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INDONESIA
Jurnal Teknik Mesin
ISSN : 18298958     EISSN : 26555670     DOI : -
Jurnal Teknik Mesin adalah sebuah jurnal peer review yang didedikasikan untuk publikasi hasil penelitian yang berkualitas dalam bidang teknik mesin.
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Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 13 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Teknik Mesin" : 6 Documents clear
Pengembangan Alat Kempa Panas (Hot Press) Penekanan Dongkrak Hidrolik untuk Pembuatan Papan Komposit ukuran 25 cm x 25 cm Junaidi Junaidi
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 13 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.13.1.266

Abstract

Human needs with wood continue to increase along with the increasing population, on the other hand Indonesia has a very large supply of wood. One way to overcome this is by substituting the use of wood from composite board products from wood or non-wood waste materials such as sawdust, coconut fiber, OPEFB fiber, bamboo fiber, bagasse and others. Composite board manufacturing technology is strongly influenced by the temperature, time and pressure contained in the hot press, either the system works manually or mechanically. The use of a hot press machine has so far been simple using an electric heating element from an iron element. For a n area of 40 cm x 40 cm board molding required 2 iron elements, the heat generated is not optimal (up to 1200 C), to heat the board to 1500 C the heating element often breaks / burns, this is certainly less efficient. Stripe heater type electric heating element is a flat plate heating element (Hot Plate) which can be used to heat a flat surface on pressing lignocellulosic material. The purpose of this research is to engineer and design and manufacture small scale heat press for 40 cm x 40 cm mold size, to test hot press and to test the physical and mechanical properties of composite boards. From the results of the manufacture of hot pressing tools obtained tool size 100 cm x 60 cm using iron profile u size 12 cm x 6 cm x 6 cm with a thickness of 0.4 cm. The pressure unit consists of a base plate measuring 40 cm x 40 cm x 1.5 cm, a pressure plate measuring 40 cm x 40 cm x 0.8 cm, a heating element measuring 40 cm x 40 cm x 0.5 cm using a power of 1.5 Kw each one. The suppressor component uses a hydraulic jack with a pressure of 50 tons. The heating element circuit is contained in the electrical panel box consisting of MCB, sign lights, thermocouple, amperemeter, and electrical wires. From the results of the heat test on the surface of the pressure plate obtained heat spread evenly on the entire surface of the plate and the pressure applied to the pressure plate is able to withstand the pressure from the hydraulic jack with a flat surface shape.
Desain Sepatu Antiselip untuk Roda Truk Colt Diesel di Jalan Berlumpur Dani Tri Wahyudi; Deni Shidqi Khaerudini
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 13 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.13.1.278

Abstract

The rains will make a serious problem for the transportation sector in Indonesia, especially in areas that do not have permanent access roads (asphalt or concrete roads). Heavy vehicles such as oil palm trucks will go into the skid when crossing muddy dirt roads, and it makes an impact on the logistics delivery process. It is necessary for designing a support system, especially on the part of the wheel, to reduce the risk of skidding or rolling. Anti-slip shoe wheels of the colt diesel double (CDD) type truck is used on the rear-wheel-drive as a tool for handling slippage. Calculations and corrections are performed for maximum traction of the ground rolling resistance at ≥ 396 kg. Furthermore, the value of soil cohesion and soil shear angle was determined from the previous studies. In this study, a calculation simulation was carried out to obtain the design of the main components of an antislip wheel of a truck, which is in the form of a traction rod fin using steel UNP SNI 07-0052-2006 with a fin depth of 4.5 cm and a length of 20 cm. These dimensions are effective enough to increase the truck wheel traction of 8 tons when used to cross muddy roads with a maximum water content of 59.6% and a minimum cohesion value of land (C) of 0.108 kg/cm2
Pengaruh Catalytic Converter Dari Bahan Kuningan Dengan Ketebalan 0,3 mm Terhadap Emisi Gas Buang Kendaraan Pada Motor Honda Supra 2015 Budiyono Budiyono
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 13 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.13.1.356

