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Majalah Patologi Indonesia
ISSN : 02157284     EISSN : 25279106     DOI : https://doi.org/10.55816/
Core Subject : Health,
Majalah Patologi Indonesia (MPI) digunakan sebagai wahana publikasi hasil penelitian, tinjauan pustaka, laporan kasus dan ulasan berbagai aspek di bidang patologi manusia. Tujuannya ialah menghadirkan forum bagi permakluman dan pemahaman aneka proses patologik serta evaluasi berbagai penerapan cara diagnostik sejalan dengan kemajuan perkembangan ilmu dan teknologi. Selain itu juga untuk merangsang publikasi barbagai informasi baru/mutakhir.
Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI" : 8 Documents clear
Hubungan Antara Derajat Histopatologik Sarkoma dengan Respon Radioterapi Afiati; Eny Soesilowati; Herry Yulianti; Hermin Aminah; Bethy Surjawathy Hernowo, PhD, SpPA(K)
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (423.654 KB) | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i1.486

Abstract

BackgroundSarcomas are rare, aggressive tumors originating from mesenchymal tissue. Radiotherapy is currently accepted as thestandard adjuvant to the treatment of high-grade sarcomas, whereas low-grade sarcomas are controversial, but the response ofradiotherapy to sarcomas is up to 50%. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the histopathologicalgrade of sarcoma and the radiotherapeutical response.MethodsThe research design was a cross-sectional study, with retrospective analysis. The sample consisted of 80 paraffin block tissuesfrom biopsy and surgery specimens of sarcoma from January 2013 to December 2019 at Hasan Sadikin Hospital in Bandung,consisting of 45 radiosensitive samples and 35 radioresistant samples. All samples were assessed for histopathological gradeaccording to the FNCLCC. Statistical analysis used the Chi-Square test with a significant value of p <0.05. Data were processedusing SPSS version 24.0 for windows.ResultsIn the radiosensitive group, 15 (33.3%) samples were low grade sarcomas and 30 (66.7%) samples were high grade sarcoma.There was no statistically significant association between histopathological grade and radiotherapeutical response in sarcomasp> 0.05 (p = 0.304).ConclusionIn this study, the radiotherapeutical response was not associated to the histopathological grade of sarcoma. This is because ofthe sensitivity of radiotherapy is influenced by other factors including molecular characteristics.
Perbedaan Profil Histomorfologik Jaringan Hati Resipien dan Donor Pascatransplantasi Hati Anak antara Kelompok Pasien Rejeksi dan Tidak Rejeksi di Departemen Patologi Anatomik FKUI/RSCM Periode 2010-2019 Alif Gilang Perkasa; Marini Stephanie; Nur Rahadiani; Diah Rini Handjari; Ening Krisnuhoni; Hanifah Oswari
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (435.793 KB) | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i1.487

Abstract

BackgroundLiver rejection is an immune system response of recipient in which attacking the antigen originating from a donor that can causedamage to the transplanted organ. Although the prevalence of liver rejection has decreased due to the use of immunosuppressivedrugs, it is estimated that 20-40% of recipients still experience rejection and are at risk of re-transplantation and even death. Thisstudy aims to investigating histomorphological characteristics that can play a role as risk factors for rejection by assessing thedifferences in histomorphological characteristics before transplantation between recipient groups with rejection and non-rejection inpediatric liver transplant recipients in the Department of Anatomical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr.Cipto Mangunkusumo (PA-FKUI/RSCM)MethodsThis study was an analytical study with a cross sectional design, using secondary data from the archives of the Department ofAnatomical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo 2010-2019. The clinical andhistopathologic data obtained were analyzed using comparative statistical tests.ResultsRejection were found in 25% of recipients. Rejection were more common in the group of recipients aged >1 (75%), male (58%),cirrhosis 4C (92%) and mild portal inflammation (56%). Rejection were more common in the group of donor with male (66%) andsteatosis ≤10% (92%). There were no significant differences in the histomorphological profiles of recipients and donors with orwithout rejection.ConclusionThe histomorphologic profiles of both recipients and donors were known to be descriptively associated with complications of posttransplant liver rejection. However, in terms of analysis, there was not any significant differences
Karakteristik Klinikopatologik serta Hubungan Derajat Keganasan dengan Subtipe Molekular Luminal B pada Pasien Karsinoma Payudara di RSUP Mohammad Hoesin Palembang Tahun 2014-2016 Reihan Putri Awaliah; Citra Dewi; Riana Sari Puspita Rasyid
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (337.371 KB) | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i1.488

