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Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
ISSN : 08537704     EISSN : 26203162     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia (JRI) is an online and printed scientific publication of the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR). The journal is published thrice-monthly within a year (January, April, July and October). The journal is focused to present original article, article review, and case report in pulmonary and critical care medicine.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 38, No 4 (2018)" : 9 Documents clear
The Prevalence of Pulmonary Hypertension in Destroyed Lung Due to Post Pulmonary Tuberculosis and Its Relation to Exercise Capacity Diana Septiyanti; Astari Pranindya Sari; Wahju Aniwidyaningsih; Budhi Antariksa; Bambang Budi Siswanto
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1986.031 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.24

Abstract

Background: To improve patient’s quality of life, understanding destroyed lung (DL) is very important, however, it is very limited in information related to it as well as to the existency of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in destroyed lung. In this study, we investigated relationship between DL with PH status and the exercise capacity through 6 minutes walking test (6MWT). Method: Cross-sectional analytic study involving 54 DL subjects. Subjects performed echocardiography to exclude cardiac abnormality and to determine whether they had PH. Subjects were then divided into two groups based on their PH status. They underwent 6MWT and their walking distance and peripheral oxygen saturation were measured. Student t-test was used for analyzing data. Furthermore, we determined correlation between walking distance and mean Pulmonary Artery Pressure (mPAP) value also peripheral oxygen saturation and mPAP. Result: We calculated the mean of walking distance between the two groups. The mean from subjects with PH and without PH were 329.18 and 388.77 meter respectively (p=0.035). We found negative correlation between the mean of walking distance and subject’s mPAP using statistical analysis Pearson correlation test (r= -0,457, p = 0,001) while percentage of 6MWT by its prediction also had a negative correlation (r= -0,468, p=
Respiration Status of Asthma Patients Who Get Nebulisation Using Jet Nebulizer Compared to Nebulizer Using Oxygen Agus Santosa; Endiyono Endiyono
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1399.66 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.19

Abstract

Background: Some of regional hospitals still provide oxygen gas for nebulizer to therapies in astma patiens. The study was aimed to observe the effectiveness of jet nebulizer vs oxygen as a driving gas for nebulizer on respiratory parameters of asthma patients which is breath pattern, respiration rate (RR), breath sound, oxygen saturation (SpO2), peak expiratory flow rate (PEF}. Method: The research was an experimental with a combination design, pre-post test with control group and post test only with control group in RSUD dr. R. Goeteng Taroenadibrata Purbalingga consisted of 60 respondents selected by proportional stratified random sampling. Data analysis used was independent t-test and fisher’r exact test. Result: There was no difference in the respiratory pattern variables between jet nebulizer and oxygen as a driving gas nebulizers (p> 0.05). The jet nebulizer was better in reducing RR in asthma patients than the oxygen as a driving gas nebulizer (p
Immunogenicity Test of ESAT-6/CFP-10 Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (Indonesian Strain) Recombinant Protein Fusion: IFN-γ and CD8+ T Cells Expression in PBMC Culture Anung Sri Handayani; Tri Wahju Astuti; Teguh Rahayu Sartono; Maimun Zulhaidah Arthamin; Fransisca Srioetami Tanoerahardjo
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1039.883 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.44

Abstract

Background: BCG vaccination is one way to control tuberculosis (TB) but still poor in efficacy thus new vaccine development is needed. Immunogenicity test is needed in developing new vaccine. The aim of this study was to understand whether the recombinant protein fusion of ESAT-6/CFP-10 Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) can stimulate cellular immune response, especially IFN-γ and CD8 + T cell expression in PBMC cultures. Methods: This study was an experimental laboratory research conducted on PBMC cultures of 3 groups of subjects (TB patients, latent TB patients and healthy subjects) at RSUD Dr. Saiful Anwar in April-July 2017. The sample of each groups was 8 subjects. Each groups induced by recombinant protein fusion ESAT-6/CFP-10 M. tuberculosis as a standard protocol and to establish the immunogenicity status. CD8+ T cells IFN-γ expressed by C8+ were measured by flowcytometry. Result: Recombinant protein fusion ESAT-6/CFP-10 can stimulate CD8+ T cells and IFN-γ expressed by CD8+ T cells in all group. The highest stimulation of CD8+ percentage was found in healthy subject (37.533 ± 7.264) and IFN-γ expressed by CD8+ T cells was found in healthy subject (7.908 ± 4.457); There are increase significantly CD8+ T cells (p=0.001) and IFN-γ expressed by CD8+ T cells (p=0.217) not significantly in healthy subject compared in PPD and without antigen. Conclusion: Recombinant protein fusion ESAT-6/CFP-10 M. tuberculosis can stimulate CD8+ T cells and IFN-γ expressed by CD8+ T cells in healthy subject. Recombinant protein fusion ESAT-6/CFP-10 M. tuberculosis potential as a new vaccine candidate. (J Respir Indo. 2018;38: 210-8)
The Changes of Interleukin 17 levels On Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients with AFB Smear-Positive After 2 Months Anti Tuberculosis Drugs Treatment Andy Sulaiman Siregar; Soedarsono Soedarsono
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1426.829 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.23

Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis still remain as a health problem in the world. No specific biomarkers can be used to monitor the rapid response to TB therapy. This study aims to assess the change of IL-17 levels in pulmonary tuberculosis patients with AFB smear-positive before and after 2 months of anti tuberculosis drugs (ATD) treatment. Method: Design of study is analytic observational with prospective cohort. The subject include 17 new cases of pulmonary tuberculosis patients with AFB smear-positive in Soetomo Hospital Surabaya from July - October 2016. Plasma levels of IL-17 were measured using ELISA technique before treatment and 2 months after the ATD therapy. Results: The mean levels of IL-17 before treatment is 3.510 pg / ml (2.087- 5.051 pg/ml). There were significantly decreament (p = 0.001
Effect of Tiotropium on Post Pulmonary TB Patients With Obstructive Abnormalities to Lung Function and Quality of Life Romaito Nasution; Irvan Medison; Deddy Herman; Masrul Basyar
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1416.132 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.22

Abstract

Background: Post pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients could experience pulmonary function declines which affected their quality of life. Obstrucitve abnormalities were found the most after complete TB treatment and the therapeutic guidelines focused in bronchodilators. The use of bronchodilators could improve lung function and quality of life in post TB patients with obstructive abnormalities. Tiotropium is a bronchodilator that has been shown to be effective in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, while its use in post TB patients has not been widely studied. Methods: This study design was a clinical trial with pre and post test design in post TB patients in Dr.M.Djamil Padang General Hospital and Lubuk Alung Pulmonary Hospital conducted from November 2016 to June 2017. Results: Of 30 post TB patients, the mean age was 62.77±10.99 years, most were male (63.33%), non-smokers and former smokers (50% each), had interval from complete anti TB drugs to study ≥6 months (53.3%), and moderate level of obstruction (80%). Pulmonary function prior to tiotropium was generally in moderate obstruction (FEV1 68,85±15,77). The mean quality of life prior to tiotropium was 18.27±10.81. There was no improvement in pulmonary function of post TB patients after administration of tiotropium, P=0.920, however, there was an improvement in the quality of life, P=0.009. No adverse events were found in this study. Conclusions: Administration of 2 months tiotropium in post TB patients had no effects on the improvements of lung function but improved the quality of life. More studies were needed using more patients and longer duration of administration. (J Respir Indo. 2018; 38: 203-9)
The Association Between Smoking History and Intensive Phase Treatment Success of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients in Dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital Banda Aceh Risa Fitria; Feni Fitriani Taufik; Dewi Behtri Yanifitri
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (921.127 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.47

Abstract

Background: Many diseases are associated with smoking such as malignant disease, cardiovascular, diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), arthritis, impotence, infertility, Alzheimer’s Disease, tuberculosis and others. Smoking is proven to disrupt the ciliary mucosal clearance and it is associated with an increased risk of pulmonary tuberculosis. Sputum conversion is an important indicator to assess the success of TB treatment. This study aims to determine the relation between smoking history and the success intensive phase treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis at Dr Zainoel Abidin Hospital. Method: Prospective cohort study in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis acid-fast bacilli (AFB) positive (+) smokers and non smokers who visited the Integrated Tuberculosis Care (PTT), at outpatient and inpatient pulmonary infection RSU Dr. Zainoel Abidin hospital Banda Aceh from 28 November 2015 until 1 February 2016. Results: A total of 38 subjects were divided into 2 groups (19 subjects with 19 subjects smokers and non-smokers). All subjects smokers are male while nonsmoker subjects consisted of male and female. The results of the first month study (p=0.009), there are 14 non smoker subjects with AFB conversion (73,7%) and 5 subjetcs without AFB conversion. Among smoking subjects there are 6 subjets (31.6%) with AFB conversion and 13 subjects (68.4% ) without AFB conversion. In the second month (p=0,202), more than half subjects who are non-smokers had AFB conversion, 17 subjects (89.5%) and 2 subjects (10.5%) had no AFB conversion. In smokers group there are 14 subjects (73.7% ) had AFB conversion and 5 subject (26.3%) had no conversion. Conclusion: There was a significant relation between smoking habit and the occurrence of first-month AFB sputum. (J Respir Indo. 2018; 38: 232-8)
Students’ Smoking Profile at Sukatani Village, Purwakarta Cindra Paskaria; Fransisca Fransisca; Jeanastasia Kurnia; Zaneth Gunawan; Decky Gunawan
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1396.974 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.21

