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INDONESIA
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability
ISSN : -     EISSN : 2548804X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Education,
IJoLCAS accepts scientific contributions on the following topics: life cycle assessment, life cycle inventory, life cycle impact assessment, life cycle sustainability assessment, social life cycle assessment, life cycle costing, environmental footprint, carbon footprint, water footprint, land footprint, chemical footprint, life cycle perspective/thinking/approach in environmental management system, life cycle engineering, input-output analysis, substance and material flow analysis, industrial ecology, and circular economy.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 37 Documents
A Framework to Measure Water and Energy Footprint at Demand Side Maria Anityasari; Mar’atus Sholihah; Diesta Iva Maftuhah
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol. 1 No. 2 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3566.46 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v1i2.32

Abstract

There is no doubt that water is an essential part of human life. Unfortunately it is often neglected and is not managed well. Flood and drought in many areas in Indonesia are examples of serious deficiency in water management. Urban areas, in particular, have serious threats in water sustainability due to the dramatic increase of population. Regrettably, there is little knowledge on water infrastructure in macro to micro level, people’s attitude toward water, stakeholders’ inter-connectivity in water management, institutional capabilities in managing water management, and appropriate technologies to use water wisely in different settings. At the demand side alone, complexities can be found in water usage infrastructure. A pilot survey found that more than 65% household in Surabaya installed water pump to access clean water. This means that the total environmental impact of water usage has to incorporate energy footprint in the equation, in addition to the water footprint itself. This paper will present a developed framework to portray the tangle between water and energy at the demand side and how to measure its environmental impact. Benefits of its implementation and potential future work will be discussed and outlined.
Getting ready for PROPER and other policies: global learnings and key success factors for Indonesia Eric Mieras; Jessica Hanafi; Marisa Vieira; Anne Gaasbeek; Laura Golsteijn
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.692 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v2i2.70

Abstract

Indonesia introduced new policies, like PROPER, that require companies to develop LCA capacity. Currently, LCA expertise is still developing. Therefore, the question arises how the development of LCA expertise and a growth of LCA Practitioners can be achieved. In this article learnings and key success factors from global best practices are identified and illustrated based on case studies. The key success factors are 1) harmonization and guidance, 2) capacity building, 3) focus on business value and 4) ease of use. These Key Success Factors can give Indonesia and its LCA practitioners a head start in implementing and embedding LCA in policy implementation and compliance by private companies. Developing a program that provides the following six elements a) Introduction to LCA training, b) Training for managers and policy makers, c) Learning by doing with screening LCAs, d) Facilitate easy to use tools, e) Develop Product Category Rules (PCR) and f) Create a label or other verified report/certificate can accelerate the development of LCA expertise and the implementation of LCA practices.
The Importance of Data Quality in Using LCA Approach as A Decision Supporting Tool: Comprative Case Study between Injection Moulding Machines in Processing Polypropylene Sharah Yunihar Saputra; Jessica Hanafi
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol. 1 No. 2 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.415 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v1i2.30

Abstract

Indonesia is developing an awareness of life cycle perspective, where a product cannot only be analysed in a certain phase but shall be analysed throughout its life cycle. In developing this concept, the understanding of data quality in selecting and recording datasets is important. Many LCA practitioners often neglected the importance of understanding different types of datasets and tracking and documenting dataset. The objective of this paper is to understand the effect of technology coverage in data quality of Life cycle assessment (LCA) and the use of LCA approach as a decision supporting tool. A case study comparing two production methods of a product made of polypropylene (PP) is conducted. Injection moulding machines used in these two plants are different in terms of technology aspect. Comparison between injection moulding machines in these plants was conducted and actual data from the production site were gathered. SimaPro 8 by Pre Consultants is used for life cycle assessment of the machines. Two types of methods, i.e. TRACI and ReCipe, are used in impact assessment stage. The result implied that the technology difference shows significant variation of impact related to energy consumption between both plants. Therefore careful consideration must be taken when using and recording datasets to ensure suitability of the datasets for reuse.
Implementation of Life Cycle Costing for a University Building Peter Kaming
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (396.561 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v1i1.5