Abstract

BackgroundBreast carcinoma is the second highest malignant disease that causes death in Indonesia with 58,256 new cases in 2018. LuminalB has more aggressive clinical behavior and is considered as having unfavorable prognosis. This study aimed to determine theclinicopathological characteristics and the relationship histological grade with breast carcinoma subtype molecular luminal B.MethodsThis is a descriptive analytic study with cross sectional design using secondary data of breast carcinoma patients registered atRSUP Mohammad Hoesin Palembang during the period of January 1st, 2014 to December 31st, 2016.ResultsFrom 903 breast carcinoma patients in Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang during 2014 to 2016, 43.63% had luminal Bmolecular subtype. The highest incidence and prevalence washappened in year 2016, whichwere 4.7 and 4.4 per 10 breastcarcinoma patients, respectively. The majority of breast carcinoma of luminal B molecular subtype occurs in the group of patientsaged ≥40 years (81.7%), female (98.7%), Malay race (100%), marital status (98.8%), housewives (68.3%), histopathologicalcarcinoma of invasive non-specific type (75.9%), high grade/ grade III (63.7%), localized (60.6%), no metastases (60.0%), rightsided tumor laterality (50.8%) and with negative HER2 (65.2%). There was a significant relationship between the histopathologicalgrade and breast carcinoma luminal B molecular subtype (p=0.009).ConclusionThe incident of breast carcinoma molecular subtype luminal B at Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang has increased in the lastthree years with the poor clinicopathological characteristics.
Profil Klinikopatologik Karsinoma Payudara Invasif Metastasis Jauh di Departemen Patologi Anatomik FKUI/RSCM Tahun 2019 Laurencia Leny Kurnianingrum; Hartono Tjahjadi
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (570.063 KB) | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i1.489

Abstract

BackgroundInvasive breast carcinoma (IBC) is the highest incidence and is the leading cause of malignancy-related death in women in theworld. Bones are the most common sites of IBC metastases. This study aims to provide clinical and histological characteristic datain cases of distant metastastic IBC in the Anatomical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Dr. CiptoMangunkusumo General Hospital (PA-FKUI/RSCM).MethodsThis is descriptive research with cross-sectional design, using secondary data from the archives of PA-FKUI/RSCM, starting fromJanuary 1, 2019 to December 31, 2019.ResultsDistant metastases of IBC was found 65.2% as bone metastases, 46.1% as pulmonary metastases, 26.1% as liver metastases, and8.7% as brain metastases. The largest age group was 40-59 years, median age was 49 years with range 27-78 years. The mostcommon of the classification of primary tumor size was 54.8% T4, and 87% unilateral cases. Most histologic subtypes were 90.4%cases no special type, then lobular and mucinous subtypes. Lymphovascular invasion was 24.3% cases. The most commonmolecular subtype was luminal B Luminal and mostly as bone metastases and triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) in lungmetastases. The greatest histological grade was grade 2.ConclusionBone was the most common IBC metastatic. The most common of the classification of primary tumor size was T4 and histologicsubtype was no special. Luminal B was the most common molecular subtypes and the highest was bone metastases.
Hubungan Ekspresi Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) dengan Derajat Diferensiasi dan Invasi Limfovaskular pada Adenokarsinoma Kolorektal Nana Liana; Noza Hilbertina; Loli Devianti; Husna Yetti
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (432.332 KB) | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i1.490

Abstract

BackgroundColorectal carcinoma is the third most common malignancy in the world. Colorectal carcinoma is a heterogeneous tumor withdifferent clinical pathologic features and prognostic values. For the same tumor-stage, patients could have difference prognosis andit has been suggested that the angiogenesis might be correlated with the prognosis, especially expression of vascular endothelialgrowth factor (VEGF) as the main pro-angiogenic factor. High VEGF expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma is associated withincreased blood vessels in invasive tumor area, cell proliferation and metastases. However, relation VEGF expression with thedegree of differentiation and lymphovascular invasion is not known.MethodsThis was a retrospective observational study with cross sectional approach. Samples were obtained from 39 paraffin blocks withdiagnosis adenocarcinoma not otherwise specific (NOS) in four Anatomical Pathology Laboratory in West Sumatera 2018 andevaluated for degree of differentiation and lymphovascular invasion. VEGF expressions in tumor cell were analyzed usingimmunohistochemistry staining. Bivariate statistical analysis used Fisher's Exact test and value p<0.05 was considered significant.ResultsColorectal adenocarcinoma with high grade differentiation entirely had high VEGF expression (100%), while low gradedifferantiation with high VEGF expression was 60.7%. Lymphovascular invasion positive was mostly found with high VEGFexpression (80.6%). Statistical analysis showed significant association between VEGF expression with degree of differentiation(p=0.017) and lymphovascular invasion (p=0.028).ConclusionThe conclusion was VEGF expression had significant association with degree of differentiation and lymphovascular invasion ofcolorectal adenocarcinoma.
Akurasi Diagnosis Pemeriksaan Biopsi Aspirasi Jarum Halus Tumor Tulang di Departemen Patologi Anatomik FKUI/RSCM Tahun 2015- 2019 Vabiayu Putri; Marini Stephanie
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (591.232 KB) | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i1.491

