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Jurnal Teknik Mesin
ISSN : 18298958     EISSN : 26555670     DOI : -
Jurnal Teknik Mesin adalah sebuah jurnal peer review yang didedikasikan untuk publikasi hasil penelitian yang berkualitas dalam bidang teknik mesin.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin" : 9 Documents clear
Analisa Perbandingan Performansi AC SPLIT Konvensional Dengan AC SPLIT Tenaga Surya Yudhy Kurniawan
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.409

Abstract

Currently, the world's energi needs are still dominated by depleting fossil fuels, where the largest consumption produced from these fossils is electrical energi. For tropical country conditions, on average, every house and in city buildings use split AC as a tool to condition the room so that it feels comfortable for its residents. Where about 60% utilize electrical energi. In this study, split AC uses solar power as an alternative to electrical energi by using a solar photovoltage (PV) system as a medium for absorbing solar radiation to be converted into electrical energi in split AC. The goal is that the use of solar radiation is able to reduce the use of electricity from PLN, which so far requires a large amount of money. The research method begins by making a model of a device that is modified by an electric panel on a split AC connected to an inverter to convert DC to AC current from the PV cell. From the use of solar cells as electrical energi then the test results are compared with conventional split AC. The results obtained from the conventional split AC test can be seen that the efficiency is 85% while the solar-powered split AC has an efficiency of 73%, but for the use of electrical power that operates for 2 hours on a solar-powered split AC, it is more efficient with a power of 376 Wh per day.
Analisa Pengaruh Bentuk Impingement Plate Terhadap Perpindahan Panas Pada Zona Desuperheating High Pressure Heater Arrad Ghani Safitra
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.420

Abstract

High Pressure Heater (HPH) are tools that used to improve the efficiency of boiler. HPH utilizes hot steam from turbine extraction as heating medium before entering into the economizer in boiler. In the industry, High Pressure Heater is one of the tools that includes a heat exchanger. To prevent from several problems, some of the industries applying a plate that called impingement plate. This plate placed on the shell side Steam inlet of High Pressure Heater with the function to protect the tube facing the directly the shell side input flow. To determine the effect of adding impingement plates on heat transfer that occurs in the desuperheating zone, a simulation was performed using CFD software with variations of conventional flat plates, 4 plates, and inclined plates. From the simulation results using CFD software it is known that after the addition of the impingement plate, the largest heat transfer value in the desuperheating zone is found in the inclined plate geometry followed by the 4 plate geometry and conventional flat plate, with a q value of 9.54 MW; 7.93 MW; and 4.16 MW, respectively. Then for the inclined plate geometry pressure drop value has a small pressure drop plaing value, which is equal to 30.04 kPa.
Rancang Bangun Mesin Pencetak Pelet Ikan Dengan Memanfaatkan Sekam Padi Sebagai Solusi Pakan Ikan Muhamad Rikza Aldiansyah; Kardiman Kardiman; Deri Teguh Santoso
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.458

Abstract

The city of Karawang is famous as a city of rice granaries. As a city of rice granaries, the city of Karawang is assigned a surplus of unhulled rice of 1.5 million tons. This causes a large number of rice husks to become waste from the mills. With the knowledge and skills of farmers who are still minimal in utilizing rice husk waste, most of the rice husk waste by farmers is only thrown away or burned so that it can cause environmental pollution around the disposal of rice husk waste. One way to utilize rice husk waste is to process rice husk waste into animal feed. An alternative to solve this problem is by making a fish pellet printer that is used to produce fish pellets using rice husks as the basic ingredient. This fish pellet printing machine is made with the aim of utilizing rice husk waste which is only thrown away or burned by farmers so that rice husk waste can become a high-value product. In this study, data collection techniques were carried out by studying literature and conducting experiments on fish pellet making machines. After that, the design of the shape was carried out then continued with the manufacture / assembly of components of the fish pellet printing machine and finally the testing of tools / machines with parameters was designed and equipped with an electric motor 250 watts 220 volts 1400 rpm so that it can be used in industry. at home, this electric motor aims to act as a screw driver which is assisted by a WPA gearbox with a ratio of 1:30 so that the rotation obtained is not too fast, the rotation speed can be adjusted by the amount of pulley used so that it can be in accordance with your wishes. With these conditions, it will greatly assist producers in carrying out and speeding up the process of grinding fish pellets.
Rancang Bangun Mesin Penggiling Sekam Padi Menjadi Bahan Pakan Ternak (Dedak) Arif Baidilah; Kardiman Kardiman; Farradina Choria Suci
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.464