Abstract

Background: Smoking habits had become a culture in various nations in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that tobacco use is responsible for the deaths of about six million people worldwide each year. In Indonesia, 32,1% of students had ever used any smoked tobacco product. Purpose of this study is to analyze smoking profile and CO concentration on students. Method: This study was an observational analytic with cross sectional design. Data collection through survey and CO measurements by smokerlyzer CO breath test on 98 students at Sukatani Village, Purwakarta. Results: The proportion of students who smoking was 45,92%, the existence of smokers role model in the family influenced smoking behaviour in those students OR=5,724 (p=0,001). There was significant difference of CO concentration in each group (active smokers, passive smokers, and non-smokers) with p value
The Role of Thoracic Ultrasound in Diagnosing Pneumothorax Mia Elhidsi; Budhi Antariksa; Dianiati Kusumo Sutoyo
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (885.155 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.48

Abstract

Diagnosis of a pneumothorax in some cases the can be difficult. Traditional gold-standard modalities may not be available or feasible to institute. In this situation, thoracic sonography for pneumothorax can be especially helpful, allowing a method of quickly ruling out this potentially life-threatening complication. Its sensitivity dan specificity of ultrasound is higher than conventional chest x-ray. The four sonograms useful to diagnose pneumothorax and their usefulness in ruling in and ruling out the condition are lung sliding, lung pulse, B-lines and lung point. (J Respir Indo. 2018; 38: 239-43)
Effects of Ginseng Extract to The Plasma Level of Interleukin-8, COPD Assessment Test Scores, and Length of Hospitalization Acute Exacerbation of COPD Patients Aslani Threestiana Sari; Suradi Suradi; Jatu Aphridasari
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 38, No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1473.848 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v38i4.20

Abstract

Background: COPD exacerbations is an acute condition with worsening symptoms and require more intensive treatment changes. Increased inflammatory exacerbations marked increase in plasma levels of IL-8, exacerbation of clinical symptoms and risk of hospitalization. Ginseng extracts have anti inflammatory so it can be used as an additional drug in COPD exacerbations. Method: This study aimed to analyze the effect of ginseng extract on plasma levels of IL-8, CAT scores, and length of hospitalization of patients with COPD exacerbations. Clinical trials of experimental with pre test and post test design was conducted on 34 patients with COPD exacerbation in Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta and Dr. Ario Wirawan Lung Hospital Salatiga from August until September 2016. Samples were taken by consecutive sampling were divided into two groups. The treatment group (n = 17) received standard therapy and ginseng extracts 2x100mg/day and the control group received only standard therapy (n = 17). Clinical improvement measured in CAT score and length of stay. Plasma levels of IL-8, CAT scores, and longer hospitalization time measured at entry and discharge criteria are met. Length of stay based on the number of days of care in hospitals. Results: There were significant difference (p=0.000) towards decreased of of IL-8 plasma level between treatment group (-12.38 ± 10,35pg/ml) and control group (0.65 ± 7,92pg/ml), towards decrease of CAT score (p=0.000) between treatment group (-16.53 ± 1.28) and control group (-12.59 ± 2.87), and length of stay (p = 0.004) between treatment group (4.29 ± 1.45) and control group (5.76 ± 1.20). Conclusions: The addition of ginseng extract 2x100 mg/day during hospitalization was significantly lowered plasma levels of IL-8, CAT scores, and shortening the length of stay. (J Respir Indo. 2018; 38: 192-8)

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