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Majalah Patologi Indonesia
ISSN : -     EISSN : 25279106     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
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Articles 8 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI" : 8 Documents clear
Papiloma Sinonasal dan Keganasan Terkait Papiloma Sinonasal: Studi dari Pusat Rujukan Tersier di Indonesia David Sitinjak; Lisnawati Rachmadi; Yayi Dwina Billianti
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i2.498

Abstract

Background Sinonasal papilloma is a benign tumor arising from Schneiderian epithelia in sinonasal mucosa. It has the propensity towards malignant transformation. This preliminary study aims to report clinicopathological aspects of sinonasal papilloma and its malignant transformation rate. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in Anatomical Pathology Department, FKUI/RSCM over a period of 2014-2019) A total of 127 histologic specimens with diagnosis of sinonasal papilloma obtained from 80 cases. Results The prevalence of sinonasal papilloma among all sinonasal neoplasms is 17.6%. Inverted papilloma was the most common histologic type 91.3%, exophytic papilloma 6.3% and oncocytic papilloma 2.5%, among male (70%), age rate 50 years old. Malignant transformation of squamous cell carcinoma 12.5%, and recurrence 21.3%, nasal congestion was the most complaint 50%. Cases were usually in T3 of Krouse stage 37.5% and managed with functional sinus endoscopic surgery 51.3%. Histological parameters were grade II 54.4%, surface keratinization 17.5%, bony trabeculae 41.3%, nasal polyps 20% and dense lymphocytic infiltrates 53.8%, foam cell infiltrates 2.5%. Mild to moderate dysplasia 8.8% and severe dysplasia 18.8%. Conclusion Sinonasal papilloma was rare sinonasal benign tumor. Inverted papilloma type was local aggressive, recurrence, dysplastic and malignant transformation, among male, age 50 years old, main complaint of nasal congestion, in Krouse stage T3, and managed by Functional Sinus Endoscopy Surgery (FSES
Hubungan Ekspresi Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) dengan Derajat Diferensiasi dan Invasi Limfovaskular pada Karsinoma Urotelial Infiltratif Kandung Kemih Dini Andri Utami; Salmiah Agus; Yenita; Husna Yetti
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i2.499

Abstract

Background Urothelial carcinoma is the most common malignancy in the bladder with an incidence up to 95% and 70-85% of them are bladder infiltrating urothelial carcinoma. To improve the management of bladder urothelial carcinoma, prognostic factors are required. One such factor is angiogenesis, which affects growth, development and metastasis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the main pro-angiogenic factor to control angiogenesis. Expression of VEGF is correlated with progression of bladder infiltrating urothelial carcinoma, such as grade and lymphovascular invasion. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation of VEGF expression with grade of differentiation and lymphovascular invasion in bladder infiltrating urothelial carcinoma. Methods This research was a retrospective observational cross sectional study with 48 cases of bladder infiltrating urothelial carcinoma in four Anatomical Pathology Laboratory in West Sumatera 2018 and 2019. Samples were reevaluated of HE slide for grade of differentiation and lymphovascular invasion. VEGF expressions in tumor cell s were analyzed using immunohistochemistry staining. Bivariate statistical analysis used Fisher's Exact test and value p<0.05 was considered significant. Results Bladder infiltrating urothelial carcinoma high grade had more positive VEGF expression (91.7%), while low grade had more negative VEGF expression (58.3%). Lymphovascular invasion positive was mostly found with positive VEGF expression (75%). Statistical analysis showed significant correlation between VEGF expression with grade of differentiation (p=0.001) and lymphovascular invasion (p=0.004). Conclusion The conclusion was VEGF expression had significant correlation with grade of differentiation and lymphovascular invasion of bladder infiltrating urothelial carcinoma.
Karakteristik Klinikopatologik Karsinoma Sel Skuamosa Serviks dan Hubungannya dengan Tumor-Associated Neutrophil Nanda Safira Alisa; Joko M; Citra Dewi; Susilawati; Ika Kartika Edi Pudjo
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i2.501

