cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota adm. jakarta timur,
Dki jakarta
INDONESIA
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
ISSN : 08537704     EISSN : 26203162     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia (JRI) is an online and printed scientific publication of the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR). The journal is published thrice-monthly within a year (January, April, July and October). The journal is focused to present original article, article review, and case report in pulmonary and critical care medicine.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 40, No 2 (2020)" : 11 Documents clear
Corona Virus Disease 2019 Diah Handayani; Dwi Rendra Hadi; Fathiyah Isbaniah; Erlina Burhan; Heidy Agustin
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.101

Abstract

Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new name given by World Health Organization (WHO) of 2019 novel corona virus infection, reported at the end of 2019 from Wuhan, Cina. The spread of infection occurs rapidly and creates a new pandemic threat. Etiology of COVID-19 was identified in 10 January 2020, a betacorona virus, similar with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and middle east respiratory syndrome (MERS CoV). The clue diagnosis pathway of COVID-19 were history of travel from Wuhan or others infected countries within 14 days prior, and symptoms of acute respiratory illness (ARI) or lower respiratory infection (pneumonia) with the result of real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) specific for COVID-19. The WHO classified COVID-19 into suspect case, probable case and confirmed case. Indonesia Ministry of Health classified the case into in monitoring (ODP), patient under surveillance (PDP), people without symptom (OTG) and confirmed case. Specimens for detection COVID-19 could be acquired from nasal and nasopharynx swab, sputum and another lower respiratory aspirate including broncoalveolar lavage (BAL). Management of COVID-19 consist of isolation and infection control, supportive treatment according to the disease severity which could be mild (acute respiratory infection) to severe pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Disease transmission is via droplets and contact with droplets. Currently, there is no antiviral and vaccine. Prevention is very important for this disease by limitation of transmission, identification and isolate patients. Prognosis is determined by severity of the disease and patient comorbidity. Information about this novel disease remains very few, studies are still ongoing and is needing further research to fight with this new virus. (J Respir Indo. 2020; 40(2): 120-30)
SUCCESSFUL TREATMENT OF ENDOBRONCHIAL TUBERCULOSIS IN PERSAHABATAN NATIONAL RESPIRATORY REFERRAL HOSPITAL Sari, Adistya; Aniwidyaningsih, Wahju; Burhan, Erlina
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.102

Abstract

Backgrounds: Endobronchial tuberculosis (EBTB) is a special form of respiratory tuberculosis that continues to be a health problem because bronchostenosis may develop as a serious complication despite efficacious antituberculosis chemotherapy. The EBTB has nonspesific signs and symptoms, therefor it may cause misdiagnosis and delayed diagnosis. Persahabatan National Respiratory Referral Hospital doesn?t have data about successful treatment of EBTB Methods: This was a retrospective study of EBTB patients based from the medical record and confirm with bronchoscopy data from January 2013 to December 2017. Endobronchial tuberculosis diagnosed based from microbiology, histopathology examination or based on combination of clinical symptoms, radiology and bronchoscopy lesion appearance. Endobronchial tuberculosis treatment considered successful if there is improvement in clinical symptoms, microbiological conversion, accompanied by improvement or no change in the number of lesions or the radiological appearance. Results: The study sample consisted of 30 subjects. Majority of the subjects were female (86,7%), age
THE RELATION OF ARECA NUT CHEWING HABIT FREQUENCY AND DURATION TO THE INCIDENCE OF CHRONIC PULMONARY OBSTRUCTIVE DISEASE (COPD) Christanto, Anthony; Sumali, Lindayanti
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.16

Abstract

Backgrounds: Areca nut chewing habit is a widespread habit in Indonesia. This habit has several negative health effects, including to the respiratory system. One of its effects towards the respiratory system is the impairment of lung function. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive and permanent pulmonary disease that impairs the lung function. Methods: This study is an analytical observational study with cross-sectional approach. Subjects are non-smoking patients aged more than 40 y.o, with total samples fulfilling the inclusive and exclusive criterias being 150 samples. This study is conducted in the GP clinic, specialist clinic, and emergency unit of St. Carolus Borromeus Hospital Kupang from March 2017 to March 2018. Lung functions are obtained using spirometry to diagnose COPD, and informations from the samples are obtained using a questionnaire. Datas are then processed using appropriate statistic tests. Results: There is stastistically significant relation between areca nut chewing habit and the incidence of COPD (p=0,041). There is also a significant relation between the frequency (p=0,018) and duration (0,013) of areca nut chewing habit and the incidence of COPD. Additionally, we found that FEV1/FVC ratio means are lower in those with frequent (>5 days/week) and long duration (20 years) of areca nut chewing. Conclusions: There is a significant relation between the arena nut chewing habit and its frequency and duration with the incidence of COPD.
LEVEL OF CONFORMITY EXAMINATION OF URIC ACID LEVELS IN PLEURAL FLUID, RATIO OF URIC ACID LEVELS IN PLEURAL FLUID WITH SERUM TO DISTINGUISH EXUDATES AND TRANSUDATES Sigit, Indarto; Sutanto, Yusup Subagio; Harsini, Harsini
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.100