Abstract

In the development of technology and industry, a lot of tools are made to make it easier to do work. In the farming sector, a lot of tools are needed to facilitate development in the farming sector. One of the tools needed is a machine to make animal feed. One of the ingredients for making animal feed is bran, bran produced from the process of milling rice husks. To produce bran, a tool that can crush rice husks into the form of flour is designed to make animal feed suitable, as well as make the shape of a portable grinding machine. In this design, data collection steps were carried out with literature studies and after that carried out experiments on the manufacture of rice husk grinding machines. In conducting the experiment, the concept of design, design, calculation, manufacture and testing of grinding machines was also carried out. The result of this design is the design of a grinding machine and a grinding machine that can smooth rice husks into flour and portable forms. The specifications of the rice husk grinding machine are a frame with a length of 580 mm, a width of 380 mm and a height of 995 mm. Drive source 7 HP petrol motor with belt pulley transmission. The speed of the grinding blade shaft can be changed by replacing the pulley on the driving motor so that it can determine the fineness of the bran and the speed of the grinding. As well as the filter on the milling section can be replaced in order to adjust to the required level of fineness.
Pengaruh Kombinasi Terhadap Kekuatan Material Golok Sulangkar Campuran 10% Pegas 90% Baja SS 400 Dedi Komarudin
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.475

Abstract

The manufacture of tools such as machetes in Banten is still widely practiced, machetes are produced from a conventional forging process using a hammer by a blacksmith. Working as a blacksmith in the Banten area, especially in the village of the new village of lightning, was passed down from generation to generation as a traditional blacksmith, but over time the machetes produced by traditional blacksmiths began to be replaced by modern ones machete. The traditional golok of Kampung Baru Village, Petir, consists of two types, the regular machete and the sulangkar golok. The material commonly used by blacksmiths to make machetes is a vehicle spring sheet that is no longer used, while for making machetes, a blacksmith usually combines other materials during forging. The purpose of this study was to determine the differences in the mechanical and micro properties of the two types of golok, Banten cultural heritage. The research was carried out from the start of the search for the material, the manufacturing and forging processes and carried out testing. The results of the hardness test show that the value of the spring material is 423.1 HBW, SS 400 steel material 134.18 HBW, combination material or Sulangkar 735.15 HBW then the data results from the tensile test on steel material SS 400, Spring, Combination or Sulangkar are 442.52 MPa, 1334,60 MPa, 522.81 MPa. The results of the data from the impact test on Spring material, SS 400 steel, Combination or Sulangkar, namely 162 J, 34 J, 88 J. The results of automatic microscope testing and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) show the surface of the spring, SS 400 steel and combination materials.
Perancangan dan Analisis Tegangan pada Desain Footrest Sepeda Motor Menggunakan Autodesk Inventor Dhea Nuni Ananda; Rizal Hanifi; Aa Santosa
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.479

Abstract

Motorbikes are widely chosen by the public as a mode of transportation in modern times, one of which is the automatic scooter type motorcycle. Visually, the matic scooter type motorcycle components have a nice and attractive shape, but this shape does not necessarily guarantee its safety. Not a few of these components have failed (broken) as happened to the footrest. Footrest is a component of a motorcycle vehicle that functions as a footrest for motorcycle passengers. Every different type of motorbike, the footrest shape is also different. The purpose of this study is to design a footrest design and analyze it with the help of software to obtain a footrest design that has a high safety factor value. The design of the motorcycle footrest design produces 3 different designs. The three designs were analyzed using the Autodesk Inventor 2017 software stress by providing a static load of 20 Kg and 90 Kg. From the analysis, the minimum safety factor value obtained from each footrest design against a load of 20 kg in design 1 is 13.42, design 2 is 5.7, and design 3 is 7.93. While the minimum safety factor value generated from each footrest design against a load of 90 kg in design 1 is 2.98, design 2 is 1.27, and design 3 is 1.76. Based on the results of the safety factor analysis carried out, the three designs are safe enough to withstand loads of 20 Kg and 90 Kg. But design 1 is safer because the resulting value of the safety factor is higher than the three designs, which is 2.98 to withstand a load of 90 Kg.
Hasil Pengujian Proksimasi Dan Gas Buang Pada Briket Campuran Limbah Serutan Kayu, Sekam Padi Dan Bulu Ayam Muhamad Rizky Adipratama; Reza Setiawan; Najmudin Fauji
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.489