Abstract

There are two methods to reduce exhaust emissions in a motorized vehicle, namely by improving fuel and motorbike technology in such a way that better combustion occurs and produces lower emissions and by the addition of exhaust emission control devices or devices. Catalytic Converter is a device used as an exhaust gas emission control that is placed after the exhaust manifold on a motor vehicle exhaust system. The purpose of this study was to determine how the influence of the use of catalytic converters of brass material to reduce CO and HC gas levels in motor vehicles. Tests carried out using a gas analyzer to determine the value of CO and HC concentrations. Exhaust gas testing is carried out in two stages, namely exhaust emission test with standard exhaust and exhaust emission test with catalytic converter with variations of engine speed 1500 rpm, 2000 rpm, 2500 rpm, 3000 rpm, 3500 rpm, 4000 rpm. From the results of the study it was found that the influence of the use of catalytic converters of brass with a thickness of 0.3 mm with the fin model experienced a decrease in the level of exhaust gas emissions most effectively at 1500 rpm engine speed ie CO value decreased 1.82% from 3.96% to 2.14% and HC values ​​decreased by 4,412 ppm from 9,999 ppm down to 5,587 ppm. So motor vehicles using a catalytic converter made of brass with a thickness of 0.3 mm will be able to reduce CO exhaust emissions by 2.14% and HC by 3.96%
Konsep Smart Building Pada Kenyamanan Termal di Laboratorium Teknik Anastasia Febiyani
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 13 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.13.1.359

Abstract

Engineering Laboratory is a place where students can learn the theory and then practicing of machines operate. Teaching room should be made as comfortabel as possible so can improve students. Room condition whereas there are practicum machines makes the room hotter.. Inadequate room capacity makes students uncomfortabel with the conditions of the practicum. The focus in this study is to examine the thermal comfort obtained by students, measurements of temperature and humidity. The method used to calculate the temperature index by calculating the Predicted Mean Vote Index (PMV), Predicted Dissatisfied (PPD), and Heat Stress Index (HSI). Result for This calculation is then used as a reference in the improvement analysis. The results obtained from the PMV calculation are 2.11 PPD 81.67%. This calculation used as a reference in the improvement analysis.
Pembuatan Dan Pengujian Mesin Bending Rotary Baja Untuk Aplikasi Stand Pot Bunga Diameter 8 dan 10 Inch Ruzita Sumiati; Genta Ramadeto; Rakiman Rakiman; Fardinal Fardinal
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 13 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.13.1.363

Abstract

In this day and age people decorate homes with flower pots and many models of flower pot place creations. Usually the place to put flower pots in the form of a circle and to make a circular iron is made manually requires energy and a long time. A bending machine is needed to make concrete iron circle creations. The aim of this research is to produce a rotary bending machine that is able to work efficiently in forming a concrete steel circle. The method used in this study is a practical method that is doing machine design and continued with the manufacture and field testing. The working principle of this machine is to use a motor that functions to move the Gearbox and continue the rotation to the shaft, then the shaft rotates and the bending mall rotates and makes the steel concrete come round and circular. The conclusion is (a). This concrete steel rotary bending machine has dimensions of 550 mm x 550 mm x 1000 mm with an electric motor drive power source (b). The results of the bending process using a concrete steel rotary bending machine are far more efficient than doing manual bending
Optimalisasi Sistem Perawatan dan Perbaikan Mesin Vertical Mill di PT. Semen Padang Wahmin Rais; Afrizul Evendi; Adriansyah Adriansyah; Darman Dapersal Dinar
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 13 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.13.1.366

Abstract

Vertical Mill is one of the main equipment in the Indarung IV factory PT. Semen Padang. This Vertical Mill is used to grind / crush the main ingredients of making cement such as Limestone, Silica stone, Clay, and Iron sand. Milling of this material is done with the help of a tool called a Roller Tire and grinding table. So that the Tire Tire and grinding table always work as expected, the Roller Tire and grinding table must be maintained and repaired continuously and planned. Major damage that is often encountered is the occurrence of wear and tear on the Tire Roller and the grinding roller. Countermeasures by adding meat to the Tire Roller and grinding table using welding. With the maintenance and repairs are well scheduled, then we can avoid the causes of a damage from the beginning.

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