Abstract

Background: Uric acid can be used as a biomarker to distinguish transudates from pleural fluid exudates. Uric acid is soluble in liquid media, elevated levels of uric acid in blood plasma become a predisposing factor for uric crystal deposits in tissues and body fluids. Increased permeability due to changes in capillary pleural pressure in the formation of transudates is a cause of increased levels of uric acid in pleural fluid. The aim of the study was to analyze the examination of pleural fluid uric acid levels and the ratio of uric acid levels to pleural fluid to serum to distinguish exudates and transudates in pleural effusion. Methods: A cross sectional diagnostic test with a cross sectional study design in pleural effusion patients at RSUD Dr. Moewardi Surakarta in July-August 2019. Subjects were examined for pleural fluid levels, serum uric acid ratio, and pleural fluid analysis. Results: A total of 30 pleural effusion patients were included in this study. The level of agreement between the uric acid pleural fluid against Light criteria was in the moderate category and statistically significant (Kappa = 0.595; P=0.001). The level of agreement between the ratio of uric acid to pleural fluid and serum to Light's criteria was weak and not statistically significant (Kappa = 0.200; p = 0.195) Conclusion: The level of concordance between pleural fluid uric acid with Light criteria is in the medium category and statistically significant. There is no match between the ratio of serum pleural fluid uric acid levels with Light criteria. (J Respir Indo. 2020; 40(2): 82-6)
Increased Serum KL-6/MUC1 Level, Neutrophils and Lymphocytes Sputum in Malang Splendid Bird Market Workers Zam Zam Firmansyah; Tri Wahju Astuti; Garinda Alma Duta
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.103

Abstract

Backgrounds: People who work in the bird market have a high exposure risk of air pollution in large numbers, particulate pollutans including organic dust, loose feathers, insects or ticks, food aerosol particles, bird’s excreta (amonia) and various of gram bacteria, fungal and virus. Exposure to particles will stimulate the immune system against harmful pathogens in the form of an inflammatory response. An infection or injury will stimulate secretion of KL-6/MUC1 (Krebs von den Lungen-6 is a high molecular weight, mucin-like glycoprotein in human (MUC1)) by AEC type II and bronchial epithelial cells in response to cell damage and regeneration. Methods: This was an observational analytic cross-sectional study on 35 subjects, which examined and analyzed the characteristics of workers, percentage count of neutrophils, lymphocytes in induced sputum and KL-6/MUC1 serum levels using ELISA sandwich. Results: Mean KL-6/MUC1 serum levels in the bird market workers increased (1152.67+583.92 U/ml) from normal levels (105.3-401.2 U/ml). There was a significant positive correlation between the length of exposure and KL-6/MUC1 serum levels (r=0.624; P
The Effect of Vitamin C Supplementation on Chest X-Rayimprovementin Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients During Intensive Phase in Medan Budi Jefri; Bintang YM Sinaga; Parluhutan Siagian; Putri Chairani Eyanoer
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (200.989 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.105

Abstract

Backgrounds: Tuberculosis (TB) is still a public health problem in the world.Vitamin C is a water-soluble micronutrient, protects the host from reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen intermediates generated during mycobacterial infection, involved in the synthesis of collagen, iron transport, and acts as physiological antioxidant. Vitamin C plays role in killing Mycobacterium tuberculosis by fenton reaction. This study was to determine the effect of vitamin C supplementation on chest X-ray (CXR) improvement in pulmonary TB patients during intensive phase. Methods: This was a quasy experimental study with single blind-randomized controlled trial design. Subjects were divided into 2 groups, first group was pulmonary TB patients treated with anti tuberculosis drugs (ATD) plus vitamin C and the second group was treated with ATD plus placebo. This study was conducted in several public health center in Medan City. The subjects were pulmonary TB patients with positive AFB sputum in intensive phase from December 2017 to May 2018. Data were analized using t-test dependent. Results: From 80 total subjects, 53 males (66%) and 27 females (34%). After 2 months of treatment, improvements in CXR images were found in the ATD plus vitamin C group, about 21 subjects (52.5%) had no more lesions on CXR, while the same condition was found on 15 subjects (37.5%) in the placebo group. Conclusion: Vitamin C supplementation in pulmonary TB provided better improvements of CXR images. (J Respir Indo. 2020; 40(2): 82-7)
Prevalence and Determinant of Depression among Multi-Drug Resistance Tuberculosis: Study in Dr. Kariadi General Hospital Mahalul Azam; Arulita Ika Fibriana; Fitri Indrawati; Indah Septiani
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.241 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.106