Abstract

Analysis of a design process is very important in controlling the initial costs and future costs in possession of an investment project. Therefore, it should be wise to perform a LCC analysis to determine the cost of any category contained in a building project. The analysis also provide information to see how much the total cost incurred by a development project from initial to the future cost by implementing BS ISO 15686 part 5: 2008. The purpose of this study is to identify the cost proportion and make long-term plans of a university building in term of life cycle costing in the area of Univeristy of Atma Jaya Yogyakarta (UAJY). Results of the study show that there are three groups that make up the LCC: the cost of development of the building, the operating costs, and the cost of maintenance and replacement. For a long-term plan the LCC for 25 years the percentage obtained as follows, initial development cost of Rp. 10,301,450,000 (43%), operational costs Rp. 11,085,000,000 (46%), maintenance and replacement costs Rp. 2.660.570.080 (11%).
Design of Integrated Data Management System for Sustainability Reporting and Program for Manufacturing Industries in Indonesia Priskila Christine Rahayu; Daisy Amanda; Jessica Hanafi
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.64 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v2i1.66

Abstract

The    manufacturing    industry    and    its relationship with sustainable development simply cannot be separated.  Especially,  when  the  government  started  to  show their   attention   by   giving   various   obligations   for   the manufacturing industry to implement sustainable development   principles,   such   as   the   obligation   of   the company     to     conduct     a     social     and     environmental responsibility  by  making  sustainability  report,  the environmental impact assessment (AMDAL) report,  to  participate  in  various  sustainability  programs such  as  Corporate Performance Rating Program (PROPER)  and  Green  Industry  Award.  There  are  so many  indicators  and  data  that  need  to  be  collected  in  order to   fulfill   these   obligations.   It   certainly   may   charge   the company in terms of time, yet the number of indicators and the   data required were similar between one report to another.  There is still no particular design to be able to resolve the issue. Therefore, the aim of this study is to design an  integrated  data  management  system  for  sustainability reporting  needs  and  sustainability  programs  which  has  the end  result  of  an application  prototype  of  a  system  that  can help  companies,  especially  in  the  manufacturing  industry  to create  reporting  even  more efficient.  Data  management  is done  by  combining  all  four  types  of  reporting  and  program which  are  Global Report Initiative sustainability  report,  the  AMDAL  report, Green  Industry  program,  and  PROPER.  The  prototype  is made   based   on   the   results   of   data   management   using Microsoft  Access  to  store  data  and  to  produce  four  types  of summary   reports.   In   the   end   of   the   study,   it   can   be concluded  that,  overall,  the  system  can  be  implemented  and by  the  withdrawal  of  three  respondents review,  the  system can  improve  the efficiency of  the  company  in  preparing sustainability reporting. In the evaluation phase, it is found a related  method  that  can  be  used  as  the basis  to  do  before making reporting in order to make them more easily 40.98%, that is Life Cycle Assessment.
Assessing the Financial and Environmental Sustainability in Raw Rubber Processing; a Case Study with Ribbed Smoked Sheet Manufacture in Sri Lanka Pasan Dunuwila; V.H.L. Rodrigo; Naohiro Goto
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (279.311 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v2i1.55

Abstract

Sri Lanka has been renowned for its top quality natural rubber products. Among the locally manufactured raw rubber types, ribbed smoked sheets (RSS) hold a significant position as it entails ca. 50% of total natural rubber production in island. With no sufficient information on effectiveness in the use of materials and finance and then environmental impacts of RSS manufacture, this study aimed at assessing RSS manufacturing process adopting Material flow analysis, Material flow cost accounting and environmental Life cycle assessment in three factories in view of providing effective suggestions for making the system to be more cost efficient and environmentally friendly. Results indicated that manufacture cost, financial loss and GHG emissions generated by processing 1 MT of RSS were LKR 104,004 ± 6,336, LKR 1,007 ± 44 and 38.0 ± 2.1 kg CO2e, respectively (mean ± standard error). As an improvement option, installing single-day smoke dryers was proposed. This option could reduce firewood consumption per 1 MT of RSS by ca. 30% resulting in 0.1% and 14% of reductions in manufacture cost and GHG emissions, respectively. Implications of these findings are also discussed.
Life Cycle Analysis of Carbon Dioxide Emission Utilization in Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Activity Akhmad Hidayatno; Armand Omar Moeis; Achmad Yusaq Faiz Fadin
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol. 1 No. 2 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (576.546 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v1i2.31