Abstract

BackgroundFine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a safe and rapid technique and has an important role in making the preoperative diagnosisof bone tumors because it can help clinicians determine treatment for patients. This retrospective study aims to assess the accuracyof the FNAB cytological examination compared with the histopathological examination in preoperative diagnosis of bone tumors.MethodsThe data comes from the archives of the Department of Anatomic Pathology, FKUI/RSCM 2015-2019 in the form of a cytologicalexamination of FNAB lesions on bone. Then the histopathological examination data were searched for each cytology preparation.There were 133 pairs of cytology, and histopathology preparations. The preparations were reviewed by the investigator andsupervisor, assessed for the suitability of the cytologic diagnosis, and compared with the histopathological diagnosis.ResultsThere were 84 (63.2%) cases of malignant tumors, 44 (33.1%) cases of benign tumors, and 5 (3.7%) cases of non-tumors. Thediagnostic test results showed an accuracy rate of 86.5% with a sensitivity of 85.9%, a specificity of 100%, a positive predictivevalue (PPV) of 100%, and a negative predictive value (NPV) of 21.7%.ConclusionFNAB cytology examination of bone tumors that have adequate sample quality, supported by complete clinical information andinformative radiological images can produce an accurate preoperative diagnosis
Mastitis Granulomatosa: Sebuah Tantangan Diagnosis Citra Dewi; Ella Amalia; Nyiayu Fauziah Kurniawati; Maria Ulfa, Maria Ulfa,; Eka Putra Pratama; Krisna Murti
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (411.045 KB) | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i1.492

Abstract

BackgroundGranulomatous mastitis (GM) is often found in reproductive-age women. These patients are treated by the administration ofantituberculosis drugs. It is difficult to determine the exact cause of GM cytologically and histopathologically. Various etiologies i.e.,tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, foreign bodies and immunological diseases may provide granulomatous inflammation features in thetissue. High-sensitivity tests such as PCR can help to detect the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MT) as one of possibleetiologic agent. Accurate diagnosis will improve the treatment quality thus a better quality of life. The aim of this study was todetermine whether the granulomatous mastitis patients who referred to the Department of Anatomic Pathology Faculty of MedicineUniversitas Sriwijaya/Dr. Moh. Hoesin Palembang Hospital were caused by MT.MethodsA descriptive observational study was performed. Thirty paraffin blocks of GM patients during the period of 1st October 2018 to 29thSeptember 2020 were collected. DNAs were extracted from tissue scrapings of the slides. Then, PCR analysis was conducted usinga specific primer IS6110 with around 200 bp PCR product.ResultsThe mean age of the patients was 40.8 years (range: 23-67 years). There were six samples (20%) of GM produced the expectedamplicon. However, only three of six samples morphologically consistent with tuberculosis.ConclusionGranulomatous inflammatory reactions in the breast are not only caused by tuberculosis. Further study is needed to determine theexact cause of this lesion. Despite high costs, PCR examination may become an alternative approach in determining the etiology ofGM.
Hubungan Subtipe Molekular pada Karsinoma Payudara Invasif dengan Grade, Invasi Limfovaskular dan Metastasis KGB di Departemen Patologi Anatomik FKUI/RSCM Tahun 2019 Kristina Anna Bethania; Primariadewi Rustamadji
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 1 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (564.762 KB) | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i1.493

Abstract

BackgroundBreast cancer is classified into molecular subtypes: luminal A, luminal B, HER2 enriched and triple negative breast cancer based onits immunohistochemical profile. This study aims to assess the relationship between histologic grade, lymphovascular invasion andlymph node metastasis with molecular subtypes in invasive breast carcinoma at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from January 1,2019 to December 31, 2019.MethodsA descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Anatomical Pathology Department, FKUI/RSCM over a period of January toDecember 2019. A total of 652 histologic specimens with a diagnosis of invasive breast carcinoma which were immunostained withER, PR, HER2, and Ki67 were reviewed, then grouped into the appropriate molecular subtypes. A Chi-square test was performed toassess the association between histologic grade, lymphovascular invasion and regional lymph node metastases with molecularsubtypes.The p-value <0.05 was statistically significant.ResultsThe molecular subtypes of breast cancer, from the highest to the least number, were luminal A (40.2%), luminal B (37.7%), TNBC(13.6%), and HER2 enriched (8.6%). There was a significant association between grade and molecular subtypes of breast cancer.(p=<0.001). There was a significant association between lymph node metastasis and molecular subtypes of breast cancer(p=0.038).ConclusionThe most common molecular subtype of invasive breast cancer found was Luminal A. There was a significant association betweenlymph node grade and metastasis and the molecular subtype of breast cancer.

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