Abstract

Backgrouds: Multi-drug resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) adds the burden of tuberculosis (TB). Depression is a common comorbidity in TB patients. Prevalence of depression among MDR-TB patients was higher, i.e. 11-70%. Prevalence of depression among TB patients in Dr. Kariadi General Hospital was 51.9%. Previous study reported the determinants related to the depression in MDR-TB patients. This study explored the prevalence of depression in MDR-TB patients and its determinants. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study conducted from July-August 2019. Data consisted of primary and secondary data from Dr. Kariadi General Hospital patients. Sample in this study involved 72 respondents, over 16 years old from 151 registered MDR-TB patients. Depression status was determined using Depression Anxiety Stress Scales obtained from the medical record. Subjects’ characteristics and determinants were collected from primary as well as secondary data. Descriptive data were presented in proportion. Chi-square test continued by Binary logistic regression was performed to determine the association between depression status and its determinants. A P-value
Hypoxemia Event and Related Factor on Diagnostic Bronchoscopy for Lung Tumor Case Andre Prawira Putra; Menaldi Rasmin; Wahju Aniwidyaningsih
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i1.93

Abstract

Background: Bronchoscopy is a commonly medical procedure perfomed for diagnose lung tumor cases. Hypoxemia often appear as complication related diagnostic bronchoscopy. Therefore, there is a need of research data to knowing related factors and clinical consequences may occur ahead. Methods: Design of this study is cross sectional with suspicion lung malignancy population who undergoing diagnostic bronchoscopy from January until april 2019 at National Respiratory Center Persahabatan General Hospital Jakarta. Total 195 consecutive patients participated dan observed for oxygen saturation in premedication, during and post-bronchoscopy. Hypoxemia was defined as a desaturation
Characteristics and One Year Survival of Mediastinal Germ Cell and Its Influencing Factors Elisna Syahruddin; Mia Elhidsi; Erni Mudhiati; Jamal Zaini
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (938.61 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.107

Abstract

Backgorunds: Mediastinal germ cell tumors are relatively rare. These tumors can be benign or malignant, which has a poor prognosis malignant. Nowadays, multimodality therapy can improve the survival rate of patients’ mediastinal germ cell tumors. This study aims to determine the characteristics and factors affecting the 1-year survival rate of mediastinal germ cell tumors patients in the Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta. Methods: The study was conducted using retrospective cohort of mediastinal germ cell tumors patients medical records in Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2012. Data obtained were analyzed using Kaplan Meier analysis of survival. Results: As much as 60 subjects participated in this study. Mediastinal germ cell tumors were found more in male (80%) with a median age of 21 years and especially in the age group of 20-29 years (43.3%). Most clinical symptoms found were shortness of breath (66.7%), most patients came with performance status (PS) 2 (50%). The majority of the mediastinal germ cell tumors found were teratomas (53.3%), followed with nonseminoma (40%) and seminomas (6.7%). Factors affecting the survival rate of mediastinal germ cell tumors were performance status of, the patients, treatment, complications and location of the tumors. One-year survival rate of mediastinal germ cell tumors in this study was 41.67% and affected by patients’ performance status, tumor location, complications and treatment. Conclusion: Mediastinal germ cell tumors were mostly found in male, with the chief complain of dypnea and mostly was teratoma. Mediastinal germ cell tumors have high mortality rate. The 1-year survival was influenced by patient’s performance status, tumor location, complications and treatment. (J Respir Indo. 2020; 40(2): 97-102)
Relationship Between Expression of MAGE-A3 with The Histopathology in NSCLC Patients Mokhammad Mukhlis; Isnin Anang Marhana
Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia Vol 40, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI)/The Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (179.595 KB) | DOI: 10.36497/jri.v40i2.108

Abstract

Backgrounds: Most patients with lung cancer was diagnosted in advanced stage (around 57%). Those diagnosed at early stage were only 15%. To increase the cure rate and life expectancy, lung cancer detection should be performed early. Melanoma-associated antigen 3 (MAGE-A3) is a testicular cancer antigen and is widely expressed in various types of tumor tissue. MAGE-A3 is expressed in about 35-40% of NSCLC. Previous research reported the expression of MAGE-A3 in lung cancer was 30-50%. To detect tumor antigens, CT antigens of the MAGE family can be detected through real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). This study aimed to analyze the relationship between MAGE A3 expression and histopathology type from forceps biopsy specimens in NSCLC patients. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study conducted on 14 patients with lung cancer in September 2018 to February 2019. Subjects underwent force biopsy with guidance from bronchoscopy in the pulmonary surgery room Dr. Soetomo. The analysis used was the Fisher's exact test. Results: There were six subjects with histopathology type of adenocarcinoma (42.9%) and eight subjects (57.1%) with the histopathology of squamous cell carcinoma. Expression of MAGE-A3 was positive in 5 subjects (35.7%). Conclusions: There was no significant relationship between the expression of MAGE-A3 and the type of histopathology. (J Respir Indo. 2020; 40(2): 113-9)

Page 1 of 2 | Total Record : 11