Abstract

The focus of this research is to analyze potential environmental impact in the utilization of carbon dioxide (CO2) as miscible gas injection on Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) activity. The reinjection of CO2 would reduce the amount of CO2 release in the air and is considered relatively as a new innovative approach. Responsible innovation (RI) is a research framework that considers aspects of sustainability both in terms of social, economic, and environmental toward an innovation made with five dimensions; reflexivity, deliberation, anticipation, responsiveness, and participation. However, RI does not have a specific quantitative approach to support the analysis. Therefore, this research proposes the use of simplified Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) as the quantitative analysis tool to support the RI analysis, using the case study of Subang Gas-Well, West Java, Indonesia. The case study has four main process units of CO2-Enhanced Oil Recovery, from the Well in Subang, CO2 Recovery, CO2 Transmission and the EOR Oil Well in Jatibarang. Based on the calculation, among the various impact categories, the biggest potential environmental impact is the contribution to acidification impact, followed by photo-oxidant formation, climate change and depletion of abiotic resources.
Perspectives on Life Cycle Assessment Application and Research in Thailand Shabbir Gheewala; Thumrongrut Mungcharoen
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.626 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v1i1.6

Abstract

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) has been initiated in Thailand since the late 1990s with the first life cycle inventory (LCI) of the electricity grid mix and the offering of the first full graduate course. Since then it has come a long way through the development of the national LCI database and application in various research, industry as well as policy initiatives. LCA has been used extensively as an evaluation and decision tool in agri-food products, energy as well as many other sectors. Many graduate studies as well as research and industrial LCA projects have been performed. Related activities include the proliferation of carbon footprint labeling and application in green purchasing initiatives. Industry has been very actively participating in the carbon footprinting applications, some of them extending their interest to full LCAs for environmental performance evaluation and sustainability reporting. More recently, efforts have also been moving in the direction of looking at life cycle impact assessment methods from a Thailand perspective. Also, with interest in LCA from the policy making perspective, a capacity building effort has been initiated to train researchers in conducting LCA-related research on a sustained basis and ensure that Thailand keeps abreast of the international trends and discussions.
Life cycle assessemnt (LCA) study of a milk powder product in aluminium foil packaging Venessa Allia Aiman; Mochammad Chaerul; Benno Rahardyan
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (277.812 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v2i1.69

Abstract

 Dairy processing industry is one of the industries that give positive contribution to the economic growth, however it also contributes in many impacts on the environment, as well as milk powder product manufactured by PT X. The main objective of this study was to determine the most significant environmental impact caused by production and transportation of milk powder in bag 250 gram (Product X) using Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology. The boundary of the LCA study is “cradle to gate”, including: materials production, materials transportation from supplier to the PT X factory, manufacture of milk powder in PT X, and distribution of the products from factory to distributor. Four impact categories will be calculated on this study: global warming potential (GWP), eutrophication potential (EP), acidification potential (AP), and photochemical oxidant creation potential (POCP). The impact assessment was calculated by software SimaPro v.8.3.2 faculty license, and the calculation result validated manually by Microsoft Excel. The result of environmental impact calculation showed the GWP, EP, AP, and POCP of 1 kg milk powder is 1.3245 kg CO2 eq/kg, 0.0033 kg PO43- eq/kg, 0.0066 kg SO2 eq/kg and 0.0020 kg C2H4 eq/kg. The material production subsystem has the highest environmental impact on GWP, POCP, AP and EP categories. In particular, production activity in PT X also contributes to GWP. An environmental impact reduction strategy can focus on reducing GWP with electricity usage efficiency and developing a material supplier selection plan with environmental impacts of material production as one of criteria.
The Case Study of Life Cycle Perspective in Ready-mix Industry Yosephine Dwi Martina Widowati
Indonesian Journal of Life Cycle Assessment and Sustainability Vol. 1 No. 2 (2017)
Publisher : Indonesian Life Cycle Assessment Network (ILCAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (519.56 KB) | DOI: 10.52394/ijolcas.v1i2.33

Abstract

ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) is a global commitment and has been started since December 2015. Globalization encourages countries to develop their own environment voices as environment has been also a global issue. Infrastructure is one of the key developments. Construction, which is an important part of infrastructure development depends heavily on the concrete industry. Ready-mix concrete  is preferred material for construction because it  has a good quality, ready to use, and cheaper. The thirty mega construction projects which have to be completed in 2019 will push ready-mix concrete industries to grow fast. This grow will undoubtedly have an impact on the environment.The  purpose of this study is to observe the environmental impact of ready-mix concrete industry. This will cover an observation of life cycle perspective implementation, identification of the main potential environmental impacts and risks,  identification of control and influence, and  identification of the potential improvement opportunities. This study will hopefully contribute to the improvement of environmental awareness and stimulate more exhaustive research or study about environmental impact in Ready-mix concrete industry in the future. The method of this qualitative study is site observation and indirect investigation which included 15 plants at multiple locations. This study also addressed idea(s) around the understanding of life cycle perspective approach as described in the newest version of ISO 14001-2015 and ISO 14004-2016.

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