Abstract

BackgroundCervical carcinoma is one of the most common cancers in women, according to data from World Health Organization (WHO).Cervical carcinoma ranks the fourth most deadly type of cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of this cervicalcancer and it is generally caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) types 16 and 18. Tumor-Associated Neutrophil (TAN) are foundin various types of cancer, the density of TAN can determine the prognostic type of tumor or cancer in each individual. This studywas aimed to identify correlation between clinicopathological characteristics of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and TAN incervical SCC patients registered at RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang.MethodsThis type of research is analytic with a cross-sectional method. Data collection in this study used a 37 slides archive which werediagnosed as cervical squamous cell carcinoma in Anatomic Pathology in RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang for the periodof 2017-2019.ResultsFrom 37 cervical SCC patients, the clinicopathological characteristics of the majority of cervical SCC patients occurred in the agegroup of 51 year-old (51.4%), with histopathological type of non-keratinizing SCC (75,7%) and the most frequent differentiationdegree was moderately differentiated (75,7%). The TAN density was mostly found at low TAN densities (73%). There wassignificant correlation between age and TAN density (p=0.035) and there was no significant correlation between age and TANdensity (p=0.269).ConclusionIt was explained that the higher the degree of differentiation, the lower the density value, however the neutrophils in this studycannot be ascertained whether the neutrophils of anti-tumor (N1) or pro-tumor (N2) characteristic
Faktor-faktor Histopatologik yang Memengaruhi Metastasis ke Kelenjar Getah Bening pada Karsinoma Sel Skuamosa Laring di Departemen Patologi Anatomik FKUI/RSCM Tahun 2015-2019 Ela Laelasari; Lisnawati
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i2.502

Abstract

BackgroundLaryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is the second most common epithelial carcinoma of the head and neck. This carcinomahas a poor prognosis if there have been metastases in the neck lymph nodes and did not get proper therapheutical management.The aims of the study is to determine the histopathologic characteristics of LSCC with partial or total laryngectomy and neckdissection, as well as its relationship with the incidence of metastases to lymph nodes.MethodsAnalytical descriptive study with cross-sectional design of secondary data on LSCC cases obtained through total or partiallaryngectomy accompanied by neck dissection from the archives of the Department of Anatomic Pathology FKUI / RSCM fromJanuary 2015 to December 2019. The histopathological data obtained were analyzed by comparative statistical test.ResultsKSSL was more frequently found in men as much as 155 cases (94.5%) with the most common age was over 60 years old. In thisstudy, LSCC with lymph nodes metastases was found in 65 cases, the most common was tumor size >4 cm in 40 cases (61.5%),medium differentiated tumors in 47 cases (72.3%), pT3-pT4 in 57 cases. (87.7%). There was a significant association betweenmetastasis to cervical lymph nodes with tumor size, poorly differentiated tumors, lymphovascular invasion and pT3-pT4.ConclusionHistopathologic factors including tumor size, pT3-pT4, poor differentiation, lymphovascular invasion are factors that play a role in theoccurrence of metastases to cervical lymph nodes in LSCC
Kasus Toksoplasmosis Serebri Tak Terduga dengan Gambaran Radiologi yang Menyerupai Keganasan Cempaka Harsa Sekarputri; Anisia Indiralia; Roebijanti
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i2.503

Abstract

ABSTRACTToxoplasmosis was Toxoplasma Gondii infection. In HIV-infected patients, the prevalence of toxoplasma infectionranges was 3-97%. Diagnosis cerebral toxoplasmosis almost failed to recognized varians clinical and radiologicalfeatures on organism identifiied from brain biopsy which difficult to extract from alive patient. This case reportdiscussed cerebral toxoplasmosis of brain biopsy HIV positive patient which unknown status HIV patient, previously.A 52-year-old male patient came complained not only loss of apatit and dizzy two months ago, but also fainted.MSCT Scan with and without contrast showed right temporooccipital glioblastoma. Brain MRI showed a lesion on theright temporoparietal area with perifocal edema pressing on the right lateral ventricle. Microscopical feature showedglial tissue containing large areas of necrosis with karyorrhexis debris, PMN and mononuclear leucocyte infiltration,scaterred of tachyzoites and bradyzoites, no signs of malignancy. HIV serological examination was confirmed and thepatient's results were found to be anti-HIV reactive. Conclusion diagnosis as cerebral toxoplasmosis.
Karakteristik Pasien Lesi Prakanker Serviks di Rumah Sakit Tersier Jawa Barat, Indonesia Akbar Maulana; Birgitta Maria Dewayani; Bethy Surjawathy Hernowo
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i2.504

