduce the number of lung granuloma in mice induced tuberculosis CFA. There is a positive correlation between the expression of strong TNF-α by the number of granulomas in the lungs in mice induced tuberculosis CFA. (J Respir Indo 2018; 38(2): 75-82)

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