Abstract

Biomass energy is one that can be used as an alternative energy as a substitute for fossil fuels and can also be useful for reducing environmental pollution due to increasing waste or waste. The manufacture of briquettes from chicken feather waste, wood shavings and rice husk waste aims to help deal with the problem of waste and use it as an alternative fuel. The making of briquettes is carried out by the process of drying the ingredients, charcoal, milling, sieving, kneading, printing, drying, proximate testing and measuring emissions on the briquettes. In this study, the composition of a mixture of chicken feathers (30%, 40%, 50%), wood shavings and rice husk (35%, 30%, 25%) was treated as well as particle sizes of 30 mesh and 60 mesh. The results of this study indicate that the lowest moisture content is in sample B2 of 4.5%. The lowest levels of volatile matters were in sample A1 of 37.4%. The lowest ash content was found in sample B3 at 10.8%. The highest fixed carbon was found in sample A3 at 45.1%. The highest calorific value (Gross Calorific Value) is found in the B3 sample of 5594 Kcal / Kg. And it has the highest CO, CO2, and HC emissions produced from the briquettes, namely 0.24%, 0.8%, 46 ppm. The properties of briquettes that have met SNI standards are moisture content, calorific value (except for sample A1), and the resulting emissions. And those that have not met SNI standards are the levels of volatile matter, ash content and fixed carbon. The resulting briquette can be used because the calorific value obtained is quiet high, which is above the specified standard of ≥ 5000 Kcal/Kg.
Kaji Eksperimen Terhadap Penggunaan Bahan Bakar Emulsi Pada Burner Sarjono Sarjono
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.531

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to observe the combustion of diesel fuel combined with the percentage volume of water and emulsifier, namely alkyl benzene sulfonic acid (ABS). The emulsion fuel composition used in this experimental study is a mixture of diesel fuel, emulsion and water. The composition of the emulsion fuel is designed according to the percentage of water volume and the emulsifier in diesel fuel with a variation of the percentage of 10%, 20%, and 30%. The parameters observed were combustion flame temperature, combustor annulus wall temperature, hot gas temperature, air fuel ratio (AFR), heat loss, and flame shape from differences in the composition of the percentage volume of emulsion fuel. In this test using Combustion Laboratory Unit C 491. The results showed that the heat absorbed due to cooling (Qa) in the AFR stoichiometry of diesel fuel (diesel) 26.334 kW was smaller than emulsion fuel (30.096 kW), so the use of emulsion fuel on the Burner Combustion Laboratory Unit C 49 is very suitable. The shape of the flame produced by the combustion of emulsion fuel is short, turbulent, and covered in water vapor.
Pengaruh Diameter Nozzle dan Tebal Layer Terhadap Ketelitian Objek Printer 3D Dicky Seprianto
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 14 No 1 (2021): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.14.1.547

Abstract

Rapid prototyping is closely related to 3D printers (additive manufacturing). Rapid prototyping is a technique for making a prototype model from a CAD file which is the final result, while a 3D printer is one of the processes. The 3D printer process is by melting the filament layer by layer to form a component or product. The 3D printer melting process uses a heater on the nozzle. This study aims to analyze the effect of nozzle diameter and layer thickness on the accuracy (dimensional measurement) of 3D printer objects. To determine the precision, a test object was made based on ASTM D995-08. The variation of nozzle diameter used is 0.2 mm and 0.5 mm, while the variation in layer thickness is 0.1 mm and 0.3 mm. In this study, delta type 3D printing was used with polylactic acid (PLA) material to make test objects. Dimension measurement using ASTM D5947-06. Analysis of the measurement results used ANOVA with a 2-level factorial design type and a 2 factorial interaction (2FI) model design using Design-Expert®. software. From the actual measurement results, the most accurate (precise) results are obtained on the test object with a variation of the nozzle parameters with a diameter of 0.2 mm and a layer thickness of 0.1 mm. From the analysis of the specimen measurement data, it can be concluded that the nozzle diameter significantly affects the response of length, width and height while the thickness of the layer affects the response of the length and width of the specimen.

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