Abstract

BackgroundThe incidence of cervical cancer was continues to increase even though various risk factors and prevention efforts have been made.Cervical cancer begins with the development of a precancerous lesion (Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/CIN) which is an abnormalcell growth in the cervical epithelium. This study aims to see the proportion of risk factors for cervical cancer in CIN patients at Dr.Hasan Sadikin, Bandung.MethodsThis study used a cross-sectional retrospective descriptive research method using secondary data of CIN patients for the periodJanuary 2016 - December 2020 from the archives of the anatomical pathology laboratory and clinical medical records of patients inthe form of age, marriage history, total parity, age at marriage, age at menarche, usage of hormonal contraceptives, smoking habits,clinical symptoms and histopathological degrees.ResultThere were total sample 40 cases of CIN. The 41-50 year age category is the largest age range of all NIS cases (35%). The resultsof this research data were history of marriage 1x (85%), age at marriage in the range of 20-30 years (47.5%), history of menarche inthe age range 10-15 years (90%), history of multiparous (65%), used of hormonal contraceptives (52.5%), non-smoking habits(67.5%), clinical symptoms of vaginal bleeding (42.5%) and histopathological grade of CIN 1 (47.5%).ConclusionCervical precancerous lesions at RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin occurred between fourth and fifth decades of life with a history of beingmarried once, multiparous, married at the age of 20-30 years, menarche at the age of 10-15 years, using hormonal contraception,not smoking, complaints of vaginal bleeding and the majority of cases were CIN 1.
Akurasi Diagnostik dan Analisis Gambaran Sitomorfologi Sikatan Bilier dan Endoscopic Ultrasound Guided Fine Needle Aspiration (EUS-FNA) Pankreas Berdasarkan The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology System Sarwanti; Marini Stephanie
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i2.505

Abstract

BackgroundEndoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) of the pancreas and biliary brushes is a minimally invasive method ofcytology sampling. The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of examination of biliary brushcytology and EUS-FNA pancreas based on the System of standardized terminology and nomenclature for pancreatobilliary cytology(STNPC) as well as cytology characteristics of pancreatic malignancy.MethodsA search of the biliary brush preparation and EUS-FNA pancreatic in 2017-2020 was carried out in the Archives section of the Department ofAnatomical Pathology FKUI / RSCM. 506 cases of biliary brush cytology and EUS-FNA pancreatic, conducted a search of histopathologicalpreparations and re-categorized based on STNPC.ResultsCytological cases of biliary brushing and pancreatic EUS-FNA paired with histopathology in 2017-2020 151 cases, 85 cases of biliarybrushing and 66 cases of pancreatic EUS-FNA, were re-categorized based on STNPC with results of biliary brushing 27 non-diagnosticcases, 24 atypical cases, 7 suspicious for malignancy (SFM) cases and 17 malignant cases. Meanwhile, for pancreatic EUS-FNA cytology16 non-diagnostic cases, 2 negative cases, 16 atypical cases, 3 other neoplasms, 4 SFM cases and 25 malignant cases. Twenty sevencases of false negative biliary brushes on non-diagnostic and atypical preparations and 4 cases of false negative on pancreatic EUS-FNA onnon-diagnostic and atypical preparations. Biliary brushing diagnostic test results: sensitivity 82.35%, specificity 100%, positive predictivevalue (PPV) 100%, negative predictive value (NPV) 84.21% and accuracy 90.9%. In pancreatic EUS-FNA: sensitivity 84.21%, specificity100%, PPV 100%, NPV 986.67% and accuracy 92.86%.ConclusionCytological diagnosis of biliary brushing and pancreatic EUS-FNA has good specificity, sensitivity and accuracy, but definitive diagnosisrequires histopathological examination
Hubungan Profil Klinikopatologik dengan Rekurensi Karsinoma Payudara Invasif di Departemen Patologi Anatomik FKUI/RSCM Ineke Anggreani; Primariadewi Rustamadji
Majalah Patologi Indonesia Vol 31 No 2 (2022): MPI
Publisher : Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Patologi Indonesia (IAPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.55816/mpi.v31i2.506

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackgroundBreast cancer is the most common malignancy and the leading cause of death in women. Invasive breast carcinoma is a breastmalignancy originating from the glandular epithelium of the breast. Approximately 40% of invasive breast carcinomas had recur.There are several factors that influence the occurrence of recurrence, such as age, tumor size, lymphovascular invasion, incisionmargins, hormonal status and therapy. This study aims to determine the clinicopathological profile associated with recurrence 5years after therapy for invasive breast carcinoma.MethodsThis study is a retrospective study with data collection carried out through the archives of the Department of Anatomical Pathology,Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital within a period of 2 years (2014-2015). Theclinicopathological data was searched for up to 5 years of therapy.ResultsFrom the 54 cases of invasive breast carcinoma in this study, all were women with mean age 48.3 years. A total of 18 cases(33.3%) experienced recurrence, especially in patients aged ≤50 years, tumor mass size more than 2 cm and luminal B moleculartype. Tumor margin is difficult to evaluate because many review cases do not submit the tumor margin section. Therapy received bypatients was in accordance with standard procedures’ hospital, both neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy. From the statisticalanalysis, there was no significant relation between all profiles that studied with recurrence. It is because the comparison of numberof recurrent and non-recurrent cases is not equal.ConclusionOne third of advanced invasive breast carcinomas treated with neoadjuvant and showing a partial response have recurrence,whereas no complete response has recurrence. Tumor size, histologic grade, molecular type and adherence to routine follow-uptreatment influenced the recurrence within 5 years of